OPEN + THE
INTERNET OF THINGS
PRESENTED BY

Dr Laura James
CEO, Open Knowledge Foundation
What is open data?

Open Data can be freely used, reused,
and redistributed, by anyone,
anywhere, for any purpose
(we also...
Why open?
So you can:
componentise
remix
reshare
Giving you:
new insights
better data
innovation
What is open knowledge?
Open Knowledge is what Open Data
becomes when it is made useful accessible, understandable,
meanin...
OpenDefinition.org
all kinds of knowledge

• any kind of knowledge can be open
• any format: spreadsheets, databases, pictures,
words…
• any ...
all kinds of people
in all kinds of organisations
• open data can be published by anyone: government, public sector
bodies...
The Open Knowledge Foundation

• We build tools to make working with information easier
• We help people learn the data sk...
we are makers

Creating the open infrastructure and tooling
to power and support the open ecosystem and
innovation
CKAN.org
OpenSpending.org
WhereDoesMyMoneyGo.org
OKFNLabs.org
Timemapper.org
we bring people together
& advise & campaign & collaborate

Meetups and workshops – online and offline
Key convening event...
OKFN.org/local
we help people learn

Learning through doing at datathons & hackathons - online
and offline
Open materials
Partnerships ar...
Schoolofdata.org
OpenDataHandbook.org
OpenDataHandbook.org
So…
We are in the midst of an open data revolution

• But it’s not a magic bullet
• We need: tools, communities, skills
• ...
The data revolution
The 21st century as information age

• Data is everywhere
• Data is powerful (especially when it’s sha...
Data about me
• A lot of the data which could help me improve my life is data
about me

• This data might be gathered dire...
My data / our data
Whose information is it anyway?
• Who collects it?
• Who moves it around or stores it?
• Who licenses i...
Personal data becoming
open data
• Important datasets that are (or could be) open are created from
personal data via aggre...
Personal data becoming
open data
• Important datasets that are (or could be) open are created from
personal data via aggre...
Most people are not like you
• Most people are not early adopters
• Other people have different risk profiles
• Design for...
Warning: seriously nontrivial!
• Data ownership & data control
• Education & awareness
• Privacy & risk
• Crypto / persona...
It’s not about opening
everything
• If it’s definitely a shared good, commons-style data: open it
• If it’s personal infor...
Some light relief
open source software
• choice
• sustainability
• trust
• transparency
open hardware
open hardware
• open what?
open cores
•gates within FPGAs and
ASICs
•e.g. opencores.org
open
electronics
•circuit diagrams, board

layouts, bills of materials
open docs
open network
protocols
•e.g. ietf.org
open design
design.OKFN.org
Open design facets
• Open web design
• Open graphic design
• Open fonts
• Open product design
• Open fashion
Open processes and stuff
open innovation

•e.g.

100% open www.100open.com
open recycling & reuse

•e.g.

ikeahackers.net
open public service design

•e.g. www.openpublicservices.cabinetoffice.gov.uk
Open whitespace spectrum?

•

spectrum.okfn.org coming soon…
Open manufacturing
open tools

•e.g.

makerbot.com
open sourcing & supply chains

•e.g. sourcemap.com
open testing

•e.g. ethereal.com
open materials

•e.g.

openmaterials.org
open product information
•e.g. Product.okfn.org
On open licensing…
• Is what you’ve got a design, a process, software, data?
• Where in the world are you?
• If there’s no...
Pragmatic not fanatic
• Principles are all very well but you have to ship
• Does it matter if it’s turtles all the way dow...
Why open IOT?
• IOT will help us solve the big global problems
• Open gives us choice, freedom, transparency & trust (and ...
Conclusion
open means free reuse and resharing by
anyone, anywhere, for any purpose

I’m @LaurieJ / LBJ.org.uk
We’re @OKFN...
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Open + Internet of Things

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A short talk at IOT London October 2013 on open and the internet of things

