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Aloe vera


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this ppt is based on all about aloevera.......... i hope u all like it

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Aloe vera

  1. 1. ALOE VERA : Aloe vera is a species of SUCCULENT SPECIES that probably originated in northern Africa. :- Kajal Satija( Class :- 10 ‘A’ ) 1
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  3. 3. Some important information • Kingdom :- Plantae • Clade :- Angiosperms • Clade :- Monocots • Order :- Asparagales • Family :- Xanthorrhoeaceac 3
  4. 4. Modern History 4
  5. 5. The species is frequently cited as being used in herbal medicine sincethe beginning of the first century AD.Extracts from A. vera are widely used in thecosmetics and alternative medicine industries, beingmarketed as variously having rejuvenating, healing orsoothing properties. 5
  6. 6. The leaves are thick and fleshy, green to grey-green, with somevarieties showing white flecks on the upper and lower stemsurfaces. 6
  7. 7. Different Names of ALOE VERA• A. barbadensis Mill•Aloe indica Royle•Aloe perfoliata L. var. vera•A. vulgaris Lam A. Barbadensis mill •A. vulgaris Lam 7
  8. 8. Discovery of ALOE VERA • The species was first described by Carl Linnaeus perfoliata var. vera, • It was described again in 1768 by Nicolaas Laurens Burman as Aloe vera in Flora Indica on 6 April • It was described by Philip Miller as Aloe barbadensis some ten days after Burman inCarl Linnaeus the Gardeners Dictionary. 8
  9. 9. Distribution• This distribution is somewhatsimilar to the one of EuphorbiaBalsamifera, Pistacia Atlantica,and a few others, suggesting thata dry sclerophyl forest oncecovered large areas, but hasbeen dramatically reduced due todesertification in the Sahara,leaving these few patchesisolated. • Several closely related (or sometimes identical) species can be found on the two extreme sides of the Sahara: Dragon Trees (Dracaena) and Aeonium being two of the most representative examples. 9
  10. 10. Introduction of ALOE VERA• The species was introduced to China and various parts of southernEurope in the 17th century.• The species is widely naturalised elsewhere, occurring intemperate and tropical regions of Australia, Barbados, Belize,Nigeria, Paraguay and the United States.• It has been suggested that the actual species distribution is theresult of human cultivation 10
  11. 11. Growing the aloe vera herb• According to botanists, Aloe Vera plants originated in warmconditions and mostly flourished in tropical and sub-tropicalregions.• Africa is one of the largest homes of Aloe Vera plants.• But the plant had been carried to various parts of the world anddue to its great adaptable nature, the plant flourished in any region 11
  12. 12. Cultivation1 3 2 4 5 67 8 9 12
  13. 13. Vitamin D, A, C, E and B12 Inert except when in topical treatmentsLipases, proteases, kinases 3% of Aloe Vera gelCa, Na, K, Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, a nd Se Cholesterol, Campesterol, Sisost erol, and LupeolMono and poly saccharides, gluco-mannans Aspirin-likeMost important: Aloin, and 20 amino acids Emodin 13
  14. 14. Uses of aloe vera• The cosmetic and alternative medicine industries regularly makeclaims regarding the soothing, moisturizing, and healing propertiesof aloe vera, especially via Internet advertising• Aloe vera gel is used as an ingredient in commercially availablelotions, yogurt, beverages, and some desserts although at certaindoses, it has toxic properties when used either for ingested ortopical applications. 14
  15. 15. Aloe vera has a long association with HerbalMedicine, although it is not known when its medicalapplications were first suspected. 15
  16. 16. Dietary Supplement : One tablet contains noless than 150 mg of powder of Aloeleaves genuine : Lactose, magnesiumstearate 16
