Introduction to geography pack

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Introduction to geography pack

  1. 1. WORK IN REMOVE 1
  2. 2. GEOGRAPHY KEY STAGE 3 EXPECTATIONS In order to fulfil your potential and achieve the very highest levels in Geography, follow these tips: 1 Be punctual to all Geography lessons. If you are unavoidably late, apologise and explain immediately to your teacher. 2 When entering the Geography classroom, get out your equipment and wait, standing behind your desk for the teacher to greet you. 3 Bring all correct equipment to lessons:  Pack  Text book and Atlas  Pens, pencils, ruler, scissors, glue, colouring pens or pencils 4 Listen carefully to instructions. Do not interrupt your teacher or another student when they are asking or answering a question. Put your hand up if you wish to contribute thoughtful geographical ideas and questions. 5 All work must be given a title and date, underlined. All work must be done in the pack; pages have been provided. 6 All homework tasks must be fully completed and handed in during the following lesson. Your pack will be returned to you before the next lesson, when you should do your homework in time for the following lesson. For example, if your lesson is on a Monday then your pack will be collected in at the end of the lesson. You will then be given back your marked pack sometime that week and you will then have the weekend to do the homework due for the next Monday’s lesson. 7 If work is considered unsatisfactory it must be redone. The marking scheme is A for excellent, B for good, C for satisfactory, D for unsatisfactory. If you have a D then you must do the work again. Any homework that is not handed in will receive an order mark and must still be completed. You MUST read and do the target on the homework sheet before the next lesson. 8 If you miss work through illness, music lesson or sports match etc., it is your responsibility to catch up as soon as possible. All the resources, packs and homework can be found on the MyQG. 9 If you lose your pack, then it is your responsibility to print another one before the next lesson and do all the work again! 2
  3. 3. Dear Parent/Guardian, Girls in Remove, LIV and Form IV are using a homework resource in Geography called Doddle: www.doddlelearn.co.uk. The girls have all been told how to use this and have been given their user name and password. Some of the girls have reported problems in logging on to this site so I am sending all parents details of the logon process just in case there are any problems. Each girl should log on using their first initial and their surname, all one word and all in lower case @queensgate.org.uk. For example, if a girl’s name is Pamela Jones, then she should use pjones@queensgate.org.uk. The password is the same for every girl: password. If a girl has a double barrelled surname with a hyphen, she should still use a hyphen; if a double barrelled surname does not have a hyphen, then it should appear as one word e.g. Pamela Jones Warren pjoneswarren@queensgate.org.uk Could you please ensure that the internet access that your daughter is using to do her homework has Flash Player downloaded, has pop ups enabled and has not blocked the Doddle site. I am aware that some parents have blocked certain sites such as Facebook, so please ensure that Doddle is not blocked. If all the above is followed than there should be no reason why your daughter cannot access this site to complete her Geography homework. Please ask your daughter to report any problem to me and I will try to help her to sort it out. If your daughter has problems logging on, it would help if you could take a screen shot and forward it to secretary@queensgate.org.uk, marked for the attention of Miss Scott, so that I can forward details to the company to sort out whatever the problem might be. I would also like to take this opportunity to remind you that girls are able to use the computers or laptops at school to complete their homework. They may use the Library at lunch time or after school. Yours sincerely, S. Scott (Miss) Geography Department 3
  4. 4. Atlas – A book of maps that show different physical and human features of the world Atmosphere – The layer of gasses surrounding the earth British Isles – Great Britain and Ireland, the two largest islands Continent – there are 7 great landmasses Environment – The surroundings in which plants, animals and people live Equator – An imaginary line round the middle of the earth which represents the 00 line of latitude Geography – The study of the earths’ natural features and people and places and how they affect each other Globe – Round object showing the actual shape of the earth Great Britain – 3 countries; England, Wales, Scotland Greenwich (prime) Meridian – The line of 0 of longitude that passes through Greenwich in London 4
