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Digital and 

Post-digital Conditions:
Challenges for Next Arts Educations
International Winterschool „Spectra of Transfor...
„The Next Art is the
art of the Next
Society.“
„Like all pedagogy,
Next Art Pedagogy has
to be radically thought
towards f...
Next Art Education
Next Arts Education
2013

http://kunst.uni-koeln.de/kpp/_kpp_daten/pdf/KPP29_Meyer.pdf
Digital „Bildung“ (?)
Education in digital cultures?
Arts education in digital cultures?
1.
Three ways of reflecting
upon the relation of
education and (post-)
digital transformation
Digitalization as …
didactical resource
instructional topic
cultural process
didactical resource
Focus: Transformation of learning tools
e-Learning
OER ed-tech innovation
innovative teacher/academic ...
instructional topic
Focus: Transformation of media-related topics
media literacy media design
informatics education
teachi...
kultureller Prozess
Focus: Transformation of everyday life/mundane lifeworld
Values
Aesthetics Self
„Culture“
Sociality
co...
„Digitalization provides
new learning tools and
innovation!“
„Digitalization has to be
imparted in order to deal
with its ...
2.
Once upon a time …
(somewhat naïve) hopes
in the benefits of 

digital medialities
Media „Bildung“
(2009)
• collaborative knowledge
achievement on Wikipedia
• community-building in online-
communities
• av...
meanwhile …
• social web evolving as a mass media
• ubiquity of self-staging; moral crisis of
public articulation
• attent...
3.
digitality, power and
hegemoniality
The new medial opportunities of digital
communication and articulation arise in
technologically „walled gardens“, strictly...
The digital web is mycelium:
h"ps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heksenkring.jpg
What you see.
h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/bushman_k/6177595969
What you get.
The digital web is mycelium:
Software & Code/Algorithms
Data & Data Structures
Networks & Protocols
Interfaces & Materialities
CLOUD
HARD

WARE
software
data networks
interfaces
„code is law“
vs.
„code as logos“
Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http://
harvardmagazine.c...
Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http://
harvardmagazine.com/2000/01/code-is-law-html [20.6....
„Softwarization“
of logistics, communication,
and management
Parisi, L. (2016). Contagious Architecture: Computation, Aest...
environmentality
Hörl, E., & Parisi, L. (2013). Was heißt Medienästhetik? 

Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 8(2).
„an ...
Rob Kitchin/Martin Dodge: Code/Space. Software and Everyday Life. MIT Press, 2011.
„Everyware“
http://www.rael-sanfratello.com/?p=1771
form und matter as manifestation of code
http://www.emergingobjects.com/2013/09/27...
„solutionism“
Morozov, Evgeny (2013): To Save Everything, Click Here:
The Folly of Technological Solutionism, Philadelphia...
„computationalism“
David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
„[…] the computer encourages a
Hobbesian conception of this political
relation: one is either the person who
makes and giv...
• „[…] the post-digital is
represented by and
indicative of a moment
when the computational
has become hegemonic.“
Berry, ...
„we found digital computation
because our society is already so
oriented toward binarisms, hierarchy,
and instrumental rat...
strategies of re-appropriation
http://tincon.org/
strategies of re-appropriation
Menkman, R. (o. J.). Institute of Network Cultures | No. 04: The Glitch Moment(um), Rosa Menkman. Amsterdam:
Institute of ...
3.
Transformations with
regard to subjectivity,
sociality, and culture
„everyday life“
digitally transformed
practices of
„subjectivation“*
* (power-related reflexive, communicative, ritualized, institutionaliz...
self optimization: „Quantified Self“
self images: „Selfie“
individualization: „echo chambers“
„ProdUser“-Ideology: „Be creat...
42
favstar.fm	
Externer	Service,	der	seit		
2009	„Favsterne“	und	„Retweets“	
eines	Users	sammelt	und	u.a.	
in	„Leaderboards“	...
digitally transformed
sociality
algorithm-enhanced
sociality
e.g. Facebook-
Filteralgorithms,
recommendation-–
algorithms
…
network-sociality
Attention ec...
digitally transgressed
„gouvernementality“*
* = embodied mentality of „self-governance“; cf. „gouvernementality studies“
Smart Agriculture
Smart Environments
Monitoring/Controlling Energy Use
Sustainable Behavioral Change toward Healthy Lifest...
„Smart“ Everything als 

