eIFL Open Access: Update


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Presentation about eIFL Open Access program and about Open Access in developing and transitional countries.

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eIFL Open Access: Update

  1. 1. eIFL-Open Access Update
  2. 2. From John Wilbanks, Science Commons, (Data integration, text mining, and the culture of control)
  3. 3. Digitage Web 2.0 Uploaded by ocean.flynn , http://www.flickr.com/photos/oceanflynn/315385916/
  4. 5. On the Road Manuscript Uploaded by Thomas Hawk http :// www . flickr . com / photos / thomashawk /93819794/
  5. 6. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 From “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  6. 7. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 From “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  7. 8. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 From “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  8. 9. Scientific Publication Packages - Jane Hunter - Autumn 2006 From “ Enhanced publications (what are they, why are they important)” by Dr.Leo Waaijers , http://www. eifl .net/cps/sections/services/ eifl - oa /training/2008- chisinau /12
  9. 12. OAI ORE <ul><li>RDF triples : </li></ul><ul><li>Subject </li></ul><ul><li>Object </li></ul><ul><li>Predicate </li></ul>
  10. 13. Innovations <ul><li>&quot;We are and will remain a net importer of knowledge , so it is in our interest to promote the freest possible flow of information domestically and globally. </li></ul><ul><li>The arguments for stepping out first on open access are the same as the arguments for stepping out first on emissions trading – the more willing we are to show leadership on this, we more chance we have of persuading other countries to reciprocate.” Senator Carr </li></ul>
  11. 14. UN MDG <ul><li>The UN Millennium Development Goals emphasise the urgent need to address problems such as poverty and hunger eradication, child mortality, maternal health, environmental sustainability and combating diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria and other </li></ul><ul><li>It is very clear that without strong scientific platforms built on the widest possible access to research information, these goals will not be met </li></ul><ul><li>If sustainable development is dependent on a strong national science base, then permanent access to the widest possible range of publications from the international library of research is a pre-requisite </li></ul>
  12. 15. Why Open Access <ul><li>In this world libraries are no more just reading rooms and collections of books on the shelves </li></ul><ul><li>From importers of knowledge they turn into exporters of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries as publishers and educators </li></ul>
  13. 16. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>After three years, the eIFL Open Access Program has emerged as the leading organization promoting and advocating for Open Access in developing and transition countries </li></ul><ul><li>For the developing world, Open Access will increase scientists and academics capacity to both access and contribute to the global research community </li></ul>
  14. 17. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>eIFL-OA seeks to enhance access to research , thereby accelerating innovation and economic development in the countries </li></ul><ul><li>eIFL-OA Program </li></ul><ul><li>builds networks of Open repositories and Open Access journals ; </li></ul><ul><li>provides training and advice on Open Access policies and practices ; </li></ul><ul><li>empowers library professionals, scientists and scholars, educators and students to become open access advocates </li></ul>
  15. 18. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>Policy level – Open Access mandates at the national, regional, institutional levels </li></ul><ul><li>Awareness raising – promoting benefits of Open Access </li></ul><ul><li>Level of implementation – open repositories and Open Access journals </li></ul>
  16. 20. Open Access <ul><li>Open Access is the free online availability of peer reviewed journal literature permitting any user to read , download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles </li></ul><ul><li>2 complementary strategies: the development of institutional repositories and Open Access journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the Budapest Open Access Initiative: http://www. soros .org/ openaccess /read. shtml </li></ul></ul>
  17. 21. Open Access in numbers <ul><li>OAIster currently provides access to 18,362,804 records from 1035 contributors. </li></ul><ul><li>3 727 journal titles (about 15% of all scientific journals published) in DOAJ, 2.2 new journals per day </li></ul><ul><li>About 20% of all current research literature is available in Open Access </li></ul>
  18. 25. Hindawi Publishing Corporation <ul><li>On February 21, 2007 the Hindawi Publishing Corporation, Egypt, converted the last of its subscription-based journals to an open access model. </li></ul><ul><li>Hindawi Publishing Corporation is a commercial publisher of STM (Science, Technology, and Medicine) literature. Founded in 1997, Hindawi currently employs more than 250 people, and publishes more than 100 peer-reviewed journals. </li></ul>