  5. 5. Hazards – A natural danger to people and their property includes earthquakes, volcanoes, hurricanes, floods etc. Human geography – Where and how people live Human map (political)– Shows the human features such as towns, cities, roads etc. Landforms – Natural features formed by the weather, rivers, seas, ice and volcanoes Latitude – This says how far north or south a place is from the equator Longitude – This says how far east or west a place is from the Greenwich Meridian Map – A drawing which shows part of the earths’ surface from directly above, on a reduced scale Ocean – Five largest sea areas Physical geography – Natural features and events on earth, including landforms and weather etc. Physical map – Shows the physical features such as seas, oceans, islands, rivers, mountains etc. Plan – A detailed map of a small area Political map (human) – Show the human features such as settlements, roads etc. Resources – Things which are useful to people, may be natural like coal Tropic of Cancer – Line of latitude 23 1/2 north of equator Tropic of Capricorn – Line of latitude 23 1/2 south of the equator, anything between tropics in known as tropical United Kingdom – 4 countries, England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, not the republic of Ireland 5
  6. 6. 6 DESCRIBING PLACES
  7. 7. REMEMBER TITLE AND DATE Lesson 1 homework 7
  8. 8. REMEMBER TITLE AND DATE LESSON 1 8
  9. 9. LESSON 1; Write a paragraph about a favourite place you’ve visited in the world. Include pictures and a map showing where it is (pack p7/8) DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 9
  10. 10. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 4–5 How can we find out where places are? 1.3 NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200624 Every day we are influenced by the world around us. Places we hear about, food we eat, people we meet and the clothes we wear. You are connected to people and places all over the world in a variety of ways. ១1 On a copy of the map below, show how you are connected to different places around the world. Think about: ១4 How many places have you actually visited? How many of your connections are through people, rather than through possessions? u your friends u things you buy u music you listen to u sports u relatives u pen-pals u TV programmes you watch u newspapers/magazines you read u learning a foreign language u clothes u holidays u books you read u the internet u cars u food ១2 Write the names or labels in boxes around the map. ១3 Draw an arrow from each box to its country. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 6–71.4 NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200625 What is physical geography? Physical geography is the study of the earth’s natural features. It is about the land, the sea and the atmosphere around us. ១1 Label as many physical features as possible in the sketch below. It has been started for you. You may wish to check your answers by looking at pages 6 and 7 in the pupil book. ១2 Think about your journey to school in the morning. Name five physical features that you pass. u u u u u Snow covered mountain. 10
  11. 11. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 6–7 What is physical geography?: Odd one out 1.5 Physical geography is the study of the earth’s natural features. It is about the land, the sea and the atmosphere around us. Below is a list of words to do with physical geography. 1 Storms. 2 Thunderstorm. 3 Hurricane. 4 Rock. 5 Volcanic eruption. 6 Rainfall. 7 Weather. 8 Snow. 9 Rivers. 10 Temperature. 11 Mountain. 12 Earthquake. 13 Flood. 14 Landforms. 15 Climate. 16 Plants. 17 Natural hazards. 18 Drought. 19 Air. 20 Earth’s surface. 21 Volcano. 22 Clouds. 23 Ice. 24 Sea. 25 Cliff. 26 Soil. 27 Vegetation. 28 Waterfall. 29 Beach. 30 Marsh. ១1 a Working with a partner, study the sets of numbers below, which match to words in the list above. b Cross out the ‘odd one out’ in each set. c Add a fourth number to match the other two. d Explain what links the three ‘in’ numbers. Set A 4 27 26 What’s the link? Set B 9 13 5 What’s the link? Set C 27 12 26 What’s the link? Set D 21 28 25 What’s the link? Set E 1 8 14 What’s the link? Set F 7 15 4 What’s the link? Set G 22 18 8 What’s the link? ១2 Sort all the words from the list above into groups, using the words in bold as headings. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 8–91.6 What is human geography? Human geography is the study of where and how people live. It is also about people and places and how they affect each other. Geography can help us to understand our world and, hopefully, make it a better place in which to live. ១1 Label as many human features as possible in the sketch below. It has been started for you. You may wish to check your answers by looking at pages 8 and 9 in the pupil book. ១2 Think about your journey to school in the morning. Name five human features that you pass. u u u u u NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200627NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200626 TV mast. 11
