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Taking Advantage of the Lowest Carbon Fuel:  Building the CA Biomethane Industry Advanced Transportation  Technologies John Boesel President and CEO AB 118 Biofuels Workshop September 15, 2009 Clean Transportation Solutions  SM
Natural Gas = Biogas  But with Some Important Exceptions Less GHG Emissions Net zero or negative GHG Emissions Both Good for Air Quality! Fossil Fuel Renewable Fuel Methane Natural gas Biogas
Green-Gas Principle – “Greening the Gas Pipeline” Biogas Natural gas Residential housing Industries Filling stations
Swedish Biomethane Vehicles
Linkoping – The Bakersfield of Biomethane Digester where raw products breaks down and produces methane Off-the-Shelf Equipment is Used to Upgrade Digester Gas to Transportation Quality Biomethane
Methane Gas Vehicles in Sweden 37% growth annually! Trucks Buses Cars Total
Methane Fuelling Stations in Sweden 25 % growth annually 25% growth annually! Bus Public Total
Sales of Methane Gas for Vehicles in Sweden 21 % growth annually 55 % biogas Biogas Natural gas Total
Biomethane is the Lowest Carbon Fuel – According to LCFS Fuel Pathway Impact (gCO 2 e/MJ) Landfill gas to CNG 11.26 Biogas to CNG 13.45 Landfill gas to LNG 26.05 Biogas to LNG 28.27 Electricity (best case renewable mix) 34.90 H2 (best case SB1505 scenario) 33.09 Gasoline (CA reformulated) 96.09 Diesel (ULSD) 94.71 Biodiesel (from soybeans, with land use impact) 68.93 Conventional Natural Gas 68.00
1,400,000 km natural gas grid in 32 countries Biomethane can be distributed in the gas grid to the consumers A wide range of biomass feedstock & high efficient production both from digestion and gasification 600 000 CNG vehicles already in traffic  2000 existing fueling stations for CNG  and CBG Liquified biomethane will play a important role By 2030 Biomethane Could Replace 25-35 % of Fossil Fuels Used for Road  Transport in Europe
Renewable Methane:  Building Upon the Success in Sweden In 2006 the State of California signed a joint agreement with Sweden to collaborate on the development of bioenergy and biomethane in particular Sweden has the largest biomethane program in the world Undersecretary Desmond, Minister Sommestad, Commissioner Boyd Sign MOU between CA and Sweden
Cost of Biomethane Production in Sweden Sources: Swedish Gas Centre, BioMil Process ~ € / kWh ~ € / l petrol eq. Sewage sludge 0.03 – 0.04 0.23 – 0.36 Organic waste 0.03 – 0.05 0.23 – 0.42 Energy crop gas (38 MW) 0.07 – 0.08 0.53 – 0.67 Synt. natural gas (100 MW) 0.04 0.36
What’s Needed to Make Use of the Lowest Carbon Fuel? Need to build production plants and run vehicles Give other fleets and operators a chance to see first hand and “kick the tires” SunLine and AC Transit have played similar role relative to use of hydrogen in transportation Need to better understand the CA economics of biomethane and other issues Sweden economics are different (can biomethane work in a state with relatively low cost fuel?)
Leading Biogas Producer Has Received Permits for 3 CA Biogas Plants Microgy has received permits to build three biogas plants in California At each site Microgy is cleaning up the biogas and generating “pipeline” quality biomethane Credit crisis has stalled projects Technology can produce gas for pipeline and transportation needs Largest US biogas plant (Huckabay Ridge, TX) -- 635,000 mmbtu/yr gas production targeted
CR&R Perris Project First in the nation use of Arrow Bio system for municipal waste stream sorting and AD processing to biogas – process would reduce flow to landfill while cutting emissions Fuel to be used in growing CNG-powered refuse truck fleet
Waste Management – Linde Project Follow-on to Altamont project Implementing commercialization of new landfill gas clean-up technology Southern CA (SCAQMD Basin) location LNG to be used in Waste Management fleet
Multiple Feedstocks and Approaches Dairy Waste Municipal Trash Agricultural Waste Landfill Gas Trial of differing feedstocks Differing biogas creation techniques Differing biogas cleanup technologies Pipeline, Liquifaction, Compression Displacement/Conversion of gasoline and diesel Biomethane JumpStart Program
Determination of optimal feedstocks for a given location Determination of optimal technologies for digestion and upgrading Better understanding of the economics of each bio process Better understanding of the market economics for biogas Recommendations on how to replicate and scale up while reducing costs Biogas Process Biomethane JumpStart Program GOALS
Summary Biomethane is the lowest carbon fuel with virtually zero technical risk  Following the Sweden model, California needs to establish some production plants that can serve as learning centers for others Economics of biomethane production from different feedstocks need to be better understood CA could become the Sweden of the United States! 1 of 2 trucks running on biomethane in Caliofornia today
Clean Transportation Solutions   SM www.calstart.org Advanced Transportation Technologies   SM

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CALSTART Biomethane AB 118 Biofuels Workshop 9 09

