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Article II - The Executive Branch


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General info about the U.S. President office

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Article II - The Executive Branch

  1. 1. Article IIThe Executive Branch
  2. 2. Recent Presidents• 2009-Present – Barack Obama• 2001-2009 – George W. Bush• 1993-2001 – Bill Clinton• 1989-1993 – George H. W. Bush• 1981-1989 – Ronald Reagan
  3. 3. Who can be President?
  4. 4. Who can be President?• Minimum Age is ? – 35• Can he/she be a naturalized citizen? – No. The President must be a native-born citizen of USA• How long does the candidate have to be a resident of the United States? – 14 years• How long is the Presidential term in length? – 4 years
  5. 5. What are the President’s Duties• Chief Executive – Makes sure laws are enforced – Appoints important officials – Grants reprieves and pardons – Issues Executive Orders – Oversees over 150 departments through his Cabinet
  6. 6. What are the President’s Duties• Commander-in-Chief – Head of all military forces: Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines• Chief Diplomat – leader, initiator, and guide of our foreign policy – negotiates treaties or agreements with other countries• Legislative Leader – Recommends laws to Congress – Signs bills into laws or vetoes – State of the Union address• Chief of State – symbolic leader of our country
  7. 7. President has to work with Congress• Senate – Must approve all treaties by 2/3 vote – Must approve all Cabinet and Agency head positions by simple majority – Must approve Supreme Court nominations
  8. 8. President has to work with Congress• Checks and Balances – House of Representatives may bring up impeachment charges – Senate may try and convict the President of impeachment and have him removed – Senate and House may override a Presidential veto by 2/3 vote
  9. 9. Presidential Elections• Electoral College• 12th Amendment – Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president• 22th Amendment – Passed in 1951, the amendment that limits presidents to two terms of office
  10. 10. Political Cartoons