conglomeration of 

datamining, surveillance, 

solutionism and moralization?
digital transformation
of culture/

cultural objekcts
• MIDI 

as a „lock-in“-
phenomenon
Jaron Lanier: Gadget. Warum die Zukunft uns noch braucht.
Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 2010.
MIDI
(Music Instrument Digital Interface)
byte 1: note on/off
byte 2: coded note value (diachronic)
byte 3: velocity (0-12...
MIDI
(Music Instrument Digital Interface)
byte 1: note on/off
byte 2: coded note value (diachronic)
byte 3: velocity (0-12...
• MP3 

as a cultural artefact and

„(im-) perceptual capital“
Sterne, Jonathan (2012). MP3. The Meaning of a Format. Duke...
4.
Conclusion
Whose knowledge, whose algorithms?
Whose communication, whose
communicational spaces?
Whose data, whose added value?
Whose...
Thesis 1

Software and its (practical, aesthetical,
social, economical, political) logics are
constitutive for processes o...
Thesis 2

The cultural and aesthetic dimension is (at
least) as important as the cognitive
dimension:
The digital/informat...
Thesis 3

If software + networks are, in our present situation, the
central form of power, control and governance, then
ed...
Lawrence Abu Hamdan: Earshot (2015)
Abb: http://lawrenceabuhamdan.com/#/new-page-1/
inverted surveillance as a civic/artis...
Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations
Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations
Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations
Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations
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Keynote, Int. Winterschool "Spectra of Transformation", Akademie für Schultheater und performative Bildung, Nürnberg, 21.2.2017

Also, you may like to check out the youtube playlist I assembled im preparation to this talk & workshop: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhXEPPnT87bzAUEuPZvXy4vC6xuIH8hoZ

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Digital and Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Nexts Arts Educations

