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The past few years have been extremely active ones for all things ‘open’ in Europe. The UK OA mandates have changed the publishing landscape, resulting in several subscription experiments with varied success. Over the past couple of years the number of European countries which have held out on their Big Deal negotiations continues to rise, and there are many examples where negotiations have completely broken down. The impact of this on libraries and researchers is still being assessed. And of course Plan S looms large, prompting huge debate and discussion across the sector. No-one is completely happy with Plan S but some players are more agitated than others. One of the outcomes has been a strong increase of interest in and signatories to DORA, and research culture itself is under scrutiny. The ‘post-truth’ political reality further emphasises the need for science to be above criticism, something being addressed by the UK Research Integrity Enquiry and the US Committee on Reproducibility and Replicability in Science. Meanwhile large academic publishers have seen the writing on the wall and are rapidly diversifying, resulting in a highly concentrated infrastructure market that threatens to shut down and monetise all aspects of the research process other than the final ‘open’ research output.