African Climate

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African Climate

  1. 1. African Climate
  2. 2. The role of Latitude in climate•  Tropics: the area between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn
  3. 3. The Role of Elevation in Climate•  The coolest regions are found in the highlands
  4. 4. Alternating Wet and Dry Seasons•  The further away from the equator, the shorter the rainy season.
  5. 5. Seasons are reversed north and south of the equator
  6. 6. Tropical Wet Climate Region•  Rain forest•  Leaching: rains dissolve and wash away nutrients from the soil•  Insects, disease
  7. 7. Steppe Climate•  Also called semi- arid•  Transition between tropical wet and tropical dry
  8. 8. Tropical Dry•  Savanna•  Covers half of Africa•  Drought: prolonged periods of little or no rainfall•  Desertification: the turning of semidesert land into desert•  Sahel=Steppe
  9. 9. Desert•  Sahara: crisscrossed with trade routes•  Kalahari: not as dry•  Namib: Watered only by ocean mist
  10. 10. Mediterranean Climate•  Southern tip and northern coast•  Mild climate, fertile soils•  European settlers
  11. 11. Climate and Health•  Malaria•  Tsetse fly - sleeping sickness•  AIDS
  12. 12. Population Patterns•  Africa is not densely populated
  13. 13. Lifestyles•  Farming•  Herding•  Fishing•  Hunting and gathering•  urban
  14. 14. Languages•  1,000 languages spoken in Africa•  Niger-Congo family of languages•  Swahili: Arabic and Bantu

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