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Introduction to Open Development

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Nowadays data matters so much that some organisations working in the development sector have made data their main ‘service’. This is the case of the UN Global PulseLabs aimed to analyse big data to accelerate social innovation for sustainable development; or the Akvo foundation focused on developing open source tools used by hundreds of organisations throughout the world to manage data and information in areas such as water, sanitation, health, education, agriculture, conservation and economic development.

How do international development actors deal with this enormous amount of data? How do they make data and information meaningful for the groups they want to empower? How do they use data to improve transparent and accountable decision-making process? And, last but not least, how may they increase the quality and effectiveness of development interventions starting from data?

Source: http://www.ong2zero.org/en/blog/corsi/free-webinar-open-data-for-development-4-june-2015/

Guided by Pelle Aardema from the Open for change initiative, we will investigate the meaning of expressions such as open data for development and open development. Special attention will be dedicated to the IATI standard, a framework for publishing information on development cooperation activities in a timely, comprehensive and forward-looking manner.

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Introduction to Open Development

  1. 1. An Introduction to Open Development
  2. 2. Open Development Camp Image: Open for Change
  3. 3. Image: Getty Images Haïti 2010
  4. 4. Changing playing field Image: http://nailab.co.ke
  5. 5. Open hardware Social media Crowdsourcing Linked Data Mobile (open) Apps Mashups Open organisations Agile ‘Hacker’ mentality Technology Organisation Changes in Tech & Society Open data
  6. 6. Open development embraces these new ways of working for a new international cooperation model: • one that is more inclusive • wisdom experts and wisdom of the crowd • accountability to collaboration • transparency to openness What is Open Development
  7. 7. Why Open? Image https://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway
  8. 8. Example via @rolfkleef
  9. 9. The promise of Open Use Re-use Recycle Collaborate Open source explained: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8fHgx9mE5U
  10. 10. Open hardware Social media Crowdsourcing Linked Data Mobile (open) Apps Mashups Open organisations Agile ‘Hacker’ mentality Technology Organisation Changes in Tech & Society Open data
  11. 11. Fukushima Image: http://presstv.ir
  12. 12. Source: http://safecast.org/
  13. 13. Open source data & tools
  14. 14. Influence opinion Source: http://cryptome.org/eyeball/daiichi-npp5/daiichi-photos5.htm
  15. 15. Participatory budgeting in DRC …
  16. 16. … source: http://wbi.worldbank.org/ Participatory budgeting in DRC
  17. 17. What is Open Data = OPEN DATA C PDF XML RDF JSON … but but Open License
  18. 18. Different kinds of data credit: Tim Davies
  19. 19. Also relevant for development source: http://www.healthsites.io
  20. 20. Unlike wine… DATA does NOT get BETTER when it’s STORED in a COOL and DARK place
  21. 21. Open Data about Development Source: http://iatistandard.org
  22. 22. Why do we need IATI? Different formats Hard to find Not current Not comprehensive Inconsistent In multiple locations Not forward looking Not comparable There’s lots of information available but it’s... Source: IATI speakers’ kit - http://www.aidtransparency.net/resources/speakers-kit
  23. 23. In a standardised format Updated Regularly From a range of actors All in one place Forward looking Comparable IATI enables organisations to publish data that is... Source: IATI speakers’ kit - http://www.aidtransparency.net/resources/speakers-kit
  24. 24. Who wants the data? Partner Country Governments Tax payers Civil Society Media Source: IATI speakers’ kit - http://www.aidtransparency.net/resources/speakers-kit
  25. 25. IATI for donor reporting Source: IATI visualisation pilot – Dutch MFA
  26. 26. Communication Source: http://www.cordaid.org/en/projects
  27. 27. GAIN INSIGHT IN NETWORKS1. SHOW PROJECTS ON A MAP Source: http://mali.publishwhatyoufund.org Which are the partners Hivos works with in East Africa? An analysis based on their IATI file For Analysis & Visualisation
  28. 28. LINK WITH OTHER DATA Oxfam Novib's mission is to overcome poverty. But does Oxfam Novib really work in the world's poorest countries? A quick analysis based on its IATI open data & the World Development Index. For Analysis & Visualisation
  29. 29. • Inclusion / ‘digital divide’ How do you make sure you reach those ‘without access’ • Technology push or demand driven? (Still) Many projects start with technology in mind • Privacy & Security What you put online will stay online. Can it be traced back to indivuals? • … Challenges
  30. 30. The Open Development movement is a learning community: • Sharing resources, e.g. https://responsibledata.io • Sharing knowledge through events & online, e.g. http://opendevelopmentcamp.org and http://okfestival.org Learning community...
  31. 31. • There’s something going on • In fact it’s more than one ‘thing’… • and it’s changing development cooperation • Why ‘Open’ is important… • So stop hiding your ‘gold’!! • There’s a community you can connect with • That will help you overcome the difficult parts Now you know...
  32. 32. Pelle Aardema pelle@openforchange.info @pelleaardema More about Open for Change : http://openforchange.info info@openforchange.info @open_for_change This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
  33. 33. How Crisis Mapping Saved Lives in Haïti - http://voices.nationalgeographic.com/2012/07/02/crisis-mapping- haiti/ Standby Task Force - http://blog.standbytaskforce.com/ CrisisMappers - http://crisismappers.net/ Open Source Explained (in LEGO) - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a8fHgx9mE5U Fukushima disaster - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fukushima_Daiichi_nuclear_disaster Safecast - http://safecast.org Participatory budgeting in DRC - http://blogs.worldbank.org/ic4d/mobile-enhanced-participatory-budgeting-in- the-drc Participatory budgeting in DRC video - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5ByBEpqVTTo What is open data - http://opendefinition.org/ Healthsites - http://healthsites.io IATI - http://iatistandard.org IATI pilot for donor reporting (Dutch MOFA) - http://bit.ly/iati-dash-pilot Open data for communication - https://www.cordaid.org/en/projects/ Links (1)
  34. 34. Visualising / Analysing IATI open data: 7 Ways to use IATI data - http://openworks.me/2014/04/7-ways-to-use-iati-data/ Hivos network visualisation - http://bit.ly/hivos-network DOWNLOAD: Recipe to do it yourself (using free/open source tools) Oxfam Novib visualisation - https://pelleaardema.cartodb.com/viz/1bbba4be-8492-11e4-9ca9- 0e018d66dc29/public_map DOWNLOAD: Recipe to do it yourself (using free/open source tools) Challenges : Why I've given up on the Digital Divide, Michael Gurstein - https://gurstein.wordpress.com/2015/04/15/why-im-giving-up-on-the-digital-divide/ Open development community: Responsible Data Forum - https://responsibledata.io/ Open Development Camp - http://opendevelopmentcamp.org Open Knowledge Festival - http://okfestival.org Open Development Toolkit - http://opendevtoolkit.net Open Development working group - http://open-development.okfn.org/ Open for Change - http://openforchange.info, twitter: @open_for_change Links (2)

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