Empowering Development: Why Open is Right for Development


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CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication (OAI8), (June 21, 2013)
Strategic decisions behind the Bank’s Open Agenda
* Context
* The World Bank’s mission
* Traditional approach to development
* The World Bank’s Open Agenda
* Access to Information
* Open Data
* Open Access
* Why Open is right for development
Presenter: Carlos Rossel, Publisher, The World Bank
Links: http://wrld.bg/wvwOK

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Empowering Development: Why Open is Right for Development

  1. 1. Empowering Development: Why Open is Right for Development Carlos Rossel, Publisher, The World Bank CERN Workshop on Innovations in Scholarly Communication (OAI8) June 21, 2013
  2. 2. Outline Strategic decisions behind the Bank’s Open Agenda • Context o The World Bank’s mission o Traditional approach to development • The World Bank’s Open Agenda • Access to Information • Open Data • Open Access • Why Open is right for development
  3. 3. Overarching Mission: A World Free of Poverty
  4. 4. Traditional Approach to Development 1. The transfer of resources from rich countries in the North to poorer countries in the South, accompanied by reform prescriptions 2. The development institutions that channeled the transfers were opaque, with little transparency of what they financed and what results they achieved 3. The engagement in developing countries was with a narrow set of government elites with little interaction with citizens who are the ultimate beneficiaries of development assistance Sanjay Pradhan, World Bank: http://www.ted.com/talks/sanjay_pradhan_how_open_data_is_changing_international_aid.html
  5. 5. That was then ... Cartoon by Gado, The East African
  6. 6. This is now ... Openness: The New Normal
  7. 7. Open About What We Know (Data, Tools, and Development Knowledge) Open About What We Do (Operations, Projects, Finances, and Commitments) Open About How We Work (Partnerships, Engagement Platforms, and Solutions) Open Government (Transparency, Accountability) T H E WO R L D B A N K O P E N AG E N DA The World Bank’s Open Agenda
  8. 8. Three Pillars of the World Bank’s Open Agenda 1. Access to Information 2. Open Data 3. Open Access
  9. 9. Access to Information • Effective July 1, 2010 • Modeled after the US and Indian Freedom of Information Acts • Five principles o Maximize access o Clear list of exceptions o Safeguard the deliberative process o Clear procedures for making information available o Right to appeal • Millions of documents accessed since July 2010 • Web portal and InfoFinder App
  10. 10. Open Data • Effective April 2010 • Legally open • Technically open o Editable electronic format or an API • In five languages o Arabic, Chinese, English, French and Spanish • Data by o Country & region o Topic o Indicator • Data visualization • Chart and map an indicator • Embed tables, charts, maps • Web portal and DataFinder App data.worldbank.org
  11. 11. Access to Information/Open Data: PROJECTS & OPERATIONS • Detailed information o 11,000 lending projects o 100 countries o From 1947 onwards • Data available via an API and a mobile app • Automatic publication of data in the International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI) format, a key resource for aid transparency
  12. 12. Access to Information/Open Data: WORLD BANK GROUP FINANCES • Data related to the World Bank Group's financials • Covers the World Bank Group's investments, assets it manages on behalf of global funds, and the Bank Group's own financial statements • Download data in multiple formats and connect via APIs • World Bank Finances App finances.worldbank.org
  13. 13. Access to Information/Open Data: MAPPING FOR RESULTS
  14. 14. Mapping for Results: Malawi
  15. 15. Access to Information: DISCLOSURE OF CONTRACT AWARDS • Disclosure of contracts awarded on or after 1 July 2013 with a value greater than or equal to $250,000 • Quarterly disclosures for the previous quarter’s contract awards will be posted on the “World Bank Group Finances” web page
  16. 16. External Applications Use World Bank Data
  17. 17. Open Access Policy • Effective July 2012 • Applies to manuscripts and associated datasets o Journal articles, books, chapters • If published by the World Bank o Available immediately in the OA repository o Creative Commons Attribution, CC BY • If published externally, Green OA o Working paper version (of journal articles) available immediately, CC BY o Accepted author manuscript after publisher’s embargo, CC BY-NC-ND • Centerpiece of the OA Policy:
  18. 18. • Named a “Best Free Reference Web Site of 2013” by the Emerging Technologies in Reference Section (MARS) of the Reference and User Services Association (RUSA) of the American Library Association (ALA). Selection criteria: o Quality, depth, and usefulness of content o “Ready” reference o Availability: reliable and speedy o Ease of use o Currency of content o Authority of producer o Uniqueness of content o Uniqueness of resources as a whole openknowledge.worldbank.org
  19. 19. • Incentive to promote compliance • ORCID (Open Researcher & Contributor ID) • External Links • Live download statistics • Search for citations in Google Scholar Author Profiles ORCID Live Download Stats External Links 46 publications 0 downloads; we don’t host the article
  20. 20. Twelve of the 20 countries with most downloads are developing countries
  21. 21. 1 Year, 10,000 Publications, 1,000,000 Downloads
  22. 22. Promoting Compliance: Information for Authors – 1
  23. 23. Step-by-Step Guides for Authors Promoting Compliance: Information for Authors – 2
  24. 24. Publisher Agreement: Elsevier
  25. 25. Publisher Agreement: Taylor & Francis Source: http://journalauthors.tandf.co.uk/permissions/reusingOwnWork.asp
  26. 26. Why Open is Right for Development • Open increases transparency, accountability, and results • Open shifts boundaries of power between states and citizens • Open promotes citizen engagement and collaboration in managing development outcomes • Open leverages multiple sources of knowledge, networking, and new ideas for solutions • Open enhances momentum of technology, social media interaction, and computing innovations
  27. 27. Open Access Week • Kick-off event at the World Bank • October 21, 2013 • Sponsored by SPARK, PLoS, and the World Bank • PLoS Accelerating Science Award Program (ASAP) award winners will be announced
  28. 28. Carlos Rossel Publisher The World Bank crossel@worldbank.org 202-473-1994