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CGIAR Consortium’s
Approach to Healthy
Landscapes

Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT

Frank Rijsberman, CEO CGIAR Consortium
Landscapes Panel, GFIA
Abu Dhabi, February 4, 2014
Healthy Landscapes: What, Why, How?

"The

future of forests, food and climate are so closely bound that it
is vital we start developing a shared agenda…We need to build
healthy, productive landscapes...that support the livelihoods of
billions of people and we must slow climate change...,“- Rachel Kyte,
Vice President for Sustainable Development at the World Bank (U.N. Climate talks,
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT

Warsaw, 2013)
What is the “landscapes” approach?
Agriculture, nature and people

Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT

The landscapes
approach provides a
broad framework that
can fully integrate
agriculture, the natural
environment, different
livelihood systems and
social interactions
towards a sustainable
development agenda
Why is a landscapes approach important?

3 billion people living in rural areas depend on agriculture
and forestry for their livelihoods
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
Why is a landscapes approach important?

Agriculture contributes to 75% of global
deforestation
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
Why is a landscapes approach important?

The dynamics between forests and agriculture in
landscapes determines the flow of ecosystem
services
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
Why is a landscapes approach important?

We have to tackle agriculture, forestry and
livelihoods together, and a landscapes
approach does this
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
The problem: mismanaging resources

lost
The problem: exceeding the planetary
boundaries
Uniting forestry and agriculture via
CGIAR Research Programs
The CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) set up under the new CGIAR
embody this cross-cutting approach to agricultural research
What defines the CGIAR landscape approach?

The Landscapes “Big 5”
MDG Post-2015
development
agenda

Maintaining
biological
diversity

Green economy

Source: CIFOR/FTA

Food security
aspirations

Mitigating and
adapting to
climate change
CGIAR Landscape Activities
• Convening/Advocacy/Collaboration/Debate
• For example: Resilience 2014: Montpellier, May 4-8 2014,
sessions by CGIAR Centers and Research programs
• Global Landscapes Forum, Warsaw, 16-17 November 2013 – at
COP19, 2200 participants over 2 days
• Research Program Activities
• Forests, Trees and Agroforestry
• Water, Land and Ecosystems
• Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security
• Contributing to Sustainable Development Goals
• CGIAR System Level Outcomes
• CGIAR Intermediate Development Outcomes
(FTA): Investing in sustainable
landscapes

• FTA’s work mainly focuses on healthy landscapes
• Research to understand why forested landscapes transition to other land
uses
• How and what impact (s) these transitions have forest-dependent people
• How governance and trade shape these transitions and how “learning
landscapes” can adapt sustainable management and governance practices

Photo: Jan van der Ploeg /CIFOR
FTA: Why invest in sustainable landscapes?
Integrating agroforestry and agriculture is not only logical, but vital
•

Smallholder production systems
– Cameroon: gender research on non-timber products identified
opportunities for improving livelihoods

• Landscapes research
– Understanding the drivers and consequences of forest
transitions
•

Social Role Playing Games and Community involvement for
participatory landscape mapping and management
– Engaging local communities in the learning process so that they can
become better partners in future negotiations
WLE: agricultural
sustainability at all scales

• Focuses on the issue of scale and looks at how sustainable intensification
impacts environmental services and flows
• WLE works at landscape scales because it is at larger scales that natural
resources and ecosystem services flow to beneficiaries and are managed
• Agricultural sustainability depends on sustaining ecosystem services at all
scales. Land sharing or land sparing is only a matter of scale

Photo: UNMIL / Christopher Herwig
WLE: an ecosystem
services approach

• Developing benefit sharing mechanisms from ecosystem services:
• Andes (CIAT & CPWF): working in the Cañete Basin to test different models
for estimating hydrological ecosystem services from upstream to
downstream.

• Re-thinking investment: the Llanos, Colombia
• Renewed focus on large and medium-sized agriculture rather than
smallholders
• Includes new business models for producing and marketing the cashew nut,
soil restoration,
• Development of “indicators” of eco-efficiency
CCAFS: Climate-smart
agriculture

• Climate change, agriculture and food security are inextricably linked. To
ensure resilience in both, they must be explored and developed together.

• Climate-smart agricultural practices (such as agroforestry, integrated
livestock management, conservation tillage, etc.) are all activities that can be
a part of, and help form, a sustainable landscapes approach.
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
CCAFS: Climate-smart
agriculture
• Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in practice in climate smart villages:
• Farmers in Western Kenya are adopting CSA practices and are
starting to see the benefits

• Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in
Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES)
• Aims to establish a low-cost protocol to measure GHG emissions
and identify mitigation options for smallholders

• National Adaptation Planning (NAPs)
• Opportunity for greater ability to find solutions across ‘landscapes’,
forging stronger linkages between ministries and disciplines to find
investing opportunities
Finance for Sustainable Landscapes

• Investors:
– There is abundant capital seeking good investment propositions
that also contribute to sustainable development
• Farmers / Producers:
– Access to long-term, affordable and reliable capital is a major
limiting factor for our enterprises
• Public sector:
– Desire to use public funds for demonstrable results in delivering
public goods and sustainable development
We need a Common Language for Landscapes

Objectives, measures,
performance
• Easy to understand
• Applicable to any scale
• Applicable to any location
• Measurable
• Sustainability can mean improvement
over time
Key messages

Landscapes are key to the future we want

Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
Why is a landscapes approach important?

Landscapes contain viable investment propositions
which can be applied at scale

Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
Why is a landscapes approach important?

