Traditional Teaching and Other Common Teaching Methods Presented by: Raissa Tutanes Guldam BSMT - IV
Other Common TeachingMethods The Internet Computer Managed Instruction Computer Technology and Learning Computer Teaching Strategies Self-learning Modules
The Internet Internet is a global system of interconnected computer networks that use the standard Internet Protocol suite (IP) to serve billions of users worldwide. Educational material at all levels from pre-school to post-doctoral is available from websites in the internet. The Internet in general and the World Wide Web in particular are important enablers of both formal and informal education.
How? Used as a resource for problems, answers, ideas and more Can be used in a “how to research” lesson A group can cheaply communicate and discuss ideas via chatting and online conference (online class) Messages can be exchanged even more quickly and conveniently via email or online chat May allow files to be exchanged, drawings and images to be shared, or voice and video
Computer Managed Instruction an instructional strategy whereby the computer is used to provide learning objectives, learning resources, and assessment of learner performance aids the instructor in instructional management without actually doing the teaching a system in which a computer is used to manage several aspects of instruction, including learning assessment through administration of pretests and posttests; design and preparation of learning prescriptions; and calculation, analysis, and storage of student scores.
A self-learning technique, usually offline/online, involving interaction of the student with programmed instructional materials. Computer-assisted instruction (CAI) is an interactive instructional technique whereby a computer is used to present the instructional material and monitor the learning that takes place. CAI uses a combination of text, graphics, sound and video in enhancing the learning process.
Typical CAI provides 1. text or multimedia content 2. multiple-choice questions 3. problems 4. immediate feedback 5. notes on incorrect responses 6. summarizes students performance 7. exercises for practice 8. Worksheets and tests.
Types of Computer Assisted Instruction 1. Drill-and-practice Drill and practice provide opportunities or students to repeatedly practice the skills that have previously been presented and that further practice is necessary for mastery. 2. Tutorial Tutorial activity includes both the presentation of information and its extension into different forms of work, including drill and practice, games and simulation. 3. Games Game software often creates a contest to achieve the highest score and either beat others or beat the computer.
4. Simulation Simulation software can provide an approximation of reality that does not require the expense of real life or its risks. 5. Discovery Discovery approach provides a large database of information specific to a course or content area and challenges the learner to analyze, compare, infer and evaluate based on their explorations of the data. 6. Problem Solving This approach helps children develop specific problem solving skills and strategies.
Computer Technology andLearning How Does Technology Enhance Student Achievement? Basic Skills Instruction Advanced Skills Instruction Assessment of Student Progress Student Motivation
Computer Technology andLearning Basic Skills Instruction Computer assisted instruction- to drill Multi-media software - teach to a variety of learning styles Videodiscs - strengthen basic skills Video and audio technologies - bring material to life Distance learning - at least as effective as traditional methods of instruction All forms - develop new skills related to use of technology itself, necessary in workplace
Computer Technology andLearning Advanced Skills Instruction Interactive educational technologies, including: Computer-generated simulations Videodiscs Internet CD-ROM Students learn to: organize complex information, recognize patterns, draw inferences, communicate findings Learn better organizational and problem- solving skills
Computer Technology andLearning Assessment of Student Progress More comprehensive with multimedia Assessments which require student’s active participation Electronic portfolios
Computer Technology andLearning Student Motivation They like it better Increased family involvement Improved teachers’ skills Improved School Administration and Management
Computer Teaching Strategies Virtual Reality a computer- based, simulated three- dimensional environment in which the participant interacts with a virtual world. only in virtual reality can the learner enter a virtual world and feel an object, move it, and measure its movement.
Self-learning Modules (SLM) are learning activities designed for participants to do independently when they are unable to attend individual or group education sessions