  19. 26. Hindawi Publishing Corporation <ul><li>Over the past several years, Hindawi has seen an increase of more than 40% per year in the number of submitted manuscripts it receives. </li></ul><ul><li>Since its full conversion to Open Access in February 2007, Hindawi's growth has continued to accelerate, with monthly submission levels growing by more than 100% during 2007. </li></ul><ul><li>Annual impact factor growth more than 14% </li></ul>
  20. 32. Jordan
  21. 33. Macedonia
  22. 34. Nepal
  23. 35. Nigeria
  24. 43. Open repositories <ul><li>A digital repository is defined as </li></ul><ul><li>1.    containing research output </li></ul><ul><li>2.    institutional or thematic and </li></ul><ul><li>3.    OAI compliant ( http://www. openarchives .org/OAI/ openarchivesprotocol .html ) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(From The European Repository Landscape Inventory Study into the Present Type and Level of OAI-Compliant Digital Repository Activities in the EU by Maurits van der Graaf and Kwame van Eijndhoven </li></ul></ul>
  25. 45. ~66% of publishers, 90 - 95% of journals allow self-archiving
  26. 48. Content <ul><li>Peer-reviewed articles </li></ul><ul><li>Conference presenations </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>Course packs </li></ul><ul><li>Annotated images </li></ul><ul><li>Audio and video clips </li></ul><ul><li>Research data </li></ul>
  27. 49. Content <ul><li>Gray literature : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preprints / working materials / theses and dissertations / reports / conference materials / bulletins / grant applications / reports to the donors / memorandums / statistical reports / technical documentation / questionnaires… </li></ul></ul>
  28. 50. Kyrgyzstan
  29. 51. Moldova
  30. 52. Lithuania
  31. 53. Lithuania <ul><li>the Lithuanian ETD Project as a Pilot for Baltic States designed in the framework of a UNESCO programme, prepared by Kaunas University of Technologies and the Lithuanian Network of Academic Libraries (LABT) in 2004. </li></ul><ul><li>14 Lithuanian universities and Riga Technical University participated in the ETD Information System project. </li></ul><ul><li>The ETD project was supported by the academic communities and the Ministry of Science and Education, and included in the national programs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Lithuanian ETD Information System ( http:// etd . elaba . lt / ) includes 6 150 full-text dissertations, of which 2 386 (38%) are Open Access, others are accessible in the local intranets. It is planned that at the end of year 2008, ETD IS will cover 7 600 dissertations, and 50% of these should be Open Access. </li></ul>
  32. 55. Theses and dissertations <ul><li>John Hagen, West Virginia University : </li></ul><ul><li>Moving from print to electronic – usage growth 145% </li></ul><ul><li>The most popular theses and dissertations were downloaded 37,501 times (history ) and 33,752 times (engineering); history one was published and was a long seller </li></ul><ul><li>69% of students from the creative writing department had more successful careers if they went OA with their dissertations – a good marketing tool for them </li></ul>
  33. 56. Azerbaijan
  34. 57. Azerbaijan <ul><li>&quot;I am delighted to be able to congratulate Institutional Repository Working Team! It is excellent to see the range of research journals published by Khazar University and know that there is now a clear infrastructure to increase the visibility of researchers.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prof. Dr. Hamlet Isakhanli, Founder and Rector of Khazar University, Azerbaijan </li></ul></ul>
  35. 58. Bulgaria
  36. 59. Estonia
  37. 61. Russia
  38. 62. Slovenia
  39. 63. Sudan
  40. 64. Zimbabwe
  41. 66. Costs <ul><li>The costs and benefits of our Institutional Repository: </li></ul><ul><li>Running costs: the server costs us R50 000 ($6250) once every three years </li></ul><ul><li>Running costs: handle license and Red Hat Enterprise Server Licence $100 per year </li></ul><ul><li>Salaries prove to be a high running cost: 1 full-time IR librarian, 1 full-time IR library assistant, 2 full-time librarians working on IR together with other duties, 1 part-time librarian working on IR together with other duties </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Ukraine – 10,000 USD </li></ul>
  42. 67. Benefits <ul><li>Value of benefits: at this stage the IR does not generate extra income or save administration costs – it actually generates more work and more administration costs. Functions such as metadata editors, content submitters, collection administrators demand extra work from staff </li></ul><ul><li>The function of the IR is not to have monetary benefits, but to showcase research done at an institution, provide open access to research, prestige for the academics, institutional visibility as well as immediate access to research </li></ul><ul><li>The IR also provides long-term preservation benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul></ul>
