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CITIZEN CO-MANAGEMENT
Cases around the Globe
CASE 1: ‘MACHIZUKURI’ - COMMUNITY PLANNING
Location: Kobe, Japan
Description: Post the Kobe earthquake of 1995, ‘machizukuri’
was adopted as one of the Japanese urban planning
techniques. This technique involves the communities to
build up their public spaces on their own with the funding
from the government. The inner city neighbourhoods in
wards like Shingata, Noda-Hokobu etc. were built in this way.
This helped the city administrators of Kobe to understand
that while large-scale urban planning is used for
infrastructure projects and comprehensive interventions,
local projects allow for flexibility and rapidity, as well as
responsiveness in areas, overlooked by more comprehensive
plans.
……Read More
Community Street in Noda- Hokubu, where the
design of the public space is left to each neighbour
Source: Toshikeikaku and Machizukuri
in Japanese Urban Planning
CASE 2: EVERYDAY MAKERS & NEIGHBOURHOOD
DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS
Location: The Hague, Netherlands
Description: Neighbourhood development corporations
succeeded in aligning redevelopment plans according to the
resident welfare associations plans. As part of their
neighbourhood development & maintenance, a tennis park was
built on redeveloped land, a derelict primary school plot was
redeveloped to build	four residential apartments and three
commercial premises.
Similar examples of the neighbourhood development yeiled a new
set of swimming pools for the community, neighbourhood park,
street sweeping operations, and odd jobs services for long term
maintenance. This is a good example of how RWAs can influence
their ULBs to promote sustainable change for community
betterment.
……Read More
The Hague, Netherlands Source: The Hague expands on smart
city ambition
CASE 3: PARTICIPATORY NEIGHBOURHOOD
PLANNING
Location: Puducherry, India
Description: This project under Puducherry Smart City
Corporation Limited (PSCCL) aimed at improvisation of
shared community infrastructure by augmenting social and
technological capacity to achieve the goal of a ‘slum-free’
Puducherry. It focusses on empowerment of stakeholders
through an innovative and integrated financing mechanism.
For this project, partnership has been developed between
public bodies and related agencies such as PSCCL, Slum
Clearance Board, other government departments; private
sector (YES Bank), researchers and experts skilled in
participative planning and community engagement in urban
areas, from both public and private institutions.
……Read More
A low income settlement in
Puducherry Source: Project Compendium February,2019
CASE 4: PARTICIPATORY SERVICE DELIVERY
Location: Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India
Description: Altruistic citizens in Ahmednagar,
Maharashtra decided to help during the lockdown as
part of the Covid-19 response. They developed
temporary facilities such as mobile mask sterilization
and production of additional masks for free
distribution, to act as extended arms of the authorities
for speedy service delivery. Later the temporary
facilities, based on their effectiveness were formally
adopted by public authorities.
This is a good example of how public authorities can
emulate good services and examples set by citizens.
……See More
Volunteers pictured giving a
demonstration Source: https://youtu.be/kQJdmquUK_A
CASE 5: CITIZEN DESIGN SCIENCE: A STRATEGY
FOR CROWD-CREATIVE URBAN DESIGN
Location: ETH Zurich
Description: Using the Qua-kit (a design toolkit) to combine the
opportunity of crowdsourcing opinions and thoughts by citizens through
modern information and communication technology with active design
tools. The active design feedback from a city's inhabitants is identified as
a yet missing but essential way towards a responsive city.
The easy access is a key factor for citizen science studies. Qua-kit offers
the opportunity for designing without any instructions by designers.
Design tasks can be formulated in a way that they can be solved within a
few minutes for participants. Galleries showing design submissions of
other participants allow voting and commenting of proposals and can
lead to users reflecting on their own ideas and preferences. Another
important factor is the good quality of data that is collected with this
tool. The submissions are not photos or real 3D models but geo-data
such that geographic evaluation algorithms can easily be applied without
doing the stage of image recognition. The tool can be applied to bottom-
up interactions, which would mean that citizens decide to build their
preferred design solutions and discuss optionally possible variations.
……Read More
Design Process using Qua-kit
Source: Citizen Design Science: A strategy
for crowd-creative urban design
CASE 6: PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING
Location: Pune, India
Description: Participatory Budgeting was launched in
Pune in 2006 under the then commissioner of Pune
Municipal Corporation. For 76 prabhags in PMC, a total of
Rs. 38 crore was allocated through participatory
budgeting. Pune Municipal Corporation invites
suggestions from citizens at the respective ward offices on
subjects related to roads, electricity, buildings to slum
improvement and water supply and drainage. Suggestions
by the citizens are compiled at the ward office and
submitted to prabhag samiti, which in turn sends the
approved suggestions for accounts scrutiny to produce a
final list of projects to be implemented in PMC region.