  1. 1. Digital and 
 Post-digital Conditions: Challenges for Next Arts Educations International Winterschool „Spectra of Transformation“ Akademie für Schultheater und performative Bildung Nuremberg, Feb 21, 2017 Prof. Dr. Benjamin Jörissen Lehrstuhl für Pädagogik mit dem Schwerpunkt Kultur, ästhetische Bildung und Erziehung http://joerissen.name benjamin@joerissen.name
  2. 2. „The Next Art is the art of the Next Society.“ „Like all pedagogy, Next Art Pedagogy has to be radically thought towards future.“ 2013 2007
  3. 3. Next Art Education Next Arts Education 2013
 http://kunst.uni-koeln.de/kpp/_kpp_daten/pdf/KPP29_Meyer.pdf
  4. 4. Digital „Bildung“ (?) Education in digital cultures? Arts education in digital cultures?
  5. 5. 1. Three ways of reflecting upon the relation of education and (post-) digital transformation
  6. 6. Digitalization as … didactical resource instructional topic cultural process
  7. 7. didactical resource Focus: Transformation of learning tools e-Learning OER ed-tech innovation innovative teacher/academic training „digital schools“ Digitalization as …
  8. 8. instructional topic Focus: Transformation of media-related topics media literacy media design informatics education teaching values for the digital era Internet-Certificates school subject „digital media education“? Digitalization as …
  9. 9. kultureller Prozess Focus: Transformation of everyday life/mundane lifeworld Values Aesthetics Self „Culture“ Sociality conditional structures Knowledge „Subjectivity“ Digitalization as …
  10. 10. „Digitalization provides new learning tools and innovation!“ „Digitalization has to be imparted in order to deal with its effects!“ „Digitalization transforms culture, sociality, and subjectivity.“ didact. resource instructional topic cultural process risks of a reductionalistic view upon digitalization
  11. 11. 2. Once upon a time … (somewhat naïve) hopes in the benefits of 
 digital medialities
  12. 12. Media „Bildung“ (2009) • collaborative knowledge achievement on Wikipedia • community-building in online- communities • avatars as exploration and pluralization of identity • sharing biographical reflections on Youtube • etc. …
  13. 13. meanwhile … • social web evolving as a mass media • ubiquity of self-staging; moral crisis of public articulation • attention economies • ubiquituous surveillance • most public spaces owned by companies • decline of public discourse (viral network effects taking over, postfactual age)
  14. 14. 3. digitality, power and hegemoniality
  15. 15. The new medial opportunities of digital communication and articulation arise in technologically „walled gardens“, strictly capitalized and strictly „designed-for- surveillance“ spaces. „Digitalization“ is on its way of becoming a synonym for „new technologies 
 of hegemonial governance“. core problem:
  16. 16. The digital web is mycelium: h"ps://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Heksenkring.jpg What you see.
  17. 17. h"ps://www.flickr.com/photos/bushman_k/6177595969 What you get. The digital web is mycelium:
  18. 18. Software & Code/Algorithms Data & Data Structures Networks & Protocols Interfaces & Materialities
  19. 19. CLOUD HARD
 WARE software data networks interfaces
  20. 20. „code is law“ vs. „code as logos“ Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http:// harvardmagazine.com/2000/01/code-is-law-html [20.6.2015] Wendy Hui Kyong Chun: Programmed Visions: Software and Memory. MIT Press 2011.
  21. 21. Lawrence Lessig (2000). Code Is Law. On Liberty in Cyberspace. http:// harvardmagazine.com/2000/01/code-is-law-html [20.6.2015] Wendy Hui Kyong Chun: Programmed Visions: Software and Memory. MIT Press 2011. „code is law“ vs. „code as logos“
  22. 22. „Softwarization“ of logistics, communication, and management Parisi, L. (2016). Contagious Architecture: Computation, Aesthetics, and Space. MIT Press. Hörl, E., & Parisi, L. (2013). Was heißt Medienästhetik? 
 Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 8(2).
  23. 23. environmentality Hörl, E., & Parisi, L. (2013). Was heißt Medienästhetik? 
 Zeitschrift für Medienwissenschaft, 8(2). „an automatic, but non-reflexive thinking, which marks a specific operating mode of calculation, classification, and organization of data,
 enabling as a spatially thinking modus of power
  24. 24. Rob Kitchin/Martin Dodge: Code/Space. Software and Everyday Life. MIT Press, 2011. „Everyware“
  25. 25. http://www.rael-sanfratello.com/?p=1771 form und matter as manifestation of code http://www.emergingobjects.com/2013/09/27/concrete/
  26. 26. „solutionism“ Morozov, Evgeny (2013): To Save Everything, Click Here: The Folly of Technological Solutionism, Philadelphia: Public Affairs.
  27. 27. „computationalism“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  28. 28. „[…] the computer encourages a Hobbesian conception of this political relation: one is either the person who makes and gives orders (the sovereign), or one follows orders. There is no room in this picture for exactly the kind of distributed sovereignty on which democracy itself would seem to be predicated […]“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  29. 29. • „[…] the post-digital is represented by and indicative of a moment when the computational has become hegemonic.“ Berry, David M. (2014). Post-Digital Humanities. In: Educause Review May/June 2014. http://er.educause.edu/~/media/files/article-downloads/erm1433.pdf
