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Business Information System
By,
Alana Mariam Abraham
Contents
 Information system
 Levels of information system
 Information System frame work
 Business information system
 Transaction Processing System
 Management Information System
 Decision Support System
 Executive Support System
 Marketing Information Systems
 Manufacturing Information Systems
 Human Resource Information Systems
 Financial Information Systems Transaction Processing
System

Information System
Information system, an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, and
processing data and for providing information, knowledge, and digital products.
Business firms and other organizations rely on information systems to carry out and
manage their operations, interact with their customers and suppliers, and compete in
the marketplace.
Four levels of Information system
The three parts of the information systems
triangle
Information system Frame Work
Business Information System
A large category of information systems comprises those
designed to support the business of an organization. These
systems rely on the data obtained by transaction processing
systems, as well as on data and information acquired
outside the organization (on the Web, for example) and
provided by business partners, suppliers, and customers.
Contu…….
All information systems support decision making, however
indirectly, but decision support systems are expressly designed
for this purpose. As these systems are increasingly being
developed to analyse massive collections of data (known as big
data), they are becoming known as business intelligence, or
business analytics, applications or business information system .
The two principal varieties of decision support systems are
model-driven and data-driven.
Transaction Processing System
A small business processes transactions that result from day-to-day
business operations, such as the creation of pay checks and
purchase orders, using a transaction processing system, or TPS. The
TPS, unlike a batch system, requires that users interact with the
system in real time to direct the system to collect, store, retrieve
and modify data. A user enters transaction data by means of a
terminal, and the system immediately stores the data in a database
and produces any required output.
Contu…..
For example, a small-business owner may direct a bank
system to debit a savings account for $500 and credit the
company's checking account for $500. Because of constant
system updates, a user can access current TPS data, such as
an account balance, at any point.
Management Information System
Information systems support all levels of management, from
those in charge of short-term schedules and budgets for small
work groups to those concerned with long-term plans and
budgets for the entire organization. Management Information
systems provide routine, detailed, and voluminous information
reports specific to each manager’s areas of responsibility. These
systems are typically used by first-level supervisors. Generally,
such reports focus on past and present activities, rather than
projecting future performance.
Contu….
MIS can create prescheduled reports, which company
management can use in strategic, tactical and operational
planning and operations. For example, an MIS report may be a
pie chart that illustrates product sales volume by territory or a
graph that illustrates the percentage increase or decrease in a
product's sales over time
Decision Support System
A decision-support system, or DSS, allows business managers
and owners to use predefined or reports to support operations
planning and problem-resolution decisions. With DSS, users
find answers to specific questions as a means to evaluate the
possible impact of a decision before it is implemented. The
answers to queries may take the form of a data summary
report, such as a product revenue by quarter sales report.
Contu….
To conduct an analysis, business owners and managers
use an interface -- a dashboard -- to select a particular
graphic representation of a key performance indicator
that measures the progress toward meeting a specific
goal. For example, a manufacturing dashboard might
display a graphic representing the number of products
manufactured on a particular line.
Contu…
An important variety of decision support systems
enables a group of decision makers to work together
without necessarily being in the same place at the same
time. These group decision systems include software
tools for brainstorming and reaching consensus.
Executive Support System
The executive support system, or ESS, contains predefined
reports that help business owners and managers identify
long-term trends in support of strategic planning and no
routine decision making. System users click on any icon
displayed on the ESS screen and enter report criteria to view
individual predefined reports and graphs, which are based on
companywide and functional department data, such as sales,
scheduling and cost accounting.
contu…
The ESS reports brief the business manager or owner on
an issue, such as market trends and buyer preferences.
The ESS system also offers analysis tools used to predict
outcomes, assess performance and calculate statistics
based on existing data
Contu….
Nevertheless, this assistance is important for the chief executive
officer, senior and executive vice presidents, and the board of
directors to monitor the performance of the company, assess the
business environment, and develop strategic directions for the future.
In particular, these executives need to compare their organization’s
performance with that of its competitors and investigate general
economic trends in regions or countries. Often individualized and
relying on multiple media formats, executive information systems give
their users an opportunity to “drill down” from summary information
to increasingly focused details.
Marketing Information Systems
A system that analyzes and assesses marketing
information, gathered continuously from sources
inside and outside an organization. Timely
marketing information provides basis for decisions
such as product development or improvement,
pricing, packaging, distribution, media selection, and
promotion. See also market information system.
Manufacturing information system
A management information system that is targeted for use
anywhere production is taking place. Modern management
information systems are generally computerized and are
designed to collect and present the data which managers
need in order to plan and direct operations within the
company.
Contu…
The manufacturing function is concerned with the
production of goods that the business sells. production
of goods that the business sells.
Manufacturing information Manufacturing information
provide services to support the provide services to
support the manufacturing function.
Contu…
inventory control is often considered to be manufacturing
produces the goods for inventory.
Purchasing may also be a manufacturing information
system in some businesses. System in some businesses.
Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS)
A system which seeks to merge the activities associated with human
resource management (HRM) and information technology (IT) into
one common database through the use of enterprise resource
planning (ERP) software. The goal of HRIS is to merge the different
parts of human resources, including payroll, labour productivity, and
benefit management into a less capital-intensive system than the
mainframes used to manage activities in the past. Also called Human
Resource Management Systems (HRMS)
Contu…

