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Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations

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Keynote, Int. Winterschool "Spectra of Transformation", Akademie für Schultheater und performative Bildung, Nürnberg, 21.2.2017

Also, you may like to check out the youtube playlist I assembled im preparation to this talk & workshop: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhXEPPnT87bzAUEuPZvXy4vC6xuIH8hoZ

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Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations

  1. 1. Digital and 
 Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Next Arts Educations International Winterschool „Spectra of Transformation“ Akademie für Schultheater und performative Bildung Nuremberg, Feb 21, 2017 Prof. Dr. Benjamin Jörissen Lehrstuhl für Pädagogik mit dem Schwerpunkt Kultur, ästhetische Bildung und Erziehung http://joerissen.name benjamin@joerissen.name
  2. 2. „The Next Art is the art of the Next Society.“ „Like all pedagogy, Next Art Pedagogy has to be radically thought towards future.“ 2013 2007
  3. 3. Next Art Education Next Arts Education 2013
 http://kunst.uni-koeln.de/kpp/_kpp_daten/pdf/KPP29_Meyer.pdf
  4. 4. Digital „Bildung“ (?) Education in digital cultures? Arts education in digital cultures?
  5. 5. 1. Three ways of reflecting upon the relation of education and (post-) digital transformation
  6. 6. Digitalization as … didactical resource instructional topic cultural process
  7. 7. didactical resource Focus: Transformation of learning tools e-Learning OER ed-tech innovation innovative teacher/academic training „digital schools“ Digitalization as …
  8. 8. instructional topic Focus: Transformation of media-related topics media literacy media design informatics education teaching values for the digital era Internet-Certificates school subject „digital media education“? Digitalization as …
  9. 9. kultureller Prozess Focus: Transformation of everyday life/mundane lifeworld Values Aesthetics Self „Culture“ Sociality conditional structures Knowledge „Subjectivity“ Digitalization as …
  10. 10. „Digitalization provides new learning tools and innovation!“ „Digitalization has to be imparted in order to deal with its effects!“ „Digitalization transforms culture, sociality, and subjectivity.“ didact. resource instructional topic cultural process risks of a reductionalistic view upon digitalization
  11. 11. 2. Once upon a time … (somewhat naïve) hopes in the benefits of 
 digital medialities
  12. 12. Media „Bildung“ (2009) • collaborative knowledge achievement on Wikipedia • community-building in online- communities • avatars as exploration and pluralization of identity • sharing biographical reflections on Youtube • etc. …
  13. 13. meanwhile … • social web evolving as a mass media • ubiquity of self-staging; moral crisis of public articulation • attention economies • ubiquituous surveillance • most public spaces owned by companies • decline of public discourse (viral network effects taking over, postfactual age)
  14. 14. 3. digitality, power and hegemoniality
  15. 15. The new medial opportunities of digital communication and articulation arise in technologically „walled gardens“, strictly capitalized and strictly „designed-for- surveillance“ spaces. „Digitalization“ is on its way of becoming a synonym for „new technologies 
 of hegemonial governance“. core problem:
  16. 16. The digital web is mycelium: h"ps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heksenkring.jpg What you see.
  17. 17. h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/bushman_k/6177595969 What you get. The digital web is mycelium:
  18. 18. Software & Code/Algorithms Data & Data Structures Networks & Protocols Interfaces & Materialities
  19. 19. CLOUD HARD
 WARE software data networks interfaces
  20. 20. „code is law“ vs. „code as logos“ Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http:// harvardmagazine.com/2000/01/code-is-law-html [20.6.2015] Wendy Hui Kyong Chun: Programmed Visions: Software and Memory. MIT Press 2011.
  21. 21. Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http:// harvardmagazine.com/2000/01/code-is-law-html [20.6.2015] Wendy Hui Kyong Chun: Programmed Visions: Software and Memory. MIT Press 2011. „code is law“ vs. „code as logos“
  22. 22. „Softwarization“ of logistics, communication, and management Parisi, L. (2016). Contagious Architecture: Computation, Aesthetics, and Space. MIT Press. Hörl, E., & Parisi, L. (2013). Was heißt Medienästhetik? 
 Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 8(2).
  23. 23. environmentality Hörl, E., & Parisi, L. (2013). Was heißt Medienästhetik? 
 Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 8(2). „an automatic, but non-reflexive thinking, which marks a specific operating mode of calculation, classification, and organization of data,
 enabling as a spatially thinking modus of power
  24. 24. Rob Kitchin/Martin Dodge: Code/Space. Software and Everyday Life. MIT Press, 2011. „Everyware“
  25. 25. http://www.rael-sanfratello.com/?p=1771 form und matter as manifestation of code http://www.emergingobjects.com/2013/09/27/concrete/
