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CAREL presenting CO2 CDU in ATMOsphere America
Brandon Marshall – CAREL US Application Manager
Nicola Pieretti – CAREL Application Manager
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Market background
According to a survey* of over 1,000 individuals with an interest
in commercial and industrial refrigeration in North America,
82% of OEMs and 91% of consultants said they saw CO2 as
a viable mainstream refrigeration technology.
“shecco - Installations of CO2 TC systems”
“shecco–AccelerateAmericaJanuary2017”
*http://www.coolingpost.com/world-news/co2-refrigeration-now-mainstream/
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Simple and compact-designed unit:
- Single temperature unit
- Variable speed compressor
- Receiver pressure at 1160psig
- 2030psig pressures valves
- 2030psig Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger
- Reliable safe system
- Air cooled condenser
The CDU application leader, Compressor neutral
From semi-hermetic compressor To BLDC compressor
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
pRack - pR100T Condensing Unit
Complete management of a transcritical system, ideal for
condensing unit or small C-store
Main CO2 features
1. Compact: the only CO2 transcritical controller in 6DIN
2. ExV integration: the only one supplier of small
transcritical CO2 valve E2V, to the new larger E3V
3. Modularity: fieldbus communication with external driver
Carel control reciprocating CO2 CDU
semi-hermetic compressor
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Unique controller board
For BLDC compressor management and
CO2 valves management, both high
pressure and flash gas valves
Advanced DC compressor driver
For an efficient and variable speed
compressor driving and optimal
performance at partial load
Electronic expansion valves
For a calibrated injection and precise
regulation of gas cooler and receiver
pressure
Fully integrated and compact solution
ALL in ONE
Hecu CO2 for DC inverter CDU
BLDC compressor
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
In partnership with
Zero Zone designs and manufactures custom
engineered halocarbon, CO2, and ammonia
refrigeration systems for retail, cold storage /
distribution, ice rinks, pharmaceutical, food
processing, and other commercial and
industrial applications. Zero Zone is proud to
be a recognized leader in bringing high quality,
innovative refrigeration systems to our
customers.
Real field installation
Transcritical CO2 condensing unit
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Advanced control used – All in ONE
Transcritical CO2 condensing unit management
Complete SW management of CO2 CDU
• Direct management of back pressure
and flash gas valve
• Dynamic control of high pressure
• Gas cooler and compressor variable
speed control
Complete HW management of CO2 CDU
• Built in driver for ExV
• Ultracap technology will safely close
the valves in case of power failure
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Energy measurement of CDU
Comparing* different refrigerants in two different states
In Illinois CO2 is the most efficient refrigerant
in terms of energy consumption
In California CO2 is NOT the most efficient
refrigerant in terms of energy consumption
*Comparison based on:
- all are reciprocating compressors
- 8kW of cooling capacity @90°F
- 14°F evaporation saturated temperature
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
R744 affected by climate
A single CO2 compressor and circuit will be suffering from the heat load
Performance of R744 badly decrease in warm climate
Two different solution available to improve
CO2 performance in all condition
Illinois
California
• BLDC technology
• Ejector technology
Reference
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
Efficiency @ all climate
Different technology
Ejectors technology BLDC technology
Wide range of modulation with
high efficiency
 Wider range of modulation, up
to 26% more
 Higher efficiency at every load
condition
 Reduced number of ON-OFF
cycles
Guarantee optimum efficiency
based on:
 direct expansion work recovery
due to Venturi effect
 Higher evaporation
temperature in MT cabinets
 Higher suction pressure at all
MT compressors
~415 psi
suction
pressure
2°K SH
ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017
• Technology neutrality, to boost CO2 performances we need to explore all the possible
solutions and make them available
• Scalability is a must to achieve satisfactory results in all commercial refrigeration markets;
from convenience stores to large supermarkets
• Continuous modulation, for adapting to the different cooling and climate conditions is the key
point to reduce system complexity and system costs
• Simplicity of the system and of the components is mandatory for all CO2 deployments
Conclusions
Thank you very much! 