  30. 30. „we found digital computation because our society is already so oriented toward binarisms, hierarchy, and instrumental rationality“ David Golumbia: The Cultural Logic of Computation. Harvard Univ. Press 2009.
  31. 31. strategies of re-appropriation
  32. 32. http://tincon.org/ strategies of re-appropriation
  33. 33. Menkman, R. (o. J.). Institute of Network Cultures | No. 04: The Glitch Moment(um), Rosa Menkman. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures. Retrieved from http://networkcultures.org/blog/publication/no-04-the-glitch- momentum-rosa-menkman/ strategies of re-appropriation
  34. 34. 3. Transformations with regard to subjectivity, sociality, and culture
  35. 35. „everyday life“
  36. 36. digitally transformed practices of „subjectivation“* * (power-related reflexive, communicative, ritualized, institutionalized practices, in which culturally specific forms of self-relating subjectivities arise)
  37. 37. self optimization: „Quantified Self“ self images: „Selfie“ individualization: „echo chambers“ „ProdUser“-Ideology: „Be creative!“
  38. 38. 42
  39. 39. favstar.fm Externer Service, der seit 2009 „Favsterne“ und „Retweets“ eines Users sammelt und u.a. in „Leaderboards“ präsentiert.
  40. 40. digitally transformed sociality
  41. 41. algorithm-enhanced sociality e.g. Facebook- Filteralgorithms, recommendation-– algorithms … network-sociality Attention ecomonies Viral dynamics Smartmobs Shitstorms WhatsApp-networked Peers and Families …
  42. 42. digitally transgressed „gouvernementality“* * = embodied mentality of „self-governance“; cf. „gouvernementality studies“
  43. 43. Smart Agriculture Smart Environments Monitoring/Controlling Energy Use Sustainable Behavioral Change toward Healthy Lifestyle Body Sensor Networks in Clinical Settings/Elder Healthcare … Social Sensor Networks for Transportation Management RFID for Next Gen Automotive Services etc. Ilyas, M., Alwakeel, S. S., Alwakeel, M. M., & Aggoune, el-H. M. (2014). 
 Sensor Networks for Sustainable Development. CRC Press.
  44. 44. „Smart“ Everything als 
 conglomeration of 
 datamining, surveillance, 
 solutionism and moralization?
  45. 45. digital transformation of culture/
 cultural objekcts
  46. 46. • MIDI 
 as a „lock-in“- phenomenon Jaron Lanier: Gadget. Warum die Zukunft uns noch braucht. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp 2010.
  47. 47. MIDI (Music Instrument Digital Interface) byte 1: note on/off byte 2: coded note value (diachronic) byte 3: velocity (0-128)
  48. 48. MIDI (Music Instrument Digital Interface) byte 1: note on/off byte 2: coded note value (diachronic) byte 3: velocity (0-128)
  49. 49. • MP3 
 as a cultural artefact and
 „(im-) perceptual capital“ Sterne, Jonathan (2012). MP3. The Meaning of a Format. Duke Univ. Press
  50. 50. 4. Conclusion
  51. 51. Whose knowledge, whose algorithms? Whose communication, whose communicational spaces? Whose data, whose added value? Whose creativity, whose copyright?
  52. 52. Thesis 1
 Software and its (practical, aesthetical, social, economical, political) logics are constitutive for processes of subjectivcation and „Bildung“. Education thus can no longer be understood without regard to the conditions of postdigital culture.
  53. 53. Thesis 2
 The cultural and aesthetic dimension is (at least) as important as the cognitive dimension: The digital/informational sphere is as much a genuin part of our cultures as other infrastructural encounters, such as urban construction and development.
  54. 54. Thesis 3
 If software + networks are, in our present situation, the central form of power, control and governance, then education has not to refuse, but to 
 embrace digitality throughout its fields. Because: The critical practice is „fundamentally dependent on the horizon of knowledge effects within which it operates“; it is formed „in the crucible of a particular exchange between a set of rules or precepts (which are already there) and a stylization of acts (which extends and reformulates that prior set of rules and precepts). This stylization of the self in relation to the rules comes to count as a ‚practice‘.” (J. Butler, What is Critique? An Essay on Foucault’s Virtue)
  55. 55. Lawrence Abu Hamdan: Earshot (2015) Abb: http://lawrenceabuhamdan.com/#/new-page-1/ inverted surveillance as a civic/artistic counterstrategyhttp://lawrenceabuhamdan.com/#/new-page-1/ http://www.portikus.de/de/exhibitions/199_earshot

Keynote, Int. Winterschool "Spectra of Transformation", Akademie für Schultheater und performative Bildung, Nürnberg, 21.2.2017 Also, you may like to check out the youtube playlist I assembled im preparation to this talk & workshop: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLhXEPPnT87bzAUEuPZvXy4vC6xuIH8hoZ

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