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PRELIMINARY FINDINGS
OECD MISSIONS TO EU
MINING REGIONS
23 May 2024
DG-Reform- OECD TSI EU mining regions project
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
TSI DG Reform-OECD Enhancing EU mining regions
2
• Flagship EU project for the Industrial Ecosystems in the EU the Directorate-
General for Structural Reform Support (DG Reform)
• Based on EU regions Thematic Partnership on Mining
• Kick-off meeting 22 September
Goals:
•Improve policy coordination and enabling factors to address the priorities of
mining regional ecosystems.
•Promote sustainable mining practices, including circularity.
•Enhance the narrative on mining and identify good practices.
•Strengthen the role of regions in implementing the CRMA
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Global Outlook
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
China dominates downstream and midstream global
EV battery supply chain
4
Geographical distribution of the global EV battery supply chain, 2023
Note: Li= Lithium, Ni: Nickel, Co= Cobalt, Gr= graphite
Geographical breakdown refers to where the production occurs. Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024,
Licence: CC BY 4.0
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Prices of critical minerals back to pre-pandemic levels,
as supply grows faster than demand
5
Mineral price developments
Annual average demand and supply growth rates between 2021
and 2023 for selected minerals
Notes: Supply growth rates are based on refined output. In the right-hand chart, base metals include iron, aluminium, zinc and copper. Battery
metals include lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite and manganese. Rare earth elements include neodymium, praseodymium, dysprosium and terbium
Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris
https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Demand for minerals would double in the most
conservative transition scenario.
6
Mineral requirements for clean energy technologies by
scenario
Expected supply from existing/announced projects is getting closed to
2035 supply needs for global climate goals
Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris
https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Global policy developments of producer countries
7
• Guidelines: an African Green Minerals Strategy which will aim to guide African countries as they consider
how to exploit their raw materials.
• Public funds for strategic minerals investment: Brazil’s fund for exploration, Australia’s new USD 1.3 billion
fund for investment/financing extraction and processing projects, and Canada’s Cad 1.5 billion for
innovation on critical minerals manufacturing and recycling projects.
• Ensuring national and local benefits : Mexico’s 2022 Mining Reform to streamline the mining permitting
and strengthen environmental actions, Chile’s update of the Mining Royalty Law in 2023. with a mining
royalty for the exploitation of copper and lithium to distribute economic benefits.
• Export restrictions to increase national supply: China on gallium and germanium related items, Indonesia
on nickel and bauxite, Nambia and Zimabwe on Lithium.
• Permitting processes to increase domestic mining production: US’ Permitting Action Plan and EU’s Critical
Raw Materials Act (CRMA)
Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024,
Licence: CC BY 4.0
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Field visits to the 10 EU
mining regions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Some milestones about the field visits to the
regions
9
✓ 37 days with about 450 stakeholders
– 10 field missions
✓ 26 Municipalities
✓ 12 Mines visited
✓ 16 peer reviewers
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Fact-finding missions to the regions
10
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 11
Applied OECD data toolkit to the 10 regions
0
50
100
150
200
250
Alentejo Orebro Central Greece Andalusia Central
Portugal
Kainuu North Karelia Lapland Central
Ostrobothnia
Oulu
Community Economic Environment
OECD average
• Correlation between economic
and community well-being:
Regions with strong economic
performance, like Oulu and Orebro,
also exhibit high levels of
community well-being.
• Contrasting economic and social
patterns: There is significant
variation in economic and
community well-being across
regions, highlighting diverse
economic conditions and social
cohesion levels.
• Variable environmental impact:
Lapland, Alentejo, Oulu or Kainuu
show good environmental
performance (in GHG per capita).
Note: The figure reflects composed index of well-being dimensions according to the OECD toolkit to measure regional well-being .
Economic dimension is composed by indicators: economic diversification, unemployment, employment growth and innovation
Community dimension is composed by indicators: gender balance, population growth, share of young population, death rate, and education level.
