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Pre colonial philippine literature


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Pre colonial philippine literature

  1. 1. Pre-Colonial Philippine Literature<br />
  2. 2. The literature of a formative past by the various groups of people who inhabited the archipelago <br />A literature of varying human interest<br />Close to the religious and political organizations of the ancient Filipinos<br />The verses were addressed to the ears rather than the eyes<br />
  3. 3. Verses composed and sung were regarded as group property<br />Versification:<br />Octosyllabic<br />Legendary and religious poems<br />Dodecasyllabic<br />Romance<br />
  4. 4. DalawangBalon<br />Hindi Malingon<br />Sa araw ay Bunbong<br />Sa gabi ay dahon<br />Examples of Ancient Filipino Poetry<br />
  5. 5. Sang dalagangmarikit<br />Nakauposatinik<br />Kung bayaa’ynabubuhay<br />Kung himasi’ynamamatay<br />
  6. 6. Made up of one or more measured lines with rhymes and may consist of 4 to 12 syllables<br />Showcase the Filipino wit, literary talent, and keen observation of the surroundings<br />Involves reference to one or two images that symbolize the characteristics of an unknown object that is to be guessed<br />Riddle (bugtong)<br />
  7. 7. To entertain. Living in remote areas, before the advent of electricity, families would sit around the fire and the elders would quiz the younger generation with riddles.<br />To educate. Riddles serve the function of passing down knowledge from one generation to the next. They require thinking in order to solve them.<br />To titillate. Many old Filipino riddles contain double entendres that were intended to amuse the men and shock the women.<br />To curse, without expressly cursing. A riddle could be made up against an enemy, rival town, or suitor.<br />To preserve the culture. Riddles communicate the old ways from one generation to the next.<br />Purpose of Bugtong<br />
  8. 8. Ate mo, ate ko, Ate nglahatngtao.(My sister, your sister, everyone's sister)<br />Atis (Sugar Apple)<br />Example<br />
  9. 9. Epigrams/maxims/proverbs<br />Short poems that have been customarily been used and served as laws or rules on good behavior by our ancestors<br />Allegories or parables that impart lessons for the young<br />Often expressing a single idea, that is usually satirical and had a witty ending<br />Maxims- rhyming couplets (5,6,8 syllables) <br />Salawikain & Sawikain<br />
  10. 10. Ex of salawikain<br />Angmatapatnakaibigan, tunaynamaaasahan. - - -You will know a true friend in time of need. <br />
  11. 11. Ex of Sawikain<br />kumukuloangdugo"blood is boiling" = is very angry<br />isulatsatubig"write on water" = forget about it <br />Ex of Maxims<br />Paghindiukol, Hindi bubukol. -meansWhat is not intended for one will not bear fruit. <br />
  12. 12. Used in witchcraft or enchantments<br />Sa hinaba-habangprusisyon<br />Sa simbahan din palaangtuloy<br />Helehele<br />Bagokyeme<br />BULONG (chants)<br />
  13. 13. Halimbawa (for example):Tabi, tabipo, Ingkong Makikiraanpolamang. <br />
  14. 14. Used in teasing or to comment on a persons’ acutations<br />“Catitibay ca tolos<br />Sacalingdatnangagos<br />Aco’ I momontinglomot<br /> Sa iyo’ I popolopot”<br />Nag-almusalmag-isa<br />Kaninglamig, tinapa;<br />Nahulogangkutsara<br />Ikawnasana, sinta<br />Kasabihan (sayings)<br />
  15. 15. A quatrain with seven syllables each with the same rhyme at the end of each line<br />No title<br />7-7-7-7<br />AABB<br />Ex. “Tahakngtingin, tulak<br />ngsulyap, yakap, lapat<br />ngtitigsabalikat.<br />hatak pa, kindat, hakat” <br />Tanaga<br />
  16. 16. traditional poetry of the HanunooMangyans of Oriental Mindoro which is normally inscribed on bamboo using a pre-Colonial syllabic writing system called the SuratMangyan .<br />seven-syllable metric lines<br />can be composed of more than four lines<br />usually chanted<br />teaches lessons about life<br />recited by parents to educate their children, by the youth to express their love, by the old to impart experiences, or by the community in tribal ceremonies<br />Ambahan<br />
  17. 17. on some occasions like burial rites, the ambahan is used for entertainment<br />SugotngamaawkunmanTangdayan no ma-ambanSabungan no manuywanImpadlasyamidaywanHangganbuhoktimbanganHanggansabalodpangdanBugkatdi way yamunganBilangdayibunlaganNo kangtinagindumanKang magpahalimbaw-anGabugtongtibilugan<br />
  18. 18. (Isn't this the truth with all:If the wife is good and kind,the husband reasonable, you have always friends around,like long hair drooping so nice.Till the final burial mount,you'll be sleeping on one mat. You don't want to separatePutting down my thoughts like this: An example very clear, being TWO, you're only ONE.) <br />
  19. 19. derived from Philippine folk literature, which is the traditional oral literature of the Filipino people. This refers to a wide range of material due to the ethnic mix of the Philippines<br />There are many different creation myths in Philippine mythology, originating from various ethnic groups.<br />Story of Bathala<br />Visayan version<br />The legend of Maria Makiling<br />Myths<br />
  20. 20. Presence of different deities<br />Ex. Bathala<br />Lakambakod<br />Mythical creatures <br />Aswang<br />Dila<br />Diwata<br />Dwende<br />Tikbalang<br />Mankukulam<br />
  21. 21. Ifugao – Hudhud hi Aliguyon<br />Ilocos – Biagni Lam-ang<br />Bicol - Ibalon<br />Mindanao – Darangan<br />Panay – Hinilawod<br />Bagobo - Tuwaang<br />Kalinga – Ulaliim<br />Manobo – Agyu or Olahing<br />Subanon - Sandayo<br />Ancient Metrical Tales<br />
  22. 22. Aliguyon<br />the exploits of Aliguyon as he battles his arch-enemy, Pambukhayon<br />Biagni Lam-Ang<br />tells of the adventuresvof Lam-Ang who exhibits extraordinary powers at a very early age.<br />Ibalon<br />the story of three Bicol heroes: Baltog, Handiong, Bantiong<br />Hinilawod<br />oldest and longest epic poem in Panay<br />the exploits of three Sulodnon demigod brothers, LabawDonggon, Humadapnon and Dumalapdap of ancient Panay<br />Ancient Metrical Tales<br />
  23. 23. IBALON FESTIVAL<br />Hinilawod<br />
  24. 24. a form of folk lyric which expresses the people’s hopes, aspirations, and lifestyles<br />repetitive and sonorous, didactic and naive<br />traditional songs and melodies<br />inspired by the reaction of the people to their environment<br />Folk Songs<br />
  25. 25. uyayi – lullaby<br />komintang – war song<br />kundiman – melancholic love song<br />harana – serenade<br />tagay – drinking song<br />mambayu – Kalinga rice-pounding song<br />subli – dance-ritual song of courtship /marriage<br />Tagulaylay- songs of the dead<br />
  26. 26. WAKAS<br />
  27. 27. So you guys please check out these videos that I want to show in the presentation and tell me which one.<br />And if you guys have something to add please do telll and tell the other group members please<br />I expect that some of yall do some research on what was said in the ppt so youll be ready on Wednesday<br /><br /><br /><br /><br />vids<br />