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中国多形态零售模式下
用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案
——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
卡乐电子
市场部 程立
CHINAREF 2017
April.2017
关于中国零售业行业的一些数据..
引用新零售观察关于中国零售业2017的趋势
一、 线上线下高度融合
二、小而美的社区商业形态迎来春天…
零售行业冷链发展趋势
1.一二线城市零售业态向高端精品超市/便利店形态进化,高效,低噪音,
高效空间利用率的制冷系统需求提升。
2.三四线城市对于零售业中冷链的需求增大,解决当地技术维护以及提
高系统运行可靠性
3.电商零售以及线下零售对于冷链仓储的布局,在人口高密度地区的分
散式仓储对于噪音,效率以及运行可靠性都提出了更高的要求
对于不同的零售业态
需要怎样的制冷系统?
直流变频水系统
传统的并联机组超市布局
直流变频水系统,
每个制冷设备配有独立的冷凝系统,Distributed Condensing System for each refrigerated asset
冷凝系统配置了直流变频与步进电子膨胀阀技术 Condensing Units equipped with DC inverter and modulating EEV technologies
系统配置的水冷冷凝器将系统产生的热量由水路带到卖场外,
籍此提供高效简便的安装维护,并能够大大减少对环境的影响
Water-cooled condenser on-board connected to a water loop system for condensing heat management
Providing simple installation / maintenance and low ambient impact
: 高效节能 Energy Efficiency
电子膨胀阀
Electronic Expansion Valve
• 更稳定的蒸发温度
• Stable evaporation temperature
• 与压缩机高级同步功能
• Advanced sync with compressor
• 系统流量变化下提供更高效率
• High efficiency at variable flow rate
卡乐Power+变频器以及卧式直流变频压缩机
Power+ DC Inverter and DC Compressor
• 宽范围调节
• Wide range of modulation
• 在部分负载的条件下提供更高的能效
• Better energy efficiency at partial loads
• 永磁磁铁降低能量损失
• Reduced energy losses
with permanent magnet
HEOS控制器
Heos Controller
• 直流变频压缩机管理
• DC compressor managment
• 全信封区间控制
• Full envelope control
• 电子膨胀阀直接驱动管理
• Elec. Exp. Valve management
• 自诊断预防功能与安全功能
• Safety features and preventive actions
直流变频压缩机可让系统通过优化操作在部分负载的状态下提供可观的节能效果
Compressors with DC motors allow for considerable energy savings by optimizing operation at partial loads.
直流变频技术DC Technology
宽范围的能量调节(15-100%):
A wider range of modulation (15-100%):
• 允许达到最优的运行条件
• Allows for the best operating conditions to be achieved
• 极大减少启停次数以保证系统高稳定运
行
• Guarantees greater stability
with fewer starts & stops
• 非常稳定的存储温度
• Greater stability of temperatures
极大的减少了布局变化的投资回报周期
High investment recovery
• 关键的制冷部件都在本地安装并成为制冷
设备主要资产
• Critical refrigeration components integrated locally at the
refrigeration asset
更多的应用领域
Wider sales area
• 无需并联压缩机组
• No need for compressor rack
更为便利的销售区域布置以及销售布局更改
Flexible sales area & easy layout change
• 非常便利进行安装以及新添置促销柜机
• Easy installation or removal of new/promotional cases
• 超市中非常便利更改布局
• Simple to move cases inside the supermarket
: 便利性Flexibility
总排放当量的减少TEWI Reduction
完全封闭的小制冷系统,减少96%的制冷剂泄漏
Refrigerant Leak Reduction
with hermetically-sealed circuits
• 在安装现场无需再进行铜焊
• No brazing in the field
• 工厂端完全测试
• Factory-tested units
• 设计为可重复使用
• Built with a controlled, repeatable process
与传统系统对比,制冷剂冲注量减少80%.