People on the ground are in charge
Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
THANK YOU

www.cgiar.org

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CGIAR and Healthy Landscapes

  • 1. CGIAR Consortium’s Approach to Healthy Landscapes Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT Frank Rijsberman, CEO CGIAR Consortium Landscapes Panel, GFIA Abu Dhabi, February 4, 2014
  • 2. Healthy Landscapes: What, Why, How? "The future of forests, food and climate are so closely bound that it is vital we start developing a shared agenda…We need to build healthy, productive landscapes...that support the livelihoods of billions of people and we must slow climate change...,“- Rachel Kyte, Vice President for Sustainable Development at the World Bank (U.N. Climate talks, Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT Warsaw, 2013)
  • 3. What is the “landscapes” approach? Agriculture, nature and people Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT The landscapes approach provides a broad framework that can fully integrate agriculture, the natural environment, different livelihood systems and social interactions towards a sustainable development agenda
  • 4. Why is a landscapes approach important? 3 billion people living in rural areas depend on agriculture and forestry for their livelihoods Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 5. Why is a landscapes approach important? Agriculture contributes to 75% of global deforestation Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 6. Why is a landscapes approach important? The dynamics between forests and agriculture in landscapes determines the flow of ecosystem services Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 7. Why is a landscapes approach important? We have to tackle agriculture, forestry and livelihoods together, and a landscapes approach does this Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 8. The problem: mismanaging resources lost
  • 9. The problem: exceeding the planetary boundaries
  • 10. Uniting forestry and agriculture via CGIAR Research Programs The CGIAR Research Programs (CRPs) set up under the new CGIAR embody this cross-cutting approach to agricultural research
  • 11. What defines the CGIAR landscape approach? The Landscapes “Big 5” MDG Post-2015 development agenda Maintaining biological diversity Green economy Source: CIFOR/FTA Food security aspirations Mitigating and adapting to climate change
  • 12. CGIAR Landscape Activities • Convening/Advocacy/Collaboration/Debate • For example: Resilience 2014: Montpellier, May 4-8 2014, sessions by CGIAR Centers and Research programs • Global Landscapes Forum, Warsaw, 16-17 November 2013 – at COP19, 2200 participants over 2 days • Research Program Activities • Forests, Trees and Agroforestry • Water, Land and Ecosystems • Climate Change, Agriculture, and Food Security • Contributing to Sustainable Development Goals • CGIAR System Level Outcomes • CGIAR Intermediate Development Outcomes
  • 13. (FTA): Investing in sustainable landscapes • FTA’s work mainly focuses on healthy landscapes • Research to understand why forested landscapes transition to other land uses • How and what impact (s) these transitions have forest-dependent people • How governance and trade shape these transitions and how “learning landscapes” can adapt sustainable management and governance practices Photo: Jan van der Ploeg /CIFOR
  • 14. FTA: Why invest in sustainable landscapes? Integrating agroforestry and agriculture is not only logical, but vital • Smallholder production systems – Cameroon: gender research on non-timber products identified opportunities for improving livelihoods • Landscapes research – Understanding the drivers and consequences of forest transitions • Social Role Playing Games and Community involvement for participatory landscape mapping and management – Engaging local communities in the learning process so that they can become better partners in future negotiations
  • 15. WLE: agricultural sustainability at all scales • Focuses on the issue of scale and looks at how sustainable intensification impacts environmental services and flows • WLE works at landscape scales because it is at larger scales that natural resources and ecosystem services flow to beneficiaries and are managed • Agricultural sustainability depends on sustaining ecosystem services at all scales. Land sharing or land sparing is only a matter of scale Photo: UNMIL / Christopher Herwig
  • 16. WLE: an ecosystem services approach • Developing benefit sharing mechanisms from ecosystem services: • Andes (CIAT & CPWF): working in the Cañete Basin to test different models for estimating hydrological ecosystem services from upstream to downstream. • Re-thinking investment: the Llanos, Colombia • Renewed focus on large and medium-sized agriculture rather than smallholders • Includes new business models for producing and marketing the cashew nut, soil restoration, • Development of “indicators” of eco-efficiency
  • 17. CCAFS: Climate-smart agriculture • Climate change, agriculture and food security are inextricably linked. To ensure resilience in both, they must be explored and developed together. • Climate-smart agricultural practices (such as agroforestry, integrated livestock management, conservation tillage, etc.) are all activities that can be a part of, and help form, a sustainable landscapes approach. Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 18. CCAFS: Climate-smart agriculture • Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) in practice in climate smart villages: • Farmers in Western Kenya are adopting CSA practices and are starting to see the benefits • Standard Assessment of Mitigation Potential and Livelihoods in Smallholder Systems (SAMPLES) • Aims to establish a low-cost protocol to measure GHG emissions and identify mitigation options for smallholders • National Adaptation Planning (NAPs) • Opportunity for greater ability to find solutions across ‘landscapes’, forging stronger linkages between ministries and disciplines to find investing opportunities
  • 19. Finance for Sustainable Landscapes • Investors: – There is abundant capital seeking good investment propositions that also contribute to sustainable development • Farmers / Producers: – Access to long-term, affordable and reliable capital is a major limiting factor for our enterprises • Public sector: – Desire to use public funds for demonstrable results in delivering public goods and sustainable development
  • 20. We need a Common Language for Landscapes Objectives, measures, performance • Easy to understand • Applicable to any scale • Applicable to any location • Measurable • Sustainability can mean improvement over time
  • 21. Key messages Landscapes are key to the future we want Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 22. Why is a landscapes approach important? Landscapes contain viable investment propositions which can be applied at scale Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT
  • 23. Why is a landscapes approach important? People on the ground are in charge Photo: Neil Palmer/CIAT