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Chapter 8 Absolutism &
Divine Right in Europe
Spain, England, France, Germany, &
Russia
Chapter 8 : Royal Power and
Conflict
• During the 1500s and 1600s, European monarchies created powerful central government...
Chapter 8 Royal Power and
Conflict
• Section 1: Spain
• Section 2: England
• Section 3: France
• Section 4: The German Sta...
Philip II of Spain
(1556-1598)
Philip was the most powerful
monarch in Spanish history!
He was smart, handsome, well-
educ...
He supported the Spanish Inquisition.
He was married four times:
a) Maria Manuela of Portugal
b) Mary Tudor of England
c) ...
:
Chapter 8  Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe
Chapter 8  Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe
Chapter 8  Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe
Chapter 8  Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe
Chapter 8  Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe
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Chapter 8 Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe

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Beginning of Chapter 8 with focus on Philip II of Spain

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Chapter 8 Absolutism & Divine Right In Europe

  1. 1. Chapter 8 Absolutism & Divine Right in Europe Spain, England, France, Germany, & Russia
  2. 2. Chapter 8 : Royal Power and Conflict • During the 1500s and 1600s, European monarchies created powerful central governments. • Wars over religion and power engulfed many European countries, including Holland, Spain, France, and Sweden. • In England the Tudor monarchies brought England peace and stability, increasing royal power but allowing Parliament a share in the government. • England was building an overseas empire based on trade. • The monarchs of Europe based their reach for expanded royal power on the theory of absolute monarchy, which held that kings and queens ruled as representatives of God and were responsible to God alone, not to parliaments and citizens. • In Russia, rulers like Peter the Great were enhancing the country's military power and increasing contacts with western Europe. • Internally, however, they were increasing the gap between the upper and lower classes.
  3. 3. Chapter 8 Royal Power and Conflict • Section 1: Spain • Section 2: England • Section 3: France • Section 4: The German States • Section 5: Russia
  4. 4. Philip II of Spain (1556-1598) Philip was the most powerful monarch in Spanish history! He was smart, handsome, well- educated, hard-working, prudent, cautious, and a devout Catholic— Defender of the Faith. He supported the arts, music, etc. Well-connected—the son of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, great grandson of Isabella and Ferdinand. His capital was El Escorial, but he will move it to Madrid. He will feature Castile—most of his advisors, etc. came from there and Castillian will be the court language. He will try to root out heresy in Spain, and that includes the Protestant minorities—Marranos and Moriscos.
  5. 5. He supported the Spanish Inquisition. He was married four times: a) Maria Manuela of Portugal b) Mary Tudor of England c) Elizabeth of Valois (in France) and d) to Anne of Austria. From 1550-1650 Spain’s Golden Century—El Siglo de Oro Spain will become embroiled in a series of European wars, mainly defending Catholicism vs. the Protestant countries. Philip’s successors will face Spain’s ultimate decline—fiscally and physically. Philip II of Spain (1556-1598)
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