Refrigerant Charge Reduction compared with traditional
system
• 不再需要冗长的铜管道
• No long copper refrigerant lines
• 不再需要并联压缩机组
• No compressor rack
• 不再需要储液罐
• No large receivers
: 环境先行Environmental Respect
回油技术
Oil Return and Recovery Procedures
• 提速回油以及回油清洗等先进功能,确保变
频压缩机可靠运行。
• Advanced software functions such as speed boost and oil recovery
washing
系统自带网络接口支持集中报警管理
Centralized Alarm Management with System Network
• 可用于实现预防性的动作以优化工况
Preventive actions for optimal working conditions
• 安全可靠的流程用以大大减少安装时间
Safety procedures to strongly reduce installation down-
time
采用Power+变频器实现优化的压缩机管理Optimal
Compressor Management with Power+ inverter
• CAREL细致的压缩机配比认证流程
• Detailed qualification process
• 对于压缩机信封区间的完美控制
• Perfect control of compressor envelope
• 安全流程
• Safety procedures
简便的设置与优化
Easy set-up and Optimization
• 设置向导让配置设备变得异常简便
• Wizard start-up procedure for a simplified unit configuration
• 一系列的预设参数大大减少配置时间
• Pre-setting of the main parameters and probes to reduce
configuration time
极快的开机调试时间
Extremely Fast Commissioning
• 在冷柜工厂中部完成灌装测试的设备,预设的
系统参数减少调试时间
• Preconfiguration of the systems at the factory
(refrigerated cases and condensing unit)
• 经过大量实验室测试后得到的优化默认参数
Optimised default parameters with extensive laboratory tests
直观的服务工具
Intuitive Service Tools
: 可靠性以及易用性Reliability and Usability
到现在为止已有超过100家店使用并运行
HEOS系统Around 100 Stores already up and running after
deploy the solution last years.
从中小型超市以及到大型超级市场都有
覆盖Different applications covered from: Small / Medium
supermarket till Hypermarkets.
到现在最大的一家店是位于美国德州的
使用直接冷却水系统的拥有110个冷柜的
超级市场The biggest one is a 110 Cabinets in Texas –
U.S.A. running in complete free cooling (without chiller).
运行有HEOS系统的地区Area with running
Stores;
将要安装HEOS系统的地区Area with pending
installation
: 在全球 Today
: 在中国 In China
针对便利店/社区超市高效冷凝机组解决方案
HECU
CAREL High Efficiency Condensing Unit
卡乐高效冷凝机组解决方案
Energy Saving:
 The real capacity modulation
实时的能量调节
 Floating Suction & Smooth Lines
浮动吸气压力和平滑曲线功能
 Oil & Liquid calibrated injection
精准的喷油和喷液
High Energy Efficiency
Real time continuous energy optimisation through data communication with refrigerated
unit (MPXPRO)
通过制冷装置间的数据通信功能实时的优化能耗
• Continuous modulation of the suction pressure set point
吸气压力设定点连续调节
• ON-OFF cycles kept to the minimum
开启式机组维持定值
• High efficiency and stability with CAREL power+
采用卡乐power+达到高效性与稳定性
• Continuous modulation of the superheat set point
过热度设定值的连续调节
• Stable product temperature
稳定的食品温度
• High efficiency and stability with CAREL electronic expansion valve
采用卡乐电子膨胀阀达到高效性与稳定性
System reliability/系统可靠性
Oil return & recovery procedures with Speed Boost by power+ drive
通过power+驱动速度提升回油
Oil speed boost function forces the compressor to run at a fixed
speed for a settable time to recover the oil lost all long the
refrigerant circuit.
