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Slave Trade


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Slave Trade

  1. 1. African Slave Trade
  2. 2. European 1st contact in 1400s <ul><li>Portuguese looking for sea route around Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Also looking for the Gold Kingdoms of West Africa </li></ul>
  3. 3. Early Contact <ul><li>Small trading stations on the coast </li></ul><ul><li>Copper and iron traded for gold, ivory, pepper and fish </li></ul><ul><li>Early trading relationships were equal </li></ul>
  4. 4. Christian Missionaries <ul><li>Some Africans became Christian right away </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Saints were similar to African gods </li></ul><ul><li>There may have been trading advantages </li></ul>
  5. 5. No concept of race <ul><li>Europeans were called Christians </li></ul><ul><li>Or Whales, based on whaling ships </li></ul><ul><li>Neither Europeans nor Africans had racial identity </li></ul>
  6. 6. Slavery in the New World <ul><li>Europeans needed labor for American colonies </li></ul><ul><li>At first they attempted to enslave Native Americans </li></ul>
  7. 7. Europeans turned to Africans <ul><li>Slavery began in tropical areas, such as the Caribbean Islands </li></ul><ul><li>Africans had resistance to malaria </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge of tropical crops </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Triangle Trade <ul><li>60,000 per year were taken captive </li></ul><ul><li>Huge profits for the Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Racism was used to justify the slave trade </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Middle Passage <ul><li>Very cramped </li></ul><ul><li>Disease </li></ul><ul><li>Malnutrition </li></ul><ul><li>60,00 per year were taken </li></ul>
  10. 10. Atlantic Slave Trade <ul><li>Huge profits for Europeans </li></ul><ul><li>Racism was used to justify the slave trade </li></ul>
  11. 11. Slaves for Guns <ul><li>Global economy </li></ul><ul><li>It caused massive destabilization of African societies </li></ul><ul><li>It became necessary to get guns to protect against capture </li></ul>
  12. 12. Slavery in Africa was Different <ul><li>Slaves were part of the community </li></ul><ul><li>They were treated like servants </li></ul><ul><li>The could gain their freedom </li></ul>
  13. 13. Effects <ul><li>Caused wars among African groups </li></ul><ul><li>Communities weakened </li></ul><ul><li>Gender imbalance </li></ul><ul><li>Lives were ruined </li></ul><ul><li>Families were torn apart </li></ul>
  14. 14. Ending the Slave Trade <ul><li>Abolition was the movement to end slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Quakers were strong abolitionists </li></ul><ul><li>Britain ended 1807 </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. ended 1865 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Diaspora <ul><li>“ the scattering of people” </li></ul><ul><li>African captives in America began to think in terms of being unified race, rather than separate ethnic groups </li></ul>
  16. 16. Cultural Diffusion <ul><li>Africans worked very hard to preserve their cultural identity under the most challenging of circumstances </li></ul>
  17. 17. “ Roots” <ul><li>Alex Hailey </li></ul><ul><li>Kunte Kinte arrived aboard the Lord Ligonier in Anapolis on September 29, 1767 </li></ul>