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Essay about Edwin Hubble Biography
Edwin P. Hubble was a ground–breaking American astronomer who revolutionized our knowledge
of the universe and established the foundations for all of modern cosmology. At the beginning of the
20th century, most astronomers thought that our Universe was confined to the Milky Way Galaxy
alone. However, Edwin Hubble's inspiration and perseverance in astronomical research proved
otherwise. He discovered the existence of other galaxies and created a systematical classification for
all galaxies. Additionally, he mathematically confirmed that his newly discovered universe was
expanding. Hubble's astronomical triumphs earned him worldwide scientific honors and pioneered
our modern cosmology.
Edwin Powell Hubble was born in Marshfield, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Hubble turned away from astronomy and decided to studied law. He completed the two–year law
course in 1912, while continuing to succeed in his athletic endeavors through various track and field
events. Hubble returned to the United States in 1913 and began practicing law in Louisville,
Kentucky. However, he soon found himself bored with law and returned to what he later realized as
his passion: astronomy.
Hubble returned to the University of Chicago in 1914 to broaden his scholastic knowledge of
astronomy, a field he then described as "a calling." He studied at the Yerkes Observatory, and in
1917, received a doctorate in astronomy. During his term at Yerkes, Hubble met astronomer George
Ellery Hale, founder of the Yerkes Observatory and the director of the Mount Wilson Observatory in
Pasadena, California. Hale had heard of Hubble and invited him to join the Mount Wilson Staff.
However, Hubble's enrollment in World War I the following year delayed his acceptance of this
offer. He achieved the respectable rank of major and in 1919 was discharged. Immediately
following, Hubble began his work at Mount Wilson. The observatory had two telescopes, a 60–inch
reflector and a newly operational 100–inch telescope, the largest in the world at that time. The
technological advances in telescopes and the resources of the Mount Wilson Observatory provided
Hubble with enough sources to begin the major portion of his life's work.
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Essay About Edwin Hubble Biography
Essay About Edwin Hubble Biography
Essay About Edwin Hubble Biography
The Hubble Telescope and Its Discoveries Essay
Hubble Space Telescope and Significant Discoveries
Funding was approved in 1977 for a Large Space Telescope in 1977 and in 1983 it was renamed
Hubble Space Telescope in honor of astronomer Edwin P. Hubble who discovered evidence of an
expanding universe and the existence of other galaxies. Work was completed in 1985 and it was
launched and deployed from the Space Shuttle Discovery in April of 1990, 350 miles above earth.
Since its deployment, there have been five services, each service to perform corrective and
preventive maintenance, add upgrades to the equipment, or both. In 2011, the Hubble space
Telescope celebrated its millionth observation, the spectroscopic analysis of HAT–P–7b an
exoplanet orbiting around the star HAT–P–7 ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ...
Based on observations of galaxies, galaxy clusters and cosmic microwave background, scientists
determined that most of the universe's mass is composed of dark matter. Dark matter does not emit
light but can be detected by the way its gravity distorts the images of the background galaxies.
Using large 3–D models of the distribution, scientists have determined dark matter clumping
increases over time (Livio, 2010).
The Hubble Space Telescope has been key in not only confirming the universe's expansion but also
the further defining the rate of the expansion. Edwin Hubble in 1929 provided the first evidence of
the expansion of the universe and its finite age with his Hubble constant. The constant says that the
farther a galaxy is the faster the acceleration, therefore the universe is expanding. The ability of the
Hubble Telescope to resolve Cepheid variable stars farther out than could previously be done by
ground based telescope allowed scientists to see further out and therefore longer periods of time
than they ever could before. This ability to look further back in the past has allowed scientists to
better define the expansion rate of the universe. When Hubble was first launched, the expansion rate
was estimated between 50–100 km/sec/Mpc. In 1994 it was determined to be 80 km/sec/Mpc with a
10 percent rate of error. In 2009, scientists, using observations of Cepheids in faraway galaxies,
were able to narrow
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Essay About Edwin Hubble Biography

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Essay About Edwin Hubble Biography

  • 1. Essay about Edwin Hubble Biography Edwin P. Hubble was a ground–breaking American astronomer who revolutionized our knowledge of the universe and established the foundations for all of modern cosmology. At the beginning of the 20th century, most astronomers thought that our Universe was confined to the Milky Way Galaxy alone. However, Edwin Hubble's inspiration and perseverance in astronomical research proved otherwise. He discovered the existence of other galaxies and created a systematical classification for all galaxies. Additionally, he mathematically confirmed that his newly discovered universe was expanding. Hubble's astronomical triumphs earned him worldwide scientific honors and pioneered our modern cosmology. Edwin Powell Hubble was born in Marshfield, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Hubble turned away from astronomy and decided to studied law. He completed the two–year law course in 1912, while continuing to succeed in his athletic endeavors through various track and field events. Hubble returned to the United States in 1913 and began practicing law in Louisville, Kentucky. However, he soon found himself bored with law and returned to what he later realized as his passion: astronomy. Hubble returned to the University of Chicago in 1914 to broaden his scholastic knowledge of astronomy, a field he then described as "a calling." He studied at the Yerkes Observatory, and in 1917, received a doctorate in astronomy. During his term at Yerkes, Hubble met astronomer George Ellery Hale, founder of the Yerkes Observatory and the director of the Mount Wilson Observatory in Pasadena, California. Hale had heard of Hubble and invited him to join the Mount Wilson Staff. However, Hubble's enrollment in World War I the following year delayed his acceptance of this offer. He achieved the respectable rank of major and in 1919 was discharged. Immediately following, Hubble began his work at Mount Wilson. The observatory had two telescopes, a 60–inch reflector and a newly operational 100–inch telescope, the largest in the world at that time. The technological advances in telescopes and the resources of the Mount Wilson Observatory provided Hubble with enough sources to begin the major portion of his life's work. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 5. The Hubble Telescope and Its Discoveries Essay Hubble Space Telescope and Significant Discoveries Funding was approved in 1977 for a Large Space Telescope in 1977 and in 1983 it was renamed Hubble Space Telescope in honor of astronomer Edwin P. Hubble who discovered evidence of an expanding universe and the existence of other galaxies. Work was completed in 1985 and it was launched and deployed from the Space Shuttle Discovery in April of 1990, 350 miles above earth. Since its deployment, there have been five services, each service to perform corrective and preventive maintenance, add upgrades to the equipment, or both. In 2011, the Hubble space Telescope celebrated its millionth observation, the spectroscopic analysis of HAT–P–7b an exoplanet orbiting around the star HAT–P–7 ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Based on observations of galaxies, galaxy clusters and cosmic microwave background, scientists determined that most of the universe's mass is composed of dark matter. Dark matter does not emit light but can be detected by the way its gravity distorts the images of the background galaxies. Using large 3–D models of the distribution, scientists have determined dark matter clumping increases over time (Livio, 2010). The Hubble Space Telescope has been key in not only confirming the universe's expansion but also the further defining the rate of the expansion. Edwin Hubble in 1929 provided the first evidence of the expansion of the universe and its finite age with his Hubble constant. The constant says that the farther a galaxy is the faster the acceleration, therefore the universe is expanding. The ability of the Hubble Telescope to resolve Cepheid variable stars farther out than could previously be done by ground based telescope allowed scientists to see further out and therefore longer periods of time than they ever could before. This ability to look further back in the past has allowed scientists to better define the expansion rate of the universe. When Hubble was first launched, the expansion rate was estimated between 50–100 km/sec/Mpc. In 1994 it was determined to be 80 km/sec/Mpc with a 10 percent rate of error. In 2009, scientists, using observations of Cepheids in faraway