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Approaches,methods and techniques


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Approaches,methods and techniques

  1. 1. Approaches, Methods and Techniques 1
  3. 3. Direct/ Expositive Instruction Approach A way of teaching which is aimedat helping students acquire somebasic skills and “proceduralknowledge”. It is straight forward andis done in a step – by step manner. 3
  4. 4. Steps1. Provide rationale2. Demonstrate the skill3. Provide guided practice4. Check for understanding5. Provide extended practice and transfer 4
  5. 5. Constructivist Approach Anchored on the belief that every individual constructs and reconstructs meanings depending on past experiences which are evaluated with an end of reconstructing meanings. 5
  6. 6. Suggested steps1. Review/ recall2. Posing problems, Asking questions3. Reflection4. Critical thinking activities5. Independent practice 6
  7. 7. Cooperative Learning Approach Makes use of classroomactivities which allow students towork in groups or teams to helpeach other learn. 7
  8. 8. Reflective Thinking Approach Anchored on the ability of theteacher to guide students to reflecton their own experiences I order toarrive at new understandings andmeanings. 8
  9. 9. Some strategies1. Self – analysis2. Journal Writing3. Portfolio / Scrap booking4. Asking Questions 9
  10. 10. Other Methods & TechniquesLecture Method 1.Component technique 2.Relevance technique 3.Outlining technique 10
  11. 11. Discussion Method• Small Group Discussion Technique• Socialized Classroom Discussion Technique• Panel Discussion Technique• Direct Instruction Technique• Recitation Technique
  12. 12. Reporting Method• Unit or Morrison Technique• Individual or Group Technique• Reading or Story Telling Technique• Schematic Technique• Symposium
  13. 13. Demonstration Method• Teacher – Directed Technique• Student – Directed Technique• Teacher – Student Directed Technique• Resource Speaker – Directed Technique
  14. 14. Activity Method • Project Technique • Field Trip Technique • Brainstorming Technique • Debate Technique • Dramatization Technique • Role – Playing Technique • Simulation - Game Technique
  15. 15. Investigatory Method 1.Laboratory Technique 2.Research Technique 3.Field Study Technique 4.Experimenting Technique 5.Problem – Solving Technique 15
  16. 16. Self – Pacing Method1.Programmed Instruction2.Modular Learning3.Correspondence Courses 16
  17. 17. Cooperative Learning Techniques1.Popcorn Topics2.Fish Bowl/ Inside-Outside Circle3.Jigsaw4.Three – Step Interview5.Pairs Check 17
  18. 18. Integrated Method1.Lecture – Discussion2.Demonstration – Lecture3.Film – Showing Discussion4.Reporting - Discussion 18
  19. 19. Unified ApproachKnowledge should bepresented as a whole and nota fragmented bits.Previous learning should bereinforced.Knowledge should beexpanded. 19
  20. 20. Unified ApproachA way to treat relationshipsthat exist among the significantcomponents making up a givenbody of knowledge.Features • Highly cognitive • Leads to insightful learning • Holistic treatment of knowledge (cause – effect) 20
  21. 21. Unified ApproachIllustrationSociety A group of people Culture sharing a common Every individual’s behavior creates a so called It is made up of Social StatusSocial Institutions Socialization Social Roles Socialization to adopt the same 21
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