Environment: change of green land cover, anomalies in soil water content and greenhouse gas, (GHG) emissions from the mining supply chain and the electricity generation
Source: OECD data toolkit to measure Mining Regions Well-being. https://oecd-main.shinyapps.io/mining-regions-wellbeing/
Composed indicators to measure mining regions wellbeing (2020)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 12
Mining municipalities have different stories
to tell
Rural municipalities hosting mining operations and other nature-related activities (tourism)- e.g. Sotkamo and Kitiila- experienced better population
dynamics than the regional average
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Preliminary findings
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 14
Covering different parts of the mineral value chain
Mining
Processing/
downstream
R&D
Upstream global
services
Oulu
North Karelia
Orebro
Orebro
North Karelia
Kainuu
Andalusia
Andalusia
Central Greece
Central
Osthorbotnia
Lapaland
Andalusia
Lapaland
Kainuu
Kainuu
Alentejo
Central
Osthorbotnia
Central Portugal
Alentejo
Main assets of each region
Deposits
All
Portugal Centro
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 15
Relevant mineral and mining know-how suppliers
for the EU
Region Production assets (examples)
Lapland: EU’s largest gold producer, single chrome producer, Low CO2 Nickel production
North Karelia: Cobalt potential, mining providers (METSO) and advance mineral and tailings research .
Oulu: Hub of mining education and research capacity
Kainuu: Top Nickel mine in EU, integrated processing for batteries with biological process, uranium recovery.
Central Ostrobothnia: First EU’s integrated high-purity lithium operation.
Central Greece: Largest EU Bauxite producer, mining culture/ quarries
Centro Portugal: 2nd largest producer of tungsten in the EU, limestones/ceramics value chain and lithium deposits
Alentejo: Zink producer, and 6th largest copper producer in the EU, Marble.
Andalusia: 2nd largest copper producer in the EU with a smelter, non-metallic mining production.
Örebro: About 10% of EU Zinc, world-class mining provider (EPIROC)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 16
Geology • Top suppliers of CM: Copper (andalusia), Bauxite, Gold, Nickel
• Unique mienrals in EU: Chrome,
• Important depostis: Lithium, Paltinium
Education and
Innovation facilities
• Top Universities (Oulu)
• Deconcentrated training (North Karelia, Lapland)
• Initiatives in primary-education (Portugal)
Institutions for mining
Governance and
history
• Addressing environmental liabilities (Andalusia)
• Rehabilitation of mines (Portugal)
• Subnational strategies for mining
• Culture of mining in municipalities (old history and partnerships).
Green infrastructure
and projects
• Integrated projects for clean technologies (Central Ostrobothnia, Kainuu)
• Recycling and circularity initiatives
• Green and competitive energy supply (Finland, Sweden)
Key strengths
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 17
Workforce and availability
of skills
• Shortage of skilled workers for private and public sector (Env. Skills; operators)
• Lack of students in mining (in some regions)
• Lack of accessible training in mining municipalities
• Male dominated sector and education.
SMEs and business
approach in innovation
• Gaps on information and capacity-support to access fund and join projects
• Lack of business approach in innovation projects led by universities
• Incentives for circular economy projects
Permitting/
regulation
• Lengthy/ uncertain permitting prevents investment, innovation, efficient closure.
• Lack of standardization to address appeals and communicate changes
• Classification of waste affects valorization of mining waste
Community engagement,
and misconceptions of
mining
• Old regulation and abandoned mines affect perception
• Exploration projects with deficiencies in communication
• Lack of communication of local benefits, going beyond economy
• Pressures from no-local groups.
Key challenges
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Good practices
Communication
& Env. actions
- Communication project
with workshops (NK and
Kainuu)
- New companies in
charge of old env.
liabilities (Andalusia)
- Museums and outreach
to youth people
(museums-GR, school
games-PT, tiktok-
Andalusia)
Innovation/
circularity
- Reusing old mine
(Oulu-Callio lab, Orebro-
Golf)
-Research on mining
sustainability (NK-GTK
Mintek, Oulu-OMS,
Kainuu- AWE)
- Sustained public-
private collaboration to
connect SMEs (Alentejo
and NK)
Skills
- Delocalised vocational
education with
machinery (Finland)
-Short-tailored technical
courses (Portugal Centro
(Leira), Lapland, NK)
- Mapping supply-
demand of skills (Central
Ost.)
Mining
Governance
- Municipal mining plan
(Lapland)
-One-stop shop
(Andalusia)
- Leveraging ESG for long-
term development
(Orebro-Diversification
Fun, community/sport
infrastructure)
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 19
Policy priorities for National action
Permitting process
- Greater capacity and standardisation to address appeals
- Statements of Geological Institute in permitting.