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  • Key point here is that we’re not restricted to non commercial use
    You don’t want to have to consult a lawyer if you’re thinking about using something “open”
    Where ever - who ever - whatever organisation you’re in.
    It’s all about interoperability - seamlessly sharing and weaving information. The definition guarantees the data or knowledge is interoperable.
    And also note it doesn’t stop you from selling it or selling services around it!
  • This starts to get hard if the data is closed (accessing, licensing, permissions). To weave data together at large scale it’s got to be open.
    you’ve got Transport data, you’ve got geodata, but it’s only when you have both that you can know when you need to be at your bus stop.
    Coders say: To many eyes, all bugs are shallow. We say: To many eyes, all data problems will get spotted.
    And you get more innovation. The best thing that will be done with your data will be thought of by someone else
  • Both technical and legal aspects of openness
  • We work on tools, skills, and communities, let’s look at each of those now
  • OpenSpending, the worlds largest open database of public money transactions, helping people understand where their money goes
  • The Daily Bread, showing you how your taxes are spent – here you can see if you earn around £54k per year, you are paying £4 a day for education
  • Labs is a community of developers and data wranglers exploring the frontiers of open data tech and innovation
  • Here’s a tool showing you that you don’t have to be a PhD-equipped data scientist. Timemapper takes a google spreadsheet – that’s a simple spreadsheet, not even the complexity of Excel – and turns it into an interactive map and timeline. Magic
  • A formal presence in over 40 countries
  • School of Data, empowering civil society organisations, journalists and citizens with the skills they need to hold power to account
  • We create openly shared learning materials too like the open data handbook, *the* reference for the legal, social and tech aspects of open data
  • Available in many languages
  • This will be a slow process including institutional change.
    There will be new business models, building value out of things that aren’t data.
    We need to get better at working with data
  • Data is going to disrupt economies and business models
  • Data collection in the home or in public spaces in cities is about lots of people… maybe we don’t even know who it is about
  • The Census is a key traditional example of an important dataset created from personal information but without a privacy risk.
    Individuals may choose to open up their medical records to help sufferers with the same conditions.
    Elected officials choose to live in the public eye and necssarily some of their information is part of the public record
  • The Census folks worked very hard to do this right. And they had very straightforward motivations.
  • You are an early adopter. Others are not
    Some people need privacy more than others. They have abusive spouses, or the press hounding them.
    Get a security engineer who can do adversarial thinking. Get an ethnographer.
    You don’t need to design for perfect privacy. But you need to do a risk assessment
  • This is a very hard area and we don’t’ know the answers. We barely know the questions
    There are radical new ideas being worked on. Like something which can answer questions where you control what questions can be asked. So not “give me all the power readings for my house for the last year” but “did power usage drop significantly in April?”
  • What else can be open in the internet of things?
  • Open source software, meaning open tools.
    THe Open Knowledge Foundation does a lot of work with public data - stuff from activity funded by you the taxpayer - and we firmly believe that if you’re building public data tools, they should be open source.
    You get choice, freedom, avoid lock-in of proprietary systems.
  • OPen hardware. So it’s tempting to look at that and think, yeah, we know what that means, it’s arduinos.
  • So let’s go down the rabbit hole and look at some of the other things which might be open.
    So... hardware. Let’s start at the small end of the spectrum
  • OPen cores - detailed designs of modules of functionality (like processors) which are deployed in field programmable gate arrays, or hard programmed ASICs
