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Aloe vera

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A very informative presentation through which u will get all the knowledge you require to know about aloe vera

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Aloe vera

  1. 1. Aloe VeraAloe barbadensis Ghritkumari By- Navneet Shally 14111022
  2. 2. Content • Introduction • History • About • Anatomy • Biological activities • Mechanism of action • Clinical uses • Anecdotal uses • Side effects • Some facts • Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction The Aloe vera plant has been known and used for centuries for its health, beauty, medicinal and skin care properties. The name Aloe vera derives from the Arabic word “Alloeh” meaning “shining bitter substance,” while “vera” in Latin means “true.” The Egyptians called Aloe “the plant of immortality.”
  4. 4. * Greece, Egypt, India, Mexico, Japan and China. * By Egyptian queens Nefertiti and Cleopatra * Alexander the Great, and Christopher Columbus used it to treat treat soldiers’ wounds. * The first reference to Aloe vera in English was a translation by John Goodyew in A.D. 1655 of Dioscorides’ Medical treatise De Materia Medica. * Used as a laxative in the United States(1800) * But in the mid-1930s, a turning point occurred when it was successfully used to treat chronic and severe radiation dermatitis. History Source: http://www.aloefresh.co.nz/history-of- aloe-vera.html
  5. 5. • Botanical name- Aloe barbadensis miller. • Family- Asphodelaceae • Height- as 2 and a half inches to 4 feet • No. of leaves- 12-16 • Weight of leaves- 3-4 pounds • No. of species grown- 250 , commercially grown – 2 only(Aloe barbadensis Miller and Aloe aborescens ) • Arean where grown- in warm tropical areas and cannot survive freezing temperatures • Texture of plant- grow from the base in the rosette pattern • Harvesting-every 6 to 8 weeks by removing 3 to 4 leaves per plant • Other porperties- shrubby or arborescent, perennial, xerophytic, succulent, pea- green color plant.Source: ncbi
  6. 6. Source: http://www.naturalhealers.com/holistic- health/aloe-vera-ultimate-guide/#products
  7. 7. anatomy • Triangular, fleshy leaves with serrated edges, yellow tubular flowers and fruits that contain numerous seeds. • Each leaf is composed of three layers • Inside the rind are vascular bundles responsible for transportation of substances such as water (xylem) and starch (phloem). Source:
  8. 8. Active components Vitamins: It contains vitamins A (beta-carotene), C and E, which are antioxidants Enzymes: It contains 8 enzymes: aliiase, alkaline phosphatase, amylase, bradykinase, carboxypeptidase, catalase, cellulase, lipase, and peroxidase. Minerals: It provides calcium, chromium, copper, selenium, magnesium, manganese, potassium, sodium and zinc. Sugars: It provides monosaccharides (glucose and fructose) and polysaccharides: (glucomannans/polymannose). Anthraquinones: It provides 12 anthraquinones, which are phenolic compounds traditionally known as laxatives. Fatty acids: It provides 4 plant steroids; cholesterol, campesterol, β-sisosterol and lupeol Hormones: Auxins and gibberellins Source: ncbi
  9. 9. Biological activities 1.Healing properties 2.Effects on skin exposure to UV and gamma radiation 3.Anti-inflammatory action 4.Effects on immune systme 5.Laxative effect 6.Anti viral and anti tumor 7.Anti septic 8.Moisturizing and anti-aging 9. Aids in digestion Source: http://www.mdpi.com/1420- 3049/13/8/1599/htm
  10. 10. Healing properties Source: http://www.mdpi.com/1420- 3049/13/8/1599/htm
  11. 11. Moisturizing and anti aging Fibroblasts Collagen More elastic and less wrinkled skin Effects epidermal cells Cells stick together Softens skin Mucopolysac charides Provides moisture Source: http://www.mdpi.com/1420- 3049/13/8/1599/htm
  12. 12. Clinical uses A. Uses based on scientific evidence: These uses have been tested in humans or animals. Safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Conditions: Seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis vulgaris, genital herpes, skin burns, diabetes (type 2), HIV infection, cancer prevention, ulcerative colitis, wound healing (results of aloe on wound healing are mixed with some studies reporting positive results and others showing no benefit or potential worsening), pressure ulcers, mucositis, radiation dermatitis, acne vulgaris, lichen planus,frostbite, aphthous stomatitis, and constipation. B. Uses based on tradition or theory: The below uses are based on tradition or scientific theories. They often have not been thoroughly tested in humans, and safety and effectiveness have not always been proven. Conditions: Alopecia, bacterial and fungal skin infections, chronic leg wounds, parasitic infections, systemic lupus erythematosus, arthritis and tic douloureux. Source: ncbi
  13. 13. • Hair conditioning • Skin inflammation • Psoriasis • Skin firmness and tone Anecdotal uses & Products • Aloe vera juice • Aloe vera gel • Aloe vera powder • Aloe vera concentrate • Aloe vera capsules Source: http://www.naturalhealers.com/holistic- health/aloe-vera-ultimate-guide/#products
  14. 14. Side effects Topical: It may cause redness, burning, stinging sensation and rarely generalized dermatitis in sensitive individuals. Allergic reactions are mostly due to anthraquinones, such as aloin and barbaloin. It is best to apply it to a small area first to test for possible allergic reaction. Oral: Abdominal cramps, diarrhea, red urine, hepatitis, dependency or worsening of constipation. Prolonged use has been reported to increase the risk of colorectal cancer. Laxative effect may cause electrolyte imbalances (low potassium levels). Contraindication: Contraindicated in cases of known allergy to plants in the Liliaceae family. Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Oral aloe is not recommended during pregnancy due to theoretical stimulation of uterine contractions, and in breastfeeding mothers, it may sometime causes gastrointestinal distress in the nursing infant. Interactions: Application of aloe to skin may increase the absorption of steroid creams such as hydrocortisone. It reduces the effectiveness and may increases the adverse effects of digoxin and digitoxin, due to its potassium lowering effect Source: ncbi
  15. 15. Some facts Source : http://www.naturalhealers.com/holistic- health/aloe-vera-ultimate-guide/#products
  16. 16. It is found in many consumer products including beverages, skin lotion, or ointments for minor burns and sunburns. There is little scientific evidence of the effectiveness or safety of Aloe vera extracts for either cosmetic or medicinal purposes. Studies finding positive evidence are frequently contradicted by other studies. A. vera has a long history as a medicinal plant with diverse therapeutic applications and as said by egyptians it can be surely considered as ‘a plant of immortality’. Conclusion

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