Enlightenment
Par Pandit
• Update from 2012 PowerPoint
• Current PowerPoint is for Carlmont High School
students
Who is this?
Who is this?
Who is this?
Who is this?
Who is this?

James Madison
Father of the Constitution
Enlightenment
and Latin
America
The Implementation of Ideals
Definition
• Implementation: the act of accomplishing some
aim or executing some order
• Ideals: A standard of perfection;...
Times Before
Enlightenment
• You were born into a class and had to stay there
Times Before
Enlightenment
• Catholic Church interpreted the Bible for non-clergy
people
• What language was the Bible wri...
Times Before
Enlightenment
• Justice was often arbitrary or based on superstition
Times Before
Enlightenment
• Justice was often arbitrary or based on superstition
• Punishment was cruel and did not fit t...
Times Before
Enlightenment
• Lack of understanding about health and science –
Black Death
Times Before
Enlightenment
• Certain countries had absolute monarchy – Royalty
sets all rules based on the “Divine Right o...
Times Before
Enlightenment
• People thought that human nature was not
changeable
• People did not think about how the envi...
Times Before
Enlightenment Review
• Feudalism – monarchs, nobles, knights, serfs
• Catholic Church interpreted the Bible f...
Influences on
Enlightenment
Renaissance

Reformation

Enlightenment

Scientific
Revolution
Renaissance
mid 1300’s to early 1600’s
• Start questioning old ideas (from
Middle Ages)
• Interest in human society and
na...
Protestant Reformation
1517-1600s
• Martin Luther
• Bible is the ultimate source
of religious authority for
Christians, no...
Scientific Revolution
1500s-1700s
• Development in science
transformed views of society
and nature
• Mathematics
• Physics...
Scientific Revolution
1500s-1700s
• Development in science
transformed views of society
and nature
• Mathematics
• Physics...
Influences
Renaissance

Reformation

Enlightenment

Scientific
Revolution
Influences on
Enlightenment
• Renaissance
Question accepted beliefs
Celebrate the Individual
• Scientific Revolution
Tr...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
John Locke (1632-1704)
• Rejects “Divine Rights of Kings”
concept
• Government is to protect natur...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
John Locke (1632-1704)
His version of Social Contract
• Consent of people give power to the
govern...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
John Locke (1632-1704)
Natural Rights
• Inalienable Rights/Unalienable
Rights
• Birthright
• Influ...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)
• French political thinker
• Admires England’s form of government...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
Voltaire (1694-1778)
• French writer, historian, and
philosopher
• Freedom of Speech
• Freedom of ...
Enlightenment
1650-1789
Casare Beccaria (1738-1794)
•
•
•
•

Italian jurist, philosopher, and politician
Rights of “accuse...
Implementation
Enlightenment

Declaration of
Independence

Constitution
Quiz

Get a whiteboard
for your table
Quiz
What Enlightened Thinker influenced the following
from the Declaration of Independence:
“…All men are created equal, ...
Quiz
What Enlightened Thinker influenced the following
from the Constitution:
“Article I: Legislative Power…
Article II: N...
Quiz
What Enlightened Thinker may have influenced the
following from the Constitution:
“Amendment 1: Congress shall make n...
Quiz
What Enlightened Thinker may have influenced the
following from the Constitution:
“Amendment 8: Excessive bail shall ...
Implementation
• Like John Locke, colonists shared foundations of Magna Carta
and English Bill of Rights
• Declaration of ...
Estimated Timeline
Greeks and
Romans
500 BCE –

Renaissance 13001650

476 CE

Middle Ages
Magna Carta 1215
Estimated Timeline
Glorious
Revolution

Reformation
1517-1648

1688

Scientific
Revolution
1600-1800
Estimated Timeline
French
Revolution

American
Revolution
1776-1781

1789-1799

U. S.
Constitution
1787-1789
Estimated Timeline
Rise of European
Nationalism
(Italy, Germany)

African and
Indian
Independence

1804-1908

1900-2000

L...
Estimated Timeline
Middle East
Arab Spring
2011- present
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Enlightenment and Latin America

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  • Ask them the definition of implementation and ideals
  • Think of the scientific method. They are now going to test their hypothesis of many of the ideas and theories of the Enlighenment
  • Enlightenment and Latin America

