REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE
ADAPTATION STRATEGY
2
3
Sector Subtopic Objectives
Built
Environment
Development, Green
Infrastructure, Tree
Canopy
1) New development/redevelop...
Implementation Strategies
4
Hierarchy:
14. Strategy (Regional Climate Change Adaptation)
14.A. Sub-Strategy
14.A.1) Recomm...
Source: Penney, 2008
ADAPTATION = increasing resiliency and
reducing vulnerability of our natural and built
systems to bes...
Keep Development Out of Floodplains
Source: Carrie Banks, MA Division of Ecological Restoration
Coastal Wetland Migration
 Open Space Planning
 Regulations / Zoning
 Interdepartmental Coordination
 Design Guidelines
 Transfer of Developmen...
Work Together!
Plan with
Nature in
Mind
Master Planning
Lake Ontario Park Master Plan: Habitat and Natural Areas Plan
Natural Resource Protection Zoning
Single Family: Open Space Reserved = 0 Cluster: OSR 30%
Conservation: OSR 50% NRPZ: OSR...
Zoning in High
Hazard Areas
Shoreline Protection Law
(Adapted from ME Shoreline Zoning Handbook)
Wetlands
Resources:
• http://www.co.lancaster.pa.us/toolbox/
• http://www.town.duxbury.ma.us/public_
documents/DuxburyMA_C...
Set-backs
Kauai Shoreline Ordinance
Setback Related to Lot Depth:
Average Lot Depth (Feet) < 100
or less
101 –
121
121 -
1...
 Elevation of the lowest floor two feet above the Base Flood
Elevation
 Walls that are “substantially impermeable to the...
Rolling
Easements
Source: Georgetown Law; Harrison
Inst. For Public Law
Yes It
Can Be
Done!
Receiving area =
lot w/in
Residential A or
B – w/ municipal
water& sewer
Transfer of Development Right...
Integrated Water Management
 Aquatic Restoration
 Green Infrastructure
 Water Conservation/Reuse
Source: Sustainable Wa...
Green Infrastructure
Conventional (Gray) Infrastructure Green Infrastructure
Singe function – carry waste and water;
built...
Green Infrastructure
Green Infrastructure
Could This be Boston
…or Worcester?
Source: City of Philadelphia
LocalEconomyand Government
Ecological
Resilience
Economic
Vitality
Social Equity
& Human
Health
Vulnerable Populations
Local Codes & Regulations
Do They Discourage or Promote Green Infrastructure /
Low Impact Development?
Do they Agree/Confl...
 Relax Parking Requirements
 Utilize Right-of-Way & Reduce Setbacks
 Permit use of Open Drainage Systems
 Credits for ...
Proactive MA Communitis
• Chatham – zoning bylaw prohibits new residential units in
mapped floodplains - designates ‘conse...
THANK YOU!
Contact Info:
Julie Conroy, AICP
Senior Environmental Planner
MAPC
617-933-0749
jconroy@mapc.org
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Regional Climate Change Adaption Strategy

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Regional Climate Change Adaption Strategy

  1. 1. REGIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGY
  2. 2. 2
  3. 3. 3 Sector Subtopic Objectives Built Environment Development, Green Infrastructure, Tree Canopy 1) New development/redevelopment designed to adapt to climate impacts (heat, precipitation, etc.) Development 2) Redevelopment located outside of the highest hazard areas Natural Resources Protection 3) Natural functions of ecosystems, shorelines and critical habitat areas will be restored Management 4) Conserve and manage habitats to support healthy fish, wildlife and plant populations and ecosystem functions Restoration 5) Restore ecosystem processes to increase capacity to adapt Coastal Zone Protection, Storm Assessment 6) Coastal areas resilient to climate change impacts Key Infrastructure Energy, Water/WW/SW, Transportation, Green Infrastructure 7) Resilient transportation, water/wastewater, and energy infrastructure Roads & Crossings 8) All existing tide and flood control structures assessed for flood control capacity Local Govt./ Economy Asset Management, Capacity 9) Local and regional asset management preparation and monitoring Human Health & Welfare Vector Diseases, Vulnerable 10) A public protected from extreme climate change health impacts, with particular focus on vulnerable populations
  4. 4. Implementation Strategies 4 Hierarchy: 14. Strategy (Regional Climate Change Adaptation) 14.A. Sub-Strategy 14.A.1) Recommendation 14.A.1) a. Implementation Measure
  5. 5. Source: Penney, 2008 ADAPTATION = increasing resiliency and reducing vulnerability of our natural and built systems to best prepare for changing conditions
  6. 6. Keep Development Out of Floodplains Source: Carrie Banks, MA Division of Ecological Restoration
  7. 7. Coastal Wetland Migration
  8. 8.  Open Space Planning  Regulations / Zoning  Interdepartmental Coordination  Design Guidelines  Transfer of Development Rights  Easements Repurposing Source: Prudent Baby
  9. 9. Work Together!
  10. 10. Plan with Nature in Mind
  11. 11. Master Planning Lake Ontario Park Master Plan: Habitat and Natural Areas Plan
  12. 12. Natural Resource Protection Zoning Single Family: Open Space Reserved = 0 Cluster: OSR 30% Conservation: OSR 50% NRPZ: OSR 80%
  13. 13. Zoning in High Hazard Areas
  14. 14. Shoreline Protection Law (Adapted from ME Shoreline Zoning Handbook)
  15. 15. Wetlands Resources: • http://www.co.lancaster.pa.us/toolbox/ • http://www.town.duxbury.ma.us/public_ documents/DuxburyMA_Conservation
  16. 16. Set-backs Kauai Shoreline Ordinance Setback Related to Lot Depth: Average Lot Depth (Feet) < 100 or less 101 – 121 121 - 140 141 – 160 161 - 180 181 - 200 >200 Min. Setback (Feet) 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Setback Related to Building Footprint: Building Footprint Less than or equal to 5000 sq ft Greater than 5000 sq ft Setback (feet) 40’ plus 70 times the annual coastal erosion rate 40’ feet plus 100 times the annual coastal erosion rate
  17. 17.  Elevation of the lowest floor two feet above the Base Flood Elevation  Walls that are “substantially impermeable to the passage of water” (U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Flood Proofing Regulations). Redevelopment/Building Guidelines Source: LA Storm Smart Coasts
  18. 18. Rolling Easements Source: Georgetown Law; Harrison Inst. For Public Law
  19. 19. Yes It Can Be Done! Receiving area = lot w/in Residential A or B – w/ municipal water& sewer Transfer of Development Rights Falmouth, MA
  20. 20. Integrated Water Management  Aquatic Restoration  Green Infrastructure  Water Conservation/Reuse Source: Sustainable Water Management Wiki Source: Australian Water Association. Source: City of Portland, Environmental Services
  21. 21. Green Infrastructure Conventional (Gray) Infrastructure Green Infrastructure Singe function – carry waste and water; built for cars only; electricity from fossil fuels Multi-functional - store and treat stormwater; aesthetically pleasing; provide wildlife habitat; electricity from wind, solar; multi-modality, etc. Manufactured materials Manufactured and natural materials Transports stormwater away from site Manages stormwater on site Concentrates stormwater and pollutants Naturally treats and disperses stormwater and pollutants Roads built for cars only Roads that accommodate bicycles and pedestrians, and often, have natural elements too. Electricity from fossil fuels Electricity from multiple renewable energy sources Cookie-cutter approach, no room for creativity or complementariness Work well in tandem with and are complimentary to other types of infrastructure Source: Janak, Germond et al. 2008
  22. 22. Green Infrastructure
  23. 23. Green Infrastructure
  24. 24. Could This be Boston …or Worcester? Source: City of Philadelphia
  25. 25. LocalEconomyand Government Ecological Resilience Economic Vitality Social Equity & Human Health
  26. 26. Vulnerable Populations
  27. 27. Local Codes & Regulations Do They Discourage or Promote Green Infrastructure / Low Impact Development? Do they Agree/Conflict with Each Other?  Wetland Regulations  Stormwater Regulations  Zoning - Site Plan Review  Subdivision Rules and Regulations MAPC’s Code Checklist: http://www.mapc.org/sites/default/files/LID_Local _Codes_Checklist.pdf
  28. 28.  Relax Parking Requirements  Utilize Right-of-Way & Reduce Setbacks  Permit use of Open Drainage Systems  Credits for On-site Retention, Infiltration, Evapo-transpiration Zoning/Site Plan Review Incentives: • Fee Discount • Development Incentives • Rebates & Installation Financing • Awards & Recognition Programs
  29. 29. Proactive MA Communitis • Chatham – zoning bylaw prohibits new residential units in mapped floodplains - designates ‘conservancy districts’ for land in 100-year floodplain; designates uses as permitted, needing special permit or are altogether prohibited • Cape Cod Commission – model floodplain district bylaw prohibiting new development in V, no public infrastructure in V and A zones • Boston – updating their hazard mitigation plan, looking into updating wetlands ordinance - all accommodating for CC • Cambridge – vulnerability assessment • Reducing Storm Risk in Developed Areas w FEMA $: Quincy & Scituate help property owners elevate homes/utilities; covers 75% of cost
  30. 30. THANK YOU! Contact Info: Julie Conroy, AICP Senior Environmental Planner MAPC 617-933-0749 jconroy@mapc.org

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