SlideShare a Scribd company logo
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Improved controls for smart heat
pumps
Biagio Lamanna
#Decarbheat, Brussels
12 May 2017
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Background
Last 10 years
Heat Pumps were designed with a
big focus on energy efficiency:
• Advanced heat exchangers
• COP optimisers (i.e. subcooler, economiser)
• Inverter controlled compressors
• Vapor injection
• Electronic Expansion valves
• EC fans, EC pumps
• Smart controllers
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Background
Seasonal COP regulation took in place: EN 14825
Seasonal COP initial target
was >2.8 to be compared
with the energy cost of gas
boilers.
SCOP values of 4.0 or more
were needed to reduce ROI
and achieved thanks to High
Efficiency technologies
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Background
Energy labelling (811/2013) helps to compare
heating technologies
e.g. Heat pumps are the
most efficient technology for
space heating
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Future evolution
What about the next 10 years?
Heat Pumps are currently and will be designed for a
“demand/response” scenario to provide:
• Real time energy efficiency
• Flexible use of electricity
• Optimised load profile
• Optimised compromise comfort VS operative costs according to:
o Electricity cost profile
o Building/heat pump inertia
o End user related criteria
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
IoT
Internet of Things
The Internet of things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also
referred to as "connected devices" and "smart devices", buildings, and other
items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network
connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data.
(Brown, Eric, 13 September 2016, "Who Needs the Internet of Things?“, Linux.com)
Collect, analyze and make
a wise use of data
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Heat Pumps are often equipped by monitoring/data logging
systems, providing:
• Large amount of data not correlated and analysed as a whole
• Limited understanding of the unit efficiency in its real operation
• Interpretation left to each maintenance operator
EEV status,
superheat
Refrigerant
charge,
subcooling
Water
temperatures
Compressor
Status
Too many
information!
Is it working
efficiently?
? ?
?
Operator
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Fans/Pumps
status, speed
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study:
show and improve the real operation efficiency1 of Heat Pumps by
means of machine learning and A.I. tools
1 regardless the influences due to heat pump position, geographical location, seasonal
and environmental aspects, weather conditions, etc.
EEV status,
superheat
Refrigerant
charge,
subcooling
Water
temperatures
Compressor
Status
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Heat Pump
#16 is
under-
performing!
Fans/Pumps
status, speed
0
15
30
45
60
6 12 18 24
Machine
learning
and A.I.
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, benefits and features:
• Real time energy efficiency
• Fine tuning and what-if analysis
• Dynamic alerts for irregular or abnormal energy consumption
• Predictive maintenance
• Benchmarking between:
o different units of the same model
o different maintenances operators/operations
o different sets of parameters
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, how machine learning works:
Training and Calibration: collected data are used to learn how Heat Pumps
perform on field.
Test and Results: trained algorithm is tested using new data as input. The
output is the “baseline” definition
0
20
40
60
80
6 12 18 24
Baseline definition
Energy measured
Energy expected
Trained
algorithm
Test and Results
Dataset
Input data
Training and Calibration
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
hour of the day, outdoor temperature/humidity, EEV position, fan flow,
water temperature, compressor speed, regulation setpoint, etc.
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, application 1: fine tuning
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Machine learning algorithm defined the Heat Pump “baseline” consumption.
Fine tuning + what if analysis allowed to increase unit efficiency
Increased efficiency
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, application 2: dynamic alerts
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Machine learning algorithm
defined the Heat Pump
“baseline” consumption
(lower and upper bound).
Alerts are provided when
the energy consumption is
constantly higher than the
“baseline”.
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, application 3: detection and resolution
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Alerts drive to maintenance operations that can be later analyzed in terms of
effectiveness
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Case study, application 4: benchmarking
IoT: Connected Heat Pump
Between units of the same model to identify the best regulated or maintained
Between units of different models to identify the most performant under the
conditions studied
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
Conclusion
The path towards residential heating decarbonisation
meets IoT technology in a scenario where Heat
Pumps will provide the best way to wisely transform
available electricity (and renewable energy) into
household comfort.
This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL
All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it,
by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden

More Related Content

What's hot

CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-StoresCAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R businessDC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Cool while saving even in humid climate areas
Cool while saving even in humid climate areasCool while saving even in humid climate areas
Cool while saving even in humid climate areas
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packsImproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFCTecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rackCAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigerationSustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT   Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
High Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
High Efficiency Solutions for process coolingHigh Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
High Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systemsNew frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applicationsHow to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systemsSustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
中国多形态零售模式下 用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案 ——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
中国多形态零售模式下 用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案 ——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolersExceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
CAREL solutions for propane retail applications
CAREL solutions for propane retail applicationsCAREL solutions for propane retail applications
CAREL solutions for propane retail applications
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systemsEnergy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formatsRe-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 

What's hot (20)

CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-StoresCAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
CAREL Hecu Sistema - The REAL capacity modulation for C-Stores
 
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R businessDC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
DC inverter technology in HVAC-R business
 
Cool while saving even in humid climate areas
Cool while saving even in humid climate areasCool while saving even in humid climate areas
Cool while saving even in humid climate areas
 
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packsImproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
Improving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 booster packs
 
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFCTecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
Tecnologie ad alta efficienza con refrigeranti alternativi agli HFC
 
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rackCAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
CAREL solution for managing CO2 compressors rack
 
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
Air Humidity is crucial!
 Control and monitoring solution for mission-critica...
 
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigerationSustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
Sustainability & energy efficiency - Sustainable solutions for refrigeration
 
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT   Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
Innovative Cold Room Solutions - 
Efficiency, Reliability & IoT
 
High Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
High Efficiency Solutions for process coolingHigh Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
High Efficiency Solutions for process cooling
 
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systemsNew frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
New frontiers for DC inverter compressors in waterloop systems
 
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applicationsHow to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
How to increase energy efficiency in professional and catering applications
 
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for commercial and professional refrigera...
 
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systemsSustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
Sustainability of CO2 technology and the role of control systems
 
中国多形态零售模式下 用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案 ——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
中国多形态零售模式下 用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案 ——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
 
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolersExceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
Exceptional performance and natural efficiency for beverage coolers
 
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
Efficiency and reliability for supermarket retrofit
 
CAREL solutions for propane retail applications
CAREL solutions for propane retail applicationsCAREL solutions for propane retail applications
CAREL solutions for propane retail applications
 
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systemsEnergy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
Energy saving technologies for alternative refrigerant- based systems
 
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formatsRe-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
Re-innovating the CO2 transcritical efficiency for small and medium formats
 

Similar to Improved controls for smart heat pumps

System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USAModulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packsmproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
ATMOsphere Conferences & Events
 
Efficiency and reliability in food retail business
Efficiency and reliability in food retail businessEfficiency and reliability in food retail business
Efficiency and reliability in food retail business
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildingsWater as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Energy saving and complete store management
Energy saving and complete store managementEnergy saving and complete store management
Energy saving and complete store management
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerantsSolutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food ServicePlug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
NatRef solutions in Japan

NatRef solutions in Japan
NatRef solutions in Japan

NatRef solutions in Japan

CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using MatlabIRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
IRJET Journal
 
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller      Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
IRJET Journal
 
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on RefrigerationEcodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRESCOMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
Kamran Hassan
 
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop SystemsThe Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systemsNatural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBoosterIncreasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcasesNatural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Join the EEvolution presentation
Join the EEvolution presentation Join the EEvolution presentation
Join the EEvolution presentation
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 

Similar to Improved controls for smart heat pumps (20)

System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
System & connectivity approach in commercial refrigeration: usability & perfo...
 
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USAModulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
Modulating Ejectors: Next steps for CO2 transcritical systems in the USA
 
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packsmproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
mproving energy efficiency in Europe with CO2 multi DC booster packs
 
Efficiency and reliability in food retail business
Efficiency and reliability in food retail businessEfficiency and reliability in food retail business
Efficiency and reliability in food retail business
 
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildingsWater as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
Water as alternative refrigerant for the AC of buildings
 
Energy saving and complete store management
Energy saving and complete store managementEnergy saving and complete store management
Energy saving and complete store management
 
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerantsSolutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants
 
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
Solutions portfolio of natural refrigerants.
 