  • What’s often meant by open hardware - circuit designs, board designs, sets of components.
  • And let’s remember the other bits of openness - are the documents open? Designs are rarely useful without some contextual information.
    Just as important - are the docs up to date and relevant for the bit of kit in question?
    I imagine a lot of you are software people. Software is modular and that makes life pretty easy. A car is NOT modular. You can’t switch all the bits in and out without having an effect on important features, like what happens in a crash. Those docs are going to be critical.
  • And let’s remember the other bits of openness - are the documents open? Designs are rarely useful without some contextual information.
    Just as important - are the docs up to date and relevant for the bit of kit in question?
    I imagine a lot of you are software people. Software is modular and that makes life pretty easy. A car is NOT modular. You can’t switch all the bits in and out without having an effect on important features, like what happens in a crash. Those docs are going to be critical.
  • So, that was mostly electronics design - what about other kinds of design?
  • web design
    graphic design
    open fonts
    open product design
    open fashion
  • web design
    graphic design
    open fonts
    open product design
    open fashion
  • Open innovation - these guys design processes to help organisations collaborate to create new innovations, which might be products, processes or systems
  • Design for reuse and recycling is a really interesting space, and one that can be open, like ikea hackers, who repurpose old Ikea bits into new product designs
  • And it’s not just THINGS. It’s services too.
    collaborative, open methods to help the public design future services and systems. Which themselves can be open.
    Cool stuff.
  • And it’s not just THINGS. It’s services too.
    collaborative, open methods to help the public design future services and systems. Which themselves can be open.
    Cool stuff.
  • Well, design is all very well, but ultimately we’re talking about making things and getting them out into the world.
    So what does open mean for manufacturing?
  • Maybe it’s open source software and open hardware combined into manufacturing kit, like 3D printers. Or open designs for moulds and supports for use in manufacturing
  • Where do the components of something come from? How do individual elements of a product get made, shipped, assembled into a bigger component, shipped, wrapped, and delivered? This is open supply chain data.
  • and if we’re serious about making things, we’re also testing them. Ethereal is just one example of an open source test tool, in this case a network analyser.
  • and finally, let’s go down the scale a little. When we talk open hardware - is it open all the way down? There’s intellectual property in many materials, both high tech like new carbon nanostructures, and more traditional things like pharmacuticals or plastics. And so now there are open alternatives starting to appear.
  • and finally, let’s go down the scale a little. When we talk open hardware - is it open all the way down? There’s intellectual property in many materials, both high tech like new carbon nanostructures, and more traditional things like pharmacuticals or plastics. And so now there are open alternatives starting to appear.
  • Think about whether you are looking to licence patents or copyright or design rights or whatever. Get a lawyer if you aren’t sure!
  • So, what problems can the internet of things potentially solve? Distributed healthcare; keeping seniors independent; monitoring extreme weather; maximising productivity of agriculture so we can feed all the people on the planet; enabling new energy systems to reduce climate change. And the solutions to these problems require that we work at scale. Not toys for geeks; this stuff has to be everywhere, for everyone.
    So, epic scale internet of things projects, means a lot of kit out there in the world, a lot of data. You don’t this stuff to break; you want it to keep working. You want data preserved long term, not lost in a crash. It’s got to be sustainable in all senses of the word.
  • Open Knowledge is empowerment
  • Open + Internet of Things

