Absolute Monarchy
Really?
RAP-Q
1) What was the feudal system used by
previous years of the Middle Ages?
2) What factors led to a change to more pow...
Transition
-- Old Feudal system
- new middle class (merchants,craftsmen)
-- Old Problems
- Poor Economy, Religious Wars, P...
France’s Louis XIV
-- Successful monarchy
-- Control the Nobles
-- Mercantilism
-- Useless Costly Wars
-- Peasants
Spain
-- Philip II bankrupt in 1596 (wars)
-- Philip III bankrupt in 1607 (court)
-- No longer a world power by 1640
-- Ph...
Holy Roman Empire/Germany
-- No real central rule or powerful monarchy
-- 300 districts, decides own religion
-- Frederick...
Russia
-- Ivan the Terrible was absolute ruler
-- Times of Trouble - noble regain some power
Peter the Great
-- strengthen...
So how absolute was absolute?
1) What is necessary to have absolute power?
2) Who do you have to control?
3) What allies c...
Limits to Absolute Monarchy
-- Kings had to rely on local agents to carry out
policies
-- Kings had to control or buy off ...
Question
Louis XIV built his great palace of Versailles for
all of the following reasons EXCEPT
a) to control the aristocr...
Resources
-- http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/rulers.html
-- http://www.slideshare.net/papefons/the-17th-
century-absolute-mona...
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Absolute monarchy

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The monarchies of the 1600s. Why a strong military and strong central control were essential to them. Different degrees of absolute control.

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Absolute monarchy

  1. 1. Absolute Monarchy Really?
  2. 2. RAP-Q 1) What was the feudal system used by previous years of the Middle Ages? 2) What factors led to a change to more power to the monarchs? For three minutes discuss with a partner next to you and be prepared to share with class
  3. 3. Transition -- Old Feudal system - new middle class (merchants,craftsmen) -- Old Problems - Poor Economy, Religious Wars, Plague -- Weapon technology -- New Monarchs pave way -- Philosophy Change - less religious after 1648
  4. 4. France’s Louis XIV -- Successful monarchy -- Control the Nobles -- Mercantilism -- Useless Costly Wars -- Peasants
  5. 5. Spain -- Philip II bankrupt in 1596 (wars) -- Philip III bankrupt in 1607 (court) -- No longer a world power by 1640 -- Philip IV reforms failed
  6. 6. Holy Roman Empire/Germany -- No real central rule or powerful monarchy -- 300 districts, decides own religion -- Frederick the Elector of Prussia deal with nobles -- Habsburg Family (Leopold I) of Austria gains lands but never centralized
  7. 7. Russia -- Ivan the Terrible was absolute ruler -- Times of Trouble - noble regain some power Peter the Great -- strengthen outdated military -- bureaucratic meritocracy -- many reforms unable to enforce -- nobles had to serve in military -- nobles had to be educated
  8. 8. So how absolute was absolute? 1) What is necessary to have absolute power? 2) Who do you have to control? 3) What allies can you make to keep power?
  9. 9. Limits to Absolute Monarchy -- Kings had to rely on local agents to carry out policies -- Kings had to control or buy off nobles to maintain power -- King used middle class in France as ally -- Landed aristocracy were a powerful force everywhere
  10. 10. Question Louis XIV built his great palace of Versailles for all of the following reasons EXCEPT a) to control the aristocracy b) to show on a grand scale the wealth and power of France monarchy c) to rule outside of the confines of Paris d) to allow for better communication with his people
  11. 11. Resources -- http://www.fidnet.com/~weid/rulers.html -- http://www.slideshare.net/papefons/the-17th- century-absolute-monarchy-and-the-decline-of- the-hispanic-empire?from_search=6 -- http://www2.sunysuffolk. edu/westn/modernroots.html

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