Sociometry

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Sociometry

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Sociometry

  1. 1. Ebru DÜNYAGÜZELİ, ÇUKUROVA MA, 2011
  2. 2. TECHNIQUES USED IN COUNSELING <ul><li>1. Techniques for getting to know an individual </li></ul><ul><li>2. Techniques based on self-expressing </li></ul><ul><li>3. Techniques based on others’ views </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1.WHAT IS SOCIOMETRY? <ul><li>Socious (in latin) = partner / friend </li></ul><ul><li>Metrum (in latin) = measurment </li></ul><ul><li>The word ‘socimetry’ which comes from French to our language means as the effects of social life&friendship on an individual. </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2.WHAT ARE THE PURPOSES OF APPLYING SOCIOMETRY? <ul><li>To learn the interaction & the structure of a group </li></ul><ul><li>To discover where exactly an individual exists in that group </li></ul><ul><li>To elicit social relationship and the organization type of a group through analyzing attitudes & aptitudes of group members among eachother </li></ul><ul><li>To identify subgroups,leaders and cliques of a group </li></ul><ul><li>To obtain objective information about the real structure of a group and group integrity . </li></ul>
  5. 5. HISTORY OF SOCIOMETRY <ul><li>The origins of socimetric techniques are based on the idea that ‘‘ induction methods’’ that are carried out in applied sciences can also be applied in social sciences. (E.Durkheim&H.Spencer) </li></ul><ul><li>J.L.Moreno(1934) ,who was affected by this idea,put forward sociometry theories and techniques to the literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Having been developed since 1950s in America, socimetry ,then,spread around Europe and other countries. </li></ul><ul><li>IN OUR COUNTRY, upon colloborating with Moreno Uberliningen Institute for educational purposes in 1982 , a socimetry group was constituted in Ankara. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The importance and functions of Sociometry <ul><li>It enables us to learn about the group dynamics and evaluate socialization levels of students after some social activities and their effects on reaching the intended goal. </li></ul><ul><li>It helps school administration,teachers and counseling department by providing detailed information about the general structure & the social relationships of the group by preparing social plans&programmes to develop them in a better way and to find solutions to the problems. </li></ul><ul><li>After applying these regulations,groups can be re-constructed to increase efficiency in their performance. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Due to being not an analyse of an invidual only,but the analyse of a person in a whole group, this technique gives us extensive amount of information about a lot of people at the same time . </li></ul><ul><li>Sociometry also gives us a chance to identify the distance/closeness of the group members with eachother and the interaction net among them. </li></ul><ul><li>Additionally,it is beneficial in preventing adaptation problems after having the application results in the hand. </li></ul>
  8. 8. AREAS THAT SOCIOMETRY CAN BE APPLIED <ul><li>EDUCATION </li></ul><ul><li>INDUSTRY </li></ul><ul><li>SERVICE AND PUBLIC SECTOR , and sometimes even in: </li></ul><ul><li>ARMY  </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is A Sociogram? <ul><li>A sociogram is a charting of the inter-relationships within a group. Its purpose is to discover group structure: i.e., the basic &quot;network&quot; of friendship patterns and sub-group organization. The relations of any one child to the group as a whole are another type of information which can be derived from a sociogram. A sociogram's value to a teacher is in its potential for developing greater understanding of group behavior so that he/she may operate more wisely in group management and curriculum development . Sociograms may be constructed in a variety of ways. The methods described here re ones which teachers have used and found not too difficult or time consuming. </li></ul>
  10. 10. THE APPLICATION OF SOCIOMETRY <ul><li>KINDS OF QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED: </li></ul><ul><li>NAME/SURNAME: DATE: ../../…. </li></ul><ul><li>-With which of your friend would you like to go on a trip? </li></ul><ul><li>-With which of your friend would you like to study and do your homework together? </li></ul><ul><li>1st preferance: …………………………………………. </li></ul><ul><li>2nd preferance: ………………………………………… </li></ul><ul><li>13rd preferance: ………………………………………. </li></ul>
  11. 11. SOME CHARACTER TYPES OBSERVED IN SOCIMETRY <ul><li>Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Isolated ones </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected ones </li></ul><ul><li>Groups in-pairs </li></ul><ul><li>Cliques </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships in-chain </li></ul>
  12. 16. Some crucial points to be cared in the application of Socimetry <ul><li>A good and clear explanation should be made to express the aim of the technique before the application </li></ul><ul><li>A friendly and attentive classroom atmosphere should be created. </li></ul><ul><li>Class members should have known eachother since about 6 months to get valid&reliable results </li></ul><ul><li>It must be applied to the students who can read and write </li></ul><ul><li>Socimetry principles ought to be taken into account during application </li></ul><ul><li>Application should be repeated periodically to see if there is any improvement or change. </li></ul><ul><li>Results has to be kept as a secret and not to use for other purposes. </li></ul>
  13. 17. REFERENCE LIST <ul><li>Özgüven,İ.E.,(2005)Psychological Consultation and Counseling in Modern Education: Techniques For Getting To Know An Individual,published in Ankara </li></ul><ul><li>Demir,T.,(2011) KPSS Uzman Kariyer Publications,Counseling,published in Ankara </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.users.muohio.edu/shermalw/sociometryfiles/socio_are.htmlx </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sociogram </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.sociometry.co.nz/sociometric_symbols.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://what-when-how.com/social-sciences/sociometry/ </li></ul>
  14. 18. <ul><li>THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION AND PATIENCE ;) </li></ul>

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