……Read More
Participatory Budget: Pune (Title Page)
Source: Pune Mahanagarpalika

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Citizen co management

  • 2. CASE 1: ‘MACHIZUKURI’ - COMMUNITY PLANNING Location: Kobe, Japan Description: Post the Kobe earthquake of 1995, ‘machizukuri’ was adopted as one of the Japanese urban planning techniques. This technique involves the communities to build up their public spaces on their own with the funding from the government. The inner city neighbourhoods in wards like Shingata, Noda-Hokobu etc. were built in this way. This helped the city administrators of Kobe to understand that while large-scale urban planning is used for infrastructure projects and comprehensive interventions, local projects allow for flexibility and rapidity, as well as responsiveness in areas, overlooked by more comprehensive plans. ……Read More Community Street in Noda- Hokubu, where the design of the public space is left to each neighbour Source: Toshikeikaku and Machizukuri in Japanese Urban Planning
  • 3. CASE 2: EVERYDAY MAKERS & NEIGHBOURHOOD DEVELOPMENT CORPORATIONS Location: The Hague, Netherlands Description: Neighbourhood development corporations succeeded in aligning redevelopment plans according to the resident welfare associations plans. As part of their neighbourhood development & maintenance, a tennis park was built on redeveloped land, a derelict primary school plot was redeveloped to build four residential apartments and three commercial premises. Similar examples of the neighbourhood development yeiled a new set of swimming pools for the community, neighbourhood park, street sweeping operations, and odd jobs services for long term maintenance. This is a good example of how RWAs can influence their ULBs to promote sustainable change for community betterment. ……Read More The Hague, Netherlands Source: The Hague expands on smart city ambition
  • 4. CASE 3: PARTICIPATORY NEIGHBOURHOOD PLANNING Location: Puducherry, India Description: This project under Puducherry Smart City Corporation Limited (PSCCL) aimed at improvisation of shared community infrastructure by augmenting social and technological capacity to achieve the goal of a ‘slum-free’ Puducherry. It focusses on empowerment of stakeholders through an innovative and integrated financing mechanism. For this project, partnership has been developed between public bodies and related agencies such as PSCCL, Slum Clearance Board, other government departments; private sector (YES Bank), researchers and experts skilled in participative planning and community engagement in urban areas, from both public and private institutions. ……Read More A low income settlement in Puducherry Source: Project Compendium February,2019
  • 5. CASE 4: PARTICIPATORY SERVICE DELIVERY Location: Ahmednagar, Maharashtra, India Description: Altruistic citizens in Ahmednagar, Maharashtra decided to help during the lockdown as part of the Covid-19 response. They developed temporary facilities such as mobile mask sterilization and production of additional masks for free distribution, to act as extended arms of the authorities for speedy service delivery. Later the temporary facilities, based on their effectiveness were formally adopted by public authorities. This is a good example of how public authorities can emulate good services and examples set by citizens. ……See More Volunteers pictured giving a demonstration Source: https://youtu.be/kQJdmquUK_A
  • 6. CASE 5: CITIZEN DESIGN SCIENCE: A STRATEGY FOR CROWD-CREATIVE URBAN DESIGN Location: ETH Zurich Description: Using the Qua-kit (a design toolkit) to combine the opportunity of crowdsourcing opinions and thoughts by citizens through modern information and communication technology with active design tools. The active design feedback from a city's inhabitants is identified as a yet missing but essential way towards a responsive city. The easy access is a key factor for citizen science studies. Qua-kit offers the opportunity for designing without any instructions by designers. Design tasks can be formulated in a way that they can be solved within a few minutes for participants. Galleries showing design submissions of other participants allow voting and commenting of proposals and can lead to users reflecting on their own ideas and preferences. Another important factor is the good quality of data that is collected with this tool. The submissions are not photos or real 3D models but geo-data such that geographic evaluation algorithms can easily be applied without doing the stage of image recognition. The tool can be applied to bottom- up interactions, which would mean that citizens decide to build their preferred design solutions and discuss optionally possible variations. ……Read More Design Process using Qua-kit Source: Citizen Design Science: A strategy for crowd-creative urban design
  • 7. CASE 6: PARTICIPATORY BUDGETING Location: Pune, India Description: Participatory Budgeting was launched in Pune in 2006 under the then commissioner of Pune Municipal Corporation. For 76 prabhags in PMC, a total of Rs. 38 crore was allocated through participatory budgeting. Pune Municipal Corporation invites suggestions from citizens at the respective ward offices on subjects related to roads, electricity, buildings to slum improvement and water supply and drainage. Suggestions by the citizens are compiled at the ward office and submitted to prabhag samiti, which in turn sends the approved suggestions for accounts scrutiny to produce a final list of projects to be implemented in PMC region. ……Read More Participatory Budget: Pune (Title Page) Source: Pune Mahanagarpalika