The Politics of War


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VERY Brief presentation about the Emancipation Proclamation and British position. Includes Common Core Practice. For use with the Americans section 11.2.

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The Politics of War

  1. 1. Section 11.2
  2. 2.  Remained Neutral  Did not need Southern Cotton  Was buying wheat and corn from the North  The Trent Affair  Confederacy sent Slidell and James Mason to talk to Britain and France  They were arrested when their ship, the Trent, was intercepted by the US ship San Jacinto  Britain threatened war  Lincoln released the prisoners  Britain and the North happy as neither wanted war with the other
  3. 3.  Lincoln opposed slavery altogether but could not legally end slavery  Main concern was to preserve the Union  Claiming slave labor built fortifications and grew food for the Confederacy Lincoln had a reason for abolition  Ordering the Union army to seize Confederate supplies, he could emancipate slaves  Because abolitionist views were so prominent in Britain he felt emancipation would discourage Britain from joining the Confederacy
  4. 4.  Slavery had become a weapon of war  January 1, 1863 the Emancipation Proclamation was issued  it only applied to slaves behind Confederate lines  did not apply to territories occupied by Union troops or to slaves in states that had not seceded
  5. 5.  Reaction to proclamation:  had much symbolic importance but nothing really beyond that  free blacks liked the portion of the proclamation that allowed them to enlist  Democrats in the North thought it would antagonize the South  not all Union soldiers liked it but followed it if they thought it would end the war/unify the nation  Confederates were outraged and knew they could only preserve slavery if they won the war and encouraged a fight to the death attitude
  6. 6.  Lincoln dealt harshly with disloyalty  suspended the writ of habeas corpus in Maryland when a Baltimore crowd attacked a Union regiment  the Supreme Court ruled Lincoln had overstepped his authority but he ignored the Court
  7. 7. writ of habeas corpus  court order that requires authorities to bring a person held in jail before the court to determine why he/she is being jailed Copperheads  Northern democrats advocating for peace with the South
  8. 8.  Lincoln seized telegraph lines  Copperheads were arrested for calling for an armistice  Lincoln’s actions of extending presidential powers will be used as wartime precedent later in history
  9. 9. South  All able-bodied men 18-35 (later 17-50)  Could hire someone to fight on your place  Planters with 20 or more slaves were exempted  Upset poor Confederates: “rich man’s war, but a poor man’s fight.”
  10. 10. North  White men 20-45 for three years  Could hire someone to fight in your place  Could pay $300 fee to avoid conscription Draft Riots  New York immigrants feared freed slaves would take their jobs  federal troops had to put down riot leaving 100 dead
  11. 11.  Only after the Emancipation Proclamation did the Union accept African-American soldiers  Pay was lower  assigned to garrisons that were more susceptible to disease  often killed if captured  South considered drafting slaves but some felt it would undermine their cause
  12. 12. Common Core Practice 1) These two drawings reflect a) the Union viewpoint of the Emancipation Proclamation. b) the Confederate viewpoint of the Emancipation Proclamation. c) c) contrasting viewpoints of the Emancipation Proclamation. d) the European viewpoint of the Emancipation Proclamation
  13. 13. Common Core Practice 2) In the drawing at the top, the artist shows Lincoln holding the Constitution and the Bible. Which best describes the artist’s point of view? a) He supports the Emancipation Proclamation b) He believes the Emancipation Proclamation is unconstitutional c) He does not think slavery is a moral issue d) He thinks Lincoln just made up the Emancipation Proclamation so he could win more battles
  14. 14. Common Core Practice 3) In the bottom drawing, the artist shows Lincoln stepping on the Constitution and using ink from a pot held by the devil. Which statement best describes the artist’s point of view on the Emancipation Proclamation? a) He disagrees with it. b) He believes it is unconstitutional. c) He believes it is evil. d) All of the above.
  15. 15. Common Core Practice 4) The drawing on the top would reflect the viewpoint of a) Confederate soldiers. b) slaves. c) Southern politicians. d) None of the above