Shifting publishing models and                    Open Access, new sands                    new opportunities for African ...
Eve GrayCentre for Educational Technology IP Law and Policy Research Unit     University of Cape Town         http://www.e...
The Budapest Open Access InitiativeAn old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible anunprecedented p...
OA in the mainstream
http://open-access.org.uk/
Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
What does the University ofBotswana seek to gain from  research publication?
Profiling the university inthe interests of prestige as  well as relevance in the        local context
Science Research - 2001http://www.worldmapper.org2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of ...
but will developments in OApublishing help reverse this          situation?
Policy formulationneeds to anticipate the        future
What will scholarlycommunications look   like in 2021?
finding the future in the          past
From the Royal Society   and Philosophical    Transactions...       (1655)...
...to PLoS ONE
Transactions - journals        as... •   Exchange of ideas and sharing of knowledge in a     community of scholars; •   Ef...
The trajectory of journal        publishing •   From 17th to 20th century, mostly society and     independent journals, sl...
20th century rise of thecommercial journal industry  •   Post war, the information society provides      opportunities for...
The ‘journals crisis’             • Monopolisation of the                   industry - Elsevier,                   Springe...
NAGPS: A Summary of the FRPAA and Open Access Debate (2010) http://www.nagps.org/files/FRPAA%20and%20open%20access_0.pdf
Getting back to the      roots...
From the Royal Society   26 October 2011
What else the Royal Society makes            available
developing countrypublishing gains ground
self publishing by  universities
Stellenbosch University
The disruptive energy   of digital media
‘I think of Nature as a    scientific communication     company rather than a        journal publisher.’Timmo Hannay (Natu...
Linking to dataresources becomes     important
http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v43/n4/full/ng0411-281.html
collaboration andinterdisciplinarity
Jevin D West http://chronicle.com/article/Maps-of-Citations-Uncover-New/128938/?sid=wc
Community building
The growth of Open      Access
OA journals              •       Non-profit open access journals - Public Library of                      Science;        ...
OA  in the developing world• SciELO in Latin America - 800 journals,  300,000 articles;• SCiELO South Africa, supported by...
Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
OA and impact• There is some debate on whether OA  increases impact; 31 studies altogether, 27  say yes, 4 say no differen...
Open Access journals   come of age
PLOS One - adisruptive model
Broad cross-disciplinary     publication
Split peer review - technical  pre-publication, impactevaluation post-publication
Mark Patterson, CERNOAI17 2011
Mark Patterson, CERN OAI17 2011
Linking of supplementarycontent - the article is part of a              hub
Commercial publishers    follow suit
The reaction againstcommercial journals goes mainstream
Vigorous debate about     metrics - the‘altmetrics’ movement
Peer review under the       spotlight
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmsctech/856/85602.htm
potential for more flexible research     publishing
journal platform linked to content platforms
social media forcollaboration and   community
open data for regional  research capacity       growth
Plos One journal model      for regional     collaboration?
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities
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Shifting Sands - New publishing models and new opportunities for African Universities

  1. 1. Shifting publishing models and Open Access, new sands new opportunities for African universitiesNew publishing models and new opportunities for African universities Open Access Day University of Botswana Eve Gray 2011 Some rights reserved by Mister-E
  2. 2. Eve GrayCentre for Educational Technology IP Law and Policy Research Unit University of Cape Town http://www.evegray.co.za http://www.scaprogramme.org.za http:/www.uctipunit.wordpress.com
  3. 3. The Budapest Open Access InitiativeAn old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible anunprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists andscholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals withoutpayment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is theinternet. The public good they make possible is the world-wide electronicdistribution of the peer-reviewed journal literature and completely free andunrestricted access to it by all scientists, scholars, teachers, students, and othercurious minds. Removing access barriers to this literature will accelerate research,enrich education, share the learning of the rich with the poor and the poor withthe rich, make this literature as useful as it can be, and lay the foundation foruniting humanity in a common intellectual conversation and quest for knowledge.The Budapest Open Access Initiative, December 1-2 2001.Open Society Institute http://www.soros.org/openaccess
  4. 4. OA in the mainstream
  5. 5. http://open-access.org.uk/
  6. 6. Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
  7. 7. What does the University ofBotswana seek to gain from research publication?
  8. 8. Profiling the university inthe interests of prestige as well as relevance in the local context
  9. 9. Science Research - 2001http://www.worldmapper.org2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  10. 10. but will developments in OApublishing help reverse this situation?
