What we aren’t talking about Give you a chance to head for the exits…. Commercial structures, large scale projects Entire community planning for green We are talking about: The general process Individual unit development (homes) Where the process can work between developers and planningagencies
Housing Nantucket Private, non-profit organization Creating sustainable housing opportunities forNantucket residents Through three areas of focus: Rental Services Homeownership Services Technical Assistance
Who we are Grew out of needs for Housing Authority Grew out of perceived issues related to DHCD and30B bidding Sought to fill gaps in housing needs for community Connective tissue between many stakeholders on theisland Un-biased, un-related group Seeks to create new partnerships with existinggroups and with Town of Nantucket
What is Affordable Housing? Generally serves those earning below 100% of AreaMedian Income ($88,900) Housing Needs Covenant serves those earning upto 150% of AMI The residents are town employees, service workers,construction workers, and health workers. Scattered sites – Surfside, Tom Nevers
Where do we fit within the government? Housing Nantucket sees itself as a “hole filler” We seek out issues that need resolved and fix them Primarily viewed as a developer We provide local level education, local level advocacy Same issues as land conservation advocacy groups Who are you Why are you involved in process You don’t understand the issue We seek to try to provide insight into housing
Our role in housing Organizational shift as land runs out Need to compact and intensify projects Be a better supporter and advocate for Townsponsored initiatives Seek to diversify board Seek to continue to expand partnerships Seek to be an advocate for green methods, betterconstruction methods without bias Develop library and sources of information on green
Affordable and Green? One of the most important connections foradvocates and government Create solutions between those who earn less andlowering energy costs Green building doesn’t cost more Opportunity for community consensus andgovernment support of project Opportunity for holistic project management
Methods for Achieving “Green-ness” From a Governmental Perspective: Transit Oriented Development Requirements for Smart Growth Principles Requirements/Goals of Green Certification in RFPs Participation in planning process From a Non-Profit/Developer Perspective How much will it cost? Why do it? Who will benefit? What is my return on the investment?
Envisioning a Green Community Several criteria can be used Most common criteria is theLEED “standard” – but plentyof options (Energy Star, GreenGlobe, NAHB) Leadership in Energy andEnvironmental Design Developed by the US GreenBuilding Council
Green Communities State Level program (Green Communities Act) Loans, rebates, incentives Local Level initiatives Stick – Regulations requiring building green Carrot - Local level incentives/ tax breaks Needs for connecting government with developer Communicate and speak the same language Look for methods for streamlining permitting or finding morecarrots in the process Seek out innovative methods but understand the financial issues Seek ways to plan together during project (charettes, etc)
Building Green “The energy required to operate theheating, cooling, and electrical systems ofthe typical American house for one yeargenerates more than 26,000 pounds ofgreenhouse gas – enough to fill the Goodyear blimp.” “Green buildings arent just good for people and theenvironment but, if measured against long enough timeframes, they make sound financial investments both interms of reduced maintenance and operational costs aswell as increased worker productivity.” (Or residentretention.)
LEED for Homes A residential level version of LEED for NewConstruction Less stringent, more responsive Less Cost Same basic areas of concern Uses “accountability forms” from homeowner
Benefits for Government Reduce load on infrastructure Water reduction Energy usage reduction Transportation reduction PR Value Chance to help influence the outcome of the projectwith a developer Ability to know the “rules” for green developments Better tenants make better communities
Benefits for Developer Value Added Better living environment for tenant Tends to stay in unit longer More responsive to management Less complaints Longer life-cycle for components
But it Costs too much! “...a report commissioned by Californias Sustainable Building Task Force, an upfrontinvestment of two percent of construction costs will typically yield life cycle savings ofover ten times the value of the intial investment.” However, most developers arent interested in life cycle savings - it works forhomeowners and those in it for the “long haul,” such as affordable housingdevelopers. Studies have shown that cost increases have ranged from -18% to 6% Average cost increase is 2.4% (less than a standardcontingency) Most costly additions tend to be innovative designand technologies
Conceived as a two bedroom unit Built with Insulated Concrete Form System Intended to be higher quality than typical homes On-island LEED professionals directed to LEED forHomes provider – Conservation Services Group(CSG) Initial meeting was after design was approved andcontractor was selected2 Clarendon Rear
Initially was CSG, Housing Nantucket, and AndersenConstruction Housing Nantucket’s co-op student providedsignificant support towards end of project. Hired Bartsch and Radnor as landscape architect Atlantic Landscaping provided landscape work George Hull and Ryder - electricians, Adobe Cinema- energy monitoring system, Dave Kinney - plumber No mechanical engineer2 Clarendon Team
As our “guinea pig” project, wemade a few miss steps in thedocumentation process. Could have developed a few morepoints if the project weresubmitted to the LEED programprior to selecting a contractor anddeveloping the design. After connecting with CSG, wemade a few modifications toproject to allow for certain points.Initial Process
Conceived as a one bedroom unit Developed as an infill site Intended to be a construction counterpoint to 2Clarendon by using stick framing Had preliminary conversations with CSG Project was never intended to reach high level ofLEED rating Took lessons from 2 Clarendon3 Norquarta Rear
Housing Nantucket and an internal project managerlead project George Pappas and Matt Maryanski were primaryconstruction team Garry Caruso – plumbing, Ryder Electric – electrical,Mr. T – insulation, Island Concrete – Foundation, Island Carpet – flooring Nantucket Housefitters – kitchen Atlantic Landscaping for landscape construction3 Norquarta Team
Since this was not intended to reach high levels of LEEDratings, project simply proceeded as regular constructionproject During process, CSG technicians provided feedback oncertain elements of construction and construction teamknew to look for innovativeconstruction methods. Team meeting was held duringprocess, but was not as formalas required under LEED process.Initial Process
Spray FoamUsed exclusively in 3NorquartaSuggestion from CSGwas to bury lines intofoam so that they wouldbe insulated.
Heating System3 Norquarta utilizes a“single point” heatingsystem. A single Rinnaiheater (82% efficient)heats entire home.Jump vent and fan tomove air
CFL/Natural Lighting3 Norquarta utilized itssouthern exposure tobring natural light intothe main living space.Dimmable CFL unitswere used in recessedlighting.
Materials3 Norquarta usedcabinets fromCorsi/Greenfield whichwere all low-VOC units.Bamboo flooringinstalled by IslandCarpet.
LandscapingUtilized privet to keep units separated,basic landscape design, gray pavers, turfMinimized disturbed areas, usednaturalized plantings, used Nantucketstyle landscape to blend withneighborhood
Innovation and Design Think about project before starting Location and Linkages Plan where you are putting your project Site Selection Have a landscape plan Materials and Resources Plan how you are going to build the house Lots of material options Nantucket gains points for recyclingEasy Points
Water Runoff from roofs, rain barrels, irrigation, managing water,erosion Not Nantucket style issues Not able to obtain points in these areas Landscape Design (Site Selection) Not usually considered when receiving RFP land Required more design and attention than other projects Mechanicals (IAQ/Energy) Lack of certified engineer on island Some calculations complexProblem Areas
Thank you!A a r o n M a r c a v i t c ha a r o n @ h o u s i n g n a n t u c k e t . o r gh t t p : / / w w w . h o u s i n g n a n t u c k e t . o r g5 0 8 - 2 2 8 - 4 4 2 2