Reported Speech Adapted From Carmen Torres

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Reported Speech for Intermediate students. Adapted from a Presentation at this same website by Carmen Torres (thanks!).

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Reported Speech Adapted From Carmen Torres

  1. 1. REPORTED SPEECH
  2. 2. REPORTED SPEECHWhat is it ? How do you use it?We use it when we want to tell another personabout a conversation that took place in the past(e.g telephone call, news or a story that someonetold us, etc.)Whe re ’sTo m ?He said hewas fe e lingill.
  3. 3. CHANGES FROM DIRECT TOREPORTED SPEECH:Verb Tense (when the Reporting Verb is inthe Past Tense – most times)Personal Pronouns, Possessives(In a logical way, see every sentence)Demonstratives: This  ThatThese ThoseTime & Place Expressions
  4. 4. I know quite a lot of peoplehere.Robert said.PresentSimpleSimple Past He said thathe ...............................quite a lot of people thereJohn is feeling much better Paul said.PresentContinuousPastContinuousHe said thatJohn ...........................muchbetter I enjoyed my holiday in theStatesDavid said.Simple Past Past Perfect He said thathe ............................... hisholiday in the StatesJackie wasn´t feeling verywell The teacher said.PastContinuousPast PerfectContinuousHe said thatJackie .........................very well They‘ve seen the Eiffel TowerJohn said.PresentPerfectPast Perfect He said thatthey ............................the Eiffel Tower I have been waiting for agesMy father said.PresentPerfectContinuousPast PerfectContinuousHe said thathe ............................for ages Nobody had warned themabout the storm The politiciansaid.Past Perfect Past Perfect(No change)He said thatnobody .................... about thestorm She had been reading allday Brenda said.Past PerfectContinuousPast PerfectContinuous(No change)She said thatshe ........................ all dayVerb Tense Changes:
  5. 5. I will be here with you.Robert promised me.FutureSimpleConditional Robert promised thathe ...............................there with meJohn is going to studyFrench Paul said.Be going to Was/Weregoing toPaul said thatJohn ...........................to study FrenchMODAL VERBS: We can start the lessonDavid said.Can Could David said thatwe ............................... startthe lesson They may come home My husband said.May Might My husband said thatthey .........................come home You must be quiet in class The teacher told us.‘ I’ll see you later!’ She said.MustWill/ ShallHad toWouldThe teacher told us thatwe ............................be quiet in classShe said that she ………..…me later.
  6. 6. Changes in Time and Place expressions:Time PlaceNow...agoThen...beforehere theretoday that day This town/garden...That town/garden ...tomorrow the following day ORthe day afterThese cities/ ... Those cities/ ...yesterday the previous day ORthe day beforelast week/month/ ...the previous week/month ... OR the weekbeforeNext week /month/ ...The following week /month OR the week/month after
  7. 7. Statements are Affirmative or Negative Sentences.We use a Reporting Verb + That (it can be omitted)+ Subject + verb in Previous tense + ...- “The students are tired”- said the teacherThe teacher said (that) the students were tired.- “It’s the funniest show I’ve ever seen” -Joan toldme.Joan told me (that) it was the funniest show shehad ever seen.- “I’ll call you this afternoon” - Mary assuredMary assured us (that) she would call us thatafternoon.REPORTING STATEMENTS
  8. 8. Reporting Verbs:ADDADMIT *ANSWERARGUEASSUREBOAST about *COMPLAIN to .. About *DENY *EXPLAINGRUMBLE about *OBJECT to *OBSERVEPOINT OUTPROMISEPROTEST against /about *REMARKREPLY* These verbs + ingThe most common ones:TELL + I.O. and SAYFollowed by THAT ( Remember it can be omitted!)
  9. 9. A) YES / NO QUESTIONS:Reporting Verb + If or whether + Subject + Verb +...(Order of Reported Question:Subject + Verb - as in Statements)“Are you working these days?” he asked.He asked if/whether I was working those days. (No QuestionMark)“Did you speak to John last night?” she asked.She wanted to know if I had spoken to J. the night before.REPORTING QUESTIONSIntroductory verbs: ask, wonder, would like/ want to know, …
  10. 10. B) WH- QUESTIONS:Reporting Verb + Question Word(s) + Subject + Verb(The Word Order is again the same as in Statements)“Where did you go last summer?”.He asked me where I had gone the previous summer.“How long were you waiting for us?”She wanted to know how long I had been waiting for them.
  11. 11. The Imperative changes into (Not) To Infinitive:He said to us: “Stay here” He told us to stay thereThe Reporting Verb must indicate “order”:He said: “Don’t mention that”He told me not to mention that.“Say that again”, he said to meHe asked me to say that again.Reporting Verbs:Tell,ask, beg, invite, warn, order, command, instruct,...REPORTING COMMANDS (= ORDERS)
  12. 12. We normally use suggest + gerundOR suggest that + Clause•Let’s, why don’t we, shall we, why not… are omitted:“Let’s go to the theatre”“Why don’t we go to the theatre?”“Shall we go to the theatre?”She suggested going to the theatreShe suggested that we (should) go to the theatre“Let’s not argue again,” he said.He suggested not arguing againHe suggested that they should not argue again.REPORTING SUGGESTIONS:
  13. 13. We use these Reporting Verbs:beg, ask, demand, request + (not) to(they usually take an Indirect Object)The word “please” is omitted.“Can I go out tonight, mum, please?” The boy begged.The boy begged to go out that night.“John, don’t open the window, please” I saidI asked /requested/begged John not to open the window.“Can you let me use your phone, please?” I asked myneighbour.I asked my neighbour to let me use her phone.“Can I use your phone?” I asked my neighbourI asked my neighbour if I could use her phone ORTo use her phoneREPORTING REQUESTS
  14. 14. Agree, refuse, offer, promise, threaten+ To Infinitive:Ann: Would you wait half an hour?Tom: All rightTom agreed to wait half an hour.Chris: Would you lend me another €50?David: No, I won´t lend you any more moneyDavid refused ...Accuse of, admit, apologize for, deny, insist on+ GerundYou took my money! He accused her of ...I didn’t steal it! He denied ...I am sorry I’m late  She apologized for ...Let me pay, please  She insisted on ...Other Verbs & Structures:

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