油速提升功能强制压缩机在设定时间内定速运转恢复制冷循环损失的润滑油
with evaporator and refrigerant line flushing with Oil recovery
washing using CAREL E2V expansion valves
油冲洗功能使用卡乐E2V阀冲洗蒸发器和制冷管路
Optimal food preservation
优化食品保存
with advanced algorithms and strong components synchronization
On a traditional condensing unit:
• Set point is fixed by the unit with the highest
demand
设定点固定由最高需求所确定
• ON/OFF thermostat
ON/OFF调温
With Hecu sistema:
• Set point is dynamic and change according to
real conditions
根据实际条件设定点动态改变
• Smooth line thermostat
平滑曲线调温
CAREL Hecu sistema products
1. pRack Hecu 主控制器
2. power+ 变频器
3. E2V valve 电子膨胀阀
4. MPX PRO 末端控制器
5. Energy meter 智能电表
6. PlantwatchPRO PWPRO监控系统
CAREL 商用CO2跨临界解决方案
-忘记二氧化碳”赤道”
Performance analysis
为什么要用二氧化碳跨临界 Why CO2 Transcritical?
Normalized Energy Consumption (Advanced R404A)
Abs %
Traditional R404A 108 8%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2%
Booster 95 -5%
Booster + PC 91 -9%
Booster + PC + EJ 86 -14%
Traditional R404A 109 9%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2%
Booster 105 5%
Booster + PC 97 -3%
Booster + PC + EJ 87 -13%
Traditional R404A 112 12%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 103 3%
Booster 109 9%
Booster + PC 100 0%
Booster + PC + EJ 90 -10%
BerlinRomeAthens
“根深蒂固”的概念:CO2跨临界只能用于北方地区?
Different climates different solutions
让我们先设立一个小目标,比如说…
Let’s start from a “small”,”tiny” target…
热回收以及与接入空调系统
Heat Reclaim & AC integration
蒸发冷却 Evaporative cooling
过冷
Subcooler
并行压缩技术
Parallel compression
卡乐 CO2跨临界系统高效解决方案们..
CAREL Energy efficiency solutions in CO2 systems
可调制步进喷射器
Ejectors
One potential solution:
蒸发冷却系统 Evaporative cooling system
• 简单易用 Simple
• 对原有系统无需改造 No invading
• 高效能 Cost effective (4W ->1KG Water ->650W cooling capacity)
• 集成CAREL系统控制器 Integration with system controller
(energy saving or safety activation)
高压微雾蒸发冷却系统 Evaporative cooling system
并行压缩技术 Parallel Compressor
尤其对于环境温度较高的地区,储液罐内压力更高让闪蒸汽阀频繁开启的状况下
Typically for warm climate the receiver pressure is higher and flash valve opens with higher frequency.
闪蒸汽阀迫使中温机组以更高的压差进
行工作
Flash valve forces MT compressors to
work with an higher ΔP
并行压缩机可以工作在较低的压差下,
以更高的效率进行工作
Parallel compressor works with a lower
ΔP
High suction pressure before RPRV expansion
Low suction pressure after RPRV expansion
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
0
200
400
600
-20 -10 0 10 20 30 40
Energy Saving vs External T
Temperature frequency [hours] Energy saving vs Traditional Booster
• 减少闪蒸汽的旁通 Flash gas bypass reduction
• 更高的Gas Cooler压力下具有更高的效率 Higher efficiency for high gas cooler pressure
• 更高的环温的情况下具有更高的效能 Higher efficiency at higher external temperature
并行压缩技术带来的节能效果 Energy saving with parallel compression
卡乐CO2跨临界解决整体解决方案 Ejector/可调制CO2喷射器
卡乐CO2跨临界解决整体解决方案 One solution All Solutions
对于CO2跨临界喷射系统的完美控制
Complete management of CO2 transcritical ejector system
MT comps
gas cooler
heat reclaim
flash gas valve
ejector
LT comps
P comps
• Direct management from main rack controller
• MT and Parallel compressors switch
• Real time communication with evaporators controllers
• Intergrated ExV driver
• Built in features and safeties
• Ultracap technology for safe closing in case of power
failure
• Scalable controllers platform
Performance analysis
不再有CO2”赤道”
Normalized Energy Consumption (Advanced R404A)
Abs %
Traditional R404A 108 8%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2%
Booster 95 -5%
Booster + PC 91 -9%
Booster + PC + EJ 86 -14%
Traditional R404A 109 9%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2%
Booster 105 5%
Booster + PC 97 -3%
Booster + PC + EJ 87 -13%
Traditional R404A 112 12%
Advanced R404A 100
Cascade R134a/CO2 103 3%
Booster 109 9%
Booster + PC 100 0%
Booster + PC + EJ 90 -10%
BerlinRomeAthens
中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案
中国多形态零售模式下用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案

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中国多形态零售模式下 用于商用制冷高效环保解决方案 ——卡乐(CAREL)节能环保解决方案

  • 5.
