It’s a great honors to expressmy scene of gratitude andfeeling of indebtedness towardsmy teacher for her valuable gaudinessto complete this assignment. I am deeply indebtedto my parents and my friends
India is an agriculturallyimportant country. Two-thirds of It’s population isengaged in agriculturalactivities. Agriculture is aprimary activity , whichproduces most of the foodthat we consume. Besides
Agriculture is thecultivationof animals, plants, fungi and other life formsfor food, fiber, andother products used tosustainlife. Agriculture wasthe key implement in therise ofsedentary human civiliz
• This type of farming is practiced in areas of• high population pressure on land. It is labor-intensive.
The ‘slash and burn’ agriculture is known as ‘Milpa’ in Mexico and CentralAmerica ‘Conuco’ in Venezuela, ‘Roca in Brazil, ‘Masole’ in CentralAfrica, ‘Ladang’ in Indonesia, ‘Ray’ in Vietnam. In India, this primitive form ofcultivation is called ‘Bear’ or ‘Dahiya’ in Madya Pradesh, ‘Padu’ or ‘Panda’ inAndhra Pradesh, ‘Puma Debi’ or ‘Kaman’ or ‘Bringa’ in Orissa.
Commercial Agriculture refers to a process of large-scale production of crops for sale, intended for widespread distribution to wholesalers or retail outlets In commercial farming crops such as wheat, maize, tea, coffee, sugarcane, cashew, rubber, banana, cotton are harvested and sold into world markets Commercial agriculture includes livestock production and livestock grazing
THESE are also reflected inagricultural practices andcropping pattern in the country.Various types of food and fibercrops ,vegetables and fruits ,spices India has threeand and condiments, etc cropping seasons- RABI. KHARIF. ZAID.
BAJRA GROWS WELL ON SANDY SOILS AND SHALLOW BLACK SOIL.RAJASTHAN, U.P. , MAHARASHTRA, GUJRAT AND HARYANA ARE THEREGIONS GOOD FOR BAJRA PRODUCTION.JOWAR , BAJRA AND RAGI ARE THE IMPORTANT MILLETS GROWNIN INDIA.
It is a crop which is used both as food andfodder:It is a kharif crop whichrequires temperaturebetween 210C to 270C andgrows well in old alluvialsoil. In some states likeBihar maize is grown inrabi season also.
India is the largest producer as well as the consumer of pulses in theworld. These are the major source of protein in a vegetarian diet. Major pulses that are grown in India are tur (arhar), urad, moong, masur , peas and gram. Pulses need less moisture and survive even in dry conditions.
INDIA PRODUCES ABOUT FOUR PERCENT OF THE WORLD’SCOFFEE PRODUCTION.INDIAN COFFEE IS KNOWN IN THEWORLD FOR ITS GOOD QUALITY.
INDIA IS THE LEADING PRODUCER AS WELL AS EXPORTER OF TEA IN THE WORLD. a) TEA CULTIVATION IS THE EXAMPLE OF PLANTANTION AGRICULTURE. b) IT IS ALSO AN IMPORTANT BEVERAGE CROP INTRODUCED IN INDIA INITIALLY BY THE BRITISH.a) MAJOR TEA PRODUCING STATES ARE ASSAM, HILLS OF DARJAND JALPAIGURI DISTRICTS, WEST BENGAL, TAMIL NADU AND KERELA.b) APART FROM THESE, HIMANCHAL PRADESH, UTTRAKHAND, MEGHALAYA, ANDRAPRADESH AND TRIPURA ARE ALSO TEA PRODUCING STATES IN THE COUNTRY.
India is believed to be the original home of the cotton plant . Cotton is one themain raw materials for cotton textile industry.India is the third – largest producer of cotton in the world. Cotton grows well indrier parts of black cotton soil of the Deccan plateau.It requires high temperature , irrigation, 210 frost- free days & bright sunshine forits growth
It is known as the golden fiber . Jute grows well on well- drained fertile soils in the food plains where soils renewed every year . High temperature is required during the time of growth. West Bengal , Bihar , Assam , Orissa& Meghalaya are the are major jute producing states. It is used in making gunny bags ,mats, ropes , yarn , carpets and other artifacts . Due to its high cost, it is losing market to synthetic fibers & packing materials, particularly the nylon .