galaxies, were able to narrow ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 9. The Hubble Telescope In this article about a natural satellite in space, talks about how one of the biggest moon's in our Solar System has an ocean 10 times the depth of the earth's oceans, About 100 kilometers thick. This was found on Jupiter's largest moon called Ganymede by using The Hubble Telescope. They've first noticed that the moon's surfaces was flooding, presumably caused by bubbling up from the interior of the moon which could be cause by cryovolcanoes (or ice volcano), which was soon discovered that the moon's surface is made out of a thick crust of ice. They've discovered this ocean through The Hubble Telescope by monitoring Ganymede and Jupiter's auroras, to see the change in their magnetic field, and they've noticed that the moon's aurora does not ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 13. The Invention Of The Hubble Telescope Many years ago, astronomers never would have been able to know as much as they do today. With the many advancements in technology, we are now able to retrieve information about the solar system, the galaxies around us, and many more things. As of now, there has been tons of new discoveries all due to the Hubble Telescope. This telescope has done amazing things for astronomers. It has introduced new planets, stars, and many unknown things. The Hubble Telescope has made amazing discoveries and has many more to find. There are four main topics. The first topic will be about the astronomer Edwin Hubble. The second topic is about the telescope itself like when it was built, how, and how it works. The third topic will be about the telescope's discoveries and the final topic will be the implications of those discoveries. All these topics show the importance of the Hubble Telescope. Edwin Hubble was born in 1889 in Marshfield, Missouri. Biography.com states, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... NASA then tried to figure out how to continue their plans. After the explosion it was hard for them to send the telescope into space. It was about four years later before they finally sent the telescope into space. When they got the telescope into space they found something wrong with the telescope. They had placed the primary mirror incorrectly causing the images to come out blurry. According to NASA's article "About The Hubble Space Telescope", It was just slightly the wrong shape, causing the light that bounced off the center of the mirror to focus in a different place than the light bouncing off the edge. The tiny flaw about 1/50th the thickness of a sheet of paper was enough to distort the view. Fortunately the telescope had been built with interchangeable parts. So the astronomers were able to fix it and continue using the telescope to collect ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 17. Hubble Space Observation SECTION A: RESEARCH SUMMARY (200 words minimum) This article written in the Astrobiology Magazine on August 1, 2015 describes the efforts of the teams of the W. M. Keck Observatory in Hawaii, and the Hubble Space Telescope in finding a planet that is similar to Jupiter in orbit size and distance from its star, but the size of Uranus. Both of the teams have made their confirmations of the Uranus–like plant, OGLE–2005–BLG–169Lb in the star system OGLE–2005–BLG–169 independently through the method of gravitational microlensing. Microlensing is the transitory alignment of a foreground star with a background star, which in turn intensifies the light from the background star. This can also occur if planets of the foreground star align with the background star, but this occurrence lasts for a shorter amount of time. This takes advantage of the seemingly random motion of stars, as the small movements cause the gravity of the fore star to act as a lens magnifying the light of the star behind it. Analysts observe the time of the alignment, alongside changes in the amount of light magnification to find and conclude important facts about the fore star and its system. The star OGLE–2005–BLG–169, discovered in 2005 through microlensing, was further examined by two teams of astronomers, at Keck ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... These images were taken with the Wide Field Camera 3, which allowed the team of astronomers to confirm the mass and distance of the planet–star system. The Wide Field Camera 3 is a camera on the Hubble Space Telescope that is capable of taking image in high resolution and can detect a multitude of light waves from infrared light to ultraviolet light. The camera has a large field of view, and two channels that detect the different waves of light ('Wide–Field Camera ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 21. The Influence Of The Hubble Telescope "Equipped with his five senses, man explores the universe around him and calls the adventure science." This remark was by Edwin Hubble, the man that the Hubble telescope was named after. The telescope made many amazing discoveries in the field of astronomy, as well as the man himself did. It was said that Edwin Hubble revolutionized the field of astrophysics. Biography.com states, "His research helped prove that the universe is expanding and he created a classification system for galaxies that has been used for several decades." He made many contributions to science, as did the Hubble telescope, and that is why this invention is one of the greatest in the history of science. Biography.com cites that Edwin Hubble was born on November 20th, ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It also proves that because of the new things we have found out, we can begin to look even deeper to uncover more of the unknown about our universe. By the Hubble Telescope getting images of the Butterfly Nebula, we can truly see how stars are formed. This helps support the theory of the Nebular Hypothesis because now that we have images of a nebula and how stars form from it, we can prove that that was the way our star, the Sun, was formed. The discovery of dark matter helps us realize how much mass there truly is in the universe and can help us determine the future of the universe. Hubble discovering the age of the universe helps us to date when certain events have occurred and have an understanding of how long it took for it to form. It has also proved the Big Bang Theory because it discovered distant galaxies using redshift and shows how the universe came from a small area and started expanding, which is still continuing today. Overall, Hubble's discoveries have opened up the door to many more ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 25. Aliens: The Hubble Space Telescope Walt Disney once said, "We keep moving forward, opening new doors, and doing new things, because we're curious and curiosity keeps leading us down new paths"(Big Fish Presentation). NASA had developed the first largest optical telescope, 43.5 feet and weighing 24,500 pounds, called the Hubble Space Telescope. It was named after the famous American astronomer, Edwin P. Hubble in 1990. Not only was it the first largest, but it was the first in world history to be based in space and not on land. Despite the imagery taken by Hubble Space Telescope, and continuous robotic missions like the Mars Curiosity Rover, which was built to analyze samples of materials found on Mars; to us space is still full of mysteries. Space exploration is great ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In society people have claimed to had encountered or abducted by aliens, but there is no concrete proof of their existence. To contradict this, there is a theory, Aliens may invade mother earth like in movies: Independence Day and World of Wars. Either way, we, humans are doomed, if there are such things as Aliens. There was once a controversial image that went viral on the news and social media of a human–like creature spotted in Mars. Could this be true or was it photoshopped by someone? If life on other planets really does exists, colonizing Mars or any other planets would be an unwise choice. According to the Extreme tech website, Steven Benner of Florida's The Westheimer Institute for Science and Technology quoted: "Three billion years ago, back before Earth had an oxygen–rich atmosphere, this form of molybdenum wasn't available. Likewise, Earth was completely covered in water, and boron is currently only found in extremely dry places. On the other hand, four billion years ago – long before life is believed to have started here on Earth – we believe that Mars had an oxygen–rich atmosphere, and dry areas where boron could form in high concentrations. If simple RNA–based organisms did actually form on Mars, then it wouldn't be too hard for it to hitch a ride to Earth on a meteorite" ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 29. Edwin Hubble Research Paper Edwin Hubble was born on November 20, 1889 to John and Virginia Lee Hubble in Marshfield, Missouri and he was the 3rd of 8 children in his family. On Hubble's 8th birthday he was given his first telescope that his grandfather then set up at his house. Around 1901, Hubble and his family moves to Wheaton, Illinois where Hubble then wrote a letter to his grandfather discussing life on Mars. His very pleased grandfather then sent the letter to a newspaper in Springfield, Missouri. Hubble graduated at the age of 16 and received a scholarship