  • 8. 直流变频水系统, 每个制冷设备配有独立的冷凝系统,Distributed Condensing System for each refrigerated asset 冷凝系统配置了直流变频与步进电子膨胀阀技术 Condensing Units equipped with DC inverter and modulating EEV technologies 系统配置的水冷冷凝器将系统产生的热量由水路带到卖场外, 籍此提供高效简便的安装维护,并能够大大减少对环境的影响 Water-cooled condenser on-board connected to a water loop system for condensing heat management Providing simple installation / maintenance and low ambient impact
  • 9. : 高效节能 Energy Efficiency 电子膨胀阀 Electronic Expansion Valve • 更稳定的蒸发温度 • Stable evaporation temperature • 与压缩机高级同步功能 • Advanced sync with compressor • 系统流量变化下提供更高效率 • High efficiency at variable flow rate 卡乐Power+变频器以及卧式直流变频压缩机 Power+ DC Inverter and DC Compressor • 宽范围调节 • Wide range of modulation • 在部分负载的条件下提供更高的能效 • Better energy efficiency at partial loads • 永磁磁铁降低能量损失 • Reduced energy losses with permanent magnet HEOS控制器 Heos Controller • 直流变频压缩机管理 • DC compressor managment • 全信封区间控制 • Full envelope control • 电子膨胀阀直接驱动管理 • Elec. Exp. Valve management • 自诊断预防功能与安全功能 • Safety features and preventive actions
  • 10. 直流变频压缩机可让系统通过优化操作在部分负载的状态下提供可观的节能效果 Compressors with DC motors allow for considerable energy savings by optimizing operation at partial loads. 直流变频技术DC Technology 宽范围的能量调节(15-100%): A wider range of modulation (15-100%): • 允许达到最优的运行条件 • Allows for the best operating conditions to be achieved • 极大减少启停次数以保证系统高稳定运 行 • Guarantees greater stability with fewer starts & stops • 非常稳定的存储温度 • Greater stability of temperatures
  • 11. 极大的减少了布局变化的投资回报周期 High investment recovery • 关键的制冷部件都在本地安装并成为制冷 设备主要资产 • Critical refrigeration components integrated locally at the refrigeration asset 更多的应用领域 Wider sales area • 无需并联压缩机组 • No need for compressor rack 更为便利的销售区域布置以及销售布局更改 Flexible sales area & easy layout change • 非常便利进行安装以及新添置促销柜机 • Easy installation or removal of new/promotional cases • 超市中非常便利更改布局 • Simple to move cases inside the supermarket : 便利性Flexibility
  • 12. 总排放当量的减少TEWI Reduction 完全封闭的小制冷系统,减少96%的制冷剂泄漏 Refrigerant Leak Reduction with hermetically-sealed circuits • 在安装现场无需再进行铜焊 • No brazing in the field • 工厂端完全测试 • Factory-tested units • 设计为可重复使用 • Built with a controlled, repeatable process 与传统系统对比,制冷剂冲注量减少80%. Refrigerant Charge Reduction compared with traditional system • 不再需要冗长的铜管道 • No long copper refrigerant lines • 不再需要并联压缩机组 • No compressor rack • 不再需要储液罐 • No large receivers : 环境先行Environmental Respect
  • 13. 回油技术 Oil Return and Recovery Procedures • 提速回油以及回油清洗等先进功能,确保变 频压缩机可靠运行。 • Advanced software functions such as speed boost and oil recovery washing 系统自带网络接口支持集中报警管理 Centralized Alarm Management with System Network • 可用于实现预防性的动作以优化工况 Preventive actions for optimal working conditions • 安全可靠的流程用以大大减少安装时间 Safety procedures to strongly reduce installation down- time 采用Power+变频器实现优化的压缩机管理Optimal Compressor Management with Power+ inverter • CAREL细致的压缩机配比认证流程 • Detailed qualification process • 对于压缩机信封区间的完美控制 • Perfect control of compressor envelope • 安全流程 • Safety procedures 简便的设置与优化 Easy set-up and Optimization • 设置向导让配置设备变得异常简便 • Wizard start-up procedure for a simplified unit configuration • 一系列的预设参数大大减少配置时间 • Pre-setting of the main parameters and probes to reduce configuration time 极快的开机调试时间 Extremely Fast Commissioning • 在冷柜工厂中部完成灌装测试的设备,预设的 系统参数减少调试时间 • Preconfiguration of the systems at the factory (refrigerated cases and condensing unit) • 经过大量实验室测试后得到的优化默认参数 Optimised default parameters with extensive laboratory tests 直观的服务工具 Intuitive Service Tools : 可靠性以及易用性Reliability and Usability
  • 14. 到现在为止已有超过100家店使用并运行 HEOS系统Around 100 Stores already up and running after deploy the solution last years. 从中小型超市以及到大型超级市场都有 覆盖Different applications covered from: Small / Medium supermarket till Hypermarkets. 到现在最大的一家店是位于美国德州的 使用直接冷却水系统的拥有110个冷柜的 超级市场The biggest one is a 110 Cabinets in Texas – U.S.A. running in complete free cooling (without chiller). 运行有HEOS系统的地区Area with running Stores; 将要安装HEOS系统的地区Area with pending installation : 在全球 Today
  • 15. : 在中国 In China
  • 17. CAREL High Efficiency Condensing Unit 卡乐高效冷凝机组解决方案
  • 18. Energy Saving:  The real capacity modulation 实时的能量调节  Floating Suction & Smooth Lines 浮动吸气压力和平滑曲线功能  Oil & Liquid calibrated injection 精准的喷油和喷液
  • 19. High Energy Efficiency Real time continuous energy optimisation through data communication with refrigerated unit (MPXPRO) 通过制冷装置间的数据通信功能实时的优化能耗 • Continuous modulation of the suction pressure set point 吸气压力设定点连续调节 • ON-OFF cycles kept to the minimum 开启式机组维持定值 • High efficiency and stability with CAREL power+ 采用卡乐power+达到高效性与稳定性 • Continuous modulation of the superheat set point 过热度设定值的连续调节 • Stable product temperature 稳定的食品温度 • High efficiency and stability with CAREL electronic expansion valve 采用卡乐电子膨胀阀达到高效性与稳定性
  • 20. System reliability/系统可靠性 Oil return & recovery procedures with Speed Boost by power+ drive 通过power+驱动速度提升回油 Oil speed boost function forces the compressor to run at a fixed speed for a settable time to recover the oil lost all long the refrigerant circuit. 油速提升功能强制压缩机在设定时间内定速运转恢复制冷循环损失的润滑油 with evaporator and refrigerant line flushing with Oil recovery washing using CAREL E2V expansion valves 油冲洗功能使用卡乐E2V阀冲洗蒸发器和制冷管路
  • 21. Optimal food preservation 优化食品保存 with advanced algorithms and strong components synchronization On a traditional condensing unit: • Set point is fixed by the unit with the highest demand 设定点固定由最高需求所确定 • ON/OFF thermostat ON/OFF调温 With Hecu sistema: • Set point is dynamic and change according to real conditions 根据实际条件设定点动态改变 • Smooth line thermostat 平滑曲线调温
  • 22. CAREL Hecu sistema products 1. pRack Hecu 主控制器 2. power+ 变频器 3. E2V valve 电子膨胀阀 4. MPX PRO 末端控制器 5. Energy meter 智能电表 6. PlantwatchPRO PWPRO监控系统