  • 1. Taking Advantage of the Lowest Carbon Fuel: Building the CA Biomethane Industry Advanced Transportation Technologies John Boesel President and CEO AB 118 Biofuels Workshop September 15, 2009 Clean Transportation Solutions SM
  • 2. Natural Gas = Biogas But with Some Important Exceptions Less GHG Emissions Net zero or negative GHG Emissions Both Good for Air Quality! Fossil Fuel Renewable Fuel Methane Natural gas Biogas
  • 3. Green-Gas Principle – “Greening the Gas Pipeline” Biogas Natural gas Residential housing Industries Filling stations
  • 5. Linkoping – The Bakersfield of Biomethane Digester where raw products breaks down and produces methane Off-the-Shelf Equipment is Used to Upgrade Digester Gas to Transportation Quality Biomethane
  • 6. Methane Gas Vehicles in Sweden 37% growth annually! Trucks Buses Cars Total
  • 7. Methane Fuelling Stations in Sweden 25 % growth annually 25% growth annually! Bus Public Total
  • 8. Sales of Methane Gas for Vehicles in Sweden 21 % growth annually 55 % biogas Biogas Natural gas Total
  • 9. Biomethane is the Lowest Carbon Fuel – According to LCFS Fuel Pathway Impact (gCO 2 e/MJ) Landfill gas to CNG 11.26 Biogas to CNG 13.45 Landfill gas to LNG 26.05 Biogas to LNG 28.27 Electricity (best case renewable mix) 34.90 H2 (best case SB1505 scenario) 33.09 Gasoline (CA reformulated) 96.09 Diesel (ULSD) 94.71 Biodiesel (from soybeans, with land use impact) 68.93 Conventional Natural Gas 68.00
  • 10. 1,400,000 km natural gas grid in 32 countries Biomethane can be distributed in the gas grid to the consumers A wide range of biomass feedstock & high efficient production both from digestion and gasification 600 000 CNG vehicles already in traffic 2000 existing fueling stations for CNG and CBG Liquified biomethane will play a important role By 2030 Biomethane Could Replace 25-35 % of Fossil Fuels Used for Road Transport in Europe
  • 11. Renewable Methane: Building Upon the Success in Sweden In 2006 the State of California signed a joint agreement with Sweden to collaborate on the development of bioenergy and biomethane in particular Sweden has the largest biomethane program in the world Undersecretary Desmond, Minister Sommestad, Commissioner Boyd Sign MOU between CA and Sweden
  • 12. Cost of Biomethane Production in Sweden Sources: Swedish Gas Centre, BioMil Process ~ € / kWh ~ € / l petrol eq. Sewage sludge 0.03 – 0.04 0.23 – 0.36 Organic waste 0.03 – 0.05 0.23 – 0.42 Energy crop gas (38 MW) 0.07 – 0.08 0.53 – 0.67 Synt. natural gas (100 MW) 0.04 0.36
  • 13. What’s Needed to Make Use of the Lowest Carbon Fuel? Need to build production plants and run vehicles Give other fleets and operators a chance to see first hand and “kick the tires” SunLine and AC Transit have played similar role relative to use of hydrogen in transportation Need to better understand the CA economics of biomethane and other issues Sweden economics are different (can biomethane work in a state with relatively low cost fuel?)
  • 14. Leading Biogas Producer Has Received Permits for 3 CA Biogas Plants Microgy has received permits to build three biogas plants in California At each site Microgy is cleaning up the biogas and generating “pipeline” quality biomethane Credit crisis has stalled projects Technology can produce gas for pipeline and transportation needs Largest US biogas plant (Huckabay Ridge, TX) -- 635,000 mmbtu/yr gas production targeted
  • 15. CR&R Perris Project First in the nation use of Arrow Bio system for municipal waste stream sorting and AD processing to biogas – process would reduce flow to landfill while cutting emissions Fuel to be used in growing CNG-powered refuse truck fleet
  • 16. Waste Management – Linde Project Follow-on to Altamont project Implementing commercialization of new landfill gas clean-up technology Southern CA (SCAQMD Basin) location LNG to be used in Waste Management fleet
  • 17. Multiple Feedstocks and Approaches Dairy Waste Municipal Trash Agricultural Waste Landfill Gas Trial of differing feedstocks Differing biogas creation techniques Differing biogas cleanup technologies Pipeline, Liquifaction, Compression Displacement/Conversion of gasoline and diesel Biomethane JumpStart Program
  • 18. Determination of optimal feedstocks for a given location Determination of optimal technologies for digestion and upgrading Better understanding of the economics of each bio process Better understanding of the market economics for biogas Recommendations on how to replicate and scale up while reducing costs Biogas Process Biomethane JumpStart Program GOALS
  • 19. Summary Biomethane is the lowest carbon fuel with virtually zero technical risk Following the Sweden model, California needs to establish some production plants that can serve as learning centers for others Economics of biomethane production from different feedstocks need to be better understood CA could become the Sweden of the United States! 1 of 2 trucks running on biomethane in Caliofornia today
  • 20. Clean Transportation Solutions SM www.calstart.org Advanced Transportation Technologies SM