to the University of Chicago. Once there, Hubble began his studies in astronomy and mathematics at the university. In 1910, Hubble won the Rhodes Scholarship to study in Europe for 3 years which he used to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 33. Edwin Hubble Research Paper Life and Discoveries of Edwin Hubble Edwin Hubble was a pioneer astronomer who highly attributed to the study of the physical universe. He completely changed our understanding of the universe by demonstrating that our universe is larger than what was previously thought and that the universe is expanding (Brown, n.d.). These discoveries were also some of the first to support the theory behind the creation of the universe, the Big Bang (Sandage, 1989). Edwin Powell Hubble was born November 20, 1889 in Marshfield, Missouri, U.S. (Edwin P. Hubble, 2006). Shortly after his birth, his parents Virginia James and John Hubble along with their children moved to Wheaton, Illinois where Edwin would grow up. Growing up, Edwin Hubble was a bright student ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... However, Hubble understood that teaching was not for him, so after one year he wrote to Moulton, his astronomy professor at University of Chicago, about rejoining the university as a graduate student. Hubble studied at Yerkes Observatory in Wisconsin, which was equipped with a 40 inch refractor. His first discovery was made when comparing images of nebulae over a few years. He noticed that there were faint changes occurring in the nebulae demonstrating that changes in nebulae could occur (Osterbrock, 1990).. Hubble completed his doctorate in 1917(Brown, n.d.), to which his thesis was titled "Photographic Investigations of Faint Nebulae." His thesis would foreshadow many of his future discoveries as it emphasized that the nebulae exist outside of the Milky Way and possibly millions of light years away (Osterbrock, 1990). Upon completion of his Ph.D., Hubble was offered a job at Mount Wilson Observatory near Pasadena, California (Brown, n.d.). The observatory was home to the most powerful telescope in the world at that time, the new 100–inch Hooker Telescope. It was here where Hubble would stare at the stars and discover so much about the cosmos (Osterbrock, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 37. Edwin Hubble and His Dream As young children, we grow up with the hopes and dreams of who we want to become when we get older. Some children want to be teachers, some want to be fireman and some children want to have multiple careers. There was one young man born in eighteen eighty–nine who wanted to be an astronomer. That young man's name is Edwin Hubble. The great Edwin Powell Hubble was the son on an insurance executive. He was born in Missouri. At the age of nine his residence changed from Missouri to Chicago. Growing up he enjoyed basketball and boxing. Hubble was a young man with the admiration to succeed in his education. He graduated from high school in nineteen o six and continued on to college. Hubble receive an academic scholarship at the University of Chicago. He also received an academic and athletic scholarship to receive the Rhodes scholarship to Oxford. When choosing his major in college the first thing that came to mind was astronomy. Astronomy peaked his curiosity. His father had a realistic view on his son's career. Due to the respect he had for his father, Hubble studied law. Not only did he study law but he studied literature and Spanish. After passing the bar, he practiced law in Kentucky for a year. In 1913, he moved on to become an educator at the New Albany High School in Indiana. Edwin taught Math, Spanish and Physics. So his father knew certain careers would allow his son to take care of himself. He enjoyed teaching. He also enjoyed being the basketball coach for the high ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 41. Hubble Movie Essay 1. The movie "Hubble" was about a large telescope that was sent into space by NASA that somehow had a flaw. The flaw was the telescope had a bad lens ad the astronauts, had to go into space to fix in. they basically had to give it glasses so that the images that it was sending back to earth would be clearer. What I learned from the movie was two things, one I don't think I could be an astronaut, because their job seems to be very difficult. They have to fix big thing in such a little cramped space, while they are floating around. The second thing that I learned was that I never knew there was a telescope in space; I always thought that it was all done by satellites. 2. All stars start off as a nebula, than gravity pulls some of the dust and gases together from that nebula, to create a protostar. Once the star goes through the nuclear fusion stage, it (the star) turns itself on. Once the star burns all of the hydrogen fuel off it than becomes a red giant or a super red giant. So depending on the path that a star takes it can be ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Newton's three laws are, the law of inertia, that states any object that is in motion will stay that way unless something else comes and gets in its way, like two hockey players playing hockey, the second law states that force equals mass times acceleration, and the third is the law of momentum which states that every action that an object creates there is an equal and opposite reaction. Newton's laws govern everything around us and can be observed in everything we do such as playing sports or just leaning against a wall to throwing a ball in space. 3. Waves interact with each other through different thing they come in contact with in the environment. An example would be if to take sound waves and mix that with water you will get a reaction from the water as the sound waves hit the water. The water will ripple according the volume and the strength of the sound waves. The louder the sound wave is the bigger the waves in the water will ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 45. The Hubble Space Telescope "Two possibilities exist: either we are alone in the Universe or we are not. Both are equally terrifying." –Arthur C. Clarke As stated in "The National Academic Press" it is easy to say that the Hubble Space Telescope is the "most powerful single optical astronomical facility ever built." Launched in 1990 by creator Edwin Hubble the Telescope set orbit around the Earth, traveling at a speed of 5 miles per second the Hubble could cross the U.S in under 10 minutes. Its main mission was to go around the earth and take clear pictures of the universe in visible, infrared and ultraviolet light. "What is this object?" Some of you may ask. Well it is easy. The Hubble Space Telescope is basically your average telescope on steroids. It can see as far ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 49. Hubble Space Telescope: Business Analysis GPS has helped transportation for businesses. With GPS technology, businesses can find shorter routes for their cargo to travel17, saving fuel and time, but more importantly can track their cargo17 meaning businesses can review stock and plan accordingly for its arrival, and receive pre–warning of any delays with their cargo which helps them manage inventory. GPS also prevents employee fraud17as employers can tell exactly what hours their employees have driven which prevents employees lying about the hours they worked and saves employers money. It is far easier to recover cargo if it is lost or stolen en route17 with GPS which, once again, saves employers money. The money spent on NASA, returns indirectly to the taxpayers, justifying its huge budget. Air travel has been massively impacted by GPS. Flights are currently tracked by radar18 which mostly works well over well–populated areas but can be problematic over remote, mountainous areas where there are less radar stations or over the ocean. Planes must stick to established routes in these areas and remain more ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This has helped us learn far more about the origins of our Universe and the formation of galaxies from around a billion years after the creation of the Universe, where the galaxies appear to be very shapeless and small, to today where they are larger and formed into spirals or discs. The Hubble Space Telescope has helped pinpoint the age of the Universe to 13.7 billion years22 by studying 31 Cepheid variable stars22, whose fluctuating brightness can be used to calculate their distance thus the expansion and therefore age of the Universe. Knowing the age of the Universe helps astronomers and cosmologists model the Universe and its evolution over its lifetime accurately, which is immensely valuable information to ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 53. Edwin Hubble Discoveries Edwin hubble invented the space telescope, he made some of the most important discoveries in modern astronomy. As an astronomer, Dr. Hubble was a late bloomer. Before discovering his passion for the stars, Dr. Hubble earned a law degree and served in World War I. 1373 Cincinnati, provisional designation 1935 QN, is an asteroid of the outer asteroid belt, approximately 20 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered by the famous American astronomer Edwin Hubble at Mount Wilson Observatory on August 30, 1935. In his short paper, Hubble presented the observational evidence for one of science's greatest discoveries the