- Standardise and digitalised approach to evaluate applications
-Clear guidelines for private sector (EIA- tailings, closure)
-Classification of waste mining.
-Coordination across agencies for permitting process (one-stop shop) (e.g.
Andalusia)
Engagement
-Better communication/engagement with local govs. for exploration
projects.
- Enhance promotion of synergies among mining and other sectors
- Support network of mining municipalities.
Strategic vision and investment
support
-
-Better incentives for innovation and co-funding projects
-Involve the Geological Institute in international promotion and innovation
for the sector (e.g. Finland)
-Improve environmental monitoring capacity for mining projects
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local |
Preliminary policy needs at regional level
Communication
& engagement
- Guidelines and better
engagements since
exploration phase
- Early engagement on
closure and transition
plans.
- Common Coms. Project
(beyond economic
benefits)
-Geological Institutions
linked with dissemination
Infrastructure
- Forward-looking land
use plans for future
projects (road usability).
- Deconcentrated
renewable energy (e.g. in
tailings)
-Ensuring Community
infrastructure for
liveability
Innovation/
circularity
- Business approach in EU-
innovation projects
-SMEs in innovation and
circularity (info. &
business dev. platforms)
-Link research with
regional plans.
-Platform for synergies
among companies (inter-
sectorial cooperation)
Skills
- VAT & University
cooperation for skill needs
- Delocalised training
- training outreach with
gender focus.
- Integration of foreign
workers (e.g. reducing
language barriers)
Mining Governance
and Env. aspects
- Agreements with mining
companies on local
priorities (housing, env.
compensation)
- Remediation/rehabilitation
of abandoned mines.
- Strategic view to link
mining with local economy
-Better informed local govs.
on ESG actions
© OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 21
Next steps
• 8-10 October: Dissemination and engagement in 2024 OECD mining regions conference
in Ontario, Canada
• 4Q2024: Inter-regional meeting in Bordeaux, France.
• 1Q2024: EU representatives and region to discuss advance framework for action
• Summer 2025: Launching results.

Twitter: @OECD_local
LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local
Website: www.oecd.org/cfe
Blog: oecdcogito.blog
Thank you
andres.sanabria@oecd.org
www.oecd.org/fr/regional/mining-regions-cities.htm

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Preliminary findings _OECD field visits to ten regions in the TSI EU mining regions.pdf

  • 1. @OECD_local www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local www.oecd.org/cfe PRELIMINARY FINDINGS OECD MISSIONS TO EU MINING REGIONS 23 May 2024 DG-Reform- OECD TSI EU mining regions project
  • 2. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | TSI DG Reform-OECD Enhancing EU mining regions 2 • Flagship EU project for the Industrial Ecosystems in the EU the Directorate- General for Structural Reform Support (DG Reform) • Based on EU regions Thematic Partnership on Mining • Kick-off meeting 22 September Goals: •Improve policy coordination and enabling factors to address the priorities of mining regional ecosystems. •Promote sustainable mining practices, including circularity. •Enhance the narrative on mining and identify good practices. •Strengthen the role of regions in implementing the CRMA
  • 3. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Global Outlook
  • 4. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | China dominates downstream and midstream global EV battery supply chain 4 Geographical distribution of the global EV battery supply chain, 2023 Note: Li= Lithium, Ni: Nickel, Co= Cobalt, Gr= graphite Geographical breakdown refers to where the production occurs. Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
  • 5. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Prices of critical minerals back to pre-pandemic levels, as supply grows faster than demand 5 Mineral price developments Annual average demand and supply growth rates between 2021 and 2023 for selected minerals Notes: Supply growth rates are based on refined output. In the right-hand chart, base metals include iron, aluminium, zinc and copper. Battery metals include lithium, nickel, cobalt, graphite and manganese. Rare earth elements include neodymium, praseodymium, dysprosium and terbium Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
  • 6. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Demand for minerals would double in the most conservative transition scenario. 6 Mineral requirements for clean energy technologies by scenario Expected supply from existing/announced projects is getting closed to 2035 supply needs for global climate goals Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