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CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack

  • 1.
  • 2. CAREL presenting CO2 CDU in ATMOsphere America Brandon Marshall – CAREL US Application Manager Nicola Pieretti – CAREL Application Manager
  • 3. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Market background According to a survey* of over 1,000 individuals with an interest in commercial and industrial refrigeration in North America, 82% of OEMs and 91% of consultants said they saw CO2 as a viable mainstream refrigeration technology. “shecco - Installations of CO2 TC systems” “shecco–AccelerateAmericaJanuary2017” *http://www.coolingpost.com/world-news/co2-refrigeration-now-mainstream/
  • 4. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Simple and compact-designed unit: - Single temperature unit - Variable speed compressor - Receiver pressure at 1160psig - 2030psig pressures valves - 2030psig Brazed Plate Heat Exchanger - Reliable safe system - Air cooled condenser The CDU application leader, Compressor neutral From semi-hermetic compressor To BLDC compressor
  • 5. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 pRack - pR100T Condensing Unit Complete management of a transcritical system, ideal for condensing unit or small C-store Main CO2 features 1. Compact: the only CO2 transcritical controller in 6DIN 2. ExV integration: the only one supplier of small transcritical CO2 valve E2V, to the new larger E3V 3. Modularity: fieldbus communication with external driver Carel control reciprocating CO2 CDU semi-hermetic compressor
  • 6. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Unique controller board For BLDC compressor management and CO2 valves management, both high pressure and flash gas valves Advanced DC compressor driver For an efficient and variable speed compressor driving and optimal performance at partial load Electronic expansion valves For a calibrated injection and precise regulation of gas cooler and receiver pressure Fully integrated and compact solution ALL in ONE Hecu CO2 for DC inverter CDU BLDC compressor
  • 7. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 In partnership with Zero Zone designs and manufactures custom engineered halocarbon, CO2, and ammonia refrigeration systems for retail, cold storage / distribution, ice rinks, pharmaceutical, food processing, and other commercial and industrial applications. Zero Zone is proud to be a recognized leader in bringing high quality, innovative refrigeration systems to our customers. Real field installation Transcritical CO2 condensing unit
  • 8. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Advanced control used – All in ONE Transcritical CO2 condensing unit management Complete SW management of CO2 CDU • Direct management of back pressure and flash gas valve • Dynamic control of high pressure • Gas cooler and compressor variable speed control Complete HW management of CO2 CDU • Built in driver for ExV • Ultracap technology will safely close the valves in case of power failure
  • 9. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Energy measurement of CDU Comparing* different refrigerants in two different states In Illinois CO2 is the most efficient refrigerant in terms of energy consumption In California CO2 is NOT the most efficient refrigerant in terms of energy consumption *Comparison based on: - all are reciprocating compressors - 8kW of cooling capacity @90°F - 14°F evaporation saturated temperature
  • 10. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 R744 affected by climate A single CO2 compressor and circuit will be suffering from the heat load Performance of R744 badly decrease in warm climate Two different solution available to improve CO2 performance in all condition Illinois California • BLDC technology • Ejector technology Reference
  • 11. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 Efficiency @ all climate Different technology Ejectors technology BLDC technology Wide range of modulation with high efficiency  Wider range of modulation, up to 26% more  Higher efficiency at every load condition  Reduced number of ON-OFF cycles Guarantee optimum efficiency based on:  direct expansion work recovery due to Venturi effect  Higher evaporation temperature in MT cabinets  Higher suction pressure at all MT compressors ~415 psi suction pressure 2°K SH
  • 12. ATMOsphere America/ San Diego / June 5‐7, 2017 • Technology neutrality, to boost CO2 performances we need to explore all the possible solutions and make them available • Scalability is a must to achieve satisfactory results in all commercial refrigeration markets; from convenience stores to large supermarkets • Continuous modulation, for adapting to the different cooling and climate conditions is the key point to reduce system complexity and system costs • Simplicity of the system and of the components is mandatory for all CO2 deployments Conclusions