  12. 12. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 20–21 What is the value and use of geography? 1.14 NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200636 37 The knowledge and skills that you learn in geography can help you to understand our world and can be of help to you in future years. ១1 Read what pupils say about geography and colour questions about: u physical geography in blue u human geography in red u environmental geography in green u skills in geography in yellow. Why are countries at different stages of development? How can I get to know the world through fieldwork? Will I use computers and other technology to find things out and present information? Will the skills I learn in geography help me in a job? Why do different people have different views about how to use the environment? Why are there different living standards around the world? What are some of the problems facing our world and how might we solve them? How can maps and photos help me to find out what places are like? Why must we recycle waste materials and reduce energy consumption? ១2 Think about what you have already learned about geography. Copy out any four questions above and write an answer for each one. Why must we learn to live in a sustainable way? How can I learn to understand other cultures? What are the important questions, issues and problems we are facing? What are the different environments like and where are they found? How can the world be made a better place for everyone? How can we prepare for and cope with natural hazards? Weather and climate Unit Overview Approximate teaching time, 12 hours PoS Key questions Pupil book Suggested activities/methods 6d How can the weather affect us? 22, 23 Discuss with pupils how the weather has affected them over a certain period of time, for example a week. 6d What simple methods can be used 24, 25 Brainstorm weather definition. Describe how weather can to observe and record the weather? be measured. Work in pairs on observing and recording. Homework – keep a weather diary for five days. 6d iii How can temperature and wind be 26, 27 Describe climate differences in a small area. Explain the affected by local conditions? causes of these differences. Group work – school micro- climate enquiry. Homework – home microclimate enquiry. 6d i What are the meanings of the terms 28 Define terms, emphasise difference and support with weather and climate? examples. 6d iii How and why does temperature and 28, 29 Map interpretation to show spatial and seasonal rainfall in the British Isles vary from differences. Simple explanation of differences using place to place and season to season? five main reasons. Construction of map to show four main climate areas of Britain. 6d iii How can rising air cause rainfall and 30, 31 Simple diagram to show how it rains. Define precipitation how do relief, convection and fronts and condensation. Simple diagrams and explanations to each produce rain in this way? show the main rainfall types. Compare data showing Britain’s rainfall and high ground to confirm the link. 6d iii How is the weather of the British Isles 32–35 Brainstorm the value of weather forecasts. Use photos to affected by anticyclones and depressions? show how satellite images can help weather forecasters. 1 How can the enquiry process be used 36–39 Pupils undertake a geographical enquiry to desribe and to identify differences in weather and explain geographical variations in Britain’s weather and climate across Britain? climate. PoS Skills 1 Undertaking a geographical enquiry 2 Classify information 2 Describe a distribution pattern 2 Present and interpret data 2b Measure and record weather 2b Collect data from outside the classroom 2c Points of the compass 2c Observe and record 2d Relate satellite images to weather maps 2d Interpret satellite images Vocabulary and technical terms (see Glossary in pupil book) Anticyclone Depression Precipitation Aspect Frontal rain Pressure Beaufort scale Isobar Relief rain Climate Meteorology Temperature Condensation Microclimate Visibility Convectional rain North Atlantic Drift Weather 2KEY IDEAS: u observing and recording the weather u how local features affect temperature and wind u what causes rain u how weather and climate vary across Britain u anticyclones and depressions u forecasting the weather. 12 on the next page.
  13. 13. REMEMBER TITLE AND DATE Lesson 2 homework 13
  14. 14. 14 EXAMPLE
  15. 15. 15 EXAMPLE
  16. 16. LESSON 2; Pack page 12 to 15; What is the value and use of geography? DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 16
  17. 17. 17 PHYSICAL MAP OF THE UK A B C D FRANCE 1 2 3 4 5 6 X Y Z
  18. 18. REMEMBER TITLE AND DATE LESSON 3 18
  19. 19. REMEMBER TITLE AND DATE LESSON 3 19
  20. 20. EXAMPLE OF FIVE PHYSICAL PICTURES The Seven Sisters The Peak District The Lake District The River Thames The Pennines 20
  21. 21. LESSON 3; Find 5 pictures of physical features of the UK and label them (pack p18 to 20). DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 21
  22. 22. 22 FRANCE A B C D HUMAN MAP OF THE UK 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
  23. 23. What is the UK? © Heinemann 2004, geography 360° Teacher’s Handbook 1 Flags of the United Kingdom Union Jack St. Andrew St. Patrick St. George Flags of the United Kingdom 1 Colour in the flags. 2 Explain how the other three flags were used to make the Union Jack. 23
  24. 24. NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 2006 What is geography? ACTIVITY MASTERS The British Isles 1 1 0 150 km N 24 LONDON ; Mark all the places that you have visited - draw a line from London to each place
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  26. 26. 48 earthworks 1 teacher’s resource book © JOHN MURRAY 21 LOCAL – GLOBAL WORKSHEET PUPIL’S BOOK PAGES 18–20 British Isles jigsaw Name ________________________________________________________________________________ Your task 1. Cut out each of the regions on this sheet. Put them together to make the British Isles. 2. Either stick the regions onto plain paper to make the British Isles, or stick them onto the outline map of the British Isles at the bottom of the sheet. Scotland North Yorkshire North West East Midlands Wales South West South East East Anglia Ireland Northern Ireland West Midlands 26 Use Foundations p108 to help you. 2
