Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Social system of a school

5,101 views

Published on

School as a Social System

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Social system of a school

  1. 1. Social System of the School
  2. 2. The SchoolThe School • Is a system of social interactionIs a system of social interaction • It is an organized whole comprisingIt is an organized whole comprising interacting personalities boundinteracting personalities bound together in an organic relationshiptogether in an organic relationship (Waller, 1932)(Waller, 1932) • As a social system, it is characterized byAs a social system, it is characterized by an interdependence of parts, a clearlyan interdependence of parts, a clearly defined population, differentiation fromdefined population, differentiation from its environment, a complex network ofits environment, a complex network of social relationships and its own culture.social relationships and its own culture.
  3. 3. • is a social organizationis a social organization • is a group of elements and activities thatis a group of elements and activities that interact and constitute a single social entityinteract and constitute a single social entity (Longress, 2000)(Longress, 2000) • it is a model or organization that possessit is a model or organization that possess creativity beyond its component parts; it iscreativity beyond its component parts; it is distinguished from its environment by adistinguished from its environment by a clearly defined boundary; it is composed ofclearly defined boundary; it is composed of subunits, elements and subsystems that aresubunits, elements and subsystems that are interrelated within relatively stable patterns ofinterrelated within relatively stable patterns of social order (Olsen, 1970)social order (Olsen, 1970) What is “Social System”?What is “Social System”?
  4. 4. • Refers to Activities and Interaction of groups consisting of members brought together for a common purpose • Classroom is a good example of social system  Ethos  Norm  Values  Psychological aspects What does “Social System” refersWhat does “Social System” refers to?to?
  5. 5. Basic Assumption for SocialBasic Assumption for Social System ModelsSystem Models AssumptionAssumption ~ is a fact/statement that is taken for~ is a fact/statement that is taken for grantedgranted 1.1.Social systems areSocial systems are open systemsopen systems 2.2.Social systems consist ofSocial systems consist of interdependentinterdependent parts, characteristics,parts, characteristics, and activities that contribute to andand activities that contribute to and receive from the wholereceive from the whole
  6. 6. Basic Assumption for SocialBasic Assumption for Social System ModelsSystem Models 3. Social systems are3. Social systems are peopledpeopled 4. Social systems are4. Social systems are goal orientedgoal oriented 5. Social systems are5. Social systems are structuralstructural 6. Social systems are6. Social systems are normativenormative 7. Social systems are7. Social systems are sanction bearingsanction bearing 8. Social systems are8. Social systems are politicalpolitical 9. Social systems have9. Social systems have distinctive culturesdistinctive cultures
  7. 7. Basic Assumption for SocialBasic Assumption for Social System ModelsSystem Models 10. Social systems are10. Social systems are conceptual andconceptual and relativerelative 11. All formal organizations are social11. All formal organizations are social system: But all social systems are notsystem: But all social systems are not formal organizations.formal organizations.
  8. 8. Key Elements of the School as aKey Elements of the School as a Social SystemSocial System Schools are social systems with the following key parts: • Structure: roles are expectations of positions that are arranged in a hierarchy. • Individual: the individual is a key unit in any social system; regardless of position, people bring with them individual needs, beliefs, and a cognitive understandings of the job. • Culture: represents the unwritten feeling part of the organizations: its shared values
  9. 9. Key Elements of the School as aKey Elements of the School as a Social SystemSocial System • PoliticsPolitics: informal power relations that: informal power relations that develop spontaneously.develop spontaneously. • CoreCore: the teaching-learning process is the: the teaching-learning process is the technical core of schools.technical core of schools. • EnvironmentEnvironment: everything outside the: everything outside the organization; source of inputs.organization; source of inputs. • OutputsOutputs:: the products of the organizations,the products of the organizations, e. g. educated students.e. g. educated students. • FeedbackFeedback: communication that monitors: communication that monitors behavior.behavior. • EffectivenessEffectiveness: the congruence between: the congruence between expected and actual outcomes.expected and actual outcomes.
  10. 10. Thank you!!Thank you!! Presented by:Presented by: Michelle Tamayo-TimadoMichelle Tamayo-Timado

×