  • 7. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Global policy developments of producer countries 7 • Guidelines: an African Green Minerals Strategy which will aim to guide African countries as they consider how to exploit their raw materials. • Public funds for strategic minerals investment: Brazil’s fund for exploration, Australia’s new USD 1.3 billion fund for investment/financing extraction and processing projects, and Canada’s Cad 1.5 billion for innovation on critical minerals manufacturing and recycling projects. • Ensuring national and local benefits : Mexico’s 2022 Mining Reform to streamline the mining permitting and strengthen environmental actions, Chile’s update of the Mining Royalty Law in 2023. with a mining royalty for the exploitation of copper and lithium to distribute economic benefits. • Export restrictions to increase national supply: China on gallium and germanium related items, Indonesia on nickel and bauxite, Nambia and Zimabwe on Lithium. • Permitting processes to increase domestic mining production: US’ Permitting Action Plan and EU’s Critical Raw Materials Act (CRMA) Source:IEA (2024), Global Critical Minerals Outlook 2024, IEA, Paris https://www.iea.org/reports/global-critical-minerals-outlook-2024, Licence: CC BY 4.0
  • 8. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Field visits to the 10 EU mining regions
  • 9. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Some milestones about the field visits to the regions 9 ✓ 37 days with about 450 stakeholders – 10 field missions ✓ 26 Municipalities ✓ 12 Mines visited ✓ 16 peer reviewers
  • 10. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Fact-finding missions to the regions 10
  • 11. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 11 Applied OECD data toolkit to the 10 regions 0 50 100 150 200 250 Alentejo Orebro Central Greece Andalusia Central Portugal Kainuu North Karelia Lapland Central Ostrobothnia Oulu Community Economic Environment OECD average • Correlation between economic and community well-being: Regions with strong economic performance, like Oulu and Orebro, also exhibit high levels of community well-being. • Contrasting economic and social patterns: There is significant variation in economic and community well-being across regions, highlighting diverse economic conditions and social cohesion levels. • Variable environmental impact: Lapland, Alentejo, Oulu or Kainuu show good environmental performance (in GHG per capita). Note: The figure reflects composed index of well-being dimensions according to the OECD toolkit to measure regional well-being . Economic dimension is composed by indicators: economic diversification, unemployment, employment growth and innovation Community dimension is composed by indicators: gender balance, population growth, share of young population, death rate, and education level. Environment: change of green land cover, anomalies in soil water content and greenhouse gas, (GHG) emissions from the mining supply chain and the electricity generation Source: OECD data toolkit to measure Mining Regions Well-being. https://oecd-main.shinyapps.io/mining-regions-wellbeing/ Composed indicators to measure mining regions wellbeing (2020)
  • 12. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 12 Mining municipalities have different stories to tell Rural municipalities hosting mining operations and other nature-related activities (tourism)- e.g. Sotkamo and Kitiila- experienced better population dynamics than the regional average
  • 13. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Preliminary findings
  • 14. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 14 Covering different parts of the mineral value chain Mining Processing/ downstream R&D Upstream global services Oulu North Karelia Orebro Orebro North Karelia Kainuu Andalusia Andalusia Central Greece Central Osthorbotnia Lapaland Andalusia Lapaland Kainuu Kainuu Alentejo Central Osthorbotnia Central Portugal Alentejo Main assets of each region Deposits All Portugal Centro
  • 15. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 15 Relevant mineral and mining know-how suppliers for the EU Region Production assets (examples) Lapland: EU’s largest gold producer, single chrome producer, Low CO2 Nickel production North Karelia: Cobalt potential, mining providers (METSO) and advance mineral and tailings research . Oulu: Hub of mining education and research capacity Kainuu: Top Nickel mine in EU, integrated processing for batteries with biological process, uranium recovery. Central Ostrobothnia: First EU’s integrated high-purity lithium operation. Central Greece: Largest EU Bauxite producer, mining culture/ quarries Centro Portugal: 2nd largest producer of tungsten in the EU, limestones/ceramics value chain and lithium deposits Alentejo: Zink producer, and 6th largest copper producer in the EU, Marble. Andalusia: 2nd largest copper producer in the EU with a smelter, non-metallic mining production. Örebro: About 10% of EU Zinc, world-class mining provider (EPIROC)