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food ServicePlug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
Plug-in cabinets solutions overview for Refrigeration Food Service
 
NatRef solutions in Japan

NatRef solutions in Japan
NatRef solutions in Japan

NatRef solutions in Japan

 
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using MatlabIRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
IRJET- Automatic Centralized Air Conditioner using Matlab
 
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
Case sharing of CO2 TC ejector system in Asia and potential in Japan plus plu...
 
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller      Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
Smart Incubator Based on PID Controller
 
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on RefrigerationEcodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
Ecodesign and Energy Labelling: Impact on Refrigeration
 
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRESCOMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
COMMON PROBLEMS AND CHALLENGES IN DATA CENTRES
 
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop SystemsThe Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
The Use of Natural Refrigerants on Advanced Waterloop Systems
 
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systemsNatural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
Natural refrigerants in waterloop semi-plugin systems
 
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBoosterIncreasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
 
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcasesNatural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
Natural solutions for semi plug-in showcases
 
Join the EEvolution presentation
Join the EEvolution presentation Join the EEvolution presentation
Join the EEvolution presentation
 

More from CAREL Industries S.p.A

Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBoosterIncreasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Ammonia solutions for the Indian market
Ammonia solutions for the Indian marketAmmonia solutions for the Indian market
Ammonia solutions for the Indian market
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and EfficiencyAir Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
La salubrità ambientale indoor
La salubrità ambientale indoorLa salubrità ambientale indoor
La salubrità ambientale indoor
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edificiBacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DCVentajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
High Efficiency technologies for Data Centre Air Conditioning
High Efficiency technologies for  Data Centre Air ConditioningHigh Efficiency technologies for  Data Centre Air Conditioning
High Efficiency technologies for Data Centre Air Conditioning
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
CAREL & Heat Pumps
CAREL & Heat PumpsCAREL & Heat Pumps
CAREL & Heat Pumps
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Boss range – Thermo Debug tool
Boss range –  Thermo Debug toolBoss range –  Thermo Debug tool
Boss range – Thermo Debug tool
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeraciónTecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
CAREL Industries S.p.A
 

More from CAREL Industries S.p.A (20)

Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
Which is the best solution for commercial and professional plug-in cabinets?
 
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
How indoor air quality and relative humidity control affect your life: fighti...
 
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
Sistemi di umidificazione adiabatica secondo normativa VDI6022; aspetti tecno...
 
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
Gestione integrata di impianti meccanici HVAC: esempi pratici per garantire i...
 
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
R290 solutions for plug-in units, case studies and experience (in Korean)
 
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBoosterIncreasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
Increasing CO2 gas cooler efficiency and safety with CAREL's chillBooster
 
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
CO2 solutions for commercial refrigeration and case studies (in Chinese)
 
Ammonia solutions for the Indian market
Ammonia solutions for the Indian marketAmmonia solutions for the Indian market
Ammonia solutions for the Indian market
 
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Portuguese)
 
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
Transcritical CO2 - controller solution - Made in Ecuador Rack (in Spanish)
 
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
Humidification is Health: why is it worth and how should we humidify healthca...
 
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and EfficiencyAir Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
Air Handling Units: a matter of Health, Comfort and Efficiency
 
La salubrità ambientale indoor
La salubrità ambientale indoorLa salubrità ambientale indoor
La salubrità ambientale indoor
 
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edificiBacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
Bacs and water per il condizionamento degli edifici
 
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DCVentajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
Ventajas y resultados de campo en murales MT con R290 y tecnología DC
 
High Efficiency technologies for Data Centre Air Conditioning
High Efficiency technologies for  Data Centre Air ConditioningHigh Efficiency technologies for  Data Centre Air Conditioning
High Efficiency technologies for Data Centre Air Conditioning
 
