OCITA 2012: Opening Up to Open Source Software for Government
Sponsored by the Ohio County/City Information Technology Association (OCITA) Hosted by Cuyahoga County Government IT Cleveland Metroparks - Fairview Park OCITA: Regionalization of County/City Government OPENING UP TO OPEN SOURCE & IT SHARING May 18, 2012 Jill Miller Zimon The Civic Commons EfficientGovNetwork http://theciviccommons.com/egn firstname.lastname@example.org
Mom, Where Does Linux Come From? QuickTimeª and a decompressor are needed to see this picture.
IntroductionBasics: Goals:•Why Me? •Get to a common•What it is understanding•Myths •Raise awareness•Pros and Cons•Examples•Resources
Myths on Open Source…Busted• Security concerns…no more than proprietary; openness allows for agility & control; development of security tools “As a cryptography and computer security expert, I have never understood the current fuss about the open source software movement. In the cryptography world, we consider open source necessary for good security; we have for decades. Public security is always more secure than proprietary security. Its true for cryptographic algorithms, security protocols, and security source code. For us, open source isnt just a business model; its smart engineering practice.” Brian Schneier, 9/15/99 Crypto-Gram Newsletter• Lack of support…community; proprietary demise• Migration of data…overcome through evaluation and planning
Pros of using Open Source Lower cost; less likely to have contractually-bound upgrade costs Greater opportunities to share data across platforms Increased opportunities for re-use Collaborative design makes user-facing open source products intuitive Potential for fast cycle time of releases and bug fixesOpportunities for customization and community innovation within government and the wider public sector and citizens Open Source solutions are scalable in both directions From “Pros and Cons of Open Source Solutions” by Liz Azyan (4/23/12) http://opengov.zaizi.com/pros-and-cons-of-open-source-solutions/
Cons of Open Source Solutions Wider availability of source code increases vulnerability Must assess support & maintenance costs versus proprietary package Potential legal risks around whether code retains its open source status & who owns IP rights of modified codeThose considering using & developing open source ‘in-house’ must ensure that they have the right level of expertise to manage itOpen source solutions may require additional development to enable integration with existing proprietary environment Re-training of staff using the software From “Pros and Cons of Open Source Solutions” by Liz Azyan (4/23/12) http://opengov.zaizi.com/pros-and-cons-of-open-source-solutions/
Examples of Successful Open Source Projects in Government• US Navy nuclear submarine fleet• Steamboat Springs, Colorado• City of Newport News, Virginia• Consumer Financial Protection Bureau – Started from scratch – Not legacy – Processed and planned• 50 Places Linux running you might not expect – Pakistan, Cuba, Macedonia – New York Stock Exchange (okay not government but still worth noting!)
ARE WE THERE YET?Deborah Bryant, who, among many otherengagements, is involved with the Boards of theOpen Source Initiative (OSI), Civic Commons,DemocracyLab.org, and theOpen Source Digital Voting Foundation, suggeststhat opportunity may be around the corner if: License expiring? New project? Don’t rip out what’s working
Places to start…Create an open source software policy:•Public•OperationalNew Hampshire Law Promotes Open Source SoftwareBest Practices for Creating an Open Source PolicyThree Steps to Jumpstart Your Open Source PolicyOpen Source Usage PoliciesCreate a sandbox: Pick a project Get feet wet Determine where support will come from Virtual Sandbox: http://virtual-sandbox.winsite.com/
Resources to Find Open Source Projects and Examples• Virtual Sandbox: http://virtual-sandbox.winsite.com/• Open Source Initiative: http://opensource.org• Open Source for America: http://opensourceforamerica.org• GovLoop-Open Source Software in Government: http://www.govloop.com/group/OSSinGov• OSCON: http://www.oscon.com/oscon2012• GOSCON: http://goscon.org/• sourceforge: http://sourceforge.net/• VIDEO: Open Source Trends in Government: How is it being used? http://www.posscon.org/presentation/open-source-trends-government-used/• VIDEO: Open Source is Making a Difference in Health Information Technology: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=leYbpCS394Q• Steamboat Springs Q&A on going open source: http://www.zdnet.co.uk/news/application-development/2006/02/20/linux-taken-for-a-ride-in-the-old-west-392• “How Linux Mastered Wall Street:” http://www.pcworld.com/businesscenter/article/238068/how_linux_mastered_wall_street.html• Using Free, Open-Source Software in Local Governments: Streamlined Internal Computing for Better Performance and Record Keeping: http://icma.org/en/icma/knowledge_network/documents/kn/Document/301522/Using_Free_OpenSource_So• Why Big Sites Run Drupal: http://www.govtech.com/policy-management/Why-Big-Sites-Run-Drupal.html?page=1• POSSCON: Open Source Trends for Government 2011: http://issuu.com/posscon/docs/possconbryant
IT Sharing Initiatives in Ohio The Civic Commons and EfficientGovNetwork Local Government Innovation Fund Applicants:Sourcing Office: Butler County; Summit County•Grant for two county entities and five communities; will test the feasibility of a new collaborativebudgeting strategy which will provide a fuller reporting of public spending on economic and communitydevelopment•Eleven public sector entities in Summit County submitted a grant application to support a feasibility andcost benchmarking study to create a shared broadband infrastructure that will serve public, not-for-profit,and private sector entities. The communities are: County of Summit, Bath Township, Copley Township,the Village of Mogadore, Akron General Health System, the University of Akron, and the cities ofFairlawn, Hudson, Stow, Tallmadge, and Twinsburg. ACCESS: Mahoning & Columbiana CountiesA group comprised of 10 cities and towns and a handful of county representatives met on Friday,Feb. 17, to gauge interest in jointly using the same Internet and email services to save money andbe more efficient. The Area Cooperative Computerized Educational Support System (ACCESS)currently provides those services and other technology to schools and is exploring how it could dothe same for municipalities.
Thank you Jeff Mowry, CIO, Cuyahoga Government IT OCITAJosh Schram & Mike Dobida, Stone Crossing Solutions Deborah Bryant, Open Source Initiative Jill Miller Zimon The Civic Commons EfficientGovNetwork http://theciviccommons.com/egn email@example.com