  43. 68. The Netherlands <ul><li>NARCIS – National Academic Research and Collaboration Information System – extended DARenet plus datasets and research descriptions: http://www. narcis .info </li></ul><ul><li>DAREnet www. darenet . nl </li></ul><ul><li>Cream of Science www. creamofscience .org </li></ul><ul><li>Promise of Science http://www. darenet . nl /en/page/page.view/promise.page </li></ul><ul><li>DANS-EASY Electronic Archiving System of the Institute DANS (Data Archiving and Networked Services) – http://easy. dans . knaw . nl / dms </li></ul>
  44. 69. Policy – Academy of Sciences <ul><li>the Academy of Science (ASSAF) Committee on Scholarly Publishing in South Africa (CSPiSA) and the Department of Science and Technology (DST) has dedicated a substantial three-year budget to fund the implementation of ASSAF's recommendations for the development of scholarly publication in South Africa - a 'gold route' Open Access approach to journal publishing in South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Susan Veldsman has been invited to join ASSAF Committee and an expert and advisor for implementation of recommendations </li></ul>
  45. 70. Policy - University <ul><li>https :// www . up . ac . za / dspace / </li></ul><ul><li>“ UPSpace is a university-based institutional repository which offers a set of services to the researchers of the UP Community, for the management and dissemination of digital academic/research materials (excluding work of administrative or commercial nature) donated to or created by the institution and its community members. The set of services includes the collection, storage and preservation in digital format, and retrieval of items submitted to UPSpace.” </li></ul><ul><li>More than a dozen of well functioning open repositories in South Africa </li></ul>
  46. 71. South Africa – Why? <ul><li>In a 2006 report, the Academy of Science of South Africa found that over the past 14 years, 1/3rd of South African journals have not had a single paper cited by their international counterparts </li></ul><ul><li>Fewer than 1 in 10 of South Africa's 255 accredited journals has been cited enough to feature in the main international research databases, despite South Africa being the continent's leading publisher of research </li></ul>
  47. 72. South Africa – Why? <ul><li>“ Visibility for research output from South Africa, and other developing countries, must be increased dramatically so that research from developing countries is incorporated into the global knowledge pool, so vital to the resolution of global issues such as climate change or the spread of infectious diseases.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>( http://www. scidev .net/ quickguides /index. cfm ? fuseaction = qguideReadItem &type=1& itemid =2828&language=1& qguideid =4 ) </li></ul></ul>
  48. 74. National Policy - Ukraine <ul><li>Since January 2007 Ukraine has a law - proposed mandate for open access to publicly funded research. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Law of Ukraine On the principles of developing information society in Ukraine for 2007-20015 at www. rada . gov . ua </li></ul></ul>
  49. 79. National Policy - China <ul><li>Chinese Ministry of Science and Technology (CHINA) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.most. gov . cn /eng/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. codataweb .org/06conf/ </li></ul><ul><li>Mandate to deposit research data (not yet applicable to research articles themselves) </li></ul>
  50. 80. National Policy - China <ul><li>&quot;We can invest billions of yuan in big science projects, but we also need to invest a tiny 200 million yuan (US$29.4 million) in an open access fund to help the growth of our journals,&quot; said Zhu Zuoyan, the recently retired deputy head of the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) </li></ul><ul><li>“ Government-funded open access journals would be a breakthrough for science publishing in China. A government-funded open access initiative would reduce or eliminate the cost of publishing — enabling Chinese journals to attract more high-quality papers and improve their impact. Domestic journals can publish papers faster. </li></ul><ul><li>(http://www.scidev.net/en/news/make-china-journals-open-access-says-top-scientist.html) </li></ul>
  51. 81. National Policy - China <ul><li>Hong Kong Universities proposed Open Access policy for publicly funded research </li></ul>
  52. 82. National Policy - Lithuania <ul><li>Discussing Open Access to publicly funded research as a national law </li></ul><ul><li>Director of SPAR Europe travelled to Vilnius in early May to meet with the decision makers in Lithuania to help them move further with adoption of a draft law </li></ul><ul><li>Ministry of Education organised a national Open Access awareness raising seminar during International Open Access Day </li></ul>
