Cartoon Since the 1840s the term hascome to also mean any humorous,satirical, or opinionated drawing, typicallyone printed in a newspaper or magazine,with or without a short text. Rather thanthe drawing, the text—cast within thecartoon as speech or set as a caption—may be the bearer of the joke or thewitticism.
Cartooning is an art form that, like any other,stems from creative inspiration as well ascontext. Cartoonists work in a different way fromtheir sources, and each tries to develop a uniquestyle. Editorial cartoonists pay close attention tocurrent events, significant issues, and influentialpoliticians in order to create their cartoons.Illustrative cartoonists work from editorialmaterials, educational texts, and advertisingmaterials, illustrating their important or mostinteresting points. Most cartoonists sketch outtheir ideas in pencil, erasing and reworking theimages and wording, if appropriate, until they feelready to draw a finished product.
Depending on their purpose, most cartoons fall into one of several different categories:• Gag cartoons• Illustrative Cartoons• Comic Strip• Animated Cartoons• Editorial Cartoons
Gag Cartoons In Gag cartoons—which consist of a single panel and are often accompanied by a caption, usually placed outside the panel— characters appear only once, rather than recurring as in other types of cartoons.
Illustrative CartoonsIllustrative cartoons are used in conjunctionwith advertising or learning materials.
Comic Strips A comic strip, or comic, is a sequence of cartoonsthat tells a story. Often but not always humorous, comics usually chronicle the lives of recurring characters, and sometimes humor arises from the readers familiarity with a particular character.
Animated Cartoons Animation is the process of recording a seriesof incremental drawings and then playing it back to create the illusion of continuous motion.
Editorial Cartoons Editorial cartoons, also referred to as politicalcartoons, serve as a visual commentary on current events. Usually satirical rather than merely humorous in nature, they may communicate the political viewpoint of thecartoonist or add depth to an editorial opinion article in a newspaper or magazine.
Problems encountered in Editorial Cartooning• Choosing the artist –P E P S I Potential Engagement and interest Positive perception Sense of humor Intellect
Basic Art Elements in Cartooning• Perspective, is an art system by which three- dimensional space can be convincingly portrayed on a two-dimensional surface. Perspective is based on elementary laws of optics, in particular the fact that distant objects appear smaller and less distinct than near objects
Balance is the artistic arrangement ofthe symbols and figures used in thecartoon for the natural eye movement.
• Texture is the kind or quality of the visual surface of the figure in the cartoon while• Form is the shape of the figure or figures by the combination of adjoining lines.
Drawing GuidepostsL O A N S Legibility Orderliness Accuracy Neatness Speed
Activity• Each participant will use an oslo paper to work on.• Choose a partner as your subject. Observe his/her interesting features, body built and mannerisms and gestures.• Make a caricature of your partner on your sheet of paper. Be as accurate as possible.• Write his/her nickname at the bottom of your drawing.• Give your sketch to your partner and tell him/her …”you’re special!”
All children are artists. Theproblem is how to remain an artistonce he grows up. - Pablo Picasso