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  • Powerpoint History Project

    1. 1. Absolutism in France By: William Keller, Tori Soltis, and Franklin Boney, Daniel David Period F Mrs. Bowen European History Dec 4
    2. 2. Cardinal Richelieu (1585-1642) <ul><li>Secretary of State – 1616 </li></ul><ul><li>Ruled through Louis XIII from 1610 until his death </li></ul><ul><li>Reformed and strengthened France </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_Richelieu Armand Jean du Plessis de Richelieu, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu
    3. 3. Dangers to the French State <ul><li>Huguenots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sieged walled Huguenot cities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>French Nobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nobility ordered to take down their walled/fortified castles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hapsburg Armies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Denied Hapsburgs civil equality, degraded them </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Intendants <ul><li>Richelieu strengthened the power of gov’t agents, or intendants to reduce the need of an army </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced nobility </li></ul><ul><li>Selected from the French middle class </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely loyal to the king </li></ul><ul><li>Administered justice </li></ul><ul><li>Collected taxes </li></ul>
    5. 5. Cardinal Mazarin (1602-1661) <ul><li>Succeeded Cardinal Richelieu – Ruled under Louis XIV </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to increase power of France at all costs </li></ul><ul><li>Nobles stripped of their power rebelled, called La Fronde </li></ul>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mazarin
    6. 6. La Fronde <ul><li>Rebellious nobles </li></ul><ul><li>Five years of revolts </li></ul><ul><li>Louis XIV was the target of several plots, always in danger </li></ul><ul><li>Tension between the rebellious nobles eventually caused La Fronde to fizzle out </li></ul><ul><li>Accepted oppression, now feared rebellion was worse </li></ul>
    7. 7. Versailles <ul><li>11 miles southwest of Paris, France </li></ul><ul><li>Was a hunting lodge given by Louis XIV until construction started in 1668 and was finished in 1710 </li></ul><ul><li>Was completely unfortified </li></ul> http://mlefeuvre.club.fr/scienceslettres/Le%20chateau%20de%20Versailles.jpg
    8. 8. The Splendors of Versailles <ul><li>About 10,000 servants and nobles tended to louses every needs. </li></ul><ul><li>Most famous room was hall of mirrors </li></ul><ul><li>It showed Louis political and religious dominance </li></ul><ul><li>It stood as the unofficial capital of France </li></ul>
    9. 9. Mercantilism <ul><li>An idea created byJean Baptiste Colbert </li></ul><ul><li>country's economics were based on certain conditions </li></ul><ul><li>He also realized the importance of trade and tariffs </li></ul>http://www.ifremer.fr/envlit/actualite/img/20021015marquisdeseignelay.jpg
    10. 10. The revocation of the Edict of Nantes <ul><li>Louis was a faithful Catholic and believed that the Huguenots should have no rights </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, about 200,000 Huguenots fled the country </li></ul>http://history2.professorpage.info/absolutism_files/image012.jpg
    11. 11. Louis XIV’s Foreign Policy Goals <ul><li>He wanted to have a lot of control over Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>He also wanted his son to take the Spanish Throne </li></ul>
    12. 12. Balance of Power <ul><li>Balance of power is the state in which no single nation is strong enough to assert its own will or dominate others </li></ul><ul><li>Louis and his court often came to set standards for other monarchies and aristocracies all over Europe </li></ul>
    13. 13. War of Spanish Succession 1701-1714 <ul><li>The war of the succession to the spanish throne, in which Louis’ grandson had taken the throne </li></ul><ul><li>The Holy Roman Empire went to war to with Spain and France to protect its inheritance </li></ul>
    14. 14. Treaty of Utrecht <ul><li>Spain and France crowns were separated </li></ul><ul><li>Spain’s empire got divided </li></ul><ul><li>And it ultimately ended the war </li></ul>
    15. 15. How he achieved his goals <ul><li>Mainly he used his court to regulate other nations and set their standards </li></ul><ul><li>His grandson took the Spanish throne and allied with France, which was a major factor in starting the Succession on the Spanish Throne war </li></ul>
    16. 16. Absolutism growing in France <ul><li>Louis XIV forced the nobles out of their land </li></ul><ul><li>He took away the Huguenot’s rights </li></ul><ul><li>He also fought expensive wars, to gain more land </li></ul>http://www.ambafrance-us.org/atoz/images/france.jpg