  53. 83. Russia <ul><li>Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences (institutional-mandate) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. cemi . rssi . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>http:// socionet . ru /index-en.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// cemi . socionet . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>All researchers of the Central Economics and Mathematics Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences are mandated by director's decree to immediately deposit their papers/articles in the institutional Open Archive. [&quot;...mandate researchers of CEMI RAS to deposit all completed research (in working paper form), including the full text, in institutional OA (repository) not later than 6 months after completion.&quot;] http://www. cemi . rssi . ru / rus /news/ initiat -eng. htm </li></ul>
  54. 84. Russia - e-Science <ul><li>CRIS </li></ul><ul><li>research e- infrastructure - http :// socionet . ru / </li></ul><ul><li>e-Science </li></ul><ul><li>« e- Science is based on the Open Access to research results (financed from the public money) » Sergey Parinov </li></ul>
  55. 86. National Polices <ul><li>Nigerian University Commission is working on Open Access recommendations to Nigerian Universities. </li></ul><ul><li>The similar request came from the Research Council Zimbabwe. </li></ul>
  56. 87. OA declarations <ul><li>National Open Access declarations are being prepared in Armenia, Moldova, Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine (following the recent Brisbane Declaration on Open Access in Australia). </li></ul>
  57. 88. eIFL Open Access <ul><li>Fast Facts: </li></ul><ul><li>354 Open Access journals in eIFL countries </li></ul><ul><li>100+ open repositories in the eIFL demonstrator ( http:// eifl .cq2.org ) </li></ul><ul><li>25+ seminars and training </li></ul>
  58. 89. OA workshops <ul><li>28-29 April, 2008 – Awareness raising – Open Repositories: New Models For Scholarly Communication, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria   </li></ul><ul><li>14-15 May, 2008 – OA awareness raising workshop in Georgia hosted by Ilia Chavchavadze State University  </li></ul><ul><li>18-21 June, 2008 – study visit of Open repository managers from Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia and Kyrgyzstan to the National University Kyiv-Mohyla Academy, Ukraine </li></ul><ul><li>23-24 June, 2008 – OA awareness raising workshop in Moldova   </li></ul>
  59. 90. OA workshops <ul><li>28-30 July, 2008 – OA awareness raising workshop in Mozambique  </li></ul><ul><li>2-3 August, 2008 – Web 2.0 and Open Access: Enhancing Scholarly Communication workshop, AUCA, Kyrgyzstan ; and OA presentation at the BarCamp Central Asia </li></ul><ul><li>3-4 September, 2008 – Monika Segbert presented eIFL OA at the international workshop Open Access to Scientific Literature and Other Digital Scientific Information Resources in Central America and Caribbean , Cuba </li></ul>
  60. 91. OA workshops <ul><li>2-3 October, 2008 – eIFL OA country coordinators from Kenya and Malawi were trained at the Institutional repository workshop, the University of Pretoria, South Africa (supported by INASP)   </li></ul><ul><li>15-16 October, 2008 - OA awareness raising workshop in Armenia </li></ul><ul><li>20-21 October, 2008 - OA awareness raising workshop in Belaru s </li></ul><ul><li>Open Access presentations were given by eIFL members in South Africa, Uzbekistan and Zimbabwe </li></ul>
  61. 92. OA workshops <ul><li>For the rest of the year we have planed events in November in Syria (supported by TEMPUS program) and in December in Russia and Ethiopia . </li></ul><ul><li>There are plans for 2009 events in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Kenya (regional for the journal editors together with Bioline International), Poland, Senegal and South Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Was your country mentioned? </li></ul>
  62. 93. Repository efficiency <ul><li>Shared technical infrastructure and distributed management team </li></ul><ul><li>National/Regional projects </li></ul>
  63. 94. Repository standards <ul><li>DRIVER Guidelines – metadata formats and other technical requirement </li></ul><ul><li>DRIVER validator </li></ul><ul><li>eIFL Partnership with DRIVER – developing strong national infrastructures </li></ul>
  64. 96. Use and Reuse <ul><li>Confusion surrounds the use and reuse of material published in Open Access journals </li></ul><ul><li>Researchers wish to mine large segments of the literature to discover new, unimagined connections and relationships </li></ul><ul><li>Librarians wish to host material locally for preservation purposes </li></ul><ul><li>Greater clarity will bring benefits to authors, users, and journals </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SPARC Europe and the Directory of Open Access Journals Announce the Launch of the SPARC Europe Seal for Open Access Journals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seal to Set Standards for Open Access Journals </li></ul></ul>
  65. 97. SPARC Seal <ul><li>We are advising that all journals provide clear and unambiguous statements regarding the copyright statement of the papers they publish </li></ul><ul><li>To qualify for the SPARC Europe Seal a journal must use the Creative Commons By (CC-BY) license which is the most user-friendly license and corresponds to the ethos of the Budapest Open Access Initiative </li></ul>
