Building Teams and Work Groups


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Building Teams and Work Groups

  1. 1. In the name of ALLAH The Beneficent The Merciful.
  2. 2. BUILDING TEAMS AND WORK GROUPSPrepared By: Muhammad Asadullah Tabasum MC11-296 M. phil (Finance Hailey College of Commerce, University of the Punjab, Lahore
  3. 3. TEAMS Formal group of people work together to achieve the common group goal. Different meanings than that of groups. High degree of cohesiveness and accomplishment than by an individual.
  5. 5.  I NC RE ASE D C R E ATIVITY, PR OBLE M S O LV ING A N D I N N O VATIO N. Entertainment of new ideas. Create new approaches to problem solving. Example of team of marketers.
  6. 6.  HIGH QUALITY DECISIONS.  Quality outcomes.  Collective effort of people having diverse experiences.  Team gets closer to optimal decisions.
  7. 7.  IMPROVED PROCESSES.  Systematic approach to problem solving.  teamwork results in organized approach to situation at hand.  Setup project check points and planning systems.  Teamwork permits to distribute the work load for faster and more efficient handling of large and complex tasks.  More glitches and interdependencies are uncovered and addressed.
  8. 8.  GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS.  Teamwork enables companies to compete globally.  Teamwork is more superior to what a single individual can bring to the table.
  9. 9.  INCREASED QUALITY.  Teamwork increases in productivity, employee ownership of and accountability for their work, timeliness, efficiency, and customer service.  This results in a higher quality standards than are possible when individuals or group of individuals who lack a common goal, are doing the work.
  10. 10.  IMPROVED COMMUNICATION  Enhance employee communication in workplace.  Traditional hierarchical organizations.  Team based organizations.  Rich sharing of information and ideas.
  11. 11.  REDUCEDD TURNOVER AND INCREASED EMLOYEE MORALE  Teamwork results in changes in employee behaviors and attitudes.  More happier, loyal and committed .
  12. 12. Limitation of Teams & Types of Teams Muhammad Asadullah MC11-296
  13. 13. Limitations of Team  Everything in this world has two side picture  So Teams also has some drawbacks.
  14. 14. Limitations  Group Think  Social Loafing  Quality Concerns  Timeliness  Diversity
  15. 15. Limitations  Group Think  Unwillingness  Decisions in Hurry  Dominance  Social Loafing  Two or More members  Work Ethics  Work Styles  Less or More Work
  16. 16. Limitations  Quality Concerns  Quality Outcome  Individual Experts  Timeliness  Time taking  Individual v/s Team
  17. 17. Limitations  Diversity  Background & Thought Process  Multiple Dimensional Decisions  Homogeneous v/s Heterogeneous
  18. 18. Types  Cross-functional Teams  Company wide Problem  Members from Different Departments  Diversity is their strength  Development of new product  Self-managed Teams  Self-Directed /Maintained /Regulated  Hiring, Training & Firing.  Set their own Norms and Planes  Relevant Members  Not easy to Form  Requires More Responsibility  Simple Hierarchy.
  19. 19. Types  Task Force  Ad hoc or Temporary teams  On going or Day to Day challenges  Change process & Product Innovation  Usually Research Projects
  20. 20. Types  Process Improvement Teams They focus on specific  Method(Reduce Cost)  Operation  Procedure  Individual experts  Step by Step work
  21. 21. TEAM DEVELOPMETALSTAGES Hafiz Bilal Hyder MC 11 280
  22. 22. TEAMDEVELOPMENTALSTAGES Adjourning Performing Norming Storming Forming
  23. 23. FORMING Establish the team Know each other Engage in behavior Defining initial assignment To divvy up necessary task Understanding the broad scope and objectives of project Learning about resources
  24. 24. FORMINGo ROLE Establish its mission Set up a work schedule Establish initial norms
  25. 25. STORMING Difference experiences Inevitable conflicto ROLE Refrain from taking sides Develop communication channals Focus on task than personal differences Promote an environment of open communication
  26. 26. NORMING Group faces its issues conflict Power and leadership struggles openly and directly Members learn to incorporate new methods procedures
  27. 27. NORMINGo ROLE Taking more responsibility Working together and solving the problem Challenging goals Take personal responsibility for team success
  28. 28. PERFORMING Teams have worked through differences Member motivate to accomplish their task Focus on team objective than individual interest
  29. 29. PERFORMING o ROLE  Provide support to members  Serve as resources for each other  Make sure team continues with its progress  Maintain its cohesion and morale  Guide it toward success
  30. 30. ADJOURING  Team may disbannd permanently  Take a temporary break  Tie up loose ends the task  Complete final follow up on the project
  31. 31. ADJOURING o ROLE  Debrief the project  Discussing the lesson learned  To recognized the team for its efforts
  32. 32. Features ofHigh-PerformanceTeams Usman Nawaz MC 11 294
  33. 33. Features ofHigh-Performance Teams  Common purpose and goals.  Intension  Clear roles  Communication processes  Accepting and supportive leadership  Small size
  34. 34. Features ofHigh-Performance Teams High levels of technical and interpersonal skills Open relationship and trust Accountability Reward structure
  35. 35. Tips forEffective Team Muhammad Bilal Naeem MC 11 268
  36. 36. Tips for Effective Team Be Focused Handle conflict directly & Willing to Compromise Focused on both Process and content
  37. 37. Tips for Effective Team  Actively participate and encourage other  Keep sensitive Issues Private  Communicate Properly & Positively  Take time to Establish Operating Guidelines
  38. 38. Tips for Effective Team  Clarify Expectations  Monitor what’s going on with the team  Practice giving Feedback  Work with Underperformance
  39. 39. Tips for Effective Team  Energize the low motivativeTeam  Be Reliable and conscientious  Give Direction to the Team  Be Supportive of Your Team Members
  40. 40. Why Team Fails  Tight Guidelines  Merging of Processes  Technological Challenges  Miss Matched Skills and Abilities  Un resolvable Personalities  Clashes of Styles and Behaviors  Limited work or Team Experience