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  • 26. Performance analysis 为什么要用二氧化碳跨临界 Why CO2 Transcritical? Normalized Energy Consumption (Advanced R404A) Abs % Traditional R404A 108 8% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2% Booster 95 -5% Booster + PC 91 -9% Booster + PC + EJ 86 -14% Traditional R404A 109 9% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2% Booster 105 5% Booster + PC 97 -3% Booster + PC + EJ 87 -13% Traditional R404A 112 12% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 103 3% Booster 109 9% Booster + PC 100 0% Booster + PC + EJ 90 -10% BerlinRomeAthens
  • 29. 热回收以及与接入空调系统 Heat Reclaim & AC integration 蒸发冷却 Evaporative cooling 过冷 Subcooler 并行压缩技术 Parallel compression 卡乐 CO2跨临界系统高效解决方案们.. CAREL Energy efficiency solutions in CO2 systems 可调制步进喷射器 Ejectors
  • 30. One potential solution: 蒸发冷却系统 Evaporative cooling system • 简单易用 Simple • 对原有系统无需改造 No invading • 高效能 Cost effective (4W ->1KG Water ->650W cooling capacity) • 集成CAREL系统控制器 Integration with system controller (energy saving or safety activation) 高压微雾蒸发冷却系统 Evaporative cooling system
  • 31. 并行压缩技术 Parallel Compressor 尤其对于环境温度较高的地区,储液罐内压力更高让闪蒸汽阀频繁开启的状况下 Typically for warm climate the receiver pressure is higher and flash valve opens with higher frequency. 闪蒸汽阀迫使中温机组以更高的压差进 行工作 Flash valve forces MT compressors to work with an higher ΔP 并行压缩机可以工作在较低的压差下, 以更高的效率进行工作 Parallel compressor works with a lower ΔP High suction pressure before RPRV expansion Low suction pressure after RPRV expansion
  • 32. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 0 200 400 600 -20 -10 0 10 20 30 40 Energy Saving vs External T Temperature frequency [hours] Energy saving vs Traditional Booster • 减少闪蒸汽的旁通 Flash gas bypass reduction • 更高的Gas Cooler压力下具有更高的效率 Higher efficiency for high gas cooler pressure • 更高的环温的情况下具有更高的效能 Higher efficiency at higher external temperature 并行压缩技术带来的节能效果 Energy saving with parallel compression
  • 34. 卡乐CO2跨临界解决整体解决方案 One solution All Solutions 对于CO2跨临界喷射系统的完美控制 Complete management of CO2 transcritical ejector system MT comps gas cooler heat reclaim flash gas valve ejector LT comps P comps • Direct management from main rack controller • MT and Parallel compressors switch • Real time communication with evaporators controllers • Intergrated ExV driver • Built in features and safeties • Ultracap technology for safe closing in case of power failure • Scalable controllers platform
  • 35. Performance analysis 不再有CO2”赤道” Normalized Energy Consumption (Advanced R404A) Abs % Traditional R404A 108 8% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2% Booster 95 -5% Booster + PC 91 -9% Booster + PC + EJ 86 -14% Traditional R404A 109 9% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 102 2% Booster 105 5% Booster + PC 97 -3% Booster + PC + EJ 87 -13% Traditional R404A 112 12% Advanced R404A 100 Cascade R134a/CO2 103 3% Booster 109 9% Booster + PC 100 0% Booster + PC + EJ 90 -10% BerlinRomeAthens