CAREL & Heat Pumps
CAREL & Heat PumpsCAREL & Heat Pumps
CAREL & Heat Pumps
 
Boss range – Thermo Debug tool
Boss range –  Thermo Debug toolBoss range –  Thermo Debug tool
Boss range – Thermo Debug tool
 
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
Performance Measurement and Management in Industry 4.0
 
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeraciónTecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
Tecnologías disruptivas en sistemas de refrigeración
 

Recently uploaded

Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptxProperties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
MDSABBIROJJAMANPAYEL
 
132/33KV substation case study Presentation
132/33KV substation case study Presentation132/33KV substation case study Presentation
132/33KV substation case study Presentation
kandramariana6
 
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part IIIRecycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
Aditya Rajan Patra
 
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
sachin chaurasia
 
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
Yasser Mahgoub
 
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdfEngineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
abbyasa1014
 
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
KrishnaveniKrishnara1
 
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.pptUnit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
KrishnaveniKrishnara1
 
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoringEmbedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
IJECEIAES
 
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMSA SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
IJNSA Journal
 
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
insn4465
 
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have oneISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
Las Vegas Warehouse
 
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECTCHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
jpsjournal1
 
CSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
CSM Cloud Service Management PresentarionCSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
CSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
rpskprasana
 
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
171ticu
 
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdf
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdfEngine Lubrication performance System.pdf
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdf
mamamaam477
 
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball playEric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
enizeyimana36
 
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdfCasting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
zubairahmad848137
 
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdfbasic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
NidhalKahouli2
 
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
nooriasukmaningtyas
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptxProperties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
Properties Railway Sleepers and Test.pptx
 
132/33KV substation case study Presentation
132/33KV substation case study Presentation132/33KV substation case study Presentation
132/33KV substation case study Presentation
 
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part IIIRecycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
Recycled Concrete Aggregate in Construction Part III
 
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
The Python for beginners. This is an advance computer language.
 
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
2008 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Illustrated - Ching Chapter 02 The Building.pdf
 
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdfEngineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
Engineering Drawings Lecture Detail Drawings 2014.pdf
 
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
22CYT12-Unit-V-E Waste and its Management.ppt
 
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.pptUnit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
Unit-III-ELECTROCHEMICAL STORAGE DEVICES.ppt
 
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoringEmbedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
Embedded machine learning-based road conditions and driving behavior monitoring
 
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMSA SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
A SYSTEMATIC RISK ASSESSMENT APPROACH FOR SECURING THE SMART IRRIGATION SYSTEMS
 
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
哪里办理(csu毕业证书)查尔斯特大学毕业证硕士学历原版一模一样
 
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have oneISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
ISPM 15 Heat Treated Wood Stamps and why your shipping must have one
 
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECTCHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
CHINA’S GEO-ECONOMIC OUTREACH IN CENTRAL ASIAN COUNTRIES AND FUTURE PROSPECT
 
CSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
CSM Cloud Service Management PresentarionCSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
CSM Cloud Service Management Presentarion
 
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
官方认证美国密歇根州立大学毕业证学位证书原版一模一样
 
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdf
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdfEngine Lubrication performance System.pdf
Engine Lubrication performance System.pdf
 
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball playEric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
Eric Nizeyimana's document 2006 from gicumbi to ttc nyamata handball play
 
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdfCasting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
Casting-Defect-inSlab continuous casting.pdf
 
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdfbasic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
basic-wireline-operations-course-mahmoud-f-radwan.pdf
 
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
A review on techniques and modelling methodologies used for checking electrom...
 

