Successfully reported this slideshow.

Disrupting academic publishing: a future role for libraries



Loading in …3
1 of 41
1 of 41

More Related Content

Related Books

Free with a 14 day trial from Scribd

See all

Disrupting academic publishing: a future role for libraries

  1. 1. / @ubiquitypress City University, 04 April 2014 Brian Hole, Founder and CEO Disrupting academic publishing: a future role for libraries
  2. 2. / @ubiquitypress To return control of publishing to universities, providing them with the infrastructure and support to not only match but to outcompete the legacy publishers. About Ubiquity Press Background Mission  Spun out of University College London in 2012  Researcher-led  50+ years publishing experience (BioMed Central, PLoS, Elsevier, IoP)  Current staff of 11, office in London  Comprehensive approach: journals, books, data, software, wetware…
  3. 3. / @ubiquitypress The Social Contract of Science • Validation • Dissemination • Further development Scientific Malpractice • Data • Results • Software • Hardware, wetware… #@%$#@ % #@%$# Source:
  4. 4. / @ubiquitypress Most simply: No barriers to access or reuse Open Access
  5. 5. / @ubiquitypress Open Access By “open access” to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited. Budapest Open Access Initiative OA allows users to “copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.” Bethsida/Berlin statements ✔ ✗ ✗
  6. 6. / @ubiquitypress
  7. 7. / @ubiquitypress
  8. 8. / @ubiquitypress A Very Short History of Open Access Publishing
  9. 9. / @ubiquitypress • First online OA journals published in 1990 with the birth of the WWW • Mainly humanities and social sciences • Individual efforts 1990 For more detail see Peter Suber’s timeline: ne.htm
  10. 10. / @ubiquitypress • arXiv established in 1991 at Los Alamos National Laboratory, to store physics preprints • Moved to Cornell University in 1999 • Now also hosts astronomy, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance and statistics preprints 1991 • As of 20.10.13: 883,802 preprints
  11. 11. / @ubiquitypress • National Library of Medicine launches PubMed Central in 2000 • Mandated deposit for NIH-funded research since 2008 • Green OA archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature 2000 • Allows embargoes • 2011: ca. 2.5 million articles
  12. 12. / @ubiquitypress • BioMed Central launches OA platform in 2000 • First to establish the model of Article Processing Charges (APCs) • London-based 2000 • Currently runs ca. 70 journals in-house • Bought by Springer in 2008
  13. 13. / @ubiquitypress • The Public Library of Science (PLoS) begins OA publishing • PLoS ONE is the world’s first ‘mega-journal’ and its largest • Now the largest OA publisher, though only 7 journals 2002 • Policy is that “everything good enough to publish, will be published” • Publishes ca. 3,000 articles per month
  14. 14. / @ubiquitypress • Other major publishers begin launching ‘hybrid’ OA journals • 2007: Hindawi converts to OA and mass-launches journals 2007-2010 • PLoS One clones begin to appear (e.g. SAGE Open and BMJ Open in 2010) • Now the largest OA publisher by titles, with over 300
  15. 15. / @ubiquitypress • eLIFE • UP metajournals 2012 • PeerJ • New OA models are emerging: • Collaboratively run journal from 3 major funders: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the Max Planck Society and the Wellcome Trust • Experimenting with the idea of lifetime memberships for authors • Encouraging OA publishing also of research data, software, wetware, hardware…
  16. 16. / @ubiquitypress 2014 Time to revolutionise publishing by returning control to universities
  17. 17. / @ubiquitypress The Current Climate and What this Means for OA
  18. 18. / @ubiquitypress • Governments fund universities to do research. Stats on UK research vs. library spending?Research Bought, Then Paid For By MICHAEL B. EISEN January 10, 2012 “Congress should move to enshrine a simple principle in United States law: if taxpayers paid for it, they own it.” • These research results are only available to those universities (not to the public sector etc.) • They then fund each university library to buy back the published results of that work.
  19. 19. / @ubiquitypress 16 July 2012 The new policy, which will apply to all qualifying publications being submitted for publication from 1 April 2013, states that peer reviewed research papers which result from research that is wholly or partially funded by the Research Councils: RCUK announces new Open Access policy • must be published in journals which are compliant with Research Council policy on Open Access
