Public policy analysis on waste management

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Public plicy analysis by CV Patton & DS Sawicki

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Public policy analysis on waste management

  1. 1. B Y : N O V I Y A N T I 1 1 6 0 3 0 1 1 7 0 1 1 0 1 1 PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS “WASTE MANAGEMENT POLICY IN MALANG CITY”
  2. 2. List of Presentation
  3. 3. … BACKGROUND …
  4. 4. … Public Policy Analysis …  Public policy analysis used was based on the theory of public policy analysis, CV Patton & DS Sawicki (1986). 1. Verify, define, detail the problems 2. Establish evaluation criteria 3. Identify alternative policies 4. Evaluate alternative policies 5. Display and select among alternative policies 6. Monitor policies outcomes
  5. 5. 1. Verify, define, detail the problems Waste Problem Waste Management: Sanitary Landfill Human Resources Infrastructure Community Empowerment Technology The availability of the trash, trucks, wheelie bins Public awareness to process / recycle waste Waste recycling systems, process waste into electrical energy The lack of a janitor and a cadre of environmental experts in the field Cost Every ton of waste managed in need of funds Rp75,000 per day, while the volume of waste Malang city reach 400 tons per day. Thus, the government needs funds Rp30 million per day for waste management
  6. 6. 2. Establish evaluation criteria
  7. 7. 3. Identify alternative policies A. Sanitary Landfill Sanitary Landfill is a high tech. Sanitary landfills are equipped with a system that makes it easy to control waste, such as leachate (waste water is extracted from the waste) so it does not contaminate groundwater; soil cover or overburden and also processing the methane gas extracted out of the trash can be fired electricity.
  8. 8. B. Decentralized waste management, involving the private sector  In Kitakyushu (Japan), garbage collection performed by the government and the contractor. They even arranged the separation and collection of waste  In addition, waste management in Kitakyushu using Takakura basket. It aims to reduce the volume of waste and recycle garbage. C. Waste management into electrical energy  In Monterey (Meksiko), Simeprodeso institution, successfully managing the waste until it can produce electricity to illuminate the third street lighting.  It takes 11 million dollars, and its profit is 2 million per year.  Incinerator is only consumes 20% of the electrical energy generated, and the remaining 80% sold. But before trash is separated by flammable or not, according to the trash can provided.
  9. 9. D. Garbage Bank  The concept of garbage bank is receiving the waste collected which will then be replaced in the form of money to the community in real terms. But society will receive a savings book containing the recorded amount of money, which later can be used for various purposes, for example: pay the garbage workers, pay his electricity, pay school fees (application of waste bank at school), and others.
  10. 10. 4. Evaluate alternative policies A. Sanitary Landfill Net Benefit • Increase the economic value of land. • Ground water cleanliness can be maintained. • utilization of electrical energy from methane gas. Effectiveness • This system is capable of solving the problem of waste management because it can meet the expectations and preserve the environment and ensure. Efficiency • This system is efficient because the facilities in a single system (sanitary landfill) can provide many benefits Cost • It needs to raise about Rp 100-200 million per ton. While operational cost is Rp 100-300 thousand per ton per day. Administrative • Waste management is not complicated, of any remaining processes not previously used again, it will be processed back to the other benefits.
  11. 11. B. Decentralized waste management, involving the private sector
  12. 12. C. Waste management into electrical energy
  13. 13. D. Garbage Bank Net Benefit • Community gets money from the waste/trash • Government does not bother to sort garbage from each household Effectiveness • This policy is not effective because it only solves the problem of waste that can be recycled. Efficiency • Alternative policy is quite efficient because it can empower / utilize existing resources. Cost • It does not require substantial funds Administrative • Government needs to disseminate to the society about the existence of the garbage bank so the policy will go smoothly.
  14. 14. 5. Display and select among alternative policies Alternative Policies Detail Problem Sanitary landfill Decentralized waste management Waste into electrical energy Garbage Bank Fund (High cost) - √ - √ Infrastructure - - - - Community Empowerment √ √ - √ High Technology - - - √ Good Quality of Human Resources √ - √ √
  15. 15. 6. Monitor policies outcomes  Modify the existing policy alternative.  In practice, sanitary landfill is still quite difficult to implement, given that the government needs substantial funds and sophisticated technology. Therefore, garbage bank policy should be applied while preparing for cooperation with foreign investors to realize a sanitary landfill. Combination sanitary landfills and garbage bank is an excellent combination of alternative and ideal to apply.
  16. 16. … Recommendation …

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