Improved controls for smart heat pumps

  • 1. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Improved controls for smart heat pumps Biagio Lamanna #Decarbheat, Brussels 12 May 2017 This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden
  • 2. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Background Last 10 years Heat Pumps were designed with a big focus on energy efficiency: • Advanced heat exchangers • COP optimisers (i.e. subcooler, economiser) • Inverter controlled compressors • Vapor injection • Electronic Expansion valves • EC fans, EC pumps • Smart controllers
  • 3. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Background Seasonal COP regulation took in place: EN 14825 Seasonal COP initial target was >2.8 to be compared with the energy cost of gas boilers. SCOP values of 4.0 or more were needed to reduce ROI and achieved thanks to High Efficiency technologies
  • 4. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Background Energy labelling (811/2013) helps to compare heating technologies e.g. Heat pumps are the most efficient technology for space heating
  • 5. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Future evolution What about the next 10 years? Heat Pumps are currently and will be designed for a “demand/response” scenario to provide: • Real time energy efficiency • Flexible use of electricity • Optimised load profile • Optimised compromise comfort VS operative costs according to: o Electricity cost profile o Building/heat pump inertia o End user related criteria
  • 6. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden IoT Internet of Things The Internet of things (IoT) is the inter-networking of physical devices, vehicles (also referred to as "connected devices" and "smart devices", buildings, and other items embedded with electronics, software, sensors, actuators, and network connectivity which enable these objects to collect and exchange data. (Brown, Eric, 13 September 2016, "Who Needs the Internet of Things?“, Linux.com) Collect, analyze and make a wise use of data
  • 7. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Heat Pumps are often equipped by monitoring/data logging systems, providing: • Large amount of data not correlated and analysed as a whole • Limited understanding of the unit efficiency in its real operation • Interpretation left to each maintenance operator EEV status, superheat Refrigerant charge, subcooling Water temperatures Compressor Status Too many information! Is it working efficiently? ? ? ? Operator IoT: Connected Heat Pump Fans/Pumps status, speed
  • 8. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study: show and improve the real operation efficiency1 of Heat Pumps by means of machine learning and A.I. tools 1 regardless the influences due to heat pump position, geographical location, seasonal and environmental aspects, weather conditions, etc. EEV status, superheat Refrigerant charge, subcooling Water temperatures Compressor Status IoT: Connected Heat Pump Heat Pump #16 is under- performing! Fans/Pumps status, speed 0 15 30 45 60 6 12 18 24 Machine learning and A.I.
  • 9. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, benefits and features: • Real time energy efficiency • Fine tuning and what-if analysis • Dynamic alerts for irregular or abnormal energy consumption • Predictive maintenance • Benchmarking between: o different units of the same model o different maintenances operators/operations o different sets of parameters IoT: Connected Heat Pump
  • 10. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, how machine learning works: Training and Calibration: collected data are used to learn how Heat Pumps perform on field. Test and Results: trained algorithm is tested using new data as input. The output is the “baseline” definition 0 20 40 60 80 6 12 18 24 Baseline definition Energy measured Energy expected Trained algorithm Test and Results Dataset Input data Training and Calibration IoT: Connected Heat Pump hour of the day, outdoor temperature/humidity, EEV position, fan flow, water temperature, compressor speed, regulation setpoint, etc.
  • 11. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, application 1: fine tuning IoT: Connected Heat Pump Machine learning algorithm defined the Heat Pump “baseline” consumption. Fine tuning + what if analysis allowed to increase unit efficiency Increased efficiency
  • 12. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, application 2: dynamic alerts IoT: Connected Heat Pump Machine learning algorithm defined the Heat Pump “baseline” consumption (lower and upper bound). Alerts are provided when the energy consumption is constantly higher than the “baseline”.
  • 13. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, application 3: detection and resolution IoT: Connected Heat Pump Alerts drive to maintenance operations that can be later analyzed in terms of effectiveness
  • 14. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Case study, application 4: benchmarking IoT: Connected Heat Pump Between units of the same model to identify the best regulated or maintained Between units of different models to identify the most performant under the conditions studied
  • 15. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden Conclusion The path towards residential heating decarbonisation meets IoT technology in a scenario where Heat Pumps will provide the best way to wisely transform available electricity (and renewable energy) into household comfort.
  • 16. This document and all its contents are for Carel internal use only and strictly CONFIDENTIAL All unauthorized use, reproduction or distribution of this document or the information contained in it, by anyone other than Carel employees is severely forbidden