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Aloe vera


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Project of class IX-ALOEVERA

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Aloe vera

  1. 1. Aloe Vera : Aloe vera is a species of SUCCULENT SPECIES that probably originated in North Africa. It is an important and traditional medicinal plant belonging to the family Liliaceae. It is known by several names like Ghrit Kumari, Kunvar Pathu and Indian Aloe and is widely cultivated because of its wide adaptability and use as medicinal plant especially in dry areas . The flowers are produced on a spike up to 90 cm tall, each flower pendulous with a yellow tubular corolla. Nearly there are about 150 species in Aloe. Among this species, there is only one variety that has a legendary medical reputation dating back thousands of years, it is the Aloe Vera. Aloe is supposed to be derived from the Arabic “alloeh” meaning “bitter because of bitter liquid found in the leaves.
  2. 2. Introduction : The species was introduced to China and various parts of Southern Europe in the 17th Century The Species is widely naturalized elsewhere, occurring in temperate and tropical regions of Australia, Barbados, Belize, Nigeria, Paraguay and the United States. It has been suggested that the actual species distribution is the result of human cultivation
  3. 3. Some Important Information Kingdom : - Plantae Clade : - Angiosperms Clade : - Monocots Order : - Asparagales Family : - Xanthorrhoeaceac
  4. 4. Modern History First modern medical paper published in 1934. Described how the whole leaf was used to treat radiation dermatitis. Many papers published in the 20th century describing a wide range of medicinal properties. Reports have mainly focused on the anti diabetic, anticancer and antimicrobial properties of the whole leaf, gel or juice of the plant. Many species of Aloe have been studied.
  5. 5. Different Names of ALOE VERA Aloe Barbadenis Mill  Aloe Indica Royle Aloe Perfoliata L. var.vera  Aloe Vulgaris Lam Aloe Barbadensis Mill Aloe Vugaris Lam
  6. 6. Discovery of ALOE VERA The species was first described by Carl Linnaues It was described again in 1768 by Nicolaas Laurens Burman as Aloe vera in Flora Indica on 6th April It was described by Philip Miller as Aloe barbadensis some ten days after Burman in the Gardener’s Dictionary
  7. 7. Growing the Aloe Vera Herb According to botanists, Aloe Vera plants originated in warm conditions and mostlu flourished in tropial and sub-tropical regions Africa is one of the largest homes of Aloe Vera plants But the plant had been carried to various parts of the world and due to its great adaptable nature, the plant flourished in any region.
  8. 8. Factors in Production Climate Aloe is grown in warm tropical areas and cannot survive freezing temperatures. It can be seen growing good in warm humid or dry climate. However, it is intolerant to extreme cool conditions. The plant flourishes well on dry sandy soils at localities with lower annual rainfall of 50 to 300mm. It needs protection against frost and low winter temperature
  9. 9. Factors in Production Soil It is grown successfully in marginal to sub marginal soils having low fertility. The plants have tendency to tolerate high soil pH with high sodium and potassium salts. However, its growth is faster under medium fertile heavier soils such as black cotton soils of Central India Aloe Vera can be cultivated on any soil for ‘dry land management’, sandy loamy soil is the best suited for it
  10. 10. Cultivation
  11. 11. Biochemistry The Aloe Vera plant contains at least sis antiseptic agents: lupeol, salicyclic acid, urea nitrogen, cinnamic acid, pheno and Sulphur It contains over 200 ingredients and seems to affect thousands of biomedical actions in the body
  12. 12. Uses of Aloe Vera Treating Cancer Preventing Dandruff Preventing Eczema Preventing Acidity
  13. 13. Uses of Aloe Vera Its primary use is in cosmetic industry for preparation of shampoo, face creams, shaving creams and moisturizing agents. It has also diverse use as vegetable and pickle. The leaves possess many medicinal properties and are use to treat fever, enlarged liver and spleen and other glands, skin diseases, Gonorrhea, constipation, menstrual suppressions, piles, Jaundice, rheumatic diseases and also for the treatment of burns and bruises.
  14. 14. Commodities Aloe vera is now widely used on facial tissues, where it is promoted as a moisturizer and /or anti-irritant to reduce chafing of the nose of users suffering hay-fever or cold It is common practice for cosmetic companies to ass sap or other derivatives fro Aloe Vera to products such as: Make up Tissues Moisturizers Soaps Sunscreens Shaving Cream
  15. 15. Dietary Supplement Aloe Vera is a plant of many surprises and wonders Composition: One tablet contains no less than 150mg of powder of Aloe leaves genuine
  16. 16. Aloe Vera Juice Aloe Vera juice is marketed to support the health of the digestive system, but there is neither scientific evidence nor regulatory approval to support this claim The extracts and quantities typically used or such purposes appear to be dose-dependent for toxic effects
  17. 17. Aloe & Diabetes Characterized by hyperglycemia and alterations of glucose and lipid metabolism Lead to cell damage and elevation of reactive oxygen species Must control blood glucose and lipid levels Aloe shown to reduce blood glucose on diabetic
  18. 18. 10 Main Component Groups Of Aloe Vitamins Vitamin D, A, C, E &B12 Lignins Inert except when in topical treatments Enzymes Lipases, Proteases, Kinases Saponins 3% of Aloe Vera gel Minerals Ca, Na, K, Mg, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cr, & Se Fatty Acids Cholesterol, Campsterol, Erol Sugars Mono & poly Saccharides, gluco-manners Salicyclic Acid Aspirin - like Anthraquinones Most important : Aloin and Emodin Amino Acids 20 Amino Acids