    1. 1. OPEN + THE INTERNET OF THINGS PRESENTED BY Dr Laura James CEO, Open Knowledge Foundation
    2. 2. What is open data? Open Data can be freely used, reused, and redistributed, by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose (we also work with public domain cultural works content - as well as data)
    3. 3. Why open? So you can: componentise remix reshare Giving you: new insights better data innovation
    4. 4. What is open knowledge? Open Knowledge is what Open Data becomes when it is made useful accessible, understandable, meaningful, and able to help someone solve a real problem
    5. 5. OpenDefinition.org
    6. 6. all kinds of knowledge • any kind of knowledge can be open • any format: spreadsheets, databases, pictures, words… • any field: transport, science, products, education, sustainability, maps, legislation, libraries, economics, culture, development, business, design, finance …
    7. 7. all kinds of people in all kinds of organisations • open data can be published by anyone: government, public sector bodies, researchers, corporations, universities, NGOs, startups, charities, community groups, individuals…. • open data can be used by anyone: government, public sector bodies, researchers, corporations, universities, NGOs, startups, charities, community groups, individuals…. • all kinds of people can get involved with the open knowledge movement: as a campaigner, coder, writer, donor, trainer, tweeter, meetup organiser, data wrangler, ambassador, analyst, researcher, manager…
    8. 8. The Open Knowledge Foundation • We build tools to make working with information easier • We help people learn the data skills they need • We connect and support individuals and organisations and projects to create collaborations and make things happen
    9. 9. we are makers Creating the open infrastructure and tooling to power and support the open ecosystem and innovation
    10. 10. CKAN.org
    11. 11. OpenSpending.org
    12. 12. WhereDoesMyMoneyGo.org
    13. 13. OKFNLabs.org
    14. 14. Timemapper.org
    15. 15. we bring people together & advise & campaign & collaborate Meetups and workshops – online and offline Key convening events such as the first international Open Government Data Camp in 2010 Direct technical and legal contributions to a large number of projects and initiatives in dozens of countries around the world, shaping essential policies at the World Bank, US, UK, French, Finnish, Brazilian governments
    16. 16. OKFN.org/local
    17. 17. we help people learn Learning through doing at datathons & hackathons - online and offline Open materials Partnerships around the world
    18. 18. Schoolofdata.org
    19. 19. OpenDataHandbook.org
    20. 20. OpenDataHandbook.org
    21. 21. So… We are in the midst of an open data revolution • But it’s not a magic bullet • We need: tools, communities, skills • We need access to data! • It’s going to be disruptive
    22. 22. The data revolution The 21st century as information age • Data is everywhere • Data is powerful (especially when it’s shared openly!) • But it shouldn’t all be open data
    23. 23. Data about me • A lot of the data which could help me improve my life is data about me • This data might be gathered directly by me or harvested by corporations from what I do online, or assembled by public sector services I use, or voluntarily contributed to scientific and other research studies, or… • There’s a lot of it. I don’t even know what’s out there
    24. 24. My data / our data Whose information is it anyway? • Who collects it? • Who moves it around or stores it? • Who licenses it? • Who uses it? And for what? • Who controls what happens to it? • Who is the data about?
    25. 25. Personal data becoming open data • Important datasets that are (or could be) open are created from personal data via aggregation, anonymisation, etc • By personal choice • Through the public record
    26. 26. Personal data becoming open data • Important datasets that are (or could be) open are created from personal data via aggregation, anonymisation, etc • By personal choice • Through the public record This is really very very hard to do properly
    27. 27. Most people are not like you • Most people are not early adopters • Other people have different risk profiles • Design for everyone, not just you
    28. 28. Warning: seriously nontrivial! • Data ownership & data control • Education & awareness • Privacy & risk • Crypto / personal data stores / query APIs not data APIs / ?? • This isn’t an open data debate: it’s a data debate!
    29. 29. It’s not about opening everything • If it’s definitely a shared good, commons-style data: open it • If it’s personal information: think very hard
    30. 30. Some light relief
    31. 31. open source software • choice • sustainability • trust • transparency
    32. 32. open hardware
    33. 33. open hardware • open what?
    34. 34. open cores •gates within FPGAs and ASICs •e.g. opencores.org
    35. 35. open electronics •circuit diagrams, board layouts, bills of materials
    36. 36. open docs
    37. 37. open network protocols •e.g. ietf.org
    38. 38. open design
    39. 39. design.OKFN.org
    40. 40. Open design facets • Open web design • Open graphic design • Open fonts • Open product design • Open fashion
    41. 41. Open processes and stuff
    42. 42. open innovation •e.g. 100% open www.100open.com
    43. 43. open recycling & reuse •e.g. ikeahackers.net
    44. 44. open public service design •e.g. www.openpublicservices.cabinetoffice.gov.uk
    45. 45. Open whitespace spectrum? • spectrum.okfn.org coming soon…
    46. 46. Open manufacturing
    47. 47. open tools •e.g. makerbot.com
    48. 48. open sourcing & supply chains •e.g. sourcemap.com
    49. 49. open testing •e.g. ethereal.com
    50. 50. open materials •e.g. openmaterials.org
    51. 51. open product information •e.g. Product.okfn.org
    52. 52. On open licensing… • Is what you’ve got a design, a process, software, data? • Where in the world are you? • If there’s no licence it’s not open!
    53. 53. Pragmatic not fanatic • Principles are all very well but you have to ship • Does it matter if it’s turtles all the way down? • Revolutions are hard
    54. 54. Why open IOT? • IOT will help us solve the big global problems • Open gives us choice, freedom, transparency & trust (and these are things we want when we imagine systems which are everywhere, affecting everyone, all the time) • Open scales • Open is sustainable
    55. 55. Conclusion open means free reuse and resharing by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose I’m @LaurieJ / LBJ.org.uk We’re @OKFN / OKFN.org

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