  17. 17. • Aloe vera juice is marketed tosupport the health of thedigestive system, but there isneither scientific evidence norregulatory approval to support thisclaim.• The extracts and quantitiestypically used for such purposesappear to be dose-dependent fortoxic effects. 17
  18. 18. Phytochemicals 18
  19. 19. Commodities 19
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  21. 21. Uses of ALOE VERA• Cures Wound Healing :- Aloe is cherished for its wound-healing and pain-relieving effects.  Many people keep an aloe plant in their kitchen so it is readily available to treat burns from grease splatter or hot utensils. International Journal of Dermatology in• Cures Leg Ulcers :- 1973 describes the effects of aloe vera gel applied topically on leg ulcers.  These ulcers commonly occur in individuals with diabetes, those who have problems with blood circulation, and those who are bedridden. 21
  22. 22. Aloe and Diabetes Control (mg/dL) Diabetic (mg/dL) Control + 300mg/kg Aloe vera +600microgram/kg GlibenclamideChlosterol 92.6±5.7 228.3±15.1 98.3±8.5 106.2±7.0Triglycerides 735±5.2 229.3±16.1 79.2±5.2 83.4±5.8Phospholipids 80.5±5.7 163.8±11.1 85.7±5.8 88.8±6.7Free fatty acids 58.3±3.6 145.2±10.5 64.7±4.1 66.1±4.6LDLs 45.1±2.9 139.2±10.3 48.5±3.1 53.4±3.4HDLs 26.5±1.7 21.3±1.6 23.4±1.5 22.03±1.42 Blood Glucose (mg/dL) Plasma Insulin Control 85.81 ±5.20 15.86±1.38 Diabetic Control 332.27 ±20.80 5.12±0.68 +300 mg/kg Aloe vera 96.8±5.30 14.12±1.48 +600microgram/kg Glibenclamide 118.46±6.56 12.52±0.69 22
  23. 23. Aloe and Diabetes• Characterized by hyperglycaemia and alterations ofglucose and lipid metabolism• Lead to cell damage and elevation of reactive oxygenspecies• Must control blood glucose and lipid levels• Aloe shown to reduce blood glucose in diabetic rats 23
  24. 24. Uses of ALOE VERA• Treating Cancer :-  Veterinarians use extracts from the aloe plant to treat cancer and feline leukemia in their animal patients.  It is thought that a molecule in the aloe gel, known as acemannan, stimulates the body to produce disease-fighting white blood cells, particularly macrophages. 24
  25. 25. Uses of ALOE VERA• Preventing dandruff :- The aloe gel which is obtained by peeling the fleshy leaves of aloe vera is used to cure dandruff  Many dandruff control shampoos and oils contain aloe vera due to its anti-fungal and anti-bacterial qualities.• preventing eczema :- As for the prevention of eczema, an eczema lotion performs this role by keeping your skin moisturized. 25
  26. 26. Uses of ALOE VERA• Treating hair fall :- Take the aloe vera leaves are large, and certainly has a lot of slime. Then split this Aloe vera leaves into two parts and take the slimy contents of that. Smearing all over your head with slime aloe vera until around. Let 10 to 15 minutes. then wash until clean. Doing continuously twice in a week. 26
  27. 27. Uses of ALOE VERA• Preventing Acidity :-  Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), also called Acid Reflux, is a chronic condition in which liquid content of the stomach leak back (reflux) into the oesophagus.  The abnormally refluxed gastric contents usually contains acid.  When this refluxed gastric acid touches the lining of oesophagus, it causes heartburn, a burning sensation in the chest or throat 27
  28. 28. Aloe vera : a miracle 28
  29. 29. Products• Gel and latex.• Gel- leaf pulp or mucilage obtained from the parenchymal tissue.• Latex- bitter, yellow substance obtained from pericyclic tubulesjust beneath the outer skin of the leaves. (otherwise called ‘Aloejuice’)• These terms are often confused by consumers.• Using a freshly cut leaf is thought to be the most effectivetreatment. 29
  30. 30. Learning• I have chosen this presentation becausealoe vera herb cures the ailments of allthe living beings.• And it relieves the human beings fromthe acute problems. 30
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