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Business information system with explaination

  • 2. Contents  Information system  Levels of information system  Information System frame work  Business information system  Transaction Processing System  Management Information System  Decision Support System  Executive Support System  Marketing Information Systems  Manufacturing Information Systems  Human Resource Information Systems  Financial Information Systems Transaction Processing System 
  • 3. Information System Information system, an integrated set of components for collecting, storing, and processing data and for providing information, knowledge, and digital products. Business firms and other organizations rely on information systems to carry out and manage their operations, interact with their customers and suppliers, and compete in the marketplace.
  • 4. Four levels of Information system
  • 5. The three parts of the information systems triangle
  • 7. Business Information System A large category of information systems comprises those designed to support the business of an organization. These systems rely on the data obtained by transaction processing systems, as well as on data and information acquired outside the organization (on the Web, for example) and provided by business partners, suppliers, and customers.
  • 8. Contu……. All information systems support decision making, however indirectly, but decision support systems are expressly designed for this purpose. As these systems are increasingly being developed to analyse massive collections of data (known as big data), they are becoming known as business intelligence, or business analytics, applications or business information system . The two principal varieties of decision support systems are model-driven and data-driven.
  • 9. Transaction Processing System A small business processes transactions that result from day-to-day business operations, such as the creation of pay checks and purchase orders, using a transaction processing system, or TPS. The TPS, unlike a batch system, requires that users interact with the system in real time to direct the system to collect, store, retrieve and modify data. A user enters transaction data by means of a terminal, and the system immediately stores the data in a database and produces any required output.
  • 10. Contu….. For example, a small-business owner may direct a bank system to debit a savings account for $500 and credit the company's checking account for $500. Because of constant system updates, a user can access current TPS data, such as an account balance, at any point.
  • 11. Management Information System Information systems support all levels of management, from those in charge of short-term schedules and budgets for small work groups to those concerned with long-term plans and budgets for the entire organization. Management Information systems provide routine, detailed, and voluminous information reports specific to each manager’s areas of responsibility. These systems are typically used by first-level supervisors. Generally, such reports focus on past and present activities, rather than projecting future performance.
  • 12. Contu…. MIS can create prescheduled reports, which company management can use in strategic, tactical and operational planning and operations. For example, an MIS report may be a pie chart that illustrates product sales volume by territory or a graph that illustrates the percentage increase or decrease in a product's sales over time
  • 13. Decision Support System A decision-support system, or DSS, allows business managers and owners to use predefined or reports to support operations planning and problem-resolution decisions. With DSS, users find answers to specific questions as a means to evaluate the possible impact of a decision before it is implemented. The answers to queries may take the form of a data summary report, such as a product revenue by quarter sales report.
  • 14. Contu…. To conduct an analysis, business owners and managers use an interface -- a dashboard -- to select a particular graphic representation of a key performance indicator that measures the progress toward meeting a specific goal. For example, a manufacturing dashboard might display a graphic representing the number of products manufactured on a particular line.
  • 15. Contu… An important variety of decision support systems enables a group of decision makers to work together without necessarily being in the same place at the same time. These group decision systems include software tools for brainstorming and reaching consensus.
  • 16. Executive Support System The executive support system, or ESS, contains predefined reports that help business owners and managers identify long-term trends in support of strategic planning and no routine decision making. System users click on any icon displayed on the ESS screen and enter report criteria to view individual predefined reports and graphs, which are based on companywide and functional department data, such as sales, scheduling and cost accounting.
  • 17. contu… The ESS reports brief the business manager or owner on an issue, such as market trends and buyer preferences. The ESS system also offers analysis tools used to predict outcomes, assess performance and calculate statistics based on existing data
  • 18. Contu…. Nevertheless, this assistance is important for the chief executive officer, senior and executive vice presidents, and the board of directors to monitor the performance of the company, assess the business environment, and develop strategic directions for the future. In particular, these executives need to compare their organization’s performance with that of its competitors and investigate general economic trends in regions or countries. Often individualized and relying on multiple media formats, executive information systems give their users an opportunity to “drill down” from summary information to increasingly focused details.
  • 19. Marketing Information Systems A system that analyzes and assesses marketing information, gathered continuously from sources inside and outside an organization. Timely marketing information provides basis for decisions such as product development or improvement, pricing, packaging, distribution, media selection, and promotion. See also market information system.
  • 20.
  • 21. Manufacturing information system A management information system that is targeted for use anywhere production is taking place. Modern management information systems are generally computerized and are designed to collect and present the data which managers need in order to plan and direct operations within the company.
  • 22. Contu… The manufacturing function is concerned with the production of goods that the business sells. production of goods that the business sells. Manufacturing information Manufacturing information provide services to support the provide services to support the manufacturing function.
  • 23. Contu… inventory control is often considered to be manufacturing produces the goods for inventory. Purchasing may also be a manufacturing information system in some businesses. System in some businesses.
  • 24.
  • 25. Human Resource Information Systems (HRIS) A system which seeks to merge the activities associated with human resource management (HRM) and information technology (IT) into one common database through the use of enterprise resource planning (ERP) software. The goal of HRIS is to merge the different parts of human resources, including payroll, labour productivity, and benefit management into a less capital-intensive system than the mainframes used to manage activities in the past. Also called Human Resource Management Systems (HRMS)