  66. 98. SPARC Seal <ul><li>The second strand of the Seal is that journals should provide metadata for all their articles to the DOAJ, who will then make the metadata OAI-compliant </li></ul><ul><li>This will increase the visibility of the papers and allow OAI-harvesters to include details of the journal articles in their services </li></ul>
  67. 99. New partnerships <ul><li>InterAcademyPanel NAS and CODATA </li></ul><ul><li>Creative Commons International and CCLearn </li></ul><ul><li>EurOpenScholar </li></ul><ul><li>DSpace Foundation (Global Outreach Committee) </li></ul><ul><li>EPrints </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora Commons </li></ul><ul><li>NDLTD (Networked Digital Library for Theses and Dissertations) </li></ul><ul><li>CERN </li></ul><ul><li>the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (Italy) </li></ul><ul><li>International Crimea Conference </li></ul>
  68. 100. What do authors think? <ul><li>Allison Fullard conducted a survey of South African responses to open access publishing, which showed that the research community already welcomed open access: </li></ul><ul><li>93,21% of respondents agreed, that open access boosts developing countries’ access to scholarly literature; </li></ul><ul><li>87,04% - that open access promotes developing countries’ engagement with global science; </li></ul><ul><li>91,97 – that open access promotes the advance of scientific knowledge; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allison Fullard, (2007) “South African responses to Open Access publishing: a survey of the research community”, South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73(1): 40-50. http:// eprints . rclis .org/archive/00010749/ </li></ul></ul>
  69. 101. What do authors think? <ul><li>57,4% - that open access provides more accountable use of publicly funded research; </li></ul><ul><li>70,36% - that open access articles will be read by more people, and probably cited more often; </li></ul><ul><li>51,85% - that authors retain copyright and are free to use it as they wish </li></ul><ul><li>and 65,43% - that with open access development the serials crisis facing libraries will be broken </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allison Fullard, (2007) “South African responses to Open Access publishing: a survey of the research community”, South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science 73(1): 40-50. http:// eprints . rclis .org/archive/00010749/ </li></ul></ul>
  70. 102. Comments <ul><li>“ Open access publishing has given us an opportunity to a world of information regardless of where one is. Previously it was almost impossible to know the latest in malaria research unless you read an abstract or an institution got some hard copies which always arrived a month or more after publication. However, with BioMed Central, one is able to have a wide range of information on research activities . This helps in providing the much-needed information on topical issues and one can learn form diverse methods , geographical settings and be able to participate in the global debate on health issues and also provide quality policy information. It also enables us form the developing world to publish our research findings and share the information with other researchers globally . ” Dr G Chongwe of tropical Diseases Research Centre in Zambia, Pascalina Chanda of Malaria Control Centre Zambia , Mr Stanley Banda of Ministry of Health Zambia http://www. biomedcentral .com/ developingcountries /stories/ ) </li></ul>
  71. 103. Open Access Impact <ul><li>The advantages of Open Access are shown in the figures, especially when it comes to increased citation rates : </li></ul><ul><li>For 72% of papers published in the Astrophysical Journal, free versions of the paper are available (mainly through ArXiv). These 72% of papers are, on average, cited more than twice as often as the remaining 28% that do not have free versions. [1] </li></ul><ul><li>In Chinese scientific journals citation indicators of Open Access journals were found to be higher than those of non-Open Access journals. [2] [1] Schwarz, G. and Kennicutt Jr., R. C. (2004): Demographic and Citation Trends in Astrophysical Journal Papers and Preprints (pdf 14pp), arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0411275, 10 November 2004, Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society, Vol. 36, 1654-1663 </li></ul><ul><li>[2] Cheng, W. H. and Ren, S. L. (2008): Evolution of open access publishing in Chinese scientific journals, Learned Publishing, Vol. 21, No. 2, April 2008, 140-152 </li></ul>
  72. 105. Open Access Impact <ul><li>literature mining is good </li></ul><ul><li>data integration is better </li></ul><ul><li>open access – access to full text is needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lars Juhl Jensen, Integration of biomedical literature and databases, Presented at the Fourth Nordic Conference on Scholarly Communication NCSC 2008: Openness - trade, tools and transparency, 21-23 April 2008, Scandic Star Hotel, Glimmervägen 5, Lund, Sweden: http://www. lub . lu .se/ fileadmin /user_upload/ pdf /NCSC/ncsc2008_ lars _ juhl _ jensen . pdf </li></ul></ul>