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  28. 28. LESSON 4; 1). Pack p 24/25 Where have you been in the UK? 2). Pack p26/27 British Isles jigsaw, use Foundations p108 to help 3).Revision; online websites file 10 and 11 MyQG DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 28
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  30. 30. 30 REVIEW
  31. 31. 31 2. a) b) c)
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  33. 33. WORLD MAP – PHYSICAL Label the blank copy of the map of the world and colour the rivers in blue, mountain areas in brown, the desert in yellow and seas and oceans in blue. MOUNTAIN RANGES: Andes, Rockies, Alps, Himalayas RIVERS: Murray Darling, St Lawrence, Zambezi, Amazon, Nile, Congo, Volga, Yangtze, Mississippi, Colorado, Ganges OCEANS AND SEAS: Atlantic Ocean, Pacific Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean, Arctic Ocean, Caribbean Sea, Mediterranean Sea, North Sea DESERTS: Sahara LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE: North Pole, South Pole, Equator, Tropic of Cancer, Tropic of Capricorn, Arctic Circle, Antarctic Circle WORLD MAP – HUMAN CONTINENTS: North America, South America, Africa, Europe, Asia, Oceania and Antarctica COUNTRIES: Canada, USA, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, France, UK, Israel, Egypt, Nigeria, South Africa, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China, Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, Russia, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela, Tanzania, Ghana, Kenya CITIES: New York, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Mexico City, Buenos Aires, St Petersburg, Cairo, Lagos, Johannesburg, Mumbai(Bombay), Kolkata (Calcutta), Islamabad, Delhi, Beijing, Shanghai, Jakarta, Sydney, Tokyo, Moscow, Lima, Chicago, Toronto, Washington DC, Caracas, Rio de Janeiro, Accra, Dar Es Salaam, Tel Aviv, Singapore, Auckland LONGITUDE LINE: Prime Meridian (Greenwich Meridian) 33
  34. 34. 34 A B D SD C12 3 45 6 7 8 9 10 11 THEWORLDPHYSICAL
  35. 35. 35 THEWORLDHUMAN
  36. 36. THE WORLD MAP: HUMAN KEY ALPHABET/COUNTRIES NUMBERS/CITIES A 1 B 2 C 3 D 4 E 5 F 6 G 7 H 8 I 9 J 10 K 11 L 12 M 13 N 14 O 15 P 16 Q 17 R 18 S 19 T 20 U 21 V 22 W 23 X 24 Y 25 Z 26 27 28 29 30 36
  37. 37. LESSON 5; 1) Doddle British Isles 2) Revise for test; look at resources on MyQG DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 37
  38. 38. 28 earthworks 1 teacher’s resource book © JOHN MURRAY 2 LOCAL – GLOBAL WORKSHEET PUPIL’S BOOK PAGE 1 Continents and oceans Name ________________________________________________________________________________OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN OCEAN Your task How well do you know the names of the continents and oceans? Test yourself on this sheet. Label the continents and oceans in the spaces on the world map. Check that you have labelled them correctly with the help of an atlas. 38 Colour them in - see Foundations
  39. 39. © JOHN MURRAY earthworks 1 teacher’s resource book 51 A LOCAL – GLOBAL REVIEW PUPIL’S BOOK PAGES 1–20 Start global! Name ________________________________________________________________________________ Your task 1. Look at the map of the Earth below. Label four continents, three oceans and the line across the middle of the map. Write their names in the boxes provided. Draw an arrow pointing to the country that you live in. Label it as well. List the other continents and oceans that you cannot see on this map. Continents Oceans 2. Explain why you can only see part of the Earth on the map. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Why is it difficult to draw an accurate map of the Earth on a flat surface? __________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ ____________________________________________ 39
  40. 40. 40 EXAMPLE
  41. 41. LESSON 6; Produce a poster about a country, no bigger than A2 with a title, the capital city, 2 maps (one world scale showing the location of the country and one of the country), 5 pictures and 5 facts (pack p40 Example). DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 41
  42. 42. 42
  43. 43. LESSON 7; Pack page 42, Easy as ABC DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 43
  44. 44. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE 44
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  48. 48. 48
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  50. 50. LESSON 8; Doddle; Latitude and Longitude DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 50
