Jamestown and New England


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Deals with some of the basics regarding the Jamestown colony and the New England Colonies

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Jamestown and New England

  1. 1. AN ENGLISH SETTLEMENT AT JAMESTOWN Section 2.2 Guided Reading
  2. 2. JAMESTOWN 1. Who? a) Who were the settlers?  Settlers: English adventurers and soldiers  Settlers: English and African indentured servants or field laborers  Settler: farmers b) Who were the leaders?  John Smith, John Rolfe, William Berkeley, Nathanial Bacon c) Who were their neighbors?  the Powhatan
  3. 3. JAMESTOWN 2. What? a) What type of colony was Jamestown at first?  the Virginia Company was a joint-stock company – Charter Colony  one that is formed as a business venture, receives a charter from the king to start a business b) What did it later become?  eventually it became a Royal Colony
  4. 4. JAMESTOWN 3. When? a) When was Jamestown settled?  1607 b) When was the “starving time”?  winter of 1609  resulting from the Powhatan killing of colonist livestock and destruction of farms, roughly 60 of the 600 new colonists survived
  5. 5. JAMESTOWN 4. Why? a) Why did the settlers go to Jamestown?  gold  experience adventure  farm  forced to go b) Why did other support them?  financial gain
  6. 6. JAMESTOWN 4. Why? c) Why didn’t the settlers get along with their neighbors?  settlers’ appetite for land was unending d) Why did Jamestown nearly fail?  disease killed many settlers  many were more interested in gold than hunting or farming  the Powhatan opposed the settlers and killed their livestock
  7. 7. JAMESTOWN 5. Where? a) Where was Jamestown?  in Virginia, on a small peninsula on the James River
  8. 8. JAMESTOWN 6. How? a) How was Jamestown saved from failure?  John Smith took over and forced the colonists to work  tobacco provided colonists with the money they needed to build the colony  Cash Crop  agricultural product used mainly for selling instead of using or eating
  9. 9. PURITAN NEW ENGLAND Section 2.3 Guided Reading
  10. 10. NEW ENGLAND Differences in religion: Puritans believed the Church of England needed to be purified Puritans suffered religious persecution Some Puritans left England to form colonies in America 1) Puritans vs. the Church of England
  11. 11. NEW ENGLAND Differences in religious and political beliefs: Williams believed English settlers had to purchase land from Native Americans settlers should be allowed to worship their own way without government persecution Williams fled Massachusetts Bay and formed Providence 2) Puritan Leaders vs. Roger Sherman
  12. 12. NEW ENGLAND Differences in religious and political beliefs: Hutchinson taught that believers did not need ministers to interpret the Bible Hutchinson was banished from Massachusetts Bay 3) Puritan Leaders vs. Anne Hutchinson
  13. 13. NEW ENGLAND Differences on views of land: Native Americans viewed land a s a shared commodity, colonists believed in private property colonial victory; the near destruction of the Pequot nation 4) The Pequot War
  14. 14. NEW ENGLAND Native American resentment toward Puritan laws and policies colonial victory the destruction of 16 colonial villages death of 1/10 of military-age colonial men Native Americans suffered heavy casualties, food shortages, and disease the end of Native American power in Southeastern New England 5) King Philip’s War