  • 16. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 16 Geology • Top suppliers of CM: Copper (andalusia), Bauxite, Gold, Nickel • Unique mienrals in EU: Chrome, • Important depostis: Lithium, Paltinium Education and Innovation facilities • Top Universities (Oulu) • Deconcentrated training (North Karelia, Lapland) • Initiatives in primary-education (Portugal) Institutions for mining Governance and history • Addressing environmental liabilities (Andalusia) • Rehabilitation of mines (Portugal) • Subnational strategies for mining • Culture of mining in municipalities (old history and partnerships). Green infrastructure and projects • Integrated projects for clean technologies (Central Ostrobothnia, Kainuu) • Recycling and circularity initiatives • Green and competitive energy supply (Finland, Sweden) Key strengths
  • 17. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 17 Workforce and availability of skills • Shortage of skilled workers for private and public sector (Env. Skills; operators) • Lack of students in mining (in some regions) • Lack of accessible training in mining municipalities • Male dominated sector and education. SMEs and business approach in innovation • Gaps on information and capacity-support to access fund and join projects • Lack of business approach in innovation projects led by universities • Incentives for circular economy projects Permitting/ regulation • Lengthy/ uncertain permitting prevents investment, innovation, efficient closure. • Lack of standardization to address appeals and communicate changes • Classification of waste affects valorization of mining waste Community engagement, and misconceptions of mining • Old regulation and abandoned mines affect perception • Exploration projects with deficiencies in communication • Lack of communication of local benefits, going beyond economy • Pressures from no-local groups. Key challenges
  • 18. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Good practices Communication & Env. actions - Communication project with workshops (NK and Kainuu) - New companies in charge of old env. liabilities (Andalusia) - Museums and outreach to youth people (museums-GR, school games-PT, tiktok- Andalusia) Innovation/ circularity - Reusing old mine (Oulu-Callio lab, Orebro- Golf) -Research on mining sustainability (NK-GTK Mintek, Oulu-OMS, Kainuu- AWE) - Sustained public- private collaboration to connect SMEs (Alentejo and NK) Skills - Delocalised vocational education with machinery (Finland) -Short-tailored technical courses (Portugal Centro (Leira), Lapland, NK) - Mapping supply- demand of skills (Central Ost.) Mining Governance - Municipal mining plan (Lapland) -One-stop shop (Andalusia) - Leveraging ESG for long- term development (Orebro-Diversification Fun, community/sport infrastructure)
  • 19. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 19 Policy priorities for National action Permitting process - Greater capacity and standardisation to address appeals - Statements of Geological Institute in permitting. - Standardise and digitalised approach to evaluate applications -Clear guidelines for private sector (EIA- tailings, closure) -Classification of waste mining. -Coordination across agencies for permitting process (one-stop shop) (e.g. Andalusia) Engagement -Better communication/engagement with local govs. for exploration projects. - Enhance promotion of synergies among mining and other sectors - Support network of mining municipalities. Strategic vision and investment support - -Better incentives for innovation and co-funding projects -Involve the Geological Institute in international promotion and innovation for the sector (e.g. Finland) -Improve environmental monitoring capacity for mining projects
  • 20. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | Preliminary policy needs at regional level Communication & engagement - Guidelines and better engagements since exploration phase - Early engagement on closure and transition plans. - Common Coms. Project (beyond economic benefits) -Geological Institutions linked with dissemination Infrastructure - Forward-looking land use plans for future projects (road usability). - Deconcentrated renewable energy (e.g. in tailings) -Ensuring Community infrastructure for liveability Innovation/ circularity - Business approach in EU- innovation projects -SMEs in innovation and circularity (info. & business dev. platforms) -Link research with regional plans. -Platform for synergies among companies (inter- sectorial cooperation) Skills - VAT & University cooperation for skill needs - Delocalised training - training outreach with gender focus. - Integration of foreign workers (e.g. reducing language barriers) Mining Governance and Env. aspects - Agreements with mining companies on local priorities (housing, env. compensation) - Remediation/rehabilitation of abandoned mines. - Strategic view to link mining with local economy -Better informed local govs. on ESG actions
  • 21. © OECD | Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities | @OECD_Local | 21 Next steps • 8-10 October: Dissemination and engagement in 2024 OECD mining regions conference in Ontario, Canada • 4Q2024: Inter-regional meeting in Bordeaux, France. • 1Q2024: EU representatives and region to discuss advance framework for action • Summer 2025: Launching results.
  • 22.  Twitter: @OECD_local LinkedIn: www.linkedin.com/company/oecd-local Website: www.oecd.org/cfe Blog: oecdcogito.blog Thank you andres.sanabria@oecd.org www.oecd.org/fr/regional/mining-regions-cities.htm