Auroville Architecture


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Auroville, City of dawn is located in state of Tamil Nadu, India, near Pondicherry in South India. .Auroville was founded as a project on experimental basis of the ‘Sri Arbindo Society’ on Wednesday 28 February 1968. The basic idea originated from Mirra Alfassa ‘The Mother ‘who was spiritually related to India.
Ma envisaged Auroville as an international township for 50,000 residents on the shape of a flower. Architect Roger Anger refined the planning and designed it in shape of Universe.He placed Matrimandir at the center of this city.
Mary Alfassa in her first message regarding the town stated that, "Auroville is meant to be a universal town where men and women of al countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony, above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities”

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Auroville Architecture

  1. 1.  "Auroville wants to be a universal town where men and women of all countries are able to live in peace and progressive harmony above all creeds, all politics and all nationalities. The purpose of Auroville is to realise human unity
  2. 2.  Roger Anger
  3. 3. Auroville Language Laboratory & Tomatis
  4. 4. Vérité Integral LearningCentre
  6. 6. Pavilion of Tibetan Culture
  7. 7. The community of Auromodele
  8. 8. Private House Douceur Auroville 2004/6 Architect: Pino Marchese & Sheril CastelinoMaterials of Construction Details:Mud plastered compound wallsR.C.C. frame structure and brick walls.Aerocon comfort tiles on roof slab.Polycarbonate skylightsSolar pump & energy demand partly met byphotovoltaics
  9. 9. Auroville Architecture
  10. 10. Construction materials used are mainly organic and natural including wood,mud, grass, stabilised earth bricks and fired bricks. Most of these homeshave sustainable energy systems such as solar. Dirk & Chinmayi have built awaste water treatment system and have experimented with levitated waterfor their clay walls, and Rolf has rainwater catchment from the roof and acompost toilet.
  11. 11. Berdah house Auromodele, Auroville 2000/1
  13. 13. VIKAS LAY-OUT – 1448 m² carpet area23 apartments, collective kitchen and toilets for 50 people
  14. 14.  Vikas Community The creation of this community was based on a particular spirit, life style and appropriate architectural design. It was related to Sri Aurobindo’s integral yoga and Auroville’s ideal. The extensive use of environmentally sound materials, appropriate building technologies, (earth and ferrocement), renewable energies (solar and wind) and ecological water management (watershed harvesting and biological waste water treatment), were the basis of its material implementation. Individual apartments, a few individual houses and common facilities were built. This project was the first development in Auroville, which used stabilised earth right from foundations to roof. To date, Vikas community still represents the most synthetic holistic development, which has been materialised in Auroville.
  15. 15. Renewable energy Solar water heaters Photovoltaic panels for the electricity Surface solar pumps for the gardens Submersible solar pump and wind pump Basement floorPercolation system of the third buildingWater managementRain water harvesting to aim zero runBiological wastewater treatmentsEarth managementSoil for building was extracted from thePercolation systems to harvest rainwaterWastewater treatment pondReservoirs for garden water
  16. 16. 13 apartments on 4 floors(3 floors above a basementfloor) Section of the third building
  17. 17. Auroville Visitors CentreThe core function of the centre is to inform the visitors about thepurpose of Auroville, its spiritual and material aim with exhibitionsand audio-visuals. The complex is also a demonstration centre forsustainable technologies such as appropriate building material andtechnologies, watershed management and landscaping with indigenousplants, renewable energies, waste water recycling techniques etc.
  18. 18. Solar Kitchen The aim of the project was to build a demonstration project a. In the use of SOLAR THERMAL ENERGY in steam generation. b. To provide for the nutritional needs of the present community of Auroville (1700 inhabitants approx :) including the meals at the schools, work places and for special occasions. c. To be a demonstration project for Appropriate building materials and technology, Solar Passive Architecture and Waste Water Recycling. kitchen.html
  19. 19. Auroville KindergartenThe design of the buildings is a reinterpretation of the local vernacularstyle in a minimalist architectural language using earth as thepredominant building material from foundation to roof. The spacesemerge out of a central space to the scale of a child to lessen thetrauma on his/her first experience of spending time away from a non-domestic environment without an intimate adult around.
  20. 20. .
  21. 21. Auroville IllangarkalAuroville as part of its regional development program undertakes severalactivities in partnership with local village bodies like the women’s self helpgroups, youth clubs, adult literacy program, vocational and livelihood skillstraining and rural health centres. Ilangarkal School is the hub for some ofthese programs with class rooms / workshop spaces / crafts centre /library / dining +kitchen / admin / computer training and 2 dormitories’ forresidential students.The campus is designed a“Mandala” around astepped pond cumamphitheatre. Thecompressed earth blocksused for the buildingsare made from theexcavation of this pondand roofs of thebuildings are turfs thatcollect rain water andchannel it to this pond.
  22. 22. Melur Meadows Housing ProjectMelur Meadows is a gated enclave of 150 cottages on 9 acres betweenCoimbatore and Ooty hill station. The layout of the project follows thenatural contours of the site which is shaped like bowl like in anamphitheater. There are 4 types of dwelling units on the terraces siteoffering private and public green spaces with the design of the cottagesthat allow for maximum outdoor living to re-create the proverbial village.
  23. 23. The design follows the natural slope of the land with no cut and fills respectingthe coastal dune formation and regulations with the built form scooping outsmall open to sky inner courts connected by a transparent walkway from thewest entry to the east terraces overlooking the bay.Each space opens to these screened courts allowing visual privacy from theinvasive developments around site.
  24. 24. The walls are exposed bricks in local brick tiles and the intermediatefloors are all jack arches in the same bricks. The roof is concrete andthatch for heat insulation. The terraces and verandas are overlooking thesea and courts.
  25. 25. Nare - Jyoti Beach HouseOn a narrow site with minimal frontage to the Bay of Bengal on the CoromandelCoast north of the ex-French colonial town of Pondicherry; hemmed in on 3sides by random unplanned structures the challenge was to create a 5 bedroombeach house that would be a “retreat to peace and tranquillity”.