West africas geography

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West africas geography

  1. 1. West Africa’s Geography
  2. 2. Do Now • Answer the following question: – How does the geography of Africa influence history?
  3. 3. Geography of Africa • A vegetation zone is a region that has certain types of plants • Soil and climate determine which type of plants grow in each vegetation zones • Africa is separated into three vegetation zones: desert, grasslands, and forests • Each vegetation zone is rich with resources
  4. 4. The Sahara • The majority of the northern part of Africa contains the world’s largest desert: The Sahara • The Sahara measures 3000 miles from east to west and between 800 and 1200 miles from north to south and has a total area of 3,320,000 miles • The Sahara is rich with salt deposits The Sahara in Egypt
  5. 5. The Savannah • The central part of West Africa is covered by the savannah or tropical grassland • Very flat and grassy with scattered trees called acacia trees • The savannah is good for farming. Crops such as millet, and peanuts are grown there. The land is also good for cattle grazing.
  6. 6. The Forests (or jungle) • Forests are primarily located in central Africa. • Large amounts of gold are located there
  7. 7. The Niger River • The Niger river runs through western Africa • It has played a key role in transportation, communication, and trade • Part of the river floods every year which provides good soil for farmland • It was also the southern border of Ghana’s empire
  8. 8. The Niger River Basin
  9. 9. Trade in Western Africa • People in the savannah and forests of West Africa had gold but very little salt. • People in North Africa had salt, but they wanted gold • As a result a trans-Saharan trade of gold and salt developed • Food and slaves were also traded. Some areas lacked a sufficient type of food and others lacked the labor they needed
  10. 10. Trade in Western Africa • People in the savannah and forests of West Africa had gold but very little salt. • People in North Africa had salt, but they wanted gold • As a result a trans-Saharan trade of gold and salt developed • Food and slaves were also traded. Some areas lacked a sufficient type of food and others lacked the labor they needed

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