Learner Categories

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This presentation uses the Dick and Carey Model of Instructional Design to describe important categories when analyzing learners.

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Learner Categories

  1. 1.  Entry Skills Prior Knowledge of Topic Area Attitudes toward Content and Potential Delivery System Academic Motivation (ARCS) Educational and Ability Levels General Learning Preferences Attitudes Toward the Organization Giving the Instruction Group Characteristics
  2. 2.  Certain skills that are already mastered (in relation to Learning Goal) Learners’ experience or knowledge and attitudes Influence the outcome of the instruction Examples: Able to add or subtract, able to read.
  3. 3.  What learners already know about the specific topic Partial knowledge Misconceptions
  4. 4.  Learners’ impression and attitude of topic or how it will/may be delivered Preconceived notions Learners’ expectations Example: Students to not want to learn a new app on the computer. They would rather learn it on their smartphones.
  5. 5.  Some consider this the most important factor in creating a successful lesson plan ARCS model: attention, relevance, confidence, satisfacti on ARCS helps to obtain information from learners Never assume! Example question to ask learners BEFORE instruction: Do you believe this goal is relevant for you?
  6. 6.  General and Achievement levels of learners Ability to cope with new instruction Previous instructional experiences
  7. 7.  Willingness to explore new modes for learning Do they like lecture/discussion, seminar, case studies, etc. Learning Style! Learning Skills and Preferences
  8. 8.  What kind of attitude do the learners have toward management, peers, school, teachers, e tc. Cynical or Positive? Determines the success of the instruction Those with positive attitudes about the organization and their peers are more likely to use the skills. (Dick and Carey)
  9. 9.  Accommodate diversity Overall impression of the target population. All based on direct interaction, not assumption! Used for Objective development Helps with motivation strategies and different ways of teaching the content

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