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Artificial Intelligence - Robotics
AI
Robotics is a domain in artificial intelligence that
deals with the study of creating intelligent and
efficient robots.
Robots are the artificial agents acting in real
world environment.
Robots are aimed at manipulating the objects by
perceiving, picking, moving, modifying the
physical properties of object, destroying it, or to
have an effect thereby freeing manpower from
doing repetitive functions without getting bored,
distracted, or exhausted.
Applications of Expert System
What is Robotics?
Robotics is a branch of AI, which is composed of
Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering,
and Computer Science for designing, construction,
and application of robots.
Aspects of Robotics
The robots have mechanical construction,
form, or shape designed to accomplish a
particular task.
They have electrical components which power
and control the machinery.
They contain some level of computer program
that determines what, when and how a robot
does something.
Difference in Robot System and Other AI Program
AI Programs
They usually operate in computer-stimulated
worlds.
The input to an AI program is in symbols and
rules.
They need general purpose computers to
operate on.
Robots
They operate in real physical world
Inputs to robots is analog signal in the form of
speech waveform or images
They need special hardware with sensors and
effectors.
Here is the difference between the two:-
Robot Locomotion
Locomotion is the mechanism that makes a robot
capable of moving in its environment.
There are various types of locomotions:-
Legged
Wheeled
Combination of Legged and Wheeled
Locomotion
Tracked slip/skid
Legged Locomotion
This type of locomotion consumes more power
while demonstrating walk, jump, trot, hop,
climb up or down, etc.
Legged Locomotion
This type of locomotion consumes more power
while demonstrating walk, jump, trot, hop,
climb up or down, etc.
It requires more number of motors to
accomplish a movement. It is suited for rough
as well as smooth terrain where irregular or
too smooth surface makes it consume more
power for a wheeled locomotion. It is little
difficult to implement because of stability
issues.
It comes with the variety of one, two, four, and
six legs. If a robot has multiple legs then leg
coordination is necessary for locomotion.
Power Supply − The robots are powered by
batteries, solar power, hydraulic, or pneumatic
power sources.
Actuators − They convert energy into movement.
Electric motors (AC/DC) − They are required for
rotational movement.
Pneumatic Air Muscles − They contract almost
40% when air is sucked in them.
Muscle Wires − They contract by 5% when electric
current is passed through them.
Piezo Motors and Ultrasonic Motors − Best for
industrial robots.
Components of a Robot
Industries − Robots are used for handling
material, cutting, welding, color coating, drilling,
polishing, etc.
Military − Autonomous robots can reach
inaccessible and hazardous zones during war. A
robot named Daksh, developed by Defense
Research and Development Organization (DRDO),
is in function to destroy life-threatening objects
safely.
Exploration − The robot rock climbers used for
space exploration, underwater drones used for
ocean exploration are to name a few.
Applications of Robotics
Medicine − The robots are capable of carrying out
hundreds of clinical tests simultaneously,
rehabilitating permanently disabled people, and
performing complex surgeries such as brain
tumors.
Entertainment − Disney’s engineers have created
hundreds of robots for movie making.
Artificial Intelligence - Neural
Networks
AI - Working of ANNs
AI - issues and Terminology
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AI - Robotics

  • 2. Robotics is a domain in artificial intelligence that deals with the study of creating intelligent and efficient robots. Robots are the artificial agents acting in real world environment. Robots are aimed at manipulating the objects by perceiving, picking, moving, modifying the physical properties of object, destroying it, or to have an effect thereby freeing manpower from doing repetitive functions without getting bored, distracted, or exhausted. Applications of Expert System
  • 3. What is Robotics? Robotics is a branch of AI, which is composed of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Computer Science for designing, construction, and application of robots. Aspects of Robotics The robots have mechanical construction, form, or shape designed to accomplish a particular task. They have electrical components which power and control the machinery. They contain some level of computer program that determines what, when and how a robot does something.
  • 4. Difference in Robot System and Other AI Program AI Programs They usually operate in computer-stimulated worlds. The input to an AI program is in symbols and rules. They need general purpose computers to operate on. Robots They operate in real physical world Inputs to robots is analog signal in the form of speech waveform or images They need special hardware with sensors and effectors. Here is the difference between the two:-
  • 5. Robot Locomotion Locomotion is the mechanism that makes a robot capable of moving in its environment. There are various types of locomotions:- Legged Wheeled Combination of Legged and Wheeled Locomotion Tracked slip/skid Legged Locomotion This type of locomotion consumes more power while demonstrating walk, jump, trot, hop, climb up or down, etc.
  • 6. Legged Locomotion This type of locomotion consumes more power while demonstrating walk, jump, trot, hop, climb up or down, etc. It requires more number of motors to accomplish a movement. It is suited for rough as well as smooth terrain where irregular or too smooth surface makes it consume more power for a wheeled locomotion. It is little difficult to implement because of stability issues. It comes with the variety of one, two, four, and six legs. If a robot has multiple legs then leg coordination is necessary for locomotion.
  • 7. Power Supply − The robots are powered by batteries, solar power, hydraulic, or pneumatic power sources. Actuators − They convert energy into movement. Electric motors (AC/DC) − They are required for rotational movement. Pneumatic Air Muscles − They contract almost 40% when air is sucked in them. Muscle Wires − They contract by 5% when electric current is passed through them. Piezo Motors and Ultrasonic Motors − Best for industrial robots. Components of a Robot
  • 8. Industries − Robots are used for handling material, cutting, welding, color coating, drilling, polishing, etc. Military − Autonomous robots can reach inaccessible and hazardous zones during war. A robot named Daksh, developed by Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO), is in function to destroy life-threatening objects safely. Exploration − The robot rock climbers used for space exploration, underwater drones used for ocean exploration are to name a few. Applications of Robotics
  • 9. Medicine − The robots are capable of carrying out hundreds of clinical tests simultaneously, rehabilitating permanently disabled people, and performing complex surgeries such as brain tumors. Entertainment − Disney’s engineers have created hundreds of robots for movie making.
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