  11. 11. Policy formulationneeds to anticipate the future
  12. 12. What will scholarlycommunications look like in 2021?
  13. 13. finding the future in the past
  14. 14. From the Royal Society and Philosophical Transactions... (1655)...
  15. 15. ...to PLoS ONE
  16. 16. Transactions - journals as... • Exchange of ideas and sharing of knowledge in a community of scholars; • Effective communication with a wider audience; • Recognition of the value of research and innovation; • Contribution to the ‘Universal good of Mankind’.
  17. 17. The trajectory of journal publishing • From 17th to 20th century, mostly society and independent journals, slow growth; • 1655 Transactions and Journal des Savans; by 1850, 100 journals; • Most journals were society journals. Alma Swan 2011; McGuigan and Russell 2008; Jean-Claude Guedon 2001.
  18. 18. 20th century rise of thecommercial journal industry • Post war, the information society provides opportunities for commercial players; • Massification of universities fuels journal growth; • Now around 25,000 journals; • Promotions and recognition driven by industry- controlled metrics
  19. 19. The ‘journals crisis’ • Monopolisation of the industry - Elsevier, Springer and Wiley control 42% of the market; • Price increases erode library budgets: ARL expenditure increased 302% between 1986 and 2005.Glenn S McGuigan and Robert D Russell, The Business of Academic Publishing: http://southernlibrarianship.icaap.org/content/v09n03/mcguigan_g01.html
  20. 20. NAGPS: A Summary of the FRPAA and Open Access Debate (2010) http://www.nagps.org/files/FRPAA%20and%20open%20access_0.pdf
  21. 21. Getting back to the roots...
  22. 22. From the Royal Society 26 October 2011
  23. 23. What else the Royal Society makes available
  24. 24. developing countrypublishing gains ground
  25. 25. self publishing by universities
  26. 26. Stellenbosch University
  27. 27. The disruptive energy of digital media
  28. 28. ‘I think of Nature as a scientific communication company rather than a journal publisher.’Timmo Hannay (Nature Publishing), Publishing Open Content (video) 2008. Produced by Belsizen3ws. http://www.youtube.com/user/belsizenw3
  29. 29. Linking to dataresources becomes important
  30. 30. http://www.nature.com/ng/journal/v43/n4/full/ng0411-281.html
  31. 31. collaboration andinterdisciplinarity
  32. 32. Jevin D West http://chronicle.com/article/Maps-of-Citations-Uncover-New/128938/?sid=wc
  33. 33. Community building
  34. 34. The growth of Open Access
  35. 35. OA journals • Non-profit open access journals - Public Library of Science; • Thousands of smaller independent, society and university-based journals; • Repositories - PubMed Central, supported by National Institutes of Health; • Commercial open access - Biomed Central; Hindawi;Laakso M, Welling P, Bukvova H, Nyman L, Björk B-C, et al. (2011); S. Miele, CERN OAI17
  36. 36. OA in the developing world• SciELO in Latin America - 800 journals, 300,000 articles;• SCiELO South Africa, supported by the DST, run by the Academy of Science of SA;• Bioline International provides a platform for developing country journals. Alma Swan 2011, http://www.wsis-community.org/mod/file/download.php?file_guid=371469
  37. 37. Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
  38. 38. Salvatore Miele CERN OAI17 2011
  39. 39. OA and impact• There is some debate on whether OA increases impact; 31 studies altogether, 27 say yes, 4 say no difference;• Impact increase up to 600%• There is little doubt that there are strong advantages for developing countries. Alma Swan 2011, http://www.wsis-community.org/mod/file/download.php?file_guid=371469
  40. 40. Open Access journals come of age
  41. 41. PLOS One - adisruptive model
  42. 42. Broad cross-disciplinary publication
  43. 43. Split peer review - technical pre-publication, impactevaluation post-publication
  44. 44. Mark Patterson, CERNOAI17 2011
  45. 45. Mark Patterson, CERN OAI17 2011
  46. 46. Linking of supplementarycontent - the article is part of a hub
  47. 47. Commercial publishers follow suit
  48. 48. The reaction againstcommercial journals goes mainstream
  49. 49. Vigorous debate about metrics - the‘altmetrics’ movement
  50. 50. Peer review under the spotlight
  51. 51. http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm201012/cmselect/cmsctech/856/85602.htm
  52. 52. potential for more flexible research publishing
  53. 53. journal platform linked to content platforms
  54. 54. social media forcollaboration and community
  55. 55. open data for regional research capacity growth
  56. 56. Plos One journal model for regional collaboration?

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