expanding universe. Hubble showed that galaxies are receding away from us with a velocity that is proportional to their distance ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 57. The Hubble Telescope: Greatest Societal Impact Among Human The Hubble Space Telescope has had and still has the greatest Societal Impact among Humanity Since the finalization of the Hubble space telescope, the Hubble space telescope has had and is still having the greatest societal impact among the human race of Earth. A French cleric in the 15th century "classified Hubble as a Cassegrain reflector, who was among the first to suggest a basic optical design."1 The Hubble space telescope was launched and deployed in April of 1990, which "marked the most significant advance in astronomy since Galileo's telescope. Thanks to four servicing missions and more than 25 years of operation, the view of the universe and humanity's place within it has never been the same." 2 In describing how ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Another great advantage of the Hubble telescope, is that it allows Astronomers to have observations without the interference of cloud cover and illuminating glow of the atmosphere that is caused by the light from the sun. The reason why Hubble allows Astronomers to have such great observations without the above interferences, is because Hubble is in space and is orbiting the Earth. Also, being that Hubble orbits the Earth and is above the atmosphere, this allows Hubble and it's Astronomers to have a wide range view of the electromagnetic spectrum. One of the greatest things about Hubble is that it allows observations to be consistent and it's optical stability allows Astronomers to detect small changes in what they are ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 61. Hubble Telescope Telescopes help us discover more about space and other things. There are many places to put a telescope space or on land. They all have there own advantages or disadvantages. A warm climate on Earth is a great place to put a telescope. Ground based telescopes are good for many reasons people can't tamper with it, easier for maintenance, and they cost less than a space telescope. There are many other telescopes in space and on land like the Hubble Space Telescope and the Square Kilometer Array. The Hubble telescope is in orbiting around space so that it can observe more, and be closer to what it is observing.Hubble Space Telescope provides us with pictures that helped us with the age of the universe and told us about dark energy. In gives us a better shot of exploding stars to other galaxies. Day and night are not the same in orbit as on the ground, permitting telescopes to observe for much longer times at some locations on the sky. Space–based telescopes can collect energy from the entire electromagnetic spectrum, not just the portion that passes through our atmosphere. New "windows" on the cosmos are open to our view. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Built in July 2014. Its mirror is 138 ft. long that is over 30 meters and is over half a soccer field in size. Cerro Armazones in Chile will be the future home of the world's largest optical telescope. The $1.3–billion. The E–ELT will search for extrasolar planets – planets orbiting other stars. The observatory aims to gather 13 times more light than the largest optical telescopes existing today. The European Extremely Large Telescope is placed in the Cerro Mountains in chile because the mountains are strong enough for a large observatory and it will have a perfect view into ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 65. History Of The Hubble Telescope It's been around for twenty years, it's made over 930,000 observations, it has taken around 570,000 images of celestial objects, it has helped us figure out how old our universe actually is, plus much more. Do you know what NASA uses to find those things out? No? Yes? Well let me tell you, it's the Hubble telescope. Now you may be asking what's the Hubble Telescope? What is a Hubble telescope? Or you might just be thinking "oh I already knew what that was". If you know what I'm talking about this shouldn't be too confusing for you, but if you don't know, well now you can finally learn about what helps us discover many things in our solar system. The Hubble telescope was not made by the actual person, in fact, it was named after him because ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Some of its most important discoveries include the pictures it takes and sends to us. These images have helped scientists estimate the age of the earth and the size of it. It is believed to be around 14 billion years old. It has detected black holes and if you don't know what black holes are they suck in everything around them including light. The Hubble Telescope also has something to do with dark energy and dark energy is a random force that has the ability to make the universe expand faster and faster as time goes. Another, discovery is the telescope has discovered is the details of gamma rays bursts and that is a powerful explosion of energy that happens when massive stars collapse. The Hubble has also shown us how galaxies formed. It revealed extraordinary details about the process by which sun–like stars and their lives as planetary nebulae. It may have helped is with identifying quasars, it showed us pictures of a clashing galactic quintet, a densely packed star cluster, an eerie "pillar of creation"., and famed butterfly nebula. It has shown us the birth of stars, and imagery of the cosmos. Hubble's' millionth observation was a spectroscopic measurement, gas giants. Those were just some of the many discoveries that the Hubble Telescope has ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 69. Edwin Hubble Limitations It is not an experience unfamiliar to one of saturated mind to find oneself, stranded at the 2 AM hour, paralyzed by fear for the reality of the insignificance of humanity against an incomprehensibly massive universe. While it perhaps presents itself as scary, the vastness of the universe lends its limitations to more than just our sense of importance, but to our ability to study it as well. First, it is important to distinguish that the size of the universe gives us a different view of our sky than what may actually be happening in it. In 1929, Edwin Hubble established a law that implies one of the more mind–bending, Star Wars worthy concepts of astronomical study: what we see is not only far, far away, but is also long ago (http://hyperphysics.phy– astr.gsu.edu/hbase/Astro/hubble.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.). Light takes so long to travel from even some of the closest objects to our solar system that we are not capable of viewing things in real–time. Objects we see at night may, in fact, be long gone from their regions of the sky. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Take, for example, the closest star to our solar system: Proxima Centauri. Close is good, right? Not when close is still 4.22 light years away (this simply came from Space.com's article on the Alpha Centauri system). The distance of the earth to celestial bodies provides us with one of the most difficult challenges to overcome: studying the properties and behaviors of things that we cannot touch or interact with. Now, this isn't exactly true of every object in space––we've obviously touched the moon and hope to touch Mars someday––but the indescribably vast majority of the universe lies outside of the scope of objects that we are able to touch ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 73. Edwin Hubble Accomplishments The Accomplishments of Edwin hubble Have you ever wanted to study the stars and the universe? Well, Edwin Hubble did ,Edwin Hubble is a famous astronomer who played a crucial role in the field of extragalactic astronomy. He is known as the most Important observational Cosmologist the 20th century. He found out that the universe goes beyond the milky way and that the universe is expanding. This essay consists of the life, childhood, and accomplishments of Edwin Hubble (Wikipedia) Edwin Hubble's childhood, Edwin Hubble was born in Marshfield November 20, 1889, Missouri, and moved to Chicago, Illinois when he was 10. There he attended high school and he was good at sports especially track and field and he even broke records there. Hubble received a scholarship to attend the University of Chicago in 1906. He worked as a lab assistant for Robert Millikan, who later won a Nobel Prize for his work in the field of physics. After graduating in 1910, Hubble left Chicago went to the University of Oxford, where he studied law philosophy. Then, 3 years later graduated and around the same time his dad died.(Bio.com;Wikipedia) ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... At that time, the good view of the cosmos was that the universe consisted entirely of the Milky Way Galaxy. Using the Hooker Telescope at Mt. Wilson, Hubble recognized Cepheid variables, Kind of star that is used to determine the distance from the galaxy, in several spiral nebulae. Including the Andromeda Nebula and Triangulum. His observations proved that these nebulae were much too distant to be part of the Milky Way and were entire galaxies outside our own. This idea had been rejected by many people in the astronomy establishment of the time. In particular by the Harvard University–based Harlow Shapley. Despite the people saying no Hubble, had his findings published in The New York Times on November 23, 1924. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 77. Hubble Space Telescope Hubble Space Telescope The telescope would become the indispensable instrument for investigations of the cosmos. Bigger and better telescopes were built all over the world. Planets, stars, and nebulae which could not be seen by the naked eye were now being routinely noted and logged. Such is the case with the fantastic discoveries for which the Hubble Space Telescope has been responsible during the twentieth century. Had it not been for the creation of such a monumental piece of scientific machinery, the worlds not have – 1 –acquired the mountain of information, photographs and previously unknown details that have come forth over the last decade. Indeed, the proficiency of the Hubble Space Telescope has allowed mankind to delve far ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Whether it was spending ÅÇrigid nights beneath the open observatory dome photographing nebulae¡¦(Parshall et al, 1998, p.PG) or forever challenging the concepts that he deemed unsubstantial, Hubble made it his lifelong ambition to ascertain as much information about the universeÃÔ vastness as he possibly could. Of all the monumental discoveries that were credited to HubbleÃÔ perseverance, one of the most important concerned the issue of receding galaxies. By all appearances, Hubble had stumbled onto the fact that ¡¦the cosmos was expanding, flying apart as if it has once been highly concentrated¡¦(Parshall et al, 1998 p.PG). Little did he know at the time, but his discovery would come to represent the big bang theory that has evolved as such a well–known concept within the worldÃÔ contemporary scientific society. Hubble was a US astronomer who studied extragalactic nebulae and demonstrated them to be galaxies like our own. He found the first evidence for the expansion of the Universe, in accordance with the cosmological theories of George Lema and Willem de Sitter, and his work led to an enormous expansion of our perception of the size of the Universe. Indeed, it was on account of HubbleÃÔ quest to prove his expansion theory, continuing forth with earnest skepticism at the various limitations others placed upon the universe, which eventually saved to establish his conjectures as reality. Due to his tenacity with regard to finding the truth, HubbleÃÔ ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 81. The Hubble Telescope Report The first reason why shutting down Hubble would be a calamity is that it made important contributions to the development of astronomy and the exploration of the universe in the history. Traced back to the historical period, in 1946, the astronomer Lyman Spitzer put forward a large space telescope and he thought that this type of telescope was more advantages than a ground–based telescope. In 1976, the European Space Agency joined the program and provided telescope's solar panels in order to facilitate the implementation of scientific operations. In 1986, because the design of the shuttle's sold rocket boosters made a mistake and led to the Space Shuttle Challenger and its crew suffered a heavy blow. Through the continuous research of scientists, in April 1990, the Hubble Space Telescope launched for the fist time and it ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... These challenges helped NASA and the European Space Agency to create a historical legend. In 1993, astronauts installed COSTAR in order to restored Hubble's vision and meet the designer's expectations. Then, they also updated some of the components such as ESA–provided solar arrays and associated control electronics ("HubbleSite", 2012, para. 7 ). By updating component, Hubble contained a extensive data to measure the universe, and astronomers used this telescope to do more in–depth research. In 1997, with the constant innovation of Hubble Space Telescope, Servicing Mission 2 occurred, and it "improved Hubble's spectroscopic capabilities with the insertion of the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS)" ("HubbleSite", 2012, para. 8). In addition, they also created Near Infrared Camera and Multi–Object Spectrometer (NICMOS), it showed "Hubble's view of the universe to a new spectral regime–those wavelengths slightly longer than visual light" ("HubbleSite", 2012, para. 8). In 2009, astronauts made the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) was that "the most sensitive ultraviolet spectrograph ever built for Hubble" ("HubbleSite", 2012, para. ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 85. The Hubble Space Telescope Think of a time when you've been lying down gazing above you. Maybe you were just a child about to fall asleep but wanted to catch one last glimpse of the glow in the dark stars stuck to your ceiling or maybe it's the fourth of July and you're waiting eagerly for the fireworks to start so you cannot take your eyes off the night sky. A question we've all wondered is "What is beyond?" What is beyond the limits our human natures restrict our eyes to, what lies beyond the know? Tim Minchin wrote, "Science is simply the word we use to describe a method of organizing our curiosity." These wise words are very accurate especially when looking at the Hubble Space Telescope. The Hubble Space Telescope is a telescope specifically designed for space that ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... It was launched in 1990 which blasted it into orbit around the earth as the article "What Is The Hubble Space Telescope?" will tell you. (http://www.nasa.gov) You can easily compare the size of the Telescope with the length of a long school bus. The weight can be about the same as two adult elephants. Hubble travels at about five miles per second all the way around the Earth. By simply having the knowledge of miles and time, you can understand that, that is incredibly fast. It's mission is space is to, becuase of it's position facing towards space, to take pictures of planets, stars, and galaxies. It has captured things such as stars being born, stars die, it has seen galaxies far, far away, and so much more. These pictures have allowed scientists to learn an abundance of information beyond their previous knowledge. This is all made possible because the Telescope is located high above Earth and it's atmosphere so the images are not being altered by the gases in the atmosphere. It is not the type of telescope you can look through with your eye, it works like a digital camera and uses radio waves to send the pictures through the air, back to Earth. This Telescope is not perfect though, in 2009 astronauts flew to space for the fifth time to make slight alterations to the Telescope in order to make sure that it is working how it should be so that it can continue to be successful as it has been for so many ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 89. Essay on Hubble Telescope The Hubble Space Telescope is one of the most amazing machines in orbit right now. In 1946, an astrophysicist named Dr. Lyman Spitzer proposed that a telescope in space would reveal better and clearer images that are even far from earth than any ground telescope. This idea was very extravagant because no one had yet launched a rocket into outer space. As the US space program excelled quickly over the early years, Spitzer lobbied NASA and Congress to develop a space telescope. In 1975, the European Space Agency and NASA began to develop the telescope that would change astronomy for ever. In 1977, Congress approved funding for the development of the space telescope and NASA named Lockheed Martin Aerospace Company as the prime contractor ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Scientists came up with a solution to correct the defect in which they came up with a replacement "contact" lens called COSTAR. The Corrective Optics Space Telescope Axial Replacement consisted of several minute mirrors that would intercept the beam of the flawed mirror and relay the corrected beam to the scientific instruments at the focus of the mirror. The Hubble telescope is a compound telescope design where light enters the telescope through the opening and bounces off the primary mirror to a secondary mirror. Then the secondary mirror reflects the light through a hole in the center of the primary mirror to a focal point behind the primary mirror. At the focal point, half transparent mirrors distribute the light to the various scientific instruments. The Hubble Telescope mirrors are made of glass and coated with multiple layers of pure aluminum that are three– millionths of an inch thick and a coat of magnesium fluoride that is one–millionth of an inch thick to make them reflect visible, infra–red and ultraviolet light. The primary mirror weighs 1825 pounds and the secondary mirror weighs in at 27.4 pounds. By looking at the different wavelengths or the spectrum of light from a celestial object, you can tell many of its properties and features. To do this, the Hubble Telescope is equipped with various scientific instruments. Each instrument used ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 93. An Abstract on the Hubble Telescope A Brief Examination of the Hubble Telescope Abstract The Hubble Telescope is a piece of technology that has affected human history. This paper will offer concise