Birth of European Nation States
European monarchies consolidated power and began forming nation-states in the late medieval period
England <ul><li>William the Conqueror </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the Norman Conquest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unite...
England <ul><li>King John (1199-1216) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed the Magna Carta, (Great Charter) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
France  <ul><li>Hugh Capet established the French throne in Pairs, and his dynasty gradually expanded their control over m...
Spain <ul><li>Ferdinand and Isabella unified the country and expelled Muslim Moors </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Empire in the...
Russia <ul><li>Ivan the Great threw off the rule of the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized power in Moscow </li></ul><u...
The Crusades War to Free the Holy Land
The Crusades
<ul><li>Desire to free the Holy Land </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to win wealth and land </li></ul><ul><li>Search for adventur...
Key Events <ul><li>Alexius I Byzantine emperor, asked Pope Urban II for help </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Urban’ s calls for a “...
Crusades <ul><li>First and Second Crusades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture of Jerusalem, 1099 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set...
First Crusade
Effects of the Crusades <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money economy gre...
<ul><li>Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Pope power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman and Eastern Churches splits </li>...
The End of the Middle Ages
100 Years’ War <ul><li>Who  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England and France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>E...
Black Death The Bubonic Plague <ul><li>Impact of the Black Death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in population </li></ul></u...
Hundred Years’ War <ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>Castles offered adequate protection </li></ul><ul><li>Armored Knights ...
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European Monarchies Consolidated Power And Began Forming Nation States

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European Monarchies Consolidated Power And Began Forming Nation States

  1. 1. Birth of European Nation States
  2. 2. European monarchies consolidated power and began forming nation-states in the late medieval period
  3. 3. England <ul><li>William the Conqueror </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Leader of the Norman Conquest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>United most of England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Domesday Book </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King Henry II (1154-1189) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Law had its beginnings during his reign </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengthened the Royal Courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unified Legal System </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. England <ul><li>King John (1199-1216) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed the Magna Carta, (Great Charter) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Limited the power of the king </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Guaranteed certain basic political rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No Taxation without representations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jury Trail </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protection of the laws </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Considered the basic rights both in England and United States </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The 100 Years’ War between England and France helped define England as a nation. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. France <ul><li>Hugh Capet established the French throne in Pairs, and his dynasty gradually expanded their control over most of France. </li></ul><ul><li>Joan of Arc was unifying factors </li></ul>
  6. 6. Spain <ul><li>Ferdinand and Isabella unified the country and expelled Muslim Moors </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish Empire in the Western Hemisphere expanded under Philip II </li></ul>
  7. 7. Russia <ul><li>Ivan the Great threw off the rule of the Mongols </li></ul><ul><li>Centralized power in Moscow </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded the Russia nation </li></ul><ul><li>Power was centralized in the hands of the Tsar </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Crusades War to Free the Holy Land
  9. 9. The Crusades
  10. 10. <ul><li>Desire to free the Holy Land </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to win wealth and land </li></ul><ul><li>Search for adventure </li></ul><ul><li>Europeans’ desire to escape trouble at Home </li></ul>
  11. 11. Key Events <ul><li>Alexius I Byzantine emperor, asked Pope Urban II for help </li></ul><ul><li>Pope Urban’ s calls for a “holy war” to free the holy Land 1096 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Crusades <ul><li>First and Second Crusades </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture of Jerusalem, 1099 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up 4 Crusader states </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lost Jerusalem to Saladin 1187 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Third Crusade, European tried but failed to recapture Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard the Lionhearted </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. First Crusade
  14. 14. Effects of the Crusades <ul><li>Economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Money economy grew </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase power of feudal monarchs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could collect taxes to support the Crusades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feudalism declined because power became more centralized </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Church </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rise of Pope power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roman and Eastern Churches splits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Worldview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased contact with other peoples </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased travel by Europeans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wider world views </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The End of the Middle Ages
  17. 17. 100 Years’ War <ul><li>Who </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England and France </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Edward III claimed the Crown of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Outcome </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Set England and France on different paths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greater sense of national feelings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key Events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Long Bow and Cannon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joan of Arc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament in England gained power </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Black Death The Bubonic Plague <ul><li>Impact of the Black Death </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline in population </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scarcity of labor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Towns freed from Feudal obligations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decline of Church influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disruption of trade </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Hundred Years’ War <ul><li>Before </li></ul><ul><li>Castles offered adequate protection </li></ul><ul><li>Armored Knights dominated battlefield </li></ul><ul><li>England and France battle for the control of France </li></ul><ul><li>After </li></ul><ul><li>England lost control of France </li></ul><ul><li>Longbow and cannon undermined value of knights and castles </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament gained power of the purse </li></ul><ul><li>French royal power extended </li></ul><ul><li>Greater sense of national feelings </li></ul><ul><li>England look to overseas trading venturexs </li></ul>

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