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Publishing for Development - Stellenbosch University Open Access Seminar 2011


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Publishing for Development - Stellenbosch University Open Access Seminar 2011

  1. 1. The importance of OpenAccess research publishing in developing countries Eve Gray Stellenbosch University Open Access Seminar 2011
  2. 2. A publisher’s perspective
  3. 3. publishing = strategy
  4. 4. at a digital crossroads...offering new opportunities for easy, fast, global knowledge distributionSome rights reserved by mrhayata
  5. 5. in an African context in which conventional scholarly publishing is of marginal viability
  6. 6. How can we leverage digital potential and OA to deliver the wider opportunities we seek? Some rights reserved by Sean MacEntee
  7. 7. ‘How could the application of knowledge endpoverty and hunger in Africa? How could highereducation empower women and promote genderequity? How can knowledge be considered in theAfrican context to address child mortality andimprove maternal health?’Nahas Angula, Namibian Prime Minister, UNESCO 29th Conference onHigher Education, 2009 Photo: coda Damien du Toit
  8. 8. Our universities, in particular, should be directing theirresearch focus to address the development andsocial needs of our communities. The impact oftheir research should be measured by how muchdifference it makes to the needs of our communities,rather than by just how many international citationsresearchers receive in their publications.Blade Nzimande, Minister of Higher Education and Training, South Africa, at the UNESCO World Conferenceon Higher Education in 2010
  9. 9. Open access has the potential to open up research publication for wider development impactSome rights reserved by
  10. 10. and yet this does not seem to be delivering the impact the policymakers seek Some rights reserved by jessicamelling
  11. 11. We live on a huge continent
  12. 12. but have a tiny share of scientific output
  13. 13. Science Research - 2001http://www.worldmapper.org2006 SASI Group (University of Sheffield) and Mark Newman (University of Michigan).
  14. 14. but what do we mean by ‘output’?
  15. 15. The dual mission of African universities What the university wants is profile in the ISI and other indexes in the interests of enhancing its reputation and prestige. But the university must be relevant to its context in Botswana and in the region. It therefore needs a double pronged approach - enhancing local relevance and at the same time seeking to increase the quality of the journals and other outputs. Prof I N Mazonde, Research Office, University of Botswana, 2011
  16. 16. one kind of ‘output’dominates researchpublishing policy ...
  17. 17. and one dominant metric
  18. 18. driven by the search for enhanced prestige and competitiveness Some rights reserved by Marquis Lewis
  19. 19. ‘green route’ repositories make published articles accessible
  20. 20. but the quest for localrelevance remains at the periphery
  21. 21. and ‘the article’ becomes equated with ‘scholarly publication’
  22. 22. The result of this policy focus is tunnel vision... CC attribution licence
  23. 23. ...which pays attentionto only a small segment of the publishing ecosystem..
  24. 24. the tip of the iceberg - formal publishing
  25. 25. international journal companies dominate
  26. 26. NAGPS: A Summary of the FRPAA and Open Access Debate (2010)
  27. 27. but mainstream publishers are using OA material and social media to transform their offerings
  28. 28. university presses constrainedby a lingering (but erroneous) belief that university presses can be profitable businesses
  29. 29. but...
  30. 30. O A journals are growing and becoming mainstream
  31. 31. more sympathetic todeveloping country issues
  32. 32. In South Africa, government- supported journal OA
  33. 33. ...raising quality through national initiatives...
  34. 34. OA scholarly presses - the HSRC Press
  35. 35. Academy of Science programme for scholarlybooks (open access) supported by DoHET
  36. 36. Could open access online scholarly book publishing revive the publication ofserious long-form scholarship?
  37. 37. public funding would be needed
  38. 38. Below the waterline
  39. 39. informal, development-focusedpolicy papers,research reportsand publications have been OA for decades
  40. 40. open data links to national programmes
  41. 41. ‘translations’ of research for community and national development
  42. 42. Does ‘grey literature’need to be redefined?
  43. 43. but most tellingly
  44. 44. radical new journal models emerge
  45. 45. Mark Patterson, CERNOAI17 2011
  46. 46. Mark Patterson, CERN OAI17 2011
  47. 47. the journal article is becomingpart of the research continuum
  48. 48. a ‘hub’ rather than a final stand-alone outcome
  49. 49. and finally, new measures arebeing developed to evaluate a wider range os scholarship
  50. 50. do we need to get on boardthe ‘altmetrics’ bandwagon?
  51. 51. Would it be in our interest toleapfrog to the cutting edge of the 21st century?
  52. 52. REFERENCESAltmetrics: A Manifesto (2011) Hannay (Nature Publishing), Publishing Open Content (video) 2008. Produced by Belsizen3ws. Laakso, P Welling, H Bukvova, L Nyman, B-C Björk B-C, et al. (2011) The Development of OpenAccess Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20961.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.002096 S McGuigan and Robert D Russell, The Business of Academic Publishing: A Strategic Analysisof the Academic Journal Publishing Industry and its Impact on the Future of Scholarly Publishing.Electronic Journal of Academic and Special Librarianship 9 (3) 2008 Patterson, Re-engineering the functions of journals. CERN OAI17 Conference, Geneva 22-24June 2011.