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Groups, teams & teamwork

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Groups, teams & teamwork

  1. 1. Groups, Teams & Teamwork What is a group? What is a team? What is teamwork? Why is this important?
  2. 2. Groups, Teams & Teamwork What is teamwork?  Work done by several individuals, each doing a part, but all subordinating personal prominence to the efficiency of the whole  Cooperative effort to achieve a common goal  Teamwork is an outcome of cooperative effort
  3. 3. Groups, Teams & Teamwork Difference between a team and a group  Groups are under the direction of a manager  Teams are self-managed
  4. 4. Groups, Teams & Teamwork Why Groups and Teams are used  Naturally occurring social phenomenon  Foster innovation & creativity  Improve decision-making  Offset effects of organizational size  Meet social needs of individuals  Maximize resources & create synergy
  5. 5. Groups, Teams & Teamwork How to Maximize Group/Team Effectiveness  Size matters (5 -7)  Adequate resources  Assign roles  Recognize & manage diversity  Assign goals  Group results & Individual results  Leadership structure
  6. 6. Groups, Teams & Teamwork How To Improve Cohesiveness  Small group size  Achieve consensus on goals  Maximize time spent together  Raise perceived status of the group  Stimulate competition with other groups  Reward group results, not individual results  Physically isolate the group
  7. 7. Groups, Teams & Teamwork Group Development Model: Tuckman’s Stage Model  Forming  Storming  Norming  Performing  Adjourning
  8. 8. Groups, Teams & Teamwork Group Development Model: Punctuated equilibrium  First meeting agenda setting  Period of equilibrium  Period of Inertia & low productivity  Midpoint  Revise game plan  Period of equilibrium  High performance  Final burst of activity  Finish

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