description of the telescopes history, function, and contribution to society. The Hubble Telescope is due to land within the next decade, approximately. We can only imagine what scientists will discover once the telescope is back on Earth and they prepare for the next generation of telescopic, deep–space gathering. Technology has made vast gains since 1990, the year the Hubble Telescope launched. The paper will be a brief, yet comprehensive discussion of the Hubble Telescope. Keywords: Hubble Telescope, Edwin Hubble, Goddard Space Flight Center, astronomy, astrophysics, telescope, photography A Brief Examination of the Hubble Telescope The Hubble Telescope, named after astronomer Edwin Hubble, has been in orbit over Earth for over thirty years. The telescoped launched in 1990. The Hubble Telescope produces some of the most iconic and captivating images of the universe in western culture. The reader can imagine how the images from the Hubble Telescope influence studies and research in astronomy, astrophysics, physics, chemistry, and a number of other disciplines including philosophies, fine arts, mathematics, and theories of behavior, not to mention, science fiction television, graphic novels, and other forms of media and entertainment. This paper will provide a concise history of the Hubble Telescope ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 97. NASA: The Hubble Telescope Since its conception in 1958, NASA has been a pivotal organization in innovative technology and space exploration. With inventions such as the Hubble telescope, or the space shuttle, NASA has provided the world with existential research regarding space. With a renewal of popular interest in NASA, the organization would be able to continue contributing vital research in the medical, and technological fields, as well as the future exploration of space as humans know it, and the future habitation of other planets. Research conducted by NASA has benefitted many aspects of life especially in the medical field. When Congress established NASA in 1958, it required the organization to share information on its discoveries. As a direct result of this ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 101. Hubble Space Telescope Essay According to a newsletter sent out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the purpose of the Hubble Space Telescope was, and is, to gather light from cosmic objects so scientists can better understand the universe around us. Up until the deployment of the Hubble Space Telescope, all telescopes were Earth based and had the disadvantage of having to peer at the stars through the Earth's atmosphere. The Earth's atmosphere provides a large amount of distortion when viewing very far objects, like space, through a telescope. Placing a telescope in space eliminates the distortion and provides images that are significantly clearer and in turn, easier to examine. The Hubble Space Telescopes six different science instruments ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The fourth important instrument is the Near Infrared Camera and Multi–Object Spectrometer, which is basically Hubble's heat reader. It is very sensitive to infrared light which makes it useful for observing objects tainted by gases and dust. It is also used to peer into the deepest parts of space. The fifth important instrument is the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph, which is a utility instrument that separates the light from the cosmos into its component colors. It is also used to study black holes, the composition of galaxies, and the atmosphere of planets around all stars. The sixth and final important instrument is called the Fine Guidance Sensors, which target devices that lock on to "guide stars" and measure their positions in relation to the objects being viewed. The sensors also perform celestial measurements. The Hubble Space Telescope is powered by solar cells which are solid–state electrical devices that convert the energy of light directly into electricity by an effect called the Photovoltaic effect. When many solar cells are put together they are called solar modules which can also capture energy from sunlight. When many modules are placed together it is called a solar panel. Hubble had many problems finding funding for the telescope. The U.S. Congress questioned the proposed original budget, as it was ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 105. What Is The Hubble Telescope Seeing the Unseen: The Hubble Telescope The universe is a vast and complex system that has fascinated astronomers for as far back as mankind can remember. Astronomers and scientists alike have imparted a common goal and that is to see as far into the cosmos as possible and shed light on some of universe's great mysteries. Technology has allowed great advances in space exploration and given mankind the tools to be able to view the space in ways that were never thought possible. One such advancement was the Hubble Telescope which was launched in 1990 yet the brainchild of decades of research and composition. Now celebrating its twenty–fifth anniversary, the Hubble Telescope has a rich history utilizing years of investigation and hard work. The ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Thanks to the Hubble the universe is estimated to be about 13 to 14 billion years old and its evolution, along with numerous scientific articles, is more accurately calculated based on the data provided by telescope. The amount of discovery based on the observations made by the Hubble Telescope since its inauguration have made it one the most important observatories in astronomy. This legacy will continue past its retirement with Hubble's tenure providing the foundation for future space ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 109. The Hubble Telescope "The Hubble Space Telescope is a large telescope in space" (NASA,. (2015)). It was launched on April 24th, 1990, from space shuttle Discovery (STS–31), it was deployed into obit on April 25th. The first image taken by the telescope was on May 20th, 1990. It has received several servicing missions since, these dates are Servicing Mission 1: December 1993, Servicing Mission 2: February 1997, Servicing Mission 3A: December 1999, Servicing Mission 3B: February 2002, Servicing Mission 4: May 2009. This Telescope has an altitude of 340 miles travels at a speed of 27 300 kilometres per hour, it takes 95 minutes for Hubble to complete one orbit of Earth. The Hubble telescope has a span of 13.2 meters ( 43.5 ft) in length and a maximum diameter ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 113. Hubble Space Telescope The Hubble Space Telescope is a feat of technology. With this great telescope orbiting Earth, the doors to the many secrets of the universe were opened and has improved our understanding of the universe. Ever since it was launched, it has been making discoveries. But what exactly has the Hubble discovered and how is improving the field of astronomy? The beginnings of the Hubble Space Telescope started with Edwin Hubble in the 1920's, who stated "that the faint fuzzy light sources coming from the night sky were actually far off galaxies" (Nielsen, Lars). In 1923, Edwin Hubble was looking out towards the Andromeda constellation and noticed that one of the stars, M31 had been moving. This gave Dr. Hubble the evidence that the universe was expanding ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Then in the 1980's the Space Telescope Science Institute was founded to evaluate the possibility of a Space Telescope. The Hubble Space Telescope was named after Edwin Hubble. The original launch date for the Hubble Space Telescope for October of 1968. But on January 28, 1986, the shuttle Challenger exploded a minute after launch. This caused the team to continue to work on the Hubble, tweaking the solar batteries and upgrading the other systems. They worked on it for another 4 years before the scheduled launch in 1990. But on April 24, 1990, the Hubble Space telescope was finally launched. With it carried 5 systems to collect data: The Wide Field/ Planetary Camera, the Goddard High Resolution Spectrograph, the Faint Object Camera, the Faint Object Spectrograph, and the High Speed Photometer. Almost immediately after Hubble was put into orbit, there was a problem. "In one of the cameras, the most important mirror was "Spherical Aberration" or slightly out of shape" ("Hubble Essentials"). This was causing a huge issue with the photos that Hubble was sent back. While the photos were more clear than if they were taken here on Earth's surface, they were still not as clean as it was predicted to be. This minor flaw in the mirror, ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 117. Hubble Telescope Research Paper Introduction: Scientist and astronomers over centuries have been able to greater understand the universe due to the increase in new technology. Space technology has enabled us to put numerous theories to the test. There are several types of space technologies such as satellites, space probes and telescopes that have allowed us to analyze planets and distant galaxies. With the information gathered we can help put together how and when the universe came about. Hubble telescope: Nasa and Esa (European Space Agency) designed and built the Hubble telescope. The Hubble telescope was launched in 1990 in a low Earth orbit. Over the years Hubble has provided many images that have given us a better insight into the universe. The Hubble telescope, uses a mirrored – based optical ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As Hubble probes deep into the universe, it has allowed us to see the past. Allowing us to figure out cosmic mysteries. In the orion nebula images have allowed us to see a new star as well as glowing disks that scientist believe will form into planet. It takes billions of year for us to see the light of cosmic objects as the light takes several light year to see. This allows scientist to look back in time. The Hubble space telescopes findings have transformed the way scientist view the universe. Hubble has sent some of the most detailed images of the cosmos. These images have been the best images that humankind has ever seen. Over the years it has send back images of mysterious black holes, life cycle of star and picture of new planets. Even photos of the universe shortly after the big bang. Before hubble some of the most remarkable cosmic phenomenon such as black holes, were unable to be examined as they trap all light. Hubble was able to describe black holes due to what occurred around them. As black holes devour the the remaining of galaxies and hot cosmic ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 121. The Hubble Telescope The year is 2185, scientists have just discovered how to teleport to any location in space in a blink of an eye. They have created a machine that can harness the abilities of a black hole to bend space time. This new invention revolutionizes the world and brings interstellar travel to mankind. Technology advances faster than ever and new discoveries are being made every day. Humans create an infinite energy source that will never run out and extend the human life. These abilities come from a wormhole in the center of a black hole. At this point in life's existence, people have been able to look inside of a black hole which was thought to never be possible. While this may seem like a crazy science fiction novel that would only be seen in movies, it is theoretically possible in the universe. Black Holes are incredibly massive and mysterious, and could give mankind the answers to life's biggest issues. A great floating satellite called The Hubble Telescope has given researchers almost ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... A quasar is defined as a massive celestial object, producing large amounts of energy and light. These are believed to contain massive black holes in their centers. These large celestial objects were thought to be abundant at the early beginning of the universe, but now have slowly turned dormant (Shields and Kormendy).There are multiple kinds of black holes that exist in our universe, one of them is a quasar as previously stated. These black holes exist in a massive ball of gasses and dust that is used as fuel for the black hole. These objects can be thousands of times brighter that even the brightest star found due to the extreme amount of energy released (Mari 56). They are often found at the centers of galaxies and are credited towards the early formation of the universe. They then run out of fuel and continue to be the strong gravitational force at the center of most galaxies holding them together (Shields and ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 125. Hubble Telescope Essay Space the final frontier. There is an enticing about space– a gravitational pull toward its airless environment. Telescopes, the one that changed how we view our place in the galaxy. The thing that changed the science of astronomy. They allowed us to view things that were previously invisible to the human eye. With telescopes, scientists could look beyond from our little green and blue planet. From the earliest telescopes, such as Galileo's age to the Hubble telescope used today, they have allowed us to see how large the universe is and what makes up the universe. Before the Hubble telescope was launched into space in 1990. Astronomers had to look into the dark sky with a simple telescope or the naked eye. The first working telescope was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... He was beloved by all his students, where it was recorded in the yearbook of 1914: "To our beloved teacher of Spanish and Physics, who has been a loyal friend to us in our senior year ever willing to cheer and help us both in school and on the field, we, the class of 1914, lovingly dedicate this book" (). When that year ended, he decided to pursue his passion and so returned to university as a grad student to learn more astronomy. In 1917, Hubble was invited by George Ellery Hale, the founder of the Mount Wilson Observatory. But he rejected Hale by saying "Regret cannot accept your invitation. Am off to the War" (Edwin Powell Hubble– The man who discovered the cosmos). In 1919, he returned to the United States. He immediately went to Mount Wilson Observatory, still in uniform, introduced himself as Major Hubble, but was already to start observing the night sky. In October 1923, Hubble spotted what [G4] appeared to be nova star blazing up fiercely in the M31 "nebula" in the constellation of Andromeda. After looking cautiously at the photographic plates, he discovered that it was a Cepheid star. Hubble used the Shapley's method to measure the distance to the new Cepheid. A Cepheid is a star that surges radially, in both in size and temperature, producing changes in brightness with a long period and amplitude.[G5] He placed M31, a million years away– far outside the Milky Way and thus a new ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 129. Hubble Space Telescope The Universe is something that has been explored for years and years. Over time, our understandings and beliefs on the Universe and our world has changed due to new technologies and discoveries. The Big Bang Theory is one example of an concept that is actively believed within the scientific community and has been made well known in our world today. This theory, which can be used to explain the origin and age of our universe, has been refined over the years through a reviewing process in the scientific community as more discoveries came in due to new technological advancements. Put simply, the Big Bang theory is most supported and believed theory on how the Universe began. It essentially states that we began as a small singularity and over ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The Hubble Space Telescope is a telescope that was launched into space in 1990, April 24th. Its primary function was to take pictures of stars, planets, moons, galaxies, etc. This type of telescope is different from a telescope such as the Hooker Telescope as it is in space, rather than on Earth, and was used for different things. Over the many years that this extraordinary telescope has orbited in space, it has helped scientists with many new discoveries and refined previous theories or beliefs. One of the biggest discoveries this telescope has made is the discovery of galaxies that we did not know of previously because they were so far away. This discovery was very important as it has lead scientists to calculating a more accurate age of the universe. The Hubble Space Telescope made this discovery by observing Cepheid variables, which are stars with the same average brightness. Although, their brightness is essentially the same, the stars would seem either brighter or dimmer depending on its position in relation to Earth. For example, if one Cepheid variable was 100,000 light years away and another Cepheid variable was 200,000 light years away, the second star would seem dimmer as it is further away from the Earth and our perspective makes it look like it is not as bright. Scientists can use this observation to work out around how far away a Cepheid variable, and ultimately a galaxy, is from the Earth. Using this information and the pictures taken by the Hubble Space Telescope, scientists were able to work out a more accurate age of the universe which was around 13.75 billion years old. Without this sort of technology, we wouldn't know as much about the universe as we do now and we may not have been able to refine our knowledge on the age of the universe. To sum up, the Hubble Space Telescope is an important piece of ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 133. Edwin Hubble Research Paper Edwin Hubble was an astronomer who was known for expanding our thoughts on and our knowledge of the Universe by proving that distant nebulae were actually entire galaxies. He was the founder of modern extragalactic astronomy. He established a classification system for galaxies that is still used today. Hubble completed the construction of a 200–inch telescope on Mt. Palomar which opened up more of the sky for astronomers to study. Many of Hubble's original papers were published in Astrophysical Journal and were also issued as Contributions from the Mount Wilson Solar Observatory which illustrated his classification system. After his death, The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies was published and included Hubble's photographs and ideas. Edwin ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... In 1936, George Hale designed the 200–inch telescope. After Hale's death in 1938, Edwin Hubble directed the completion of the telescope in 1948 and discovered the Hubble Variable Nebulae when using the telescope for the first time in January 1949. The telescope would be the largest the largest in the world until 1976. This telescope, considered Hubble's last contribution to astronomy, has led to the discovery of quasars, black holes, and comets. The telescope is still used every night for astronomical ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 137. Research Paper On Hubble Telescope The Hubble Telescope What is one of the most amazing astronomy inventions, that has changed the way we look at space forever? This invention is the Hubble space telescope. The telescope was launched into space in 1990 and has found many amazing discoveries. If the hubble wasn't created astronomers would not have near as good of understanding of astronomical bodies like Dark energy, we wouldn't have found what is believed to be the most distant object ever seen in the universe with a distance of 13.2 billion light years away, and we would not have a good . There is no doubt the hubble telescope is a very incredible invention and has been very helpful to the astronomy, and will continue to be a huge resource to discoveries of the universe. ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... The telescope is very massive it is actually the size of a school bus and weighs about as much as much as 2 grown elephants. The telescope orbits the Earth about 340 miles above.The telescope can travel at about 5 miles per second, this is very cool because that would mean the telescope travels at 18,000 miles per hour. The telescope was supposed to be launched into outer space in the year 1985, but the space shuttle challenger exploded and the launch was postponed while Nasa tried to figure out how to safely resume the launch. In the year 1990 the telescope was launched. The telescope uses digital cameras to get pictures and information and send them through radio waves. The parts of this incredible telescope include, a wide field camera which is a camera that "has higher resolution or ability to distinguish details and a larger field of view or area."(http://hubblesite.org/) The cosmic origins spectrograph "break light into colors and measure the intensity of each color, revealing information about the object emitting the light."(http://hubblesite.org/) The advanced camera for surveys is a camera that " sees in wavelengths from the far ultraviolet to visible light, making it capable of studying some of the earliest activity in the universe."(http://hubblesite.org/) There are many other parts to the Hubble telescope and all of the parts that were needed for this telescope were put together and created this amazing ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 141. Hubble Space Telescope Research Paper Hubble Space Telescope "We find them smaller and fainter, in constantly increasing numbers, and we know that we are reaching into space, farther and farther, until, with the faintest nebulae that can be detected with the greatest telescopes, we arrive at the frontier of the known universe."– Edwin Hubble. Edwin Hubble was a man known for his immaculate discoveries leading to better understanding the universe. The telescope built in honor of him did not fail to carry on his legacy. This essay will take you through Hubble's life story, the Hubble space telescope's description, the telescope's discoveries, and the implications of the telescope to our understanding of the universe. First of all, Edwin Hubble was the inspiration of the ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... This essay took you through the implications of the telescope to our understanding of the universe, the telescope's discoveries, , the Hubble space telescope's description, and Hubble's life story. As a wise man once said, "We find them smaller and fainter, in constantly increasing numbers, and we know that we are reaching into space, farther and farther, until, with the faintest nebulae that can be detected with the greatest telescopes, we arrive at the frontier of the known universe."– Edwin ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 145. Edwin Hubble Essay Edwin Powell Hubble: Great Astronomer of the 19th Century Twinkle, twinkle little star, How I wonder what you are! Up above the world so high, Like a diamond in the sky (Gardner 98). Stars are a marvelous wonder to many people, that is why some people spend most of their lives wondering what is "above the world so high" (Gardner 98). These people study and map the little twinkling stars in order to get a better meaning of them; they are astronomers. Great astronomers like Edwin Hubble, Immanuel Kant, and William Huggins, never stopped valuing the beauty of the stars. While they developed great astronomical principals. One astronomer who fits this mold most is, Edwin Powell Hubble. Wondering about what was ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... As Hubble age, he was unable to use the telescope any more. He didn't have the strength or energy to stay in the cage for long periods of time. So, he sent Sandage to carry out tasks for him. Everyday Sandage would be given coordinates or jobs by Hubble. When Sandage was done recording he data of his work, he would go back to Hubble and give him the results (Overbye 22). This shows how devoted he was to his research, even if he was unable to handle the job due to old age he compromised. All of Hubble's work and Sandage work was done on the 100–in telescope, yet Hubble was still able to find the Andromeda Nebulae's distance for the Milky Way and study red shifts. While the 200–in. telescope was being built, Hubble asked if he could use the telescope for half of its available time. This shows his devotion because he wanted to use the telescope in order to further enhance his research (17). Edwin Hubble's curiosity about the universe started at youth and has grown. Without this, he would have no desire to study the stars or galaxies. Hubble's interest in astronomy at the age of eight. On his eighth birthday party he spent the night with his grandfather star gazing (Freidman 16). When he was twelve years old he would ask his parents to seep outside and look at the stars at midnight with his friend Sam Shelton (18). His grandfather asked Hubble an astronomical question, and Hubble answered it so cleverly that his ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 149. The Hubble Space Telescope Inventions that happened in 1990: Internet Is Born. The World Wide Web, Internet Protocol (HTTP) and WWW language (HTML) and are created by Tim Berners–Lee. The Hubble Space Telescope's launch in 1990 and sped humanity to one of its greatest advances. Hubble is a telescope that orbits Earth. Its position above the atmosphere, which distorts and blocks the light that reaches our planet, gives it a view of the universe that typically far surpasses that of ground–based telescopes. Inventions that happened in 1991: Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) announced its AMD 386 microprocessor which was developed to offer competition to Intel's 386 chips. This as it turns out has been a long running competition between Intel and AMD. Recently AMD ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...
  • 153. Edwin Hubble Biography Edwin Hubble is a well known person in the science world. He was born in 1889 in Marshfield, Missouri to John Powell and Virginia Lee (James) Hubble. Ever since they day he was born, he has always been a bright boy. He use to be a great athlete in school. A tall, powerful, buff young man loved a variety of sports such as boxing, and basketball. With a good balance of academic and athletic power, it earned him a scholarship to Oxford university. He made a promise to his dying father who never accepted Hubble's infatuation for astronomy, led him to study law instead of science. He studied mathematics and law. He became a high school teacher at New Albany High School in Indiana. He taught math and physics and also coached basketball. After a few ... Show more content on Helpwriting.net ... Hubble helped determine the age of the universe and the way galaxies are formed. Revealed extraordinary detail about the process by which sun–like stars end their lives as planetary nebulae. The telescope allows to study the universe across a wide swath of the light spectrum structure of the universe and map the distribution of elements fundamental to life. Astronomers believe they formed the most distant objects with Hubble with a Distance of 13.2 billion years away. According to nbcnews.com, Scientist Labb`e stated that previous searches have found 47 galaxies at an adequately later time, when the universe was about 650 millions years old. Hubble has also discovered dark matter. Dark matter is invisible, but reveals its existence via gravity, makes up roughly 23% of the universe. The telescope made it easier to understand how Dark Matter behaves and could help scientist figure out more detail about dark matter. Hubble has greatly expanded astronomers knowledge of the Universe. Before the telescope, distance to far off galaxies were not well known. Hubble's millionth exposure is of the Planet HAT–P–7b, a gas giant planet larger than Jupiter orbiting a star hotter than our sun. HAT–P–7b, also known as 2b, has been studied by NASA's planet hunting Kepler observatory after it was discovered by ground– based observations. Hubble now is being used to analyze the chemical composition of the planet's ... Get more on HelpWriting.net ...