  73. 106. Open Access Impact <ul><li>how CrystalEye is relevant to repositories... </li></ul><ul><li>http:// wwmm . ch .cam.ac. uk / crystaleye / </li></ul><ul><li>Open notebook science </li></ul><ul><li>petermr’s blog A Scientist and the Web: http:// wwmm . ch .cam.ac. uk / blogs / murrayrust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jim Downing, University of Cambridge, Dr. CrystalEye Or: How I Learned To Stop Worrying And Love The Web: From Desktop to Data Repository : http://www. dspace .cam.ac. uk / bitstream /1810/196186/2/ CrystalEyePresentation . pdf </li></ul></ul>
  74. 107. Open Access Impact <ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan in their report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “ Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits ” mentioned the most important potential benefit of Open Access – “ enhanced access to, and greater use of, research findings , which would, in turn, increase the efficiency of R&D as it builds upon previous research.” </li></ul>
  75. 108. Open Access Impact <ul><li>Among other benefits: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Speed of access speeding up the research and discovery process, increasing returns to investment in R&D and, potentially, reducing the time/cost involved for a given outcome, and increasing the rate of accumulation of the stock of knowledge; </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access leading to less duplicative research , saving duplicative R&D expenditure and improving the efficiency of R&D;” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits” http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  76. 109. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Faster access leading to better informed research , reducing, saving R&D expenditure and improving the efficiency of R&D; </li></ul><ul><li>Wider access providing enhanced opportunities for multi-disciplinary research , inter-institutional and inter-sectoral collaborations ;” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits” http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  77. 110. Open Access Impact <ul><li>“ Wider access enabling researchers to study their context more broadly , potentially leading to increased opportunities for , and rates of, application/commercialization ; </li></ul><ul><li>Improved access leading to improved education outcomes , enabling a given education spend to produce a higher level of educational attainment (at least at the post secondary level), leading to an improvement in the quality of the ‘stock’ of researchers and research users .” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John Houghton, Colin Steele and Peter Sheehan, Report to the Department of Education, Science and Training “Research Communication Costs in Australia: Emerging Opportunities and Benefits”. http://www. dest . gov .au/NR/ rdonlyres /0ACB271F-EA7D-4FAF-B3F7-0381F441B175/13935/DEST_Research_Communications_Cost_Report_Sept2006. pdf </li></ul></ul>
  78. 111. Open Access Policy <ul><li>Funders of research are increasingly beginning to mandate Open Access to the research they support </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Registry of Open Access Repository Material Archiving Policies there are 57 Open Access mandates </li></ul><ul><li>Major research funders </li></ul><ul><li>the U.S. National Institutes of Health, implemented a policy requiring that its grant recipients make articles resulting from NIH funding publicly available within 12 months of publication in a peer-reviewed journal   </li></ul>
  79. 116. Open Access <ul><li>While Open Access was only defined six years ago </li></ul><ul><li>it is now being debated by governments and publishers </li></ul><ul><li>and mandated by funding bodies and universities throughout the world </li></ul><ul><li>Much still remains to be achieved, but it is clear that Open Access has permanently changed the field of scholarly communication </li></ul>
  80. 117. Plans <ul><li>We are working on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the letters to national ETDs projects explaining the benefits of Open Access to ETDs, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>lists of OA benefits to students, researchers and scholarly societies, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>model IP policies for the Universities (together with eIFL IP), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>model business plans for OA journals (cooperative project between Armenia, Belarus and Ukraine), </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>integrating distance education and Open repositories and Open repositories and CRIS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>a training for national OA activists how to develop successful OA policy is planned together with SPARC as well as the workshop for the research funders. </li></ul></ul>
  81. 119. eIFL participants <ul><li>Azerbaijan </li></ul><ul><li>Lithuania </li></ul><ul><li>Macedonia </li></ul><ul><li>Moldova </li></ul><ul><li>Mozambique </li></ul><ul><li>Poland </li></ul><ul><li>South Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Sudan… </li></ul>
  82. 133. Thank you ! Your Questions and Ideas ? Iryna Kuchma eIFL Open Access program manager iryna.kuchma[at]eifl.net, www.eifl.net The presentation is licensed with Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License