    1. 1. Enlightenment Par Pandit • Update from 2012 PowerPoint • Current PowerPoint is for Carlmont High School students
    2. 2. Who is this?
    3. 3. Who is this?
    4. 4. Who is this?
    5. 5. Who is this?
    6. 6. Who is this? James Madison Father of the Constitution
    7. 7. Enlightenment and Latin America The Implementation of Ideals
    8. 8. Definition • Implementation: the act of accomplishing some aim or executing some order • Ideals: A standard of perfection; a principle to be aimed at
    9. 9. Times Before Enlightenment • You were born into a class and had to stay there
    10. 10. Times Before Enlightenment • Catholic Church interpreted the Bible for non-clergy people • What language was the Bible written in?
    11. 11. Times Before Enlightenment • Justice was often arbitrary or based on superstition
    12. 12. Times Before Enlightenment • Justice was often arbitrary or based on superstition • Punishment was cruel and did not fit the crime
    13. 13. Times Before Enlightenment • Lack of understanding about health and science – Black Death
    14. 14. Times Before Enlightenment • Certain countries had absolute monarchy – Royalty sets all rules based on the “Divine Right of Kings” o Spain o France o England – complicated, 1215, 1649, 1660 • The theory of divine right was abandoned in England during the Glorious Revolution of 1688–89
    15. 15. Times Before Enlightenment • People thought that human nature was not changeable • People did not think about how the environment can affect people
    16. 16. Times Before Enlightenment Review • Feudalism – monarchs, nobles, knights, serfs • Catholic Church interpreted the Bible for non-clergy people – Pope, archbishops, bishops, priests • Justice was arbitrary or based on superstition • Punishment was cruel and not fit the crime • Human nature was considered not changeable • Certain countries had absolute monarchy – Kings sets all rules • Lack of understanding about health – Black Death
    17. 17. Influences on Enlightenment Renaissance Reformation Enlightenment Scientific Revolution
    18. 18. Renaissance mid 1300’s to early 1600’s • Start questioning old ideas (from Middle Ages) • Interest in human society and natural world and the potential of all human beings • Don’t believe that one should remain in his class based on birth. • Reward individual achievement over class or family name
    19. 19. Protestant Reformation 1517-1600s • Martin Luther • Bible is the ultimate source of religious authority for Christians, not the Church • Printing press and language translations made the Bible readable for the public and improves literacy
    20. 20. Scientific Revolution 1500s-1700s • Development in science transformed views of society and nature • Mathematics • Physics • Astronomy • Biology • Chemistry • Scientific Method
    21. 21. Scientific Revolution 1500s-1700s • Development in science transformed views of society and nature • Mathematics • Physics • Astronomy • Biology • Chemistry • Scientific Method
    22. 22. Influences Renaissance Reformation Enlightenment Scientific Revolution
    23. 23. Influences on Enlightenment • Renaissance Question accepted beliefs Celebrate the Individual • Scientific Revolution Trust in reason and observation leading to progress • Reformation Individuals think for themselves Not accept blind authority (i.e. Church)
    24. 24. Enlightenment 1650-1789 John Locke (1632-1704) • Rejects “Divine Rights of Kings” concept • Government is to protect natural rights of life, liberty, and property • Government Authority comes from consent of the governed • People have the right to overthrow the government • Popular Sovereignty What does this make you think of?
    25. 25. Enlightenment 1650-1789 John Locke (1632-1704) His version of Social Contract • Consent of people give power to the government • Give up certain freedoms for benefits • Right to overthrow the government • Primary purpose is to protect natural rights
    26. 26. Enlightenment 1650-1789 John Locke (1632-1704) Natural Rights • Inalienable Rights/Unalienable Rights • Birthright • Influenced Thomas Jefferson
    27. 27. Enlightenment 1650-1789 Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755) • French political thinker • Admires England’s form of government based on English Common Law • Concerned with personal liberty • Separation of Powers • Executive • Legislature • Judicial
    28. 28. Enlightenment 1650-1789 Voltaire (1694-1778) • French writer, historian, and philosopher • Freedom of Speech • Freedom of Religion
    29. 29. Enlightenment 1650-1789 Casare Beccaria (1738-1794) • • • • Italian jurist, philosopher, and politician Rights of “accused” to fair treatment Fair and speedy trial Against cruel and unusual punishment
    30. 30. Implementation Enlightenment Declaration of Independence Constitution
    31. 31. Quiz Get a whiteboard for your table
    32. 32. Quiz What Enlightened Thinker influenced the following from the Declaration of Independence: “…All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, among these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness…” Endowed: to furnish, as with some talent, faculty, or quality Unalienable: not to be separated, given away, or taken away
    33. 33. Quiz What Enlightened Thinker influenced the following from the Constitution: “Article I: Legislative Power… Article II: Nature and Scope of Executive Power… Article III: Judicial Power, Courts, Judges…” Legislative: having the power to make laws Executive: having the power to put laws into effect Judicial: having the power to interpret the law and its legality
    34. 34. Quiz What Enlightened Thinker may have influenced the following from the Constitution: “Amendment 1: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press …”
    35. 35. Quiz What Enlightened Thinker may have influenced the following from the Constitution: “Amendment 8: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”
    36. 36. Implementation • Like John Locke, colonists shared foundations of Magna Carta and English Bill of Rights • Declaration of Independence echoed Locke’s ideas on natural rights and the purpose of government • Constitution  Montesquieu’s idea of separation of powers  Bill of Rights protects Voltaire’s freedom of speech and religion ideas  Bill of Rights protects Becarria’s belief that an accused person has a right to a fair trial and to not suffer cruel and unusual punishment
    37. 37. Estimated Timeline Greeks and Romans 500 BCE – Renaissance 13001650 476 CE Middle Ages Magna Carta 1215
    38. 38. Estimated Timeline Glorious Revolution Reformation 1517-1648 1688 Scientific Revolution 1600-1800
    39. 39. Estimated Timeline French Revolution American Revolution 1776-1781 1789-1799 U. S. Constitution 1787-1789
    40. 40. Estimated Timeline Rise of European Nationalism (Italy, Germany) African and Indian Independence 1804-1908 1900-2000 Latin American Independence 1780-1889
    41. 41. Estimated Timeline Middle East Arab Spring 2011- present

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