  20. 20. / @ubiquitypress The Wellcome Trust plans to withhold a portion of grant money from scientists who do not make the results of their work freely available to the public... In addition, any research papers that are not freely available will not be counted as part of a scientist's track record when Wellcome assesses any future applications for research funding. The trust is the second largest medical research charity in the world, spending more than £600m on science every year. Its director, Sir Mark Walport, has said that publishing research papers should be considered a cost of a research project in the same way as a piece of lab equipment. Wellcome Trust will penalise scientists who don't embrace open access Wealthy medical charity says it will withhold researchers' final grant payments if they fail to make their results open access The Guardian, Thursday 28 June 2012
  21. 21. / @ubiquitypress • Coordinated moves towards OA mandate policies in EU “[Open Access… ] is essential for Europe's ability to enhance its economic performance and improve its capacity to compete through knowledge. Open Access can also boost the visibility of European research, and in particular offer small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) access to the latest research for exploitation.” • Large publishers are very international and lobby actively • Recent example of the Research Works Act
  22. 22. / @ubiquitypress Research Works Act (H.R. 3699) • Massive international outcry, especially from researchers • Contained provisions to prohibit open-access mandates for federally funded research • Congress members who introduced the act ‘motivated by large donations by the academic publisher X’
  23. 23. / @ubiquitypress
  24. 24. / @ubiquitypress Amid boycott, X backtracks on research bill Journal publisher still opposes current U.S. rules mandating access to taxpayer- funded research CBC News Posted: Feb 27, 2012 One of the largest academic publishers in the world withdrew its support Monday from a controversial U.S. bill, the Research Works Act, that critics feel would restrict public access to published, publicly-funded research. The change of heart by Dutch publisher X follows a boycott of its journals and publishing ventures by thousands of researchers around the world.
  25. 25. / @ubiquitypress • Released in August 2012 The Finch Report • Very important for UK and sets a precedent for other countries • Gold Open Access will be mandated for publicly-funded research • Universities will switch from ‘big deals’ to paying from APC funds • Research Councils will fund universities for this content/uploads/2012/06/Finch-Group-report-executive- summary-FINAL-VERSION.pdf
  26. 26. / @ubiquitypress • Released in March 2014 HEFCE • “Journal articles and conference proceedings accepted for publication after 1 April 2016... should be made open access to be eligible for submission to the post 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF)” • Will not apply to monographs or data • Allows NC and ND licenses - these are NOT open access, 86771,en.html
  27. 27. / @ubiquitypress Academic publishing is going to change  The UK has mandated open access publishing for all state funded research, EU and US are likely to follow  Academic societies want open access, but worry about costs and losing subscription income  Legacy publishers are unwilling and unable to lower fees for OA, so still very expensive (average charge £2,000 per article published)  Many universities want their own presses to make publishing more affordable and for prestige (although it is expensive and difficult to match the legacy publishers’ systems) Opportunity Challenges
  28. 28. / @ubiquitypress
  29. 29. / @ubiquitypress
  30. 30. / @ubiquitypress 4 levels of support for universities and their libraries 2 Memberships - 10% discount - pre or post paid 4 University press support 3 Ad hoc publishing 1 Open scholarship outreach & support
  31. 31. / @ubiquitypress Institutional branding
  32. 32. / @ubiquitypress Institutional branding
  33. 33. / @ubiquitypress Extended journal functionality
  34. 34. / @ubiquitypress Extended journal functionality
  35. 35. / @ubiquitypress Research data publication
  36. 36. / @ubiquitypress Repositories Modified from: XKCD
  37. 37. / @ubiquitypress
  38. 38. / @ubiquitypress Providing a solution for presses
  39. 39. / @ubiquitypress Peer review and cascading content
  40. 40. / @ubiquitypress Research integrity Full anti-plagiarism checking Provision for open research data and software archiving with all publications Rigorous peer review Editorial guidance and training Provision for open peer review COPE membership for all editors Close links with university’s ethics committee
  41. 41. / @ubiquitypress For any questions, please contact Ubiquity Press website: Koh, A. 2012. Open Access Ahoy! An Interview with Ubiquity Press. The Chronicle of Higher Education. Available: More information