  51. 51. 1.4 ECOSYSTEMS WORKSHEET PUPIL’S BOOK PAGE 5 Latitude Name ________________________________________________________________________________ Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run from east to west around the Earth. The Equator is the line of latitude that runs around the middle of the Earth. Latitude is used to describe the position of a place north or south of the Equator. The latitude of any place on the Earth can be measured in degrees ( ° ) from the Equator, either north or south. This can be found by drawing a line from the place to the centre of the Earth and measuring the angle that it makes with a line from the Equator. Your task 1 Look at the diagrams on the right. In each case, give the latitude. North Pole ______________________ South Pole ______________________ Tropic of Cancer ______________________ Tropic of Capricorn ______________________ Arctic Circle ______________________ Antarctic Circle ______________________ 2 Label the lines of latitude correctly on the world map above. 3 Explain why the North Pole and the South Pole are not visible on the map. __________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________ 30 earthworks 2 teacher’s resource book © JOHN MURRAY 90° North Pole Equator 90° South Pole Tropic of Capricorn Equator Tropic of Cancer 23 °1 2 Antarctic Circle Arctic Circle 66 °1 2 66 °1 2 Equator Equator Equator Equator 23 °1 2 EARTHWORKS TRB2 (B1 [F] TP) 12/8/00 4:42 pm Page 30 51
  52. 52. SOUTH AFRICA WORKSHEET PUPIL’S BOOK PAGE 115 Seasons in South Africa Name ________________________________________________________________________________ 6.7 © JOHN MURRAY earthworks 3 teacher’s resource book 209 Your task 1 Look at the drawings of the Earth below. For each drawing: • state whether it would be summer or winter in the UK and which season it would be in South Africa • explain why it would be this season in each country. The first one is done for you. Sun’s rays Sun’s rays 21 December 21 June North Pole South Pole UK South Africa Equator North Pole South Pole UK South Africa Equator Season in the UK: winter The North Pole is tilted away from the Sun. This means that the Northern Hemisphere receives less sunlight and the weather is colder. Season in South Africa: _______________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Season in the UK: ___________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Season in South Africa: _______________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ 2 What season would you expect it to be in the UK and South Africa on: a) 21 March UK ________________________ South Africa ________________________ b) 21 September UK ________________________ South Africa ________________________ Earthworks unit 6 04/05/2000 3:11 pm Page 209 52
  53. 53. LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE 1. Study the diagram below. Print the correct statements from the list; North Pole, South Pole, Equator, Greenwich Meridian, Longitude Line, Latitude Line 53 Arctic Circle, Prime Meridian, Tropic of Capricorn, Tropic of Cancer, Equator, North Pole, South Pole, Antarctic Circle 2. Tick if it is right, cross if it is wrong; Lines of latitude give how far north or south a place is Lines of latitude give how far east or west a place is Lines of longitude give how far east or west a place is The Equator is a line of latitude The Equator is a line of longitude The Greenwich Meridian is a line of longitude
  54. 54. REVIEW LATIUDE AND LONGITUDE 1. Latitude Lines of latitude are imaginary lines that run horizontally across the Earth. The main line is the E_______________, which is 0°. All latitude lines are p_______________ to each other. Lines are drawn horizontally to the north or south of the Equator. These are numbered from 0° to 90°, which is either the __________ _________at 90° north or the ___________ _________ at 90° south. Other important latitude lines include the Tropic of _____________ at 23½° north, the Tropic of _____________at 23½° south, the _____________ Circle at 66½° north and the _______________Circle at 66½° south. Longitude Lines of longitude are imaginary lines that run vertically from the North Pole to the South Pole. The main line is the _________ _______________, which runs through Greenwich and has the value of 0°. Longitude lines can be drawn 180° to the east or west of the _________ ______________. Because the Earth is so large it is necessary to divide each degree into 60 minutes and each minute into 60 seconds. This means that there are a large number of imaginary lines that can be drawn vertically and horizontally so that any place on the Earth’s surface can be precisely located. 2. Use your atlas to complete the missing latitudes or longitudes. Then plot them on the map on the next page. City Latitude to the nearest degree Longitude to the nearest degree Beijing 39° N Bombay/Mumbai 19° N Buenos Aires 35° S Cairo 30° N Istanbul 41° N Mexico City 99° W New York 74° W Sydney 151° E Tokyo 140° E 54 Review of Latitude and Longitude
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  56. 56. 1. Most countries are to the north of the Equator. List 3 countries that are to the south._______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 2. Which countries does the Equator pass through?________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 3. What is the name of the line of latitude at 23.5 degrees south?____________ _______________________________________________________________ 4. What latitude is the Tropic of Cancer? ________________________________ 5. How many degrees of latitude is the Antarctic Circle? ____________________ 6. What is the name of the line of longitude at 0 degrees? __________________ _______________________________________________________________ 7. List the names of the 7 continents of the world.________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 8. If the area to the north of the Equator is the Northern Hemisphere, what is the area to the south of the Equator called?____________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 56
  57. 57. AN INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY: SELF ASSESSMENT Assessing 360° Checklists from Skills Workbook 1 © Heinemann 2004, geography 360° Teacher’s Handbook 1 Understand and know Need more practice and revision Do not understand I know the difference between physical and human geography and give examples I can name some physical and human features of the UK such as mountains, rivers, seas and cities I can name the four countries that make up the UK I can name the main physical features of the world, like mountain ranges, deserts, rivers etc. I can name the seven continents I can name the main lines of latitude and how many degrees they are I can find places using latitude and longitude What I enjoyed doing most What I found most difficult One thing I need to improve is 57
  58. 58. LESSON 9; 1) Pack page 56, Review questions 2) Pack page 57, Self-assessment DATE MARKED: GRADE: A B C D MERIT: 1 2 3 ORDER MARK: DETENTION: COMMENT: TARGET: 58
  59. 59. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 6–7 What is physical geography?: Odd one out 1.5 Physical geography is the study of the earth’s natural features. It is about the land, the sea and the atmosphere around us. Below is a list of words to do with physical geography. 1 Storms. 2 Thunderstorm. 3 Hurricane. 4 Rock. 5 Volcanic eruption. 6 Rainfall. 7 Weather. 8 Snow. 9 Rivers. 10 Temperature. 11 Mountain. 12 Earthquake. 13 Flood. 14 Landforms. 15 Climate. 16 Plants. 17 Natural hazards. 18 Drought. 19 Air. 20 Earth’s surface. 21 Volcano. 22 Clouds. 23 Ice. 24 Sea. 25 Cliff. 26 Soil. 27 Vegetation. 28 Waterfall. 29 Beach. 30 Marsh. ១1 a Working with a partner, study the sets of numbers below, which match to words in the list above. b Cross out the ‘odd one out’ in each set. c Add a fourth number to match the other two. d Explain what links the three ‘in’ numbers. Set A 4 27 26 What’s the link? Set B 9 13 5 What’s the link? Set C 27 12 26 What’s the link? Set D 21 28 25 What’s the link? Set E 1 8 14 What’s the link? Set F 7 15 4 What’s the link? Set G 22 18 8 What’s the link? ១2 Sort all the words from the list above into groups, using the words in bold as headings. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 8–91.6 What is human geography? Human geography is the study of where and how people live. It is also about people and places and how they affect each other. Geography can help us to understand our world and, hopefully, make it a better place in which to live. ១1 Label as many human features as possible in the sketch below. It has been started for you. You may wish to check your answers by looking at pages 8 and 9 in the pupil book. ១2 Think about your journey to school in the morning. Name five human features that you pass. u u u u u NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200627NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200626 TV mast. 59
  60. 60. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 8–9 What is human geography? Odd one out 1.7 Human geography is the study of where and how people live. It is also about people and places and how they affect each other. Geography can help us to understand our world and, hopefully, make it a better place in which to live. Below is a list of words to do with human geography. 1 TV mast. 2 Large city. 3 Industry. 4 Trade. 5 Mining and quarrying. 6 Migration. 7 Settlement. 8 Trade. 9 Urban. 10 Money. 11 Shopping. 12 Motorway. 13 Town. 14 Imports. 15 Quality of life. 16 Distribution. 17 Communications. 18 Small village. 19 Exports. 20 Economic activity. 21 Health. 22 Life expectancy. 23 Farming. 24 Education. 25 Vehicles moving people and goods. 26 Jobs. 27 Transport. 28 Rural. 29 Aeroplane. 30 Factory. 31 Population. ១1 a Working with a partner, study the sets of numbers below, which match to words in the list above. b Cross out the ‘odd one out’ in each set. c Add a fourth number to match the other two. d Explain what links the three ‘in’ numbers. Set A 1 29 18 What’s the link? Set B 22 9 2 What’s the link? Set C 12 23 5 What’s the link? Set D 14 13 25 What’s the link? Set E 8 16 6 What’s the link? Set F 24 21 29 What’s the link? Set G 22 18 8 What’s the link? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200628 ១2 Sort all the words from the list above into groups, using the words in bold as headings. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 10–11 What is environmental geography? 1.8 NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200629 Environmental geography is the combination of the physical environment of climate, landforms, soils and vegetation, and the human environment which includes settlements and economic activities. It is the study of the surroundings in which people, plants and animals live. ១2 Think about your journey to school in the morning. Name five environmental features that you pass. u u u u u Sheltered bay protects ships from storms. ១1 Label as many environmental features as possible in the sketch below. It has been started for you. You may wish to check your answers by looking at page 10 in the pupil book. 60
  61. 61. The United Kingdom NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 106–107 What are the UK’s main physical and human features? 6.4 Both the scenery and climate of the UK are varied. Usually the scenery is very attractive while the climate is temperate. Most people in the UK live in England. The UK can be subdivided into countries, economic and administrative regions. Below is a list of words to do with the UK. 1 England. 2 Hilly. 3 Weather. 4 Perceptions. 5 Locations. 6 The Fens. 7 The Pennines. 8 Republic of Ireland. 9 Images. 10 Wind. 11 Climate. 12 Rainfall. 13 Temperate. 14 Scotland. 15 Relief. 16 Lake District. 17 Dartmoor. 18 Stereotype. 19 Destinations. 20 Wales. 21 Facts. 22 Identity. 23 Great Britain. 24 Forecast. 25 Temperature. 26 Places. 27 Regions. 28 Opinions. 29 Flat. 30 Lowland. 31 Grampian Mountains. 32 Edinburgh. 33 Cardiff. 34 London. 35 Northern Ireland. 36 United Kingdom. 37 British Isles. 38 Belfast. NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 2006162 ១1 a Working with a partner, study the sets of numbers below, which match to words in the list above. b Cross out the ‘odd one out’ in each set. c Add a fourth number to match the other two. d Explain what links the three ‘in’ numbers. Set A 1 14 32 What’s the link? Set B 16 7 6 What’s the link? Set C 2 25 12 What’s the link? Set D 5 26 14 What’s the link? Set E 9 4 24 What’s the link? Set F 33 38 27 What’s the link? The United Kingdom NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 110–111 Where do people in the UK come from? 6.5a NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 2006163 1 Commuting to and from work each day. 2 Wars creating large numbers of refugees. 3 Leaving to live in Spain for three years. 4 Moving to avoid natural disasters such as volcanic eruptions. 5 National service. 6 Moving to find better housing. 7 Refugee. 8 Racial discrimination. 9 Moving to live in a cleaner, safer environment. 10 Going to work in London for six months. 11 Free health care. 12 Asylum seeker. 13 Immigration. 14 Losing your job. 15 Moving to escape from poverty on poor farmland. 16 Moving to improve standard of living. 17 Moving to avoid crime. 18 Emigration. 19 Moving to be with friends and relatives. 20 Moving to live in a better climate, especially in retirement. 21 Migration. 22 Freedom of speech. 23 Moving to escape religious or political persecution. 24 Moving to improve quality of life. 25 Economic migrant. 26 Going shopping for the day. 27 Moving to an area with cheaper house prices. 28 Flying to Paris for a one-day business meeting. 29 Retiring to the coast from life in the city. 30 Better services such as hospitals, schools and entertainment. 31 Moving because of a lack of food due to crop failure. 32 Leaving after 10 years of drought. 33 Moving to find a job or earn a higher salary. 34 Going round Europe picking grapes during the summer. 35 To escape compulsory labour like slavery. 36 Leaving to enjoy a greater chance of education. Migration is the movement of people from one place to another to live or to work. International and internal migration may be forced or voluntary. Forced migration happens when people have no choice but to move. They are forced out by push factors. When people choose to move, because of pull factors elsewhere, that is voluntary migration. Below is a list of words to do with migration. 61
  62. 62. 1.3The continents What is geography all about? © Heinemann 2004, geography 360° Teacher’s Handbook 1 1 Look at the world map below and using the lists: a) Name the seven continents. b) Label the Equator, Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. World map The continents are: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Choose letter A, B or C : The Equator is: The Tropic of Cancer is: The Tropic of Capricorn is: 62
  63. 63. What is geography all about? © Heinemann 2004, geography 360° Teacher’s Handbook 1 Continent Area (millions of km 2 ) Total population (in 2000) (millions of people) Asia 44.5 3 500 Africa 30.3 850 Europe 9.9 800 Oceania 8.5 30 North America 24.2 300 South America 17.8 520 Information about the six inhabited continents 2 Use the information in the table above to fill in the table below. Area (ranked in order of size) Total population (ranked in order of size) 1 Asia 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 6 6 3 a) Why is Asia important? b) How is Oceania different from the other five inhabited continents? c) What does the information tell you about Europe? 63
  64. 64. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 14–15 How can we find out where places are? 1.13a NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200634 Maps are useful to people. They help us to find out where places are and what they are like. An atlas shows many places around the world. These places may be easily found using latitude and longitude. Imagine you have won a holiday leaving London and flying to five cities across the world. However, you have not been told where you are going. Instead, the travel company has sent you a text message that uses latitude and longitude coordinates and you have to find out for yourself! Congratulations! You’ve won a holiday visiting five cities. Leave London on Saturday Fly to 40°N 4°W (city A) Leave city A on Sunday Fly to 30°N 31°E (city B) Leave city B on Tuesday Fly to 41°N 12°E (city C) Leave city C on Thursday Fly to 6°N 3°E (city D) Leave city D on Friday Fly to 36°S 57°W (city E) Leave city E on Saturday Fly back to London 1 2 3 A B C_,@ D E F 20°N 30°N 40°N 50°N 60°N 10°N 0° 10°S 20°S 30°S 40°S 50°S 60°S 10°W20°W30°W40°W50°W60°W 0° 10°E 20°E 30°E 40°E 50°E 60°E London Sao Paulo Buenos Aires Madrid Moscow Cairo Nairobi Cape Town Greenwich Meridian Equator Brasilia Lagos Rome ១1 a Find out which cities you will be visiting by using the latitude and longitude coordinates. b Using a coloured pencil, plot the flights on to the world map below. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 14–15 How can we find out where places are? 1.13b NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200635 u u u u u ១2 A friend of yours has won a similar holiday! This trip must visit five different cities to your holiday. a Using a different coloured pencil, plot the trip on the world map by starting and finishing in London. b Write a text message, similar to the one on Activity Sheet 1.13a using latitude and longitude coordinates. Maps are useful to people. They help us to find out where places are and what they are like. An atlas shows many places around the world. These places may be easily found using latitude and longitude. ១1 Write a sentence below about each of the cities you will visit saying what country and continent each is in. ១3 In your book or file, write a sentence about each of the cities your friend will visit saying what country and continent each is in. ១4 If you could visit any city in any country on any continent, where would you go? Explain your choice. 64
  65. 65. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 14–15 How can we find out where places are? 1.13a NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200634 Maps are useful to people. They help us to find out where places are and what they are like. An atlas shows many places around the world. These places may be easily found using latitude and longitude. Imagine you have won a holiday leaving London and flying to five cities across the world. However, you have not been told where you are going. Instead, the travel company has sent you a text message that uses latitude and longitude coordinates and you have to find out for yourself! Congratulations! You’ve won a holiday visiting five cities. Leave London on Saturday Fly to 40°N 4°W (city A) Leave city A on Sunday Fly to 30°N 31°E (city B) Leave city B on Tuesday Fly to 41°N 12°E (city C) Leave city C on Thursday Fly to 6°N 3°E (city D) Leave city D on Friday Fly to 36°S 57°W (city E) Leave city E on Saturday Fly back to London 1 2 3 A B C_,@ D E F 20°N 30°N 40°N 50°N 60°N 10°N 0° 10°S 20°S 30°S 40°S 50°S 60°S 10°W20°W30°W40°W50°W60°W 0° 10°E 20°E 30°E 40°E 50°E 60°E London Sao Paulo Buenos Aires Madrid Moscow Cairo Nairobi Cape Town Greenwich Meridian Equator Brasilia Lagos Rome ១1 a Find out which cities you will be visiting by using the latitude and longitude coordinates. b Using a coloured pencil, plot the flights on to the world map below. What is geography? NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations pages 14–15 How can we find out where places are? 1.13b NEW KEY GEOGRAPHY Foundations Teacher’s Resource © Nelson Thornes 200635 u u u u u ១2 A friend of yours has won a similar holiday! This trip must visit five different cities to your holiday. a Using a different coloured pencil, plot the trip on the world map by starting and finishing in London. b Write a text message, similar to the one on Activity Sheet 1.13a using latitude and longitude coordinates. Maps are useful to people. They help us to find out where places are and what they are like. An atlas shows many places around the world. These places may be easily found using latitude and longitude. ១1 Write a sentence below about each of the cities you will visit saying what country and continent each is in. ១3 In your book or file, write a sentence about each of the cities your friend will visit saying what country and continent each is in. ១4 If you could visit any city in any country on any continent, where would you go? Explain your choice. 65
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  67. 67. INTRODUCTION TO GEOGRAPHY AND THE UK HOMEWORK  Lesson 1; Write a paragraph about a favourite place you’ve visited in the world. Include pictures and a map showing where it is (pack p7/8).  Lesson 2; Pack p12/15 What is the value and use of geography?  Lesson 3; Find 5 pictures of physical features of the UK and label them (pack p18 to 20)  Lesson 4; 1). Pack p24/25 Where have you been in the UK? 2). Pack p26/27 British Isles jigsaw, use Foundations p108 to help 3). Revision; online websites file 10 and 11 MyQG  Lesson 5; 1). Doddle British Isles 2). Revise for test; look at resources on MyQG  Lesson 6; Produce a poster about a country, no bigger than A2 with a title, the capital city, 2 maps (one world showing location of the country and one of the country), 5 pictures and 5 facts (pack p40 Example).  Lesson 7; Pack p42 Easy as ABC  Lesson 8; Doddle; Latitude and Longitude  Lesson 9; 1). Pack p56 Review questions 2). Pack p57 Self-assessment  Lesson 10; NO HOMEWORK Extra extension work/independent learning; Doddle - browse in all resources for energy and resources; https://www.doddlelearn.co.uk 67
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