  26. 26. „solutionism“ Morozov, Evgeny (2013): To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism, Philadelphia: Public Affairs.
  27. 27. „computationalism“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  28. 28. „[…] the computer encourages a Hobbesian conception of this political relation: one is either the person who makes and gives orders (the sovereign), or one follows orders. There is no room in this picture for exactly the kind of distributed sovereignty on which democracy itself would seem to be predicated […]“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  29. 29. • „[…] the post-digital is represented by and indicative of a moment when the computational has become hegemonic.“ Berry, David M. (2014). Post-Digital Humanities. In: Educause Review May/June 2014. http://er.educause.edu/~/media/files/article-downloads/erm1433.pdf
  30. 30. „we found digital computation because our society is already so oriented toward binarisms, hierarchy, and instrumental rationality“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  31. 31. strategies of re-appropriation
  32. 32. http://tincon.org/ strategies of re-appropriation
  33. 33. Menkman, R. (o. J.). Institute of Network Cultures | No. 04: The Glitch Moment(um), Rosa Menkman. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. Retrieved from http://networkcultures.org/blog/publication/no-04-the-glitch- momentum-rosa-menkman/ strategies of re-appropriation
  34. 34. 3. Transformations with regard to subjectivity, sociality, and culture
  35. 35. „everyday life“
  36. 36. digitally transformed practices of „subjectivation“* * (power-related reflexive, communicative, ritualized, institutionalized practices, in which culturally specific forms of self-relating subjectivities arise)
  37. 37. self optimization: „Quantified Self“ self images: „Selfie“ individualization: „echo chambers“ „ProdUser“-Ideology: „Be creative!“
  38. 38. 42
  39. 39. favstar.fm Externer Service, der seit 2009 „Favsterne“ und „Retweets“ eines Users sammelt und u.a. in „Leaderboards“ präsentiert.
  40. 40. digitally transformed sociality
  41. 41. algorithm-enhanced sociality e.g. Facebook- Filteralgorithms, recommendation-– algorithms … network-sociality Attention ecomonies Viral dynamics Smartmobs Shitstorms WhatsApp-networked Peers and Families …
  42. 42. digitally transgressed „gouvernementality“* * = embodied mentality of „self-governance“; cf. „gouvernementality studies“
  43. 43. Smart Agriculture Smart Environments Monitoring/Controlling Energy Use Sustainable Behavioral Change toward Healthy Lifestyle Body Sensor Networks in Clinical Settings/Elder Healthcare … Social Sensor Networks for Transportation Management RFID for Next Gen Automotive Services etc. Ilyas, M., Alwakeel, S. S., Alwakeel, M. M., & Aggoune, el-H. M. (2014). 
 Sensor Networks for Sustainable Development. CRC Press.
  44. 44. „Smart“ Everything als 
 conglomeration of 
 datamining, surveillance, 
 solutionism and moralization?
  45. 45. digital transformation of culture/
 cultural objekcts
  46. 46. • MIDI 
 as a „lock-in“- phenomenon Jaron Lanier: Gadget. Warum die Zukunft uns noch braucht. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 2010.
  47. 47. MIDI (Music Instrument Digital Interface) byte 1: note on/off byte 2: coded note value (diachronic) byte 3: velocity (0-128)
  48. 48. MIDI (Music Instrument Digital Interface) byte 1: note on/off byte 2: coded note value (diachronic) byte 3: velocity (0-128)
  49. 49. • MP3 
 as a cultural artefact and
 „(im-) perceptual capital“ Sterne, Jonathan (2012). MP3. The Meaning of a Format. Duke Univ. Press
  50. 50. 4. Conclusion
  51. 51. Whose knowledge, whose algorithms? Whose communication, whose communicational spaces? Whose data, whose added value? Whose creativity, whose copyright?
  52. 52. Thesis 1
 Software and its (practical, aesthetical, social, economical, political) logics are constitutive for processes of subjectivcation and „Bildung“. Education thus can no longer be understood without regard to the conditions of postdigital culture.
  53. 53. Thesis 2
 The cultural and aesthetic dimension is (at least) as important as the cognitive dimension: The digital/informational sphere is as much a genuin part of our cultures as other infrastructural encounters, such as urban construction and development.
  54. 54. Thesis 3
 If software + networks are, in our present situation, the central form of power, control and governance, then education has not to refuse, but to 
 embrace digitality throughout its fields. Because: The critical practice is „fundamentally dependent on the horizon of knowledge effects within which it operates“; it is formed „in the crucible of a particular exchange between a set of rules or precepts (which are already there) and a stylization of acts (which extends and reformulates that prior set of rules and precepts). This stylization of the self in relation to the rules comes to count as a ‚practice‘.” (J. Butler, What is Critique? An Essay on Foucault’s Virtue)
  55. 55. Lawrence Abu Hamdan: Earshot (2015) Abb: http://lawrenceabuhamdan.com/#/new-page-1/ inverted surveillance as a civic/artistic counterstrategyhttp://lawrenceabuhamdan.com/#/new-